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#### Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.  # A road crew painted two black lines across a road as shown in the

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Math Expert V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
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15 00:00

Difficulty:   85% (hard)

Question Stats: 58% (03:01) correct 42% (02:42) wrong based on 239 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics A road crew painted two black lines across a road as shown in the figure above, to mark the start and end of a 1-mile stretch. Between the two black lines, they will paint across the road a red line at each third of a mile, a white line at each fifth of a mile, and a blue line at each eighth of a mile. What is the smallest distance (in miles) between any of the painted lines on this stretch of highway?

(A) 0
(B) 1/120
(C) 1/60
(D) 1/40
(E) 1/30

Attachment: 2015-06-04_1523.png [ 22.58 KiB | Viewed 4548 times ]

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Math Expert V
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Bunuel wrote: A road crew painted two black lines across a road as shown in the figure above, to mark the start and end of a 1-mile stretch. Between the two black lines, they will paint across the road a red line at each third of a mile, a white line at each fifth of a mile, and a blue line at each eighth of a mile. What is the smallest distance (in miles) between any of the painted lines on this stretch of highway?

(A) 0
(B) 1/120
(C) 1/60
(D) 1/40
(E) 1/30

Attachment:
2015-06-04_1523.png

MANHATTAN GMAT OFFICIAL SOLUTION:

When comparing fractional pieces of a whole, we must find a common denominator. In this case, the 1-mile stretch is divided in thirds, fifths, and eighths. The smallest common denominator of 3, 5, and 8 is 120. If the 1-mile highway is divided into 120 equal increments, where will the red, white, and blue marks fall?

Red (thirds): 40, 80 (out of 120 increments)
White (fifths): 24, 48, 72, 96 (out of 120 increments)
Blue (eighths): 15, 30, 45, 60, 75, 90, 105 (out of 120 increments)

The smallest distance between two marks is 75 – 72 = 3 or 48 – 45 = 3. This equates to 3/120, or 1/40 miles.

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6
since iam not so good with decimals took the lcm of 8,5,3 which is 120 so if the length of the road is 120 the markings for 1/8 are
15,30,45,60,75,90,105,120
for 1/5 are
24, 48, 72,96 and 120.
for 1/3 are
40, 80,120
so the min difference is between 48 - 45=3
sinc3e the distance is to be found in 1 mile so the ans is 3/120 =1/40 hence D
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Bunuel wrote:
A road crew painted two black lines across a road as shown in the figure above, to mark the start and end of a 1-mile stretch. Between the two black lines, they will paint across the road a red line at each third of a mile, a white line at each fifth of a mile, and a blue line at each eighth of a mile. What is the smallest distance (in miles) between any of the painted lines on this stretch of highway?

(A) 0
(B) 1/120
(C) 1/60
(D) 1/40
(E) 1/30

Although I couldn't see any given Figures however the solution is as mentioned below:

1/8 = 0.125 i.e. Markings will be at {.125, .25, .375, .5, .625, .75, .875}
1/5 = 0.2 i.e. Markings will be at {.2, .4, .6, .8}
1/3 = 0.33 i.e. Markings will be at {.33, .66)

Let's say we have 1 mile stretch as mentioned below

----------------(.125)-----------(.2)-----(.25)------(.33)-------(.375)----(.4)------------(.5)-----------(.6)----(.625)-----(.66)--------(.75)---(.8)-----------(.875)----------------

The Set of all values become

{.125, .2, .25, .33, .375, .4, .5, .6, .625, .66, .75, .8, .875}

Hence the smallest possible difference between any two consecutive numbers will be the smallest piece cut and i.e. 0.4- 0.375 = .025 = 25/1000 = 1/40

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Math Expert V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
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GMATinsight wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
A road crew painted two black lines across a road as shown in the figure above, to mark the start and end of a 1-mile stretch. Between the two black lines, they will paint across the road a red line at each third of a mile, a white line at each fifth of a mile, and a blue line at each eighth of a mile. What is the smallest distance (in miles) between any of the painted lines on this stretch of highway?

(A) 0
(B) 1/120
(C) 1/60
(D) 1/40
(E) 1/30

Although I couldn't see any given Figures however the solution is as mentioned below:

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1
red line at each third of a mile = $$\frac{1}{3} , \frac{2}{3} , \frac{3}{3}.$$ white line at each fifth of a mile = $$\frac{1}{5} , \frac{2}{5} , \frac{3}{5} , \frac{4}{5} , \frac{5}{5}.$$ blue line at each eighth of a mile = $$\frac{1}{8} , \frac{2}{8} , \frac{3}{8} , \frac{4}{8} , \frac{5}{8} ,\frac{6}{8} ,\frac{7}{8} ,\frac{8}{8}.$$

LCM of all three Denominators = 3 * 5 * 8 = 120 (I prefer the LCM approach too ,makes it much simpler to look at these numbers, + that's how answers are written too)

red line at each third of a mile = $$\frac{40}{120} , \frac{80}{120} , \frac{120}{120}.$$

white line at each fifth of a mile = $$\frac{24}{120} , \frac{48}{120} , \frac{72}{120} , \frac{96}{120} , \frac{120}{120}.$$

blue line at each eighth of a mile = $$\frac{15}{120} , \frac{30}{120} , \frac{45}{120} , \frac{60}{120} , \frac{75}{120} ,\frac{90}{120} ,\frac{105}{120} ,\frac{120}{120}.$$

look at the options that are closest to each other ($$\frac{48}{120}$$, $$\frac{45}{120}$$ ) and ($$\frac{72}{120}$$ ,$$\frac{75}{120}$$ )
closest with difference of = $$\frac{3}{120}$$ = $$\frac{1}{3}$$

Ans: D
Math Expert V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 60657

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Bunuel wrote:
Bunuel wrote: A road crew painted two black lines across a road as shown in the figure above, to mark the start and end of a 1-mile stretch. Between the two black lines, they will paint across the road a red line at each third of a mile, a white line at each fifth of a mile, and a blue line at each eighth of a mile. What is the smallest distance (in miles) between any of the painted lines on this stretch of highway?

(A) 0
(B) 1/120
(C) 1/60
(D) 1/40
(E) 1/30

Attachment:
2015-06-04_1523.png

MANHATTAN GMAT OFFICIAL SOLUTION:

When comparing fractional pieces of a whole, we must find a common denominator. In this case, the 1-mile stretch is divided in thirds, fifths, and eighths. The smallest common denominator of 3, 5, and 8 is 120. If the 1-mile highway is divided into 120 equal increments, where will the red, white, and blue marks fall?

Red (thirds): 40, 80 (out of 120 increments)
White (fifths): 24, 48, 72, 96 (out of 120 increments)
Blue (eighths): 15, 30, 45, 60, 75, 90, 105 (out of 120 increments)

The smallest distance between two marks is 75 – 72 = 3 or 48 – 45 = 3. This equates to 3/120, or 1/40 miles.

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Not sure if this works...but this is how I approached this question.

We have paint in 1/3, 1/5, and 1/8 increments.
The smallest distance between two lines has to have a denominator that is at most the denominator of two of these increments (e.g. 5*3=15, 8*3 = 24, 8*5 = 40). I say at most because we may be able to reduce the fraction.

A clearly can't be the answer, and using the logic above B and C cannot be the answer as well. Now I pick multiples of (1/8) and multiples of (1/5) to see if (1/40) works. If I have a denominator of 40, then for (1/5) I'm looking at intervals of 8, 16, 24, 32, 40. And for 1/8 I'm looking for intervals of 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 35, 40. As you can see this works for 16/40 (which is 2/5) and 15/40 (which is 3/8). (D)

(A) 0
(B) 1/120
(C) 1/60
(D) 1/40
(E) 1/30
Intern  Joined: 13 Jan 2019
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UJs wrote:
red line at each third of a mile = $$\frac{1}{3} , \frac{2}{3} , \frac{3}{3}.$$ white line at each fifth of a mile = $$\frac{1}{5} , \frac{2}{5} , \frac{3}{5} , \frac{4}{5} , \frac{5}{5}.$$ blue line at each eighth of a mile = $$\frac{1}{8} , \frac{2}{8} , \frac{3}{8} , \frac{4}{8} , \frac{5}{8} ,\frac{6}{8} ,\frac{7}{8} ,\frac{8}{8}.$$

LCM of all three Denominators = 3 * 5 * 8 = 120 (I prefer the LCM approach too ,makes it much simpler to look at these numbers, + that's how answers are written too)

red line at each third of a mile = $$\frac{40}{120} , \frac{80}{120} , \frac{120}{120}.$$

white line at each fifth of a mile = $$\frac{24}{120} , \frac{48}{120} , \frac{72}{120} , \frac{96}{120} , \frac{120}{120}.$$

blue line at each eighth of a mile = $$\frac{15}{120} , \frac{30}{120} , \frac{45}{120} , \frac{60}{120} , \frac{75}{120} ,\frac{90}{120} ,\frac{105}{120} ,\frac{120}{120}.$$

look at the options that are closest to each other ($$\frac{48}{120}$$, $$\frac{45}{120}$$ ) and ($$\frac{72}{120}$$ ,$$\frac{75}{120}$$ )
closest with difference of = $$\frac{3}{120}$$ = $$\frac{1}{3}$$

Ans: D

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