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According to a study by the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of

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Re: According to a study by the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Dec 2018, 12:23
chalven wrote:
According to a study by the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, companies in the United States are providing job training and general education for nearly eight million people, about equivalent to the enrollment of the nation’s four-year colleges and universities.


(A) equivalent to the enrollment of

(B) the equivalent of those enrolled in

(C) equal to those who are enrolled in

(D) as many as the enrollment of

(E) as many as are enrolled in


Verbal Question of The Day: Day 214: Sentence Correction


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The Official Guide for GMAT Verbal Review 2016

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 90
Page: 264


https://www.nytimes.com/1985/04/02/science/education-jobless-workers-learn-new-skills.html

According to a recent report by the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, ''Corporate Classrooms: The Learning Business,'' American companies are providing job training and general education for nearly eight million people, about equivalent to the enrollment in the nation's four-year colleges and universities.


Excellent Question. I picked E
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Re: According to a study by the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Dec 2018, 03:53
(A) Compares quantity with process of enrolling
(B) Compares quantity with people
(C) Compares quantity with people
(D) Comparesincomparable things (quantity with process)
(E) The subject "people" has been omitted. The sentence is written in an analogous way. Hence (e).
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According to a study by the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Dec 2018, 21:49
Hey GMATNinja
I have got two questions for you!

Quote:
According to a study by the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, companies in the United States are providing job training and general education for nearly eight million people, about equivalent to the enrollment of the nation’s four-year colleges and universities.

(A) equivalent to the enrollment of
(B) the equivalent of those enrolled in
(C) equal to those who are enrolled in
(D) as many as the enrollment of
(E) as many as are enrolled in


Your explanation makes perfect sense. (as usual!)
But, the reason I eliminated other options was because of some other kind of ambiguity!
Lets make this a simple sentence first -
Companies are providing training to 8 people, about equivalent to the enrollment of the colleges.

I feel we are comparing the "companies" to the "enrollment". Obviously illogical and absurd!
Companies are providing training to 8 people
Equivalent to the training the enrollment provides to 8 people.

All the wrong options have a similar issue. (C) is comparing companies to students in my opinion.

Is my reasoning fine? :?

My other (definitely more important) question is - how can u have a food blog and not let us all know about it? :(
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Re: According to a study by the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Dec 2018, 21:55
1
Explanation by egmat

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JkvtISfDMgI
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According to a study by the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Dec 2018, 01:31
1
In this question, there are two parts of transformation to form the ellipsis.
Here are the steps to perform the transformation.

Part I - Changing clause 1 from active voice to passive voice, such that both clauses are in the same voice.
Companies in the United States are providing job training and general education for nearly eight million people (active voice)
to,
There are nearly eight million people received job training and general education (passive voice)




Part II - Combine clause I and II with 'as many as' using the same voice, passive voice

There are nearly eight million people received job training and general education (passive voice)
There are nearly eight million people enrolled in the nation’s four-year colleges and universities.(passive voice)



Then, in the second clause, perform ellipsis by removing the dummy placeholder (there), the repetitious phrase ( eight million) and the subject (people)


There are nearly eight million people received job training and general education
as many as
There are nearly eight million people enrolled in the nation’s four-year colleges and universities.

There are nearly eight million people received job training and general education
as many as ... are ... enrolled in the nation’s four-year colleges and universities.


Finally, reversed the first clause to active voice and combine both the first clause, in active voice, and the second clause, in passive voice.

The result,
Companies in the United States are providing job training and general education for nearly eight million people (active voice)
As many as are enrolled in the nation’s four-year colleges and universities. (passive voice)



Take away:
1. A comparison can have a combination of Active and Passive clauses.
2. When in doubt, modify both clauses such that both are in either passive or active voice
3. Then perform ellipsis to the second clause by removing the dummy placeholder, the repetitious phrase and the subject.
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According to a study by the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of &nbs [#permalink] 30 Dec 2018, 01:31

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