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A recent study of ancient clay deposits has provided new evidence

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A recent study of ancient clay deposits has provided new evidence  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 30 Apr 2018, 04:03
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Question Stats:

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A recent study of ancient clay deposits has provided new evidence supporting the theory of global forest fires ignited by a meteorite impact that contributed to the extinction of the dinosaurs and many other creatures some 65 million years ago.

A. supporting the theory of global forest fires ignited by a meteorite impact that

B. supporting the theory that global forest fires ignited by a meteorite impact

C. that supports the theory of global forest fires that were ignited by a meteorite impact and that

D. in support of the theory that global forest fires were ignited by a meteorite impact and that

E. of support for the theory of a meteorite impact that ignited global forest fires and

Originally posted by don2007 on 05 Aug 2008, 06:19.
Last edited by Bunuel on 30 Apr 2018, 04:03, edited 2 times in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: A recent study of ancient clay deposits has provided new evidence  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Aug 2008, 06:59
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don2007 wrote:
Guys,

Please help??

A recent study of ancient clay deposits has provided new evidence supporting the theory of global forest fires ignited by a meteorite impact that contributed to the extinction of the dinosaurs and many other creatures some 65 million years ago.

A. supporting the theory of global forest fires ignited by a meteorite impact that

B. supporting the theory that global forest fires ignited by a meteorite impact

C. that supports the theory of global forest fires that were ignited by a meteorite impact and that

D. in support of the theory that global forest fires were ignited by a meteorite impact and that

E. of support for the theory of a meteorite impact that ignited global forest fires and


A. Theory is not named as "theory of global forest fires"...
B. Hold it
C. Bad comparision ..It sounds as though theory had contributed to the extinction..
D.global forest contributed to to the extinction of the dinosaurs..not the theory.
E. Awkward.

IMO B
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Re: A recent study of ancient clay deposits has provided new evidence  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Aug 2008, 23:22
Manager,

Can you please explain why you picked B???
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Re: A recent study of ancient clay deposits has provided new evidence  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Aug 2008, 04:58
don2007 wrote:
Manager,

Can you please explain why you picked B???


don,

Theory states that
"global forest fires ignited by a meteorite impact contributed to the extinction of the dinosaurs"

Let us see the Options
A. "supporting the theory of global forest fires" does not look good..we are not referring to a theory by name...we are stating a theory.

B. Looks good

C.Same problem as in A...

D. It is misleading..It states as though theory is contributing to the extinction of dinosaurs.

E.Same problem as in A..

except B, all other options can be eliminated.
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Re: A recent study of ancient clay deposits has provided new evidence  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Mar 2009, 14:48
C & D suffer from superficial parallelism and they change the meaning while doing so.

B is correct.
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Re: A recent study of ancient clay deposits has provided new evidence  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Mar 2009, 23:26
The usage of that in A suggest that metorite was cause of extinction of dinosaurs and not the fires. so A out
C, D and E suggest that the thory caused the extinction of dinosaurs.
B is the best and conveys the correct meaning .
don2007 wrote:
Guys,

Please help??

A recent study of ancient clay deposits has provided new evidence supporting the theory of global forest fires ignited by a meteorite impact that contributed to the extinction of the dinosaurs and many other creatures some 65 million years ago.

A. supporting the theory of global forest fires ignited by a meteorite impact that

B. supporting the theory that global forest fires ignited by a meteorite impact

C. that supports the theory of global forest fires that were ignited by a meteorite impact and that

D. in support of the theory that global forest fires were ignited by a meteorite impact and that

E. of support for the theory of a meteorite impact that ignited global forest fires and
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Re: A recent study of ancient clay deposits has provided new evidence  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Aug 2009, 22:17
don2007 wrote:
A recent study of ancient clay deposits has provided new evidence supporting the theory of global forest fires ignited by a meteorite impact that contributed to the extinction of the dinosaurs and many other creatures some 65 million years ago.

A. supporting the theory of global forest fires ignited by a meteorite impact that
B. supporting the theory that global forest fires ignited by a meteorite impact
C. that supports the theory of global forest fires that were ignited by a meteorite impact and that
D. in support of the theory that global forest fires were ignited by a meteorite impact and that
E. of support for the theory of a meteorite impact that ignited global forest fires and


Few things:

"the theory of global forest fires" is incorrect. So A, C and E are out...

"the theory that global forest fires" is correct. B and D remain.

D is not parallel:- ....the theory that global forest fires were ignited by a meteorite impact and that contributed to the extinction of the dinosaurs and many other creatures.........


Remains B.
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Re: A recent study of ancient clay deposits has provided new evidence  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Sep 2011, 02:34
C and D --> superficial Parellelism

B is the answer
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Re: A recent study of ancient clay deposits has provided new evidence  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Sep 2011, 02:44
D for Me.

New evidence means the thero was already established. New evidence enforced it again.
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Re: A recent study of ancient clay deposits has provided new evidence  [#permalink]

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New post 21 May 2013, 03:31
first of all "theory that global forest fires " is more sound than "theory of global forest fires " and "theory of a meteorite impact " , so A,C and E are out.

In D the last two words " and that" poiunt to "the theory' no the meteorite impact. So this option is down.

B is the answer.


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Re: A recent study of ancient clay deposits has provided new evidence  [#permalink]

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New post 21 May 2013, 05:30
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2
Apart from, Idiom and style, let’s see how far grammar can come to our aid in this case.
First: “That” is being used as relative pronoun in four choices. In Choice A, “that” refers to the impact; did the fires cause extinction or the impact caused the extinction? .Obviously the fires that were the result of the impact caused the destruction. .In E too, the causal agent is referred to as the impact. This is also wrong reference.
In C and D, what does the word ‘that’ used as a demonstrative pronoun refer to? A demonstrative pronoun such as “that” cannot be a bare pronoun.

So A, C, D and E are all out. Now what are we left with except B? That is the answer and shortest road to Rome :-D .
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Re: A recent study of ancient clay deposits has provided new evidence  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Mar 2015, 10:12
"A) ""The theory of global forest fire"" is generally not the correct way to express the theory. We can't name a theory in this fashion.But any ways ""of global fire"" is a prepositional phrase which is acting as modifier and it modifies ""the theory"". ""ignited by meteorite impact"" is participle which is also acting as modifer and is modifiying ""forest fires"" so bascicall the structure is ""the thoery+modifiers ( so we can ignore them)+ that contributed to extinction of X and Y. now logically how can a theory contribute to the extinction of something. It is actually the forest fire which is contributing to the extinction. So A is illogical.
B) Lets look at it again. "" A recent study of ancient clay deposits has provided new evidence+ supporting the theory (modifier which modifies the evidence)+ That+ global forest fires + ignited by a meteorite impact(modifers again) +contributed to the extinction of X and Y. if we again ignore the modifiers than it will be "" A recent study has provided new evidence that global forest fire contributed to the extinction of X and Y. meaning wise this is now absolutely clear and correct. It also doesn't have the issue ""the thoery of...."" as was in A.
C=> again in C. That supports the theory of global forest fire 1) the theory That were ignited by M impact and 2)the theory that contributed to the extinction. this is illogical. As already mentioned ""the theory of global forest fire "" is not correct way to write.
D=> in support of the theory 1) That global fire were ignited by M impact 2) that contributed to the extinction of X and Y. The second one has the same issue as discussed in above options.
E=> meaning is totally changed.Here, The theory did two things 1) it ignited fire 2) contributed to extinction of X and Y. This is again incorrect"
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Re: A recent study of ancient clay deposits has provided new evidence  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jul 2016, 14:16
Hi All,

First of all don't get distracted by "evidence that" in option C as I feel that has been placed as a distraction. Gmat generally test the knowledge of "evidence that" vs "evidence of", However this question does not test that concept primarily since this question is more meaning oriented. If you have any doubts regarding the "evidence that" vs "evidence of" concept, you can find a very crisp article by egmat in the following link : evidence-of-versus-evidence-that-171574.html

Anyway, coming back to the original question, I will suggest using the egmat 's 3 step approach and solving the question:

Meaning analysis: I have broken down the sentence and I suggest you pause after each line.

A recent study of ancient clay deposits has provided new evidence
supporting the theory --> supporting modifies the evidence
of global forest fires ignited by a meteorite impact-- > The phrase in green color is providing more information about the fires
that contributed to the extinction of the dinosaurs and many other creatures some 65 million years ago. -- > contributed is supposed to modify forest fires

Error Analysis:

1. "Theory of" --> this is incorrect since global forest fire is not the name of the theory. What we intend to do is actually state the theory
2. " theory of global forest fires that contributed" -- "That" doesnt clearly refers to "fires" and makes the reader believe that the theory contributed to the extinction.

Answers analysis:

(A) supporting the theory of global forest fires ignited by a meteorite impact that --> Explained in the error analysis

(B) supporting the theory that global forest fires ignited by a meteorite impact -- > clearly addresses all the mistakes in the original question

(C) that supports the theory of global forest fires that were ignited by a meteorite impact and that --> "theory of" is incorrect as explained in the error analysis

(D) in support of the theory that global forest fires were ignited by a meteorite impact and that --> Here there the second "that" again refers to the theory and incorrectly implies that the theory contributed to extinction

(E) of support for the theory of a meteorite impact that ignited global forest fires and--> There are more than one problems in this statement but " theory of" is good enough to strike this off
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Re: A recent study of ancient clay deposits has provided new evidence  [#permalink]

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Re: A recent study of ancient clay deposits has provided new evidence &nbs [#permalink] 13 Sep 2018, 10:46
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