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# According to a recent study linking high social standing to

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Manager
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03 Sep 2012, 07:24
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27% (00:57) correct 73% (01:15) wrong based on 384 sessions

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According to a recent study linking high social standing to a habitually stern facial expression, models who do not smile adequately in magazine advertisements give an impression of status and exclusivity, even if they are not wealthy or influential themselves.
4. it is the models, in magazine advertisements, who do not smile and adequately give an impression
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: According to a recent study linking high social standing to [#permalink]

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03 Sep 2012, 09:51
mehulsayani wrote:
According to a recent study linking high social standing to a habitually stern facial expression, models who do not smile adequately in magazine advertisements give an impression of status and exclusivity, even if they are not wealthy or influential themselves.
4. it is the models, in magazine advertisements, who do not smile and adequately give an impression

There is a cutoff between A and C. However, the word adequately should modify smile.

Hence, A
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Re: According to a recent study linking high social standing to [#permalink]

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03 Sep 2012, 10:07
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dexerash wrote:
mehulsayani wrote:
According to a recent study linking high social standing to a habitually stern facial expression, models who do not smile adequately in magazine advertisements give an impression of status and exclusivity, even if they are not wealthy or influential themselves.
4. it is the models, in magazine advertisements, who do not smile and adequately give an impression

There is a cutoff between A and C. However, the word adequately should modify smile.

Hence, A

IMO answer is C (adequately is modifying give). If adequately is modifying smile then the meaning becomes nonsensical. The meaning becomes: A big smile or a small smile has a bearing on the impression of status.
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Re: According to a recent study linking high social standing to [#permalink]

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03 Sep 2012, 10:30
A : who Do not smile Adequately in Ads .............give an impression

C makes more sense

Thanks @ Sourh : Though initially chose A but the split as above makes sense to zone in on C.
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Re: According to a recent study linking high social standing to [#permalink]

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03 Sep 2012, 13:24

what is the source for this question?
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Re: According to a recent study linking high social standing to [#permalink]

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04 Sep 2012, 07:15
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1. models who do not smile adequately in magazine advertisements give an impression---- The problem with this one is the placement of the adverb adequately, which is not within the radar of its verb -smile -. The pronoun ‘they’ in the non-underlined portions, has a good chance of modifying advertisements rather than then models
2. models in magazine advertisements who do not smile give an impression adequately --- total distortion of meaning. Choice says models who do not smile.
3. models who do not smile in magazine advertisements adequately give an impression – same wrong word order of the adverb adequately and the ambiguous reference of they as in A – The meaning is also weird that the models who do not smile adequately give an impression, where in , the adverb adequately modifies give rather than smile
5. in magazine advertisements, the models who do not smile adequately give an impression ; IMO, the choice sets right the wrong word order problem , by shifting the intrusive magazine ads as a prepositional introducer. Hence most acceptable;
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Re: According to a recent study linking high social standing to [#permalink]

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04 Sep 2012, 09:11
lotus wrote:

what is the source for this question?

Its from gmatclub verbal mock tests. Even I was confused between A and C, chose A eventually
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Re: According to a recent study linking high social standing to [#permalink]

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04 Sep 2012, 18:48
When I did this couple of weeks ago, I picked A, this time, C . My explanation...............

A - models who do not smile adequately in magazine advertisements give an impression - smile quantity (adequate) is what is giving an impression?

C makes more sense?

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Re: According to a recent study linking high social standing to [#permalink]

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30 Dec 2013, 12:06
mehulsayani wrote:
According to a recent study linking high social standing to a habitually stern facial expression, models who do not smile adequately in magazine advertisements give an impression of status and exclusivity, even if they are not wealthy or influential themselves.
4. it is the models, in magazine advertisements, who do not smile and adequately give an impression

C? Really? Can somebody confirm this

Thanks
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J
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Re: According to a recent study linking high social standing to [#permalink]

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30 Dec 2013, 12:52
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jlgdr wrote:
mehulsayani wrote:
According to a recent study linking high social standing to a habitually stern facial expression, models who do not smile adequately in magazine advertisements give an impression of status and exclusivity, even if they are not wealthy or influential themselves.
4. it is the models, in magazine advertisements, who do not smile and adequately give an impression

C? Really? Can somebody confirm this

Thanks
Cheers!
J

Hi jlgdr.

I would say no option is 100% correct, but C is the best. A lot of debates between A and C, but if we pick an answer by meaning, C is "better" than A. in A, it seems models smile adequately. Can some body smile adequately? It's nonsensical. The meaning should be models do not smile but still adequately give an impression. "adequately" is adverb that modifies give. The meaning is more crystal clear.

Best!
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Re: According to a recent study linking high social standing to [#permalink]

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12 Jan 2014, 07:07
pqhai wrote:
jlgdr wrote:
mehulsayani wrote:
According to a recent study linking high social standing to a habitually stern facial expression, models who do not smile adequately in magazine advertisements give an impression of status and exclusivity, even if they are not wealthy or influential themselves.
4. it is the models, in magazine advertisements, who do not smile and adequately give an impression

C? Really? Can somebody confirm this

Thanks
Cheers!
J

Hi jlgdr.

I would say no option is 100% correct, but C is the best. A lot of debates between A and C, but if we pick an answer by meaning, C is "better" than A. in A, it seems models smile adequately. Can some body smile adequately? It's nonsensical. The meaning should be models do not smile but still adequately give an impression. "adequately" is adverb that modifies give. The meaning is more crystal clear.

Best!

I hear ya pqhai, is a meaning issue. Need to be more careful with those

Thanks!
Cheers!
J
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Re: According to a recent study linking high social standing to [#permalink]

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15 May 2015, 09:06
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: According to a recent study linking high social standing to [#permalink]

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05 Feb 2018, 07:43
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
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Re: According to a recent study linking high social standing to [#permalink]

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09 Feb 2018, 10:58
D is wrong b/c of ambiguous "it"
E changes the meaning b/c of " in magazine advertisements" at the beginning of the sentence.
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Re: According to a recent study linking high social standing to [#permalink]

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09 Feb 2018, 13:31
Hi mehulsayani,

For this sentence, the most noticeable difference in each answer is the placement of the adverb "adequately." In this case, it should be modifying the verb "give," which means "adequately" needs to be placed directly before or after "give." So let's see if we can narrow down answers that put the adverb "adequately" with the wrong thing:

"Adequately" is modifying "smile," so this is WRONG.

"Adequately" is modifying the right thing, but it's not directly next to the word "give," so let's rule this out as WRONG too.

"Adequately" is next the the verb "give," which is OK, so let's keep this one for later.

D: it is the models, in magazine advertisements, who do not smile and adequately give an impression
"Adequately" is right next to the verb "give," which is OK, so let's keep this one too.

"Adequately" is placed directly between "smile" and "give," which makes it unclear which verb it's supposed to be tied to. Placing an adverb between two verbs is WRONG because it's unclear.

So, based on this first problem, we can rule out answers A, B, & E. Now that we're left with only two answers - C & D - let's break down which one is the better answer. What I like to do here is read through each option plugged into the original sentence:

C: According to a recent study linking high social standing to a habitually stern facial expression, models who do not smile in magazine advertisements adequately give an impression of status and exclusivity, even if they are not wealthy or influential themselves.

This is the CORRECT answer because it places the adverb "adequately" in the right place, and it is clear that it's discussing only a portion of all magazine models (just the ones who don't smile), not all of them.

D: According to a recent study linking high social standing to a habitually stern facial expression, it is the models, in magazine advertisements, who do not smile and adequately give an impression of status and exclusivity, even if they are not wealthy or influential themselves.

This is INCORRECT because by moving the phrase "in magazine advertisements" to between commas, it now changes the meaning. This sentence is saying that ALL models don't smile and give an impression of status and exclusivity - the fact that they're in magazine advertisements isn't important because it's between commas. We know that not ALL models do this, so it's not a true statement.
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Re: According to a recent study linking high social standing to [#permalink]

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09 Feb 2018, 13:41
To better clear up the issue of which verb "adequately" is modifying for both dexerash and lotus:

The word "adequately" means "to do something well enough/okay." These two statement have totally different meanings if you move the word "adequately." Here is why it should be with "give" and not "smile":

This phrase translates to: models who don't smile well enough give off an impression of status and exclusivity. This doesn't really make sense. Being bad at smiling is not why they give off that impression - not smiling at all is how they do it.

This phrase translates to: models who don't smile at all do a good job of giving off an impression of status and exclusivity. This makes a lot more sense - it keeps the positive adverb with the positive action, not the negative one.

I hope that helps clear up why C is the better answer!
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Re: According to a recent study linking high social standing to   [#permalink] 09 Feb 2018, 13:41
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