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Manager  Joined: 02 Dec 2012
Posts: 174
A border of uniform width is placed around a rectangular  [#permalink]

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147 00:00

Difficulty:   85% (hard)

Question Stats: 61% (02:44) correct 39% (02:39) wrong based on 2185 sessions

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A border of uniform width is placed around a rectangular photograph that measures 8 inches by 10 inches. If the area of the border is 144 square inches, what is the width of the border, in inches?

(A) 3
(B) 4
(C) 6
(D) 8
(E) 9
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Math Expert V
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A border of uniform width is placed around a rectangular  [#permalink]

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Walkabout wrote:
A border of uniform width is placed around a rectangular photograph that measures 8 inches by 10 inches. If the area of the border is 144 square inches, what is the width of the border, in inches?

(A) 3
(B) 4
(C) 6
(D) 8
(E) 9

Consider the diagram below: The area of just the photograph is 8*10=80 square inches.

The area of the photograph with the border is $$(10+2x)(8+2x)=4x^2+36x+80$$ square inches.

The difference is 144 square inches, thus $$(4x^2+36x+80)-80=144$$ --> $$4x^2+36x-144=0$$ --> $$x^2+9x-36=0$$ --> $$(x-3)(x+12)=0$$ --> $$x=3$$.

Answer: A.

Attachment: photograph.png [ 5.15 KiB | Viewed 138380 times ]

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Re: A border of uniform width is placed around a rectangular  [#permalink]

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24
2
Refer diagram below:

Attachment: photograph.png [ 3.89 KiB | Viewed 116604 times ]

Area of multi-coloured shaded region is given = 144

Area of each square (Yellow) = $$x^2$$ ; No. of squares = 4

Area of rectangle (pink) = 10x ; No. of rectangle (pink) = 2

Area of rectangle (blue) = 8x ; No. of rectangle (pink) = 2

Setting up the equation

$$4x^2 + 20x + 16x = 144$$

$$x^2 + 9x - 36 = 0$$

x = 3

Answer = A
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Manager  Joined: 18 Aug 2006
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Re: A border of uniform width is placed around a rectangular  [#permalink]

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1
Let the width of the uniform border be X

Area of photo 80 (given)

Area of Photo + border = (10+2X)*(8+2X) (deduced)

Difference in areas, (10+2X)*(8+2X) - 80 = 144 (given)

(10+2X)*(8+2X) =224
(10+2X)*(8+2X) =16*14
(10+2X)*(8+2X) =(10+6)(8+6)

=> 2X= 6
=>X=3
Intern  Joined: 09 Sep 2013
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Re: A border of uniform width is placed around a rectangular  [#permalink]

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Why does this not work....

(2x+10)(2x+8)=224

Divide above by 2 to get...

(x+5)(x+4)=112
Math Expert V
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Posts: 55188
Re: A border of uniform width is placed around a rectangular  [#permalink]

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runningguy wrote:
Why does this not work....

(2x+10)(2x+8)=224

Divide above by 2 to get...

(x+5)(x+4)=112

If you divide by 2 you get: (x+5)(2x+8)=112.
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Re: A border of uniform width is placed around a rectangular  [#permalink]

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why are we adding both sides by 2x
Math Expert V
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Re: A border of uniform width is placed around a rectangular  [#permalink]

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kedusei wrote:
why are we adding both sides by 2x

Check the diagram:
Attachment: Untitled.png [ 4.15 KiB | Viewed 119839 times ]
The length of the longer side is 10 + x + x = 10 + 2x and the length of the shorter side is 8 + x + x = 8 + 2x.

Hope it's clear.
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GMAT 1: 660 Q49 V31 GMAT 2: 680 Q48 V34 Re: A border of uniform width is placed around a rectangular  [#permalink]

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2
Once we get the idea that the width (w) is to be added twice to 10 and 8 we can find by substitution
This how I did the problem
Area of frame = 80 Area of photograph = 144
Total Area = 224

Now we know the new area will be (8+2w)*(10+2w)
Substitute option A for w
(8+6)*(10+6) = 14*16 = 224

Answer A
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A border of uniform width is placed around a rectangular  [#permalink]

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7
Backsolving:
we are looking for area 144+80=224
C. 22*20=440, too much
B. 18*16=288, too much

must be A

Originally posted by Temurkhon on 26 Aug 2014, 22:29.
Last edited by Temurkhon on 12 Mar 2015, 20:42, edited 1 time in total.
Manager  Joined: 25 May 2014
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GMAT 1: 650 Q40 V40 Re: A border of uniform width is placed around a rectangular  [#permalink]

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2
Length of Picture L1 = 10
Width of Picture W1 = 8

Area of Picture = L1 X W1 = 80

Total Area including frame = L2 X W2 = 144

So L2 and W2 should be multiples/factors of 144.

Prime factorization of 144 = 2 X 7 X 11

Only multiples that make any sense are 14 and 11. (2 x 77 is impossible and so is 22 x 7; total length/width can't be less than length/width of the photograph).

So length (L2) should be 14 and Width (W2) should be 11.

So Width of border = (W2-W1) = 11-8 = 3

Answer choice A.
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Re: A border of uniform width is placed around a rectangular  [#permalink]

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I didn't find this question difficult, however I still managed to make a mistake. I basically thought that the outer size of the board matches with the edges of the picture. This would give the following equation: 144= 2(8x) +2x(10-2x). However , the inner sides of the board match with the picture. I think that question did not state it clear enough.
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Manager  Joined: 26 Feb 2015
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A border of uniform width is placed around a rectangular  [#permalink]

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There is actually quite a nifty little way of doing this. For those who struggle with the whole quadratic solution.

You can do the following:

Since a uniform width is placed around it. We need to find a number where A remains 2 bigger than B. (Since just as much is added to the length as to the width. A will always be 2 more than B)

Since area is 224. We need to find a number for A that is 2 greater than B. You might ask yourself well how am I supposed to do that?

If you can realize that 224 is 1 less than a perfect square. You can use the following: $$(x+y)(x-y)$$, which in this case is $$(15+1)(15-1)$$. So we got a = 16 and b = 14.

Now, since the inner border is 8. and we add 2x we got 8 + 2x = 14. x = 3.

This might seem like a weird approach, but if you can quickly realize the relation here, you can solve it in less than a minute
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GMAT 1: 600 Q41 V31 Re: A border of uniform width is placed around a rectangular  [#permalink]

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I found substitution as an easier solution to this problem.

Given that photograph dimensions are 8 X 10. Its area is 80.
Total area(frame + photo) - area of photo = 144
(8+2x) (10+2x) - 80 = 144 --> Here x is the border width. Adding the border on both sides, extra padding is 2x.
(8+2x) (10+2x) = 224

Solving this will give a quadratic equation, which will consume some time to get to. Easier would be to substitute values.

Substitute smallest option, i.e A. Fits right in!!
Answer Choice A is correct!
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GMAT 1: 730 Q50 V39 A border of uniform width is placed around a rectangular  [#permalink]

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Given Info: We are given a rectangular photograph of size 8X10 inches. The photograph is surrounded by a uniform width border whose area is 144 square inches.

Interpreting the Problem: In order to find the width of the border, we need to first assume the width of the border in terms of x, and then use the relation of the difference of the areas of 'Photograph+Border' and 'Photograph' to calculate the width of the border.

Solution: Let the width of the border be a.

Then the width of the larger rectangle formed as indicated in the figure will be 8+2a (Uniform width on both sides)
The length of the larger rectangle formed as indicated in the figure will be 10+2a (Unifrom width on both sides)

This is shown in the figure
Attachment: 6.png [ 8.39 KiB | Viewed 101495 times ]

Now calculating areas

Area of the larger rectangle = (8+2a)*(10+2a) = $$4a^2+36a+80$$
Area of the photograph = 8*10 = 80

Now the difference of the areas of larger rectangle and photograph is given to us as 144 square inches.

Forming an equation based on above information

Area of larger rectangle- Area of the photograph = $$4a^2+36a+80$$-$$80$$=144
$$4a^2+36a$$=$$144$$
$$4a^2+36a-144=0$$
$$a^2+9a-36=0$$
$$a^2+12a-3a-36=0$$
$$(a-3)(a+12)=0$$

Only solution valid for this quadratic equation is a=3 (Because the length of the border of photograph cannot be negative)

So the width of the border will be equal to 3 inches.

Hence, option A is correct.
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Re: A border of uniform width is placed around a rectangular  [#permalink]

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I'd like to ask you the main question I have: if the photograph has sides 8 x 10, the border should not have a larger-than-photograph size? CEO  S
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Re: A border of uniform width is placed around a rectangular  [#permalink]

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vignuol wrote:
I'd like to ask you the main question I have: if the photograph has sides 8 x 10, the border should not have a larger-than-photograph size? You mean the total or final dimensions of picture with border? If that is the case then yes, you are correct and that is what is mentioned in a-border-of-uniform-width-is-placed-around-a-rectangular-144434.html#p1158913 with dimensions of the photograph = 8 x 10 while those of the entire thing (photograph+border) = 14 x 16.
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Re: A border of uniform width is placed around a rectangular  [#permalink]

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I mean the size of the border ALONE: the question says that the PHOTOGRAPH is 8x10, so it's logical to think that the border has a width bigger than 8 or 10. You said 14x16,but the answer is 3...I don't understand...
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Re: A border of uniform width is placed around a rectangular  [#permalink]

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vignuol wrote:
I mean the size of the border ALONE: the question says that the PHOTOGRAPH is 8x10, so it's logical to think that the border has a width bigger than 8 or 10. You said 14x16,but the answer is 3...I don't understand...

No, you are confusing width of the border with the final dimensions of photograph + border.

Yes, x=3 is the width but the final dimensions of photo + border are greater than those of photo alone.

Hope this helps.
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Re: A border of uniform width is placed around a rectangular  [#permalink]

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Suryanshu wrote:
Given Info: We are given a rectangular photograph of size 8X10 inches. The photograph is surrounded by a uniform width border whose area is 144 square inches.

Interpreting the Problem: In order to find the width of the border, we need to first assume the width of the border in terms of x, and then use the relation of the difference of the areas of 'Photograph+Border' and 'Photograph' to calculate the width of the border.

Solution: Let the width of the border be a.

Then the width of the larger rectangle formed as indicated in the figure will be 8+2a (Uniform width on both sides)
The length of the larger rectangle formed as indicated in the figure will be 10+2a (Unifrom width on both sides)

This is shown in the figure
Attachment:
6.png

Now calculating areas

Area of the larger rectangle = (8+2a)*(10+2a) = $$4a^2+36a+80$$
Area of the photograph = 8*10 = 80

Now the difference of the areas of larger rectangle and photograph is given to us as 144 square inches.

Forming an equation based on above information

Area of larger rectangle- Area of the photograph = $$4a^2+36a+80$$-$$80$$=144
$$4a^2+36a$$=$$144$$
$$4a^2+36a-144=0$$
$$a^2+9a-36=0$$
$$a^2+12a-3a-36=0$$
$$(a-3)(a+12)=0$$

Only solution valid for this quadratic equation is a=3 (Because the length of the border of photograph cannot be negative)

So the width of the border will be equal to 3 inches.

Hence, option A is correct.

I still don't get why the width is 8+2a and the length is 10+2a. If I look at the diagram, if the total area is supposed to be 224, shouldn't the length be 10+a and 8+a? Re: A border of uniform width is placed around a rectangular   [#permalink] 07 Feb 2016, 12:30

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