GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 19 Jun 2018, 02:59

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

ABCDE is a regular pentagon with F at its center. How many d

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

6 KUDOS received
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 29 Jul 2009
Posts: 14
Schools: Stanford, HBS, INSEAD
ABCDE is a regular pentagon with F at its center. How many d [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 03 Nov 2009, 14:56
6
8
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  45% (medium)

Question Stats:

60% (00:44) correct 40% (01:02) wrong based on 619 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

Image
ABCDE is a regular pentagon with F at its center. How many different triangles can be formed by joining 3 of the points A, B, C, D, E and F?

A. 10
B. 15
C. 20
D. 25
E. 30
Expert Post
7 KUDOS received
Math Expert
User avatar
V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 46161
Re: Pentagon problem [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 03 Nov 2009, 16:10
7
9
arora2m wrote:
ABCDE is a regular pentagon with F at its center. How many different triangles can be formed by joining 3 of the points A, B, C, D, E and F?

a. 10

b. 15

c. 20

d. 25

e. 30


Any 3 points from 6 will make a triangle, since no 3 points are collinear, then:

6C3=20

Answer: C.

TIPS ON RELATED ISSUES:
In a plane if there are n points of which no three are collinear, then
1. The number of straight lines that can be formed by joining them is nC2.
2. The number of triangles that can be formed by joining them is nC3.
3. The number of polygons with k sides that can be formed by joining them is nCk.
_________________

New to the Math Forum?
Please read this: Ultimate GMAT Quantitative Megathread | All You Need for Quant | PLEASE READ AND FOLLOW: 12 Rules for Posting!!!

Resources:
GMAT Math Book | Triangles | Polygons | Coordinate Geometry | Factorials | Circles | Number Theory | Remainders; 8. Overlapping Sets | PDF of Math Book; 10. Remainders | GMAT Prep Software Analysis | SEVEN SAMURAI OF 2012 (BEST DISCUSSIONS) | Tricky questions from previous years.

Collection of Questions:
PS: 1. Tough and Tricky questions; 2. Hard questions; 3. Hard questions part 2; 4. Standard deviation; 5. Tough Problem Solving Questions With Solutions; 6. Probability and Combinations Questions With Solutions; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 12 Easy Pieces (or not?); 9 Bakers' Dozen; 10 Algebra set. ,11 Mixed Questions, 12 Fresh Meat

DS: 1. DS tough questions; 2. DS tough questions part 2; 3. DS tough questions part 3; 4. DS Standard deviation; 5. Inequalities; 6. 700+ GMAT Data Sufficiency Questions With Explanations; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 The Discreet Charm of the DS; 9 Devil's Dozen!!!; 10 Number Properties set., 11 New DS set.


What are GMAT Club Tests?
Extra-hard Quant Tests with Brilliant Analytics

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 29 Jul 2009
Posts: 14
Schools: Stanford, HBS, INSEAD
Re: Pentagon problem [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 03 Nov 2009, 16:39
Bunuel - In this case I am a bit confused.
F is the center of the pentagon ABCDE ... So ABF form a triangle but not ACF, since a straight line drawn between AC will not pass through F.

I got 15 by doing 5 triangles formed with F as one of the points and then 5C3 thus 5+10 =15.

Please tell me what is wrong with my reasoning here.
Expert Post
1 KUDOS received
Math Expert
User avatar
V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 46161
Re: Pentagon problem [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 03 Nov 2009, 17:01
1
arora2m wrote:
Bunuel - In this case I am a bit confused.
F is the center of the pentagon ABCDE ... So ABF form a triangle but not ACF, since a straight line drawn between AC will not pass through F.

I got 15 by doing 5 triangles formed with F as one of the points and then 5C3 thus 5+10 =15.

Please tell me what is wrong with my reasoning here.


Regular pentagon is a pentagon where all sides are equal. In such pentagon center is not collinear to any two vertex, so ANY three points (from 5 vertices and center point) WILL form the triangle.

You wrote that ACF won't form the triangle because they don't lie on straight line - that's not true. EXACTLY because these three points DON'T lie on the straight line they WILL form triangle. (In your other example you stated that ABF will form the triangle, but these three points also aren't collinear).

The question basically asks how many triangles can be formed from the six points on a plane with no three points being collinear.

Hope it's clear.
_________________

New to the Math Forum?
Please read this: Ultimate GMAT Quantitative Megathread | All You Need for Quant | PLEASE READ AND FOLLOW: 12 Rules for Posting!!!

Resources:
GMAT Math Book | Triangles | Polygons | Coordinate Geometry | Factorials | Circles | Number Theory | Remainders; 8. Overlapping Sets | PDF of Math Book; 10. Remainders | GMAT Prep Software Analysis | SEVEN SAMURAI OF 2012 (BEST DISCUSSIONS) | Tricky questions from previous years.

Collection of Questions:
PS: 1. Tough and Tricky questions; 2. Hard questions; 3. Hard questions part 2; 4. Standard deviation; 5. Tough Problem Solving Questions With Solutions; 6. Probability and Combinations Questions With Solutions; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 12 Easy Pieces (or not?); 9 Bakers' Dozen; 10 Algebra set. ,11 Mixed Questions, 12 Fresh Meat

DS: 1. DS tough questions; 2. DS tough questions part 2; 3. DS tough questions part 3; 4. DS Standard deviation; 5. Inequalities; 6. 700+ GMAT Data Sufficiency Questions With Explanations; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 The Discreet Charm of the DS; 9 Devil's Dozen!!!; 10 Number Properties set., 11 New DS set.


What are GMAT Club Tests?
Extra-hard Quant Tests with Brilliant Analytics

5 KUDOS received
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 10 Apr 2011
Posts: 14
Re: ABCDE is a regular pentagon with F at its center. How many [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 May 2012, 09:50
5
1
Choosing any 3 points out of the 6 available points will form a triangle. Hence this turns into a combination question.

Choose 3 points out of 6: 6c3=20 :)
Expert Post
2 KUDOS received
Math Expert
User avatar
V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 46161
ABCDE is a regular pentagon with F at its center. How many [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 May 2012, 01:03
2
6
macjas wrote:
Image

ABCDE is a regular pentagon with F at its center. How many different triangles can be formed by joining 3 of the points A, B, C, D, E and F?

A. 10
B. 15
C. 20
D. 25
E. 30


Generally in a plane if there are \(n\) points of which no three are collinear, then:
1. The number of triangles that can be formed by joining them is \(C^3_n\).

2. The number of quadrilaterals that can be formed by joining them is \(C^4_n\).

3. The number of polygons with \(k\) sides that can be formed by joining them is \(C^k_n\).

Since ABCDE is a regular pentagon then no three point out of 6 (5 vertices + center) will be collinear, so the number of triangles possible is \(C^3_6=20\).

Answer: C.

Similar questions to practice:
http://gmatclub.com/forum/m03-71107.html
http://gmatclub.com/forum/the-sides-bc- ... 09690.html
http://gmatclub.com/forum/if-4-points-a ... 32677.html

Hope it helps.
_________________

New to the Math Forum?
Please read this: Ultimate GMAT Quantitative Megathread | All You Need for Quant | PLEASE READ AND FOLLOW: 12 Rules for Posting!!!

Resources:
GMAT Math Book | Triangles | Polygons | Coordinate Geometry | Factorials | Circles | Number Theory | Remainders; 8. Overlapping Sets | PDF of Math Book; 10. Remainders | GMAT Prep Software Analysis | SEVEN SAMURAI OF 2012 (BEST DISCUSSIONS) | Tricky questions from previous years.

Collection of Questions:
PS: 1. Tough and Tricky questions; 2. Hard questions; 3. Hard questions part 2; 4. Standard deviation; 5. Tough Problem Solving Questions With Solutions; 6. Probability and Combinations Questions With Solutions; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 12 Easy Pieces (or not?); 9 Bakers' Dozen; 10 Algebra set. ,11 Mixed Questions, 12 Fresh Meat

DS: 1. DS tough questions; 2. DS tough questions part 2; 3. DS tough questions part 3; 4. DS Standard deviation; 5. Inequalities; 6. 700+ GMAT Data Sufficiency Questions With Explanations; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 The Discreet Charm of the DS; 9 Devil's Dozen!!!; 10 Number Properties set., 11 New DS set.


What are GMAT Club Tests?
Extra-hard Quant Tests with Brilliant Analytics

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
P
Joined: 27 May 2012
Posts: 485
Premium Member
Re: ABCDE is a regular pentagon with F at its center. How many [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 10 Jun 2012, 01:44
some body please clear this discrepancy

from 6 if we choose 3 , how do we denote it , all books and materials show this as 6C3

but here parrot man shows this as 6c3 and moderator shows this as 3c6 , leading me to becoming confused !!

according to me , the larger one goes at the top and the smaller sub group goes below

so from 6 if we choose 3 then 6C3.

so please if someone could confirm why is 3C6 denoted here , and does 3C6 mean the same as 6C3 ? are they same ?

so from n if if have to choose , 3 or 4 or 5 etc shouldn't it be nc3 , nc4 , nc5 etc .... Please clear my confusion
_________________

- Stne

Intern
Intern
avatar
Status: ISB 14...:)
Joined: 26 May 2012
Posts: 29
Location: India
Concentration: Strategy
Schools: ISB '14 (A)
GMAT 1: 750 Q51 V39
GPA: 3.62
WE: Engineering (Energy and Utilities)
Reviews Badge
Re: ABCDE is a regular pentagon with F at its center. How many [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 10 Jun 2012, 03:09
There are many forms of denoting the combinations.

nCk or C(n,k) or Ckn as written by bunuel, all are different standards.

But the meaning is same. Choosing 'k' objects from a group of 'n' objects.
Director
Director
User avatar
Status: Verbal Forum Moderator
Joined: 17 Apr 2013
Posts: 544
Location: India
GMAT 1: 710 Q50 V36
GMAT 2: 750 Q51 V41
GMAT 3: 790 Q51 V49
GPA: 3.3
Re: Pentagon problem [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 21 Aug 2013, 12:44
You should explain the logic behind your approach.[/quote]


ABCDE, 5 vertices of pentagon, we can select any two vertices two form a line, 5C2 ways....

Now any of the 5C2 ways have only one way(As per question) to interact with a centre point F = 5C2 X 1 = 10 Ways.
_________________

Like my post Send me a Kudos :) It is a Good manner.
My Debrief: http://gmatclub.com/forum/how-to-score-750-and-750-i-moved-from-710-to-189016.html

Expert Post
1 KUDOS received
Math Expert
User avatar
V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 46161
Re: Pentagon problem [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 21 Aug 2013, 12:48
1
honchos wrote:


ABCDE, 5 vertices of pentagon, we can select any two vertices two form a line, 5C2 ways....

Now any of the 5C2 ways have only one way(As per question) to interact with a centre point F = 5C2 X 1 = 10 Ways.


How many different triangles can be formed by joining 3 of the points A, B, C, D, E and F?

So, we are interested in the number of triangles that can be formed by joining ANY three out of these 6 points (A, B, C, D, E and F), not necessarily F and 2 other points. For example, triangle ABC is also a valid one.

Hope it's clear.
_________________

New to the Math Forum?
Please read this: Ultimate GMAT Quantitative Megathread | All You Need for Quant | PLEASE READ AND FOLLOW: 12 Rules for Posting!!!

Resources:
GMAT Math Book | Triangles | Polygons | Coordinate Geometry | Factorials | Circles | Number Theory | Remainders; 8. Overlapping Sets | PDF of Math Book; 10. Remainders | GMAT Prep Software Analysis | SEVEN SAMURAI OF 2012 (BEST DISCUSSIONS) | Tricky questions from previous years.

Collection of Questions:
PS: 1. Tough and Tricky questions; 2. Hard questions; 3. Hard questions part 2; 4. Standard deviation; 5. Tough Problem Solving Questions With Solutions; 6. Probability and Combinations Questions With Solutions; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 12 Easy Pieces (or not?); 9 Bakers' Dozen; 10 Algebra set. ,11 Mixed Questions, 12 Fresh Meat

DS: 1. DS tough questions; 2. DS tough questions part 2; 3. DS tough questions part 3; 4. DS Standard deviation; 5. Inequalities; 6. 700+ GMAT Data Sufficiency Questions With Explanations; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 The Discreet Charm of the DS; 9 Devil's Dozen!!!; 10 Number Properties set., 11 New DS set.


What are GMAT Club Tests?
Extra-hard Quant Tests with Brilliant Analytics

Expert Post
Math Expert
User avatar
V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 46161
ABCDE is a regular pentagon with F at its center. How many d [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Sep 2013, 09:52
Similar questions to practice:
http://gmatclub.com/forum/if-4-points-a ... 32677.html
http://gmatclub.com/forum/abcde-is-a-re ... 86284.html
http://gmatclub.com/forum/abcde-is-a-re ... 33328.html
http://gmatclub.com/forum/the-sides-bc- ... 09690.html
http://gmatclub.com/forum/gmat-diagnost ... 79373.html
http://gmatclub.com/forum/m03-71107.html
http://gmatclub.com/forum/how-many-tria ... 98236.html
http://gmatclub.com/forum/right-triangl ... 88958.html
http://gmatclub.com/forum/how-many-circ ... 28149.html

Hope it helps.
_________________

New to the Math Forum?
Please read this: Ultimate GMAT Quantitative Megathread | All You Need for Quant | PLEASE READ AND FOLLOW: 12 Rules for Posting!!!

Resources:
GMAT Math Book | Triangles | Polygons | Coordinate Geometry | Factorials | Circles | Number Theory | Remainders; 8. Overlapping Sets | PDF of Math Book; 10. Remainders | GMAT Prep Software Analysis | SEVEN SAMURAI OF 2012 (BEST DISCUSSIONS) | Tricky questions from previous years.

Collection of Questions:
PS: 1. Tough and Tricky questions; 2. Hard questions; 3. Hard questions part 2; 4. Standard deviation; 5. Tough Problem Solving Questions With Solutions; 6. Probability and Combinations Questions With Solutions; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 12 Easy Pieces (or not?); 9 Bakers' Dozen; 10 Algebra set. ,11 Mixed Questions, 12 Fresh Meat

DS: 1. DS tough questions; 2. DS tough questions part 2; 3. DS tough questions part 3; 4. DS Standard deviation; 5. Inequalities; 6. 700+ GMAT Data Sufficiency Questions With Explanations; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 The Discreet Charm of the DS; 9 Devil's Dozen!!!; 10 Number Properties set., 11 New DS set.


What are GMAT Club Tests?
Extra-hard Quant Tests with Brilliant Analytics

1 KUDOS received
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 18 Sep 2013
Posts: 6
Concentration: Operations, International Business
Re: ABCDE is a regular pentagon with F at its center. How many d [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 25 Dec 2013, 03:15
1
This is basically a combinatorics problem.
If we make anagram grid for this, it will like below
A B C D E F
Y Y Y N N N
That means at any point of time only three points are making the triangle while other three are not.
hence total no of combinations possible = 6!/3!x3! =20
:-D
Non-Human User
User avatar
Joined: 09 Sep 2013
Posts: 6997
Premium Member
Re: ABCDE is a regular pentagon with F at its center. How many d [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 16 Feb 2018, 07:04
Hello from the GMAT Club BumpBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
_________________

GMAT Books | GMAT Club Tests | Best Prices on GMAT Courses | GMAT Mobile App | Math Resources | Verbal Resources

Re: ABCDE is a regular pentagon with F at its center. How many d   [#permalink] 16 Feb 2018, 07:04
Display posts from previous: Sort by

ABCDE is a regular pentagon with F at its center. How many d

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.