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A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1989 and 1996

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Re: A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1989 and 1996  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Dec 2017, 10:26
Hi?

Please correct my reasoning abt A.

Is it wrong because a verbing should be able to make sense with the subject of the clause i.e Creature of seabed.
And according to it the creatures of the seabed were suffering from dwindling food supplies, and this possibly resulting from increasing sea temp.
so it would be wrong as it doesn't make sense.
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Re: A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1989 and 1996  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Dec 2017, 19:50
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Prashant10692 wrote:
Hi?

Please correct my reasoning abt A.

Is it wrong because a verbing should be able to make sense with the subject of the clause i.e Creature of seabed.
And according to it the creatures of the seabed were suffering from dwindling food supplies, and this possibly resulting from increasing sea temp.
so it would be wrong as it doesn't make sense.


Hi Prashant10692!

I'm happy to jump in for Mike :-) Yes, that's definitely a way that we could think about this! That is correct :-) If we are referring to the entire clause (rather than only the subject of the clause), then we want to use something like "a fact which resulted from", or "as a result of", which choice B correctly uses.

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Re: A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1989 and 1996  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Nov 2018, 20:45
laxieqv wrote:
A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1989 and 1996 revealed that creatures of the seabed were suffering from dwindling food supplies, possibly resulting from increasing sea surface temperatures during the same period.




(A) that creatures of the seabed were suffering from dwindling food supplies, possibly resulting from increasing - Meaning: Food supplies does not cause suffering.

(B) that creatures of the seabed were suffering because food supplies were dwindling, possibly as a result of an increase in

(C) that creatures of the seabed were suffering because of food supplies, which were dwindling possibly as a result of increasing - Meaning: Food supplies does not cause suffering.

(D) creatures of the seabed that were suffering from food supplies that were dwindling, possibly resulting from an increase in - Meaning issue. "that" should come before "creatures of the seabed".

(E) creatures of the seabed that were suffering because food supplies were dwindling, which possibly resulted from increasing - Meaning issue. "that" should come before "creatures of the seabed".
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Re: A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1989 and 1996  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jan 2019, 13:01
laxieqv wrote:
A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1989 and 1996 revealed that creatures of the seabed were suffering from dwindling food supplies, possibly resulting from increasing sea surface temperatures during the same period.


(A) that creatures of the seabed were suffering from dwindling food supplies, possibly resulting from increasing

(B) that creatures of the seabed were suffering because food supplies were dwindling, possibly as a result of an increase in

(C) that creatures of the seabed were suffering because of food supplies, which were dwindling possibly as a result of increasing

(D) creatures of the seabed that were suffering from food supplies that were dwindling, possibly resulting from an increase in

(E) creatures of the seabed that were suffering because food supplies were dwindling, which possibly resulted from increasing


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Spoiler: :: nytimes article
https://www.nytimes.com/1999/06/01/science/the-diverse-creatures-of-the-deep-may-be-starving.html

Hordes of creatures living in the hidden depths of the deep sea are in danger of starving to death, scientists report. This remote part of the planet is believed to harbor millions of undiscovered species, an unknown number of which may be in crisis.

A study of food supply and demand miles down in the North Pacific between 1989 and 1996 found that creatures of the seabed suffered from growing food shortages. A likely culprit, scientists say, is a documented increase in sea surface temperatures during the same period.

''If the food deficit continues, it is going to change the configuration of the deep-sea communities,'' said Kenneth L. Smith Jr., a biologist at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography in San Diego and a co-author of the report, which was published recently in Science. ''Some species will die out while those that can survive on a very low food supply will still be able to maintain themselves.''



A, C, and D are wrong because they imply that the creatures are suffering from the food supplies, not the fact that they were dwindling. E is awkwardly phrased, so B is the best option.
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Re: A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1989 and 1996  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jan 2019, 01:26
[quote="laxieqv"]A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1989 and 1996 revealed that creatures of the seabed were suffering from dwindling food supplies, possibly resulting from increasing sea surface temperatures during the same period.


(A) that creatures of the seabed were suffering from dwindling food supplies, possibly resulting from increasing

(B) that creatures of the seabed were suffering because food supplies were dwindling, possibly as a result of an increase in

(C) that creatures of the seabed were suffering because of food supplies, which were dwindling possibly as a result of increasing

(D) creatures of the seabed that were suffering from food supplies that were dwindling, possibly resulting from an increase in

(E) creatures of the seabed that were suffering because food supplies were dwindling, which possibly resulted from increasing

if gmat test us meaning, this means we have to solve meaning problem more than realize the grammatical sentence pattern. this means we will face 2 patterns of sentence which are both grammatical but only one of them is logic.

both "reveal +noun" and 'reveal +that clause" exist in english grammat. So, both "reveal the creatures" and "reveal that creatures suffer" are grammatical. but the point is which pattern is logic in the context of sentence.

when the object of a verb is changed from an idea prepresented by "that-clause" to a concrete phisical thing or animal presented by a concreted noun, the meaning is changed and can be illogic. i do not say that this change alway makes an illogic meaning. i will give an example latter.

it is not logic to say " a study reveal creature that were suffering" but it is logic to say " a study reveal that creatures were suffering". similarly, it is not logic to say that " creatures were suffering because of food suply" . it is logic to say " creatures were suffering because food supply is dwindling"

it is also logic to say

creatures were suffering because of the bad weather

notice that we use a noun "bad weather", not a "that clause" to complement sentence. I want to say that both noun and "that clause" as object can be correct , depending on logic.

the point of this problem is the change of object from an "that clause" to a noun which makes an illogic meaning.
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Re: A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1989 and 1996  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jul 2019, 07:33
is the use of verb-ing (resulting) modifier in option A correct ?

As far as i know when a verb-ing modifier is used for modifying action, the modifier and the action should have the same doer. should this concept be applicable for all the verb-ing modifiers which are used to modify actions?
please correct me.
thanks,
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Re: A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1989 and 1996  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jul 2019, 07:45
blueseas wrote:
Dhairya275 wrote:
A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1986 and 1996 revealed that creatures of the seabed were suffering from dwindling food supplies, possibly resulting from increasing sea surface temperatures during the same period.

A. that creatures of the seabed were suffering from dwindling food supplies, possibly resulting from increasing
B. that creatures of the seabed were suffering because food supplies were dwindling, possibly as a result of an increase in
C. that creatures of the seabed were suffering because food supplies, which were dwindling possibly as a result of increasing
D. creatures of the seabed that were suffering from food supplies that were dwindling, possibly resulting from an increase in
E. creatures of the seabed that were suffering because food supplies were dwindling, which possibly resulted from increasing


IMO B
SOME THEORIES:
-verb-ing =>when followed by a (clause+comma) either modify -whole clause or -show result .
-which =>this can never refer to whole clause it either refers to noun or noun phrase.

A. that creatures of the seabed were suffering from dwindling food supplies, possibly resulting from increasing
WRONG.
-Dwindling food supplies =>it seems that food supplies were dwindling by itself.=>illigical.
-wrong usage of verb-ing after (clause+comma)=>neither showing result of previous clause nor describing previous clause.

B. that creatures of the seabed were suffering because food supplies were dwindling, possibly as a result of an increase in
RIGHT.

C. that creatures of the seabed were suffering because food supplies, which were dwindling possibly as a result of increasing
WRONG.
-The part starting from WHICH WERE..{...}is acting as a modifier..now if you remove this modifier you can easily see that sentence is incomplete hence a fragment.

D. creatures of the seabed that were suffering from food supplies that were dwindling, possibly resulting from an increase in
WRONG.
-Lack of THAT after revealed..(revealed that ...)
-again same as C its a fragment.

E. creatures of the seabed that were suffering because food supplies were dwindling, which possibly resulted from increasing
WRONG.
-use of which is wrong....as we know which cant refer to a CLAUSE hence it is either refering to FOOD SUPPLIES or DWINDLING(not a noun)..in both cases sentence doesnt makes sense.

hence B


Hi,
i am having a small doubt about the use of Verb-ing modifier. as far as i i know it can used to modify the nouns or the action in the preceding clause.
when a verb-ing modifier is used to modify action of a preceding clause
1. The doer (subject) should be same for the action and the modifier but when a verb-ing modifier is used to provide result is it necessary that the modifier should have the same subject(doer)?

thanks,
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Re: A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1989 and 1996  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Aug 2019, 10:40
thaya wrote:
Hi,
i am having a small doubt about the use of Verb-ing modifier. as far as i i know it can used to modify the nouns or the action in the preceding clause.
when a verb-ing modifier is used to modify action of a preceding clause
1. The doer (subject) should be same for the action and the modifier but when a verb-ing modifier is used to provide result is it necessary that the modifier should have the same subject(doer)?

thanks,

Important distinction here: when verb-ing follows a comma and a clause, it generally modifies the entire previous clause, providing either a consequence of the previous action, or additional context for that action. Now, you'd probably keep the subject of that action in mind when evaluating the verb-ing modifier, but it isn't strictly correct to claim that verb-ing is modifying the subject directly. For example:

    "While Tim was giving a speech about the importance of eye contact, he began bleeding out of his left cornea, terrifying all the children in the kindergarten class."

This usage is fine, but it's not fully correct to say that Tim terrified the children - he didn't show up to this school dressed as a ghost. It's more precise to claim that the fact that his cornea started bleeding, the action, led to the children being terrified.

The takeaway: when you see "comma + verb-ing" don't ask yourself if it makes sense for verb-ing to directly modify the previous subject. Ask yourself if it's logical for verb-ing to offer a consequence or context for the action that the subject is performing.

I hope that helps!
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Re: A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1989 and 1996   [#permalink] 10 Aug 2019, 10:40

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