Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

It appears that you are browsing the GMAT Club forum unregistered!

Signing up is free, quick, and confidential.
Join other 500,000 members and get the full benefits of GMAT Club

Registration gives you:

Tests

Take 11 tests and quizzes from GMAT Club and leading GMAT prep companies such as Manhattan GMAT,
Knewton, and others. All are free for GMAT Club members.

Applicant Stats

View detailed applicant stats such as GPA, GMAT score, work experience, location, application
status, and more

Books/Downloads

Download thousands of study notes,
question collections, GMAT Club’s
Grammar and Math books.
All are free!

Thank you for using the timer!
We noticed you are actually not timing your practice. Click the START button first next time you use the timer.
There are many benefits to timing your practice, including:

A box contains 100 balls, numbered from 1 to 100. If three b [#permalink]

Show Tags

13 Feb 2011, 11:46

6

This post received KUDOS

27

This post was BOOKMARKED

00:00

A

B

C

D

E

Difficulty:

65% (hard)

Question Stats:

56% (02:08) correct
44% (01:20) wrong based on 501 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

A box contains 100 balls, numbered from 1 to 100. If three balls are selected at random and with replacement from the box, what is the probability that the sum of the three numbers on the balls selected from the box will be odd?

Surely this finds everyone in great guns towards achieving a perfect GMAT Score, in between came across this very peculiar and relatively difficult question for resolution :

Q. A box contains 100 balls, numbered from 1 to 100. If three balls are selected at random and with replacement from the box, what is the probability that the sum of the 3 numbers on the balls selected from the box will be odd ?

So please: Provide answer choices for PS questions.

Original question is:

A box contains 100 balls, numbered from 1 to 100. If three balls are selected at random and with replacement from the box, what is the probability that the sum of the three numbers on the balls selected from the box will be odd? A. 1/4 B. 3/8 C. 1/2 D. 5/8 E. 3/4

The sum of the three numbers on the balls selected from the box to be odd one should select either three odd numbered balls (Odd+Odd+Odd=Odd) or two even numbered balls and one odd numbered ball (Even+Even+Odd=Odd);

P(OOO)=(1/2)^3; P(EEO)=3*(1/2)^2*1/2=3/8 (you should multiply by 3 as the scenario of two even numbered balls and one odd numbered ball can occur in 3 different ways: EEO, EOE, or OEE);

So finally P=1/8+3/8=1/2.

Answer: C.

Alternately you can notice that since there are equal chances to get even or odd sum after two selections (for even sum it's EE or OO and for odd sum it's EO or OE) then there is 1/2 chances the third ball to make the sum odd.
_________________

Since replacement is involved, i would think the order of the EEO ball being picked does not matter.

Thus P(E)&P(E)&P(O) should be 1/8

1/8+1/8 = 1/4.

OA is 1/2.

It doesn't matter for order whether it's with or without replacement case. EEO, EOE, and OEE are 3 different scenarios and each has the probability of 1/8, so the probability of two even numbered balls and one odd numbered ball is 3*1/8.

If the first pick is even, the probability of a second even will be 49/99 and odd will be 50/99.

Also, im looking at these as mutually independent events rather than Probability of EEO +EOE etc.

But if i write out all the possibilities

ooo ooe oeo oee eoo eoe eeo eee

then i can see that 4 out of 8 picks are favorable.

This one is tricky!

Again order does matter. P(odd sum)=P(EEO)+P(EOE)+P(OEE)+P(OOO)=1/8+1/8+1/8+1/8=1/2.

Next, the way you are doing (the red part) is correct only for the cases in which there are equal # of even and odd numbers (for example if there were balls numbered from 1 to 99 this approach wouldn't be corrorect, so after all the probability approach is better).
_________________

Now, no matter whether we have with or without replacement case, the probability of red events and the probability of blue events will be symmetrical and equal (because there are equal number of even and odd balls) and since the above events describe all possible outcomes when we pick 3 balls and are mutually exclusive then their sum must be 1: \(P(red)=P(blue)=\frac{1}{2}\).

To demonstrate for without replacement case: \(P=3*\frac{50}{100}*\frac{50}{99}*\frac{49}{98}+\frac{50}{100}*\frac{49}{99}*\frac{48}{98}=\frac{3*50*49}{100*99*98}(50+16)=\frac{1}{2*33*2}*66=\frac{1}{2}\).

Combinatorial approach for without replacement case: \(P=\frac{C^1_{50}*C^2_{50}+C^3_{50}}{C^3_{100}}=\frac{1}{2}\).

Re: Question from the Official GMAC's GMAT Prep Question Bank [#permalink]

Show Tags

17 Feb 2011, 11:55

Baten80 wrote:

SmitKhurana wrote:

Hello there GMAT enthusiasts!

Surely this finds everyone in great guns towards achieving a perfect GMAT Score, in between came across this very peculiar and relatively difficult question for resolution :

Q. A box contains 100 balls, numbered from 1 to 100. If three balls are selected at random and with replacement from the box, what is the probability that the sum of the 3 numbers on the balls selected from the box will be odd ?

Please give the link from which i can download the questions

Re: A box contains 100 balls, numbered from 1 to 100. If three b [#permalink]

Show Tags

28 Mar 2012, 06:10

Can anyone answer my question? Since we have equal number of odd and even numbers (with replacement) isn't it self-explanatory that the probability of the sum to be odd will be the same of that to be even = 1/2?? I thing that this approach can be applied at any case with replacement i.e. if we pick 4 or 5 or 6 or 50 etc balls the probability of their sum to be odd (even) will be 1/2. Because in this way the answer can be given in 10 seconds...

Re: Question from the Official GMAC's GMAT Prep Question Bank [#permalink]

Show Tags

28 Apr 2012, 06:57

Bunuel wrote:

Again order does matter. P(odd sum)=P(EEO)+P(EOE)+P(OEE)+P(OOO)=1/8+1/8+1/8+1/8=1/2.

Excuse me, but I didn't understand why order does matter? At the end we are looking for the sum of the selected balls and not for the order of the selection, so whether it is 2+2+1 or 1+2+2 or 2+2+1 they are all the same! They all equal 4 which is one possible outcome and not 3

Again order does matter. P(odd sum)=P(EEO)+P(EOE)+P(OEE)+P(OOO)=1/8+1/8+1/8+1/8=1/2.

Excuse me, but I didn't understand why order does matter? At the end we are looking for the sum of the selected balls and not for the order of the selection, so whether it is 2+2+1 or 1+2+2 or 2+2+1 they are all the same! They all equal 4 which is one possible outcome and not 3

Consider below two scenarios: First=Even, Second=Even, Third=Odd; First=Even, Second=Odd, Third=Even;

Are these scenarios the same? No. That's why the order matters.
_________________

Re: Question from the Official GMAC's GMAT Prep Question Bank [#permalink]

Show Tags

27 Oct 2013, 06:45

Bunuel wrote:

SmitKhurana wrote:

Hello there GMAT enthusiasts!

Surely this finds everyone in great guns towards achieving a perfect GMAT Score, in between came across this very peculiar and relatively difficult question for resolution :

Q. A box contains 100 balls, numbered from 1 to 100. If three balls are selected at random and with replacement from the box, what is the probability that the sum of the 3 numbers on the balls selected from the box will be odd ?

So please: Provide answer choices for PS questions.

Original question is:

A box contains 100 balls, numbered from 1 to 100. If three balls are selected at random and with replacement from the box, what is the probability that the sum of the three numbers on the balls selected from the box will be odd? A. 1/4 B. 3/8 C. 1/2 D. 5/8 E. 3/4

The sum of the three numbers on the balls selected from the box to be odd one should select either three odd numbered balls (Odd+Odd+Odd=Odd) or two even numbered balls and one odd numbered ball (Even+Even+Odd=Odd);

P(OOO)=(1/2)^3; P(EEO)=3*(1/2)^2*1/2=3/8 (you should multiply by 3 as the scenario of two even numbered balls and one odd numbered ball can occur in 3 different ways: EEO, EOE, or OEE);

So finally P=1/8+3/8=1/2.

Answer: C.

Alternately you can notice that since there are equal chances to get even or odd sum after two selections (for even sum it's EE or OO and for odd sum it's EO or OE) then there is 1/2 chances the third ball to make the sum odd.

Hi Bunuel

Can you explain this in terms of favourable / Total

Re: Question from the Official GMAC's GMAT Prep Question Bank [#permalink]

Show Tags

28 Oct 2013, 00:02

Bunuel wrote:

Mochad wrote:

Bunuel wrote:

Again order does matter. P(odd sum)=P(EEO)+P(EOE)+P(OEE)+P(OOO)=1/8+1/8+1/8+1/8=1/2.

Excuse me, but I didn't understand why order does matter? At the end we are looking for the sum of the selected balls and not for the order of the selection, so whether it is 2+2+1 or 1+2+2 or 2+2+1 they are all the same! They all equal 4 which is one possible outcome and not 3

Consider below two scenarios: First=Even, Second=Even, Third=Odd; First=Even, Second=Odd, Third=Even;

Are these scenarios the same? No. That's why the order matters.

Argh... it depends on how you look at the problem. If you calculate your full set of events where the order matters, then the order matters also for the "favorable" set of events.

I treated the question where order doesn't matter (because it doesn't matter for summation and because we are allowed to disregard it since the balls are replaceable) and only looked at the end result of the number of balls I had after the selection process was over:

Consider below two scenarios: First=Even, Second=Even, Third=Odd; First=Even, Second=Odd, Third=Even;

Are these scenarios the same? No. That's why the order matters.

Argh... it depends on how you look at the problem. If you calculate your full set of events where the order matters, then the order matters also for the "favorable" set of events.

I treated the question where order doesn't matter (because it doesn't matter for summation and because we are allowed to disregard it since the balls are replaceable) and only looked at the end result of the number of balls I had after the selection process was over:

2 of those are "favorable" (first and third), thus 2/4 = 1/2

You get the probability of 1/2 in either case. But in this problem the order does matter. For example, the case of EEO is different from EOE.
_________________

Re: A box contains 100 balls, numbered from 1 to 100. If three b [#permalink]

Show Tags

20 Aug 2015, 13:55

Hello from the GMAT Club BumpBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
_________________

Best Schools for Young MBA Applicants Deciding when to start applying to business school can be a challenge. Salary increases dramatically after an MBA, but schools tend to prefer...

Marty Cagan is founding partner of the Silicon Valley Product Group, a consulting firm that helps companies with their product strategy. Prior to that he held product roles at...