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According to a recent study linking high social standing to a habitual

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According to a recent study linking high social standing to a habitual [#permalink]

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According to a recent study linking high social standing to a habitually stern facial expression, models who do not smile adequately in magazine advertisements give an impression of status and exclusivity, even if they are not wealthy or influential themselves.


A. models who do not smile adequately in magazine advertisements give an impression

B. models in magazine advertisements who do not smile give an impression adequately

C. models who do not smile in magazine advertisements adequately give an impression

D. it is the models, in magazine advertisements, who do not smile and adequately give an impression

E. in magazine advertisements, the models who do not smile adequately give an impression


(C) 2008 GMAT Club - v04#9

Originally posted by bibha on 09 Aug 2010, 07:25.
Last edited by Bunuel on 13 May 2018, 12:45, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: According to a recent study linking high social standing to a habitual [#permalink]

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adequately --> adverb --> modifier to a verb, an adverb, a clause, a phrase, a sentence, an adjective

C it is.

According to a recent study linking high social standing to a habitually stern facial expression, models who do not smile adequately in magazine advertisements give an impression of status and exclusivity, even if they are not wealthy or influential themselves.

(A) models who do not smile adequately in magazine advertisements give an impression -
(B) models in magazine advertisements who do not smile give an impression adequately
(C) models who do not smile in magazine advertisements adequately give an impression - CORRECT
(D) it is the models, in magazine advertisements, who do not smile and adequately give an impression
(E) in magazine advertisements, the models who do not smile adequately give an impression
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Re: According to a recent study linking high social standing to a habitual [#permalink]

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According to a recent study linking high social standing to a habitually stern facial expression, models who do not smile adequately in magazine advertisements give an impression of status and exclusivity, even if they are not wealthy or influential themselves.
A models who do not smile adequately in magazine advertisements give an impression
B models in magazine advertisements who do not smile give an impression adequately
C models who do not smile in magazine advertisements adequately give an impression
D it is the models, in magazine advertisements, who do not smile and adequately give an impression
E in magazine advertisements, the models who do not smile adequately give an impression

What does "adequate" refer to??
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Re: According to a recent study linking high social standing to a habitual [#permalink]

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New post 20 Nov 2010, 12:37
BellTheGmat wrote:
According to a recent study linking high social standing to a habitually stern facial expression, models who do not smile adequately in magazine advertisements give an impression of status and exclusivity, even if they are not wealthy or influential themselves.
A models who do not smile adequately in magazine advertisements give an impression
B models in magazine advertisements who do not smile give an impression adequately
C models who do not smile in magazine advertisements adequately give an impression
D it is the models, in magazine advertisements, who do not smile and adequately give an impression
E in magazine advertisements, the models who do not smile adequately give an impression

What does "adequate" refer to??


Is (C) really the correct answer? There are two major problems with it that made me immediately eliminate it from consideration. (E) is the only choice that fixes both issues.

"adequately" is an adverb, so it must modify a verb, adjective or other adverb. In this sentence, "adequately" is modifying "smile"; in other words, the sentence is saying "models who don't smile enough..."

Since "adequately" is modifying "smile", it should be placed as closely to smile as possible. In (C) the placement of "adequately isn't ideal".

Further, the pronoun "they" could refer to either the models or the advertisements. In (C), "they" is closer to "advertisements", changing the meaning of the sentence (and making it non-sensical). In (E) the plural noun immediately preceding "they" is "models", which makes sense.

What's the source of the question?
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Re: According to a recent study linking high social standing to a habitual [#permalink]

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New post 20 Nov 2010, 13:09
gmat1011 wrote:
Hi stuart what is wrong with A?

Posted from my mobile device


(A) has the same pronoun ambiguity problem as (C) - "they" is closer to "advertisements" than "models".
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Re: According to a recent study linking high social standing to a habitual [#permalink]

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New post 20 Nov 2010, 13:16
IMO,

The answer is C as adequately modifies the verb "give".
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Re: According to a recent study linking high social standing to a habitual [#permalink]

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New post 20 Nov 2010, 13:27
vertigo777 wrote:
IMO,

The answer is C as adequately modifies the verb "give".


A fundamental principle of sentence correction is that we must choose an answer that doesn't change the author's intended meaning. Unless the original sentence is nonsensical, we should preserve its meaning.

You're correct that in (C), the placement of "adequately" means that it modifies "give". However, since that completely changes the meaning of the sentence, (C) cannot be right.
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Re: According to a recent study linking high social standing to a habitual [#permalink]

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New post 20 Nov 2010, 20:22
skovinsky wrote:
vertigo777 wrote:
IMO,

The answer is C as adequately modifies the verb "give".


A fundamental principle of sentence correction is that we must choose an answer that doesn't change the author's intended meaning. Unless the original sentence is nonsensical, we should preserve its meaning.

You're correct that in (C), the placement of "adequately" means that it modifies "give". However, since that completely changes the meaning of the sentence, (C) cannot be right.


Thanks for the clarification... Since I was skeptical about the reference of "adequate", hence posted it. As per the explanation given for this ques (in v05 test given in free access of GmatClub), it says - author wants to use "adequate" to modify give and not smile, hence OA is C.

I suppose such ambiguous questions wont come in actual GMAT... !!
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Re: According to a recent study linking high social standing to a habitual [#permalink]

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New post 21 Dec 2010, 22:14
However much the adverb ‘adequately’ may be justified as modifying the verb ‘give’, still the author of the passage can not convince that the pronoun ‘they’ stands for the distant 'models' rather than the nearby ‘advertisements’. I feel C clearly suffers from pronoun ambiguity. E is the right on
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Re: According to a recent study linking high social standing to a habitual [#permalink]

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New post 09 Mar 2011, 06:04
What is wrong with A?

The way i read it is the adequately describes the smiling.

According to a recent study linking high social standing to a habitually stern facial expression, models who do not smile adequately in magazine advertisements give an impression of status and exclusivity, even if they are not wealthy or influential themselves.

Smile is a verb, and adequately will remain an adverb. In general how do you interpret a sentence which can be confusing like this one?
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New post 09 Mar 2011, 09:07
adequately is an adverb , and it is modifying smile , for adverbs it is not a rule that they should be placed closest to the verb or the adjective or the phrase they are modifying.

that makes c error free but what is the error in a ?
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Re: According to a recent study linking high social standing to a habitual [#permalink]

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This looks messy. If an SC is worth 2 mins in exam, it not worth at all. The cost is high. Just my 2 cents - although I am big fan of daagh. :-D

The meaning here is the models who do not smile in the advertisements adequately - not just "smile" adequately.

models who do not smile (in magazine advertisements) adequately give an impression of status and exclusivity.

"advertisements" is adverb and modifies an adjective or verb or adverb - not a noun.

bibha wrote:
According to a recent study linking high social standing to a habitually stern facial expression, models who do not smile adequately in magazine advertisements give an impression of status and exclusivity, even if they are not wealthy or influential themselves.

(C) 2008 GMAT Club - v04#9

models who do not smile adequately in magazine advertisements give an impression
models in magazine advertisements who do not smile give an impression adequately
models who do not smile in magazine advertisements adequately give an impression
it is the models, in magazine advertisements, who do not smile and adequately give an impression
in magazine advertisements, the models who do not smile adequately give an impression
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Re: According to a recent study linking high social standing to a habitual [#permalink]

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New post 09 Mar 2011, 11:54
I can see A and C as possible answers.

A- adverb adequately modifies smile: The models smile but not adequately

C) Same logic but model in magazine advertisements and no other models

Garima, In C, you could read it as the adverb adequately modifying "give an impression"

Hence the two will convey different meanings. I think there is a lot of ambiguity here.
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Re: According to a recent study linking high social standing to [#permalink]

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New post 03 Sep 2012, 10:51
mehulsayani wrote:
According to a recent study linking high social standing to a habitually stern facial expression, models who do not smile adequately in magazine advertisements give an impression of status and exclusivity, even if they are not wealthy or influential themselves.
1. models who do not smile adequately in magazine advertisements give an impression
2. models in magazine advertisements who do not smile give an impression adequately.
3. models who do not smile in magazine advertisements adequately give an impression
4. it is the models, in magazine advertisements, who do not smile and adequately give an impression
5. in magazine advertisements, the models who do not smile adequately give an impression



IMO, the answer is A.
There is a cutoff between A and C. However, the word adequately should modify smile.
Clearly, "smile adequately" is a better construction than "smile in magazine advertisements adequately"

Hence, A
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dexerash wrote:
mehulsayani wrote:
According to a recent study linking high social standing to a habitually stern facial expression, models who do not smile adequately in magazine advertisements give an impression of status and exclusivity, even if they are not wealthy or influential themselves.
1. models who do not smile adequately in magazine advertisements give an impression
2. models in magazine advertisements who do not smile give an impression adequately.
3. models who do not smile in magazine advertisements adequately give an impression
4. it is the models, in magazine advertisements, who do not smile and adequately give an impression
5. in magazine advertisements, the models who do not smile adequately give an impression



IMO, the answer is A.
There is a cutoff between A and C. However, the word adequately should modify smile.
Clearly, "smile adequately" is a better construction than "smile in magazine advertisements adequately"

Hence, A


IMO answer is C (adequately is modifying give). If adequately is modifying smile then the meaning becomes nonsensical. The meaning becomes: A big smile or a small smile has a bearing on the impression of status.
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New post 03 Sep 2012, 11:30
A : who Do not smile Adequately in Ads .............give an impression

C : who Do not smile in ads.............adequately give an impression

C makes more sense

Thanks @ Sourh : Though initially chose A but the split as above makes sense to zone in on C.
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New post 03 Sep 2012, 14:24
adequately is an adverb which should modify smile. A should be the answer

what is the source for this question?
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1. models who do not smile adequately in magazine advertisements give an impression---- The problem with this one is the placement of the adverb adequately, which is not within the radar of its verb -smile -. The pronoun ‘they’ in the non-underlined portions, has a good chance of modifying advertisements rather than then models
2. models in magazine advertisements who do not smile give an impression adequately --- total distortion of meaning. Choice says models who do not smile.
3. models who do not smile in magazine advertisements adequately give an impression – same wrong word order of the adverb adequately and the ambiguous reference of they as in A – The meaning is also weird that the models who do not smile adequately give an impression, where in , the adverb adequately modifies give rather than smile
4. it is the models, in magazine advertisements, who do not smile and adequately give an impression. ---The adverb adequately is wrongly modifying give
5. in magazine advertisements, the models who do not smile adequately give an impression ; IMO, the choice sets right the wrong word order problem , by shifting the intrusive magazine ads as a prepositional introducer. Hence most acceptable;
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Re: According to a recent study linking high social standing to [#permalink]

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New post 30 Dec 2013, 13:06
mehulsayani wrote:
According to a recent study linking high social standing to a habitually stern facial expression, models who do not smile adequately in magazine advertisements give an impression of status and exclusivity, even if they are not wealthy or influential themselves.
1. models who do not smile adequately in magazine advertisements give an impression
2. models in magazine advertisements who do not smile give an impression adequately.
3. models who do not smile in magazine advertisements adequately give an impression
4. it is the models, in magazine advertisements, who do not smile and adequately give an impression
5. in magazine advertisements, the models who do not smile adequately give an impression


C? Really? Can somebody confirm this

Thanks
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Re: According to a recent study linking high social standing to [#permalink]

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jlgdr wrote:
mehulsayani wrote:
According to a recent study linking high social standing to a habitually stern facial expression, models who do not smile adequately in magazine advertisements give an impression of status and exclusivity, even if they are not wealthy or influential themselves.
1. models who do not smile adequately in magazine advertisements give an impression
2. models in magazine advertisements who do not smile give an impression adequately.
3. models who do not smile in magazine advertisements adequately give an impression
4. it is the models, in magazine advertisements, who do not smile and adequately give an impression
5. in magazine advertisements, the models who do not smile adequately give an impression


C? Really? Can somebody confirm this

Thanks
Cheers!
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Hi jlgdr.

I would say no option is 100% correct, but C is the best. A lot of debates between A and C, but if we pick an answer by meaning, C is "better" than A. in A, it seems models smile adequately. Can some body smile adequately? It's nonsensical. The meaning should be models do not smile but still adequately give an impression. "adequately" is adverb that modifies give. The meaning is more crystal clear.

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Re: According to a recent study linking high social standing to   [#permalink] 30 Dec 2013, 13:52

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