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# A new drug, taken twice daily for one month, is an effective treatment

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Re: A new drug, taken twice daily for one month, is an effective treatment [#permalink]
Understood the question now .

It looks like the new drug causes nausea and if nausea causes people the stop taking drugs then it wont be preferred drug for treatment .

Originally posted by renjana on 10 Apr 2018, 06:58.
Last edited by renjana on 12 Apr 2018, 06:15, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: A new drug, taken twice daily for one month, is an effective treatment [#permalink]
NandishSS
A new drug, taken twice daily for one month, is an effective treatment for a certain disease. The drug now most commonly prescribed for the disease occasionally has serious side effects such as seizures; the new drug has side effects much more frequently, but the worst of them is mild nausea. Therefore, the new drug is clearly preferable as a treatment.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument?

A) It is possible that the drug now most commonly prescribed has side effects that have not yet been attributed to it.
B) People who experience nausea are prone to discontinue use of the new drug prematurely.
C) Other drugs for the disease have typically been prescribed only for patients allergic to the most commonly prescribed drug.
D) People who have received effective treatment for disease do not generally contract the disease again.
E) There is a nonprescription medication that when taken with the new drug prevents the onset of nausea.

OA: B

Similar Question :

A new drug, taken twice daily for one month
NandishSS, is this in fact a question from the GMATPrep software, or is it simply an edited version of this question from EP2?

We want to make sure that questions with the "GMAT Prep EP2" tag are ACTUAL questions from EP2. Questions BASED on official questions should be tagged with the actual source (i.e. "Self-made question", "Other - Please specify", etc.).
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Re: A new drug, taken twice daily for one month, is an effective treatment [#permalink]
Yes I agree A and B are close contenders and A is a bit more appropriate answer. I don't think it is an official question.... Seems poorly designed as A and B both cannot be eliminated with a good reason.

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Re: A new drug, taken twice daily for one month, is an effective treatment [#permalink]
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NandishSS
A new drug, taken twice daily for one month, is an effective treatment for a certain disease. The drug now most commonly prescribed for the disease occasionally has serious side effects such as seizures; the new drug has side effects much more frequently, but the worst of them is mild nausea. Therefore, the new drug is clearly preferable as a treatment.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument?

A) It is possible that the drug now most commonly prescribed has side effects that have not yet been attributed to it.
B) People who experience nausea are prone to discontinue use of the new drug prematurely.
C) Other drugs for the disease have typically been prescribed only for patients allergic to the most commonly prescribed drug.
D) People who have received effective treatment for disease do not generally contract the disease again.
E) There is a nonprescription medication that when taken with the new drug prevents the onset of nausea.

OA: B

Premise: New drug has freq. side effect but their intensity is less therefore new drug is preferable
Missing Link: Freq. of side effect(new drug) does not affect more than the side effect(old drug)

A) It is possible that the drug now most commonly prescribed has side effects that have not yet been attributed to it. - 180 option, it is rather strengthing the argument
B) People who experience nausea are prone to discontinue use of the new drug prematurely.- Bingo!if the sheer one time nausea can make the drug usage discontinued, then this drug can not be preferred for prescription
C) Other drugs for the disease have typically been prescribed only for patients allergic to the most commonly prescribed drug. - we are not at all bothered about other drugs, it is a leap of faith
D) People who have received effective treatment for disease do not generally contract the disease again. - what about the new patients? and even if they do not contract it again then on what grounds we can negate the effectiveness of new drug
E) There is a nonprescription medication that when taken with the new drug prevents the onset of nausea.-we are not at all bothered about the new drug. Also, even if the new drug can be taken into account it would rather strengthen the argument
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Re: A new drug, taken twice daily for one month, is an effective treatment [#permalink]
GMATNinjaTwo
NandishSS
A new drug, taken twice daily for one month, is an effective treatment for a certain disease. The drug now most commonly prescribed for the disease occasionally has serious side effects such as seizures; the new drug has side effects much more frequently, but the worst of them is mild nausea. Therefore, the new drug is clearly preferable as a treatment.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument?

A) It is possible that the drug now most commonly prescribed has side effects that have not yet been attributed to it.
B) People who experience nausea are prone to discontinue use of the new drug prematurely.
C) Other drugs for the disease have typically been prescribed only for patients allergic to the most commonly prescribed drug.
D) People who have received effective treatment for disease do not generally contract the disease again.
E) There is a nonprescription medication that when taken with the new drug prevents the onset of nausea.

OA: B

Similar Question :

A new drug, taken twice daily for one month
NandishSS, is this in fact a question from the GMATPrep software, or is it simply an edited version of this question from EP2?

We want to make sure that questions with the "GMAT Prep EP2" tag are ACTUAL questions from EP2. Questions BASED on official questions should be tagged with the actual source (i.e. "Self-made question", "Other - Please specify", etc.).

HI GMATNinjaTwo ,

Please find the attachment of Question. This not the only question which GMAC have twisted and asked for, but have come across few more question, which are in GMATPrep as Strengthen but in EP2 they have asked to weaken.

I hope it is clear now, Please change the Tag to GMATPrep EP2
Attachments

File comment: GMATPrep EP2 Question

GMATPrep EP2.jpg [ 112.22 KiB | Viewed 14700 times ]

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Re: A new drug, taken twice daily for one month, is an effective treatment [#permalink]
NandishSS
GMATNinjaTwo
NandishSS
A new drug, taken twice daily for one month, is an effective treatment for a certain disease. The drug now most commonly prescribed for the disease occasionally has serious side effects such as seizures; the new drug has side effects much more frequently, but the worst of them is mild nausea. Therefore, the new drug is clearly preferable as a treatment.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument?

A) It is possible that the drug now most commonly prescribed has side effects that have not yet been attributed to it.
B) People who experience nausea are prone to discontinue use of the new drug prematurely.
C) Other drugs for the disease have typically been prescribed only for patients allergic to the most commonly prescribed drug.
D) People who have received effective treatment for disease do not generally contract the disease again.
E) There is a nonprescription medication that when taken with the new drug prevents the onset of nausea.

OA: B

Similar Question :

A new drug, taken twice daily for one month
NandishSS, is this in fact a question from the GMATPrep software, or is it simply an edited version of this question from EP2?

We want to make sure that questions with the "GMAT Prep EP2" tag are ACTUAL questions from EP2. Questions BASED on official questions should be tagged with the actual source (i.e. "Self-made question", "Other - Please specify", etc.).

HI GMATNinjaTwo ,

Please find the attachment of Question. This not the only question which GMAC have twisted and asked for, but have come across few more question, which are in GMATPrep as Strengthen but in EP2 they have asked to weaken.

I hope it is clear now, Please change the Tag to GMATPrep EP2
Done! Thank you NandishSS for the confirmation!
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Re: A new drug, taken twice daily for one month, is an effective treatment [#permalink]
Type: Weaken the conclusion

Conclusion: the new drug is clearly preferable as a treatment.

A) It is possible that the drug now most commonly prescribed has side effects that have not yet been attributed to it.
- the conclusion is concerned with the ''new drug'', not the drug that is currently prescribed.
B) People who experience nausea are prone to discontinue use of the new drug prematurely. - from the passage, we know that the new drug is known to cause nausea. So, if people discontinue the usage of this new drug as soon as they experience nausea, then we can reasonably infer that their preference for this new drug will decline. Hence, (B) weakens the conclusion. Therefore, (B) is the right answer to this question.

C) Other drugs for the disease have typically been prescribed only for patients allergic to the most commonly prescribed drug.
- the conclusion is not at all concerned with ''other drugs''
D) People who have received effective treatment for disease do not generally contract the disease again.
- irrelevant to the conclusion cited.
E) There is a nonprescription medication that when taken with the new drug prevents the onset of nausea.
- the conclusion is not at all concerned with ''nonprescription medication''.
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A new drug, taken twice daily for one month, is an effective treatment [#permalink]
prashant6923
Why A is not right? Isn't it true that the patients might be having some side effects which are yet not attributed to the drug in question?

Please note that Option A actually strengthens the argument.

The argument, in a nut shell, is that the new drug should be preferred over the "present common drug". It is preferred because although the frequency of side effect of the common drug is less, it is very serious, whereas even though the frequency of the side effect of the new drug is more, it is not so serious.

So Option A says that there could be some other side effect of the common drug that has not yet been discovered. If that is the case, then the frequency of side effect of common drug will increase, including severe side effects. That should in fact promote the use of new drug and hence strengthens the argument.

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Re: A new drug, taken twice daily for one month, is an effective treatment [#permalink]
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Re: A new drug, taken twice daily for one month, is an effective treatment [#permalink]
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