GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 20 Feb 2019, 07:56

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel
Events & Promotions in February
PrevNext
SuMoTuWeThFrSa
272829303112
3456789
10111213141516
17181920212223
242526272812
Open Detailed Calendar
  • Free GMAT Prep Hour

     February 20, 2019

     February 20, 2019

     08:00 PM EST

     09:00 PM EST

    Strategies and techniques for approaching featured GMAT topics. Wednesday, February 20th at 8 PM EST
  • Online GMAT boot camp for FREE

     February 21, 2019

     February 21, 2019

     10:00 PM PST

     11:00 PM PST

    Kick off your 2019 GMAT prep with a free 7-day boot camp that includes free online lessons, webinars, and a full GMAT course access. Limited for the first 99 registrants! Feb. 21st until the 27th.

After moving to Switzerland in the 1890’s, Albert Einstein attended

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

 
Verbal Forum Moderator
User avatar
V
Status: Greatness begins beyond your comfort zone
Joined: 08 Dec 2013
Posts: 2232
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Strategy
Schools: Kelley '20, ISB '19
GPA: 3.2
WE: Information Technology (Consulting)
GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge CAT Tests
After moving to Switzerland in the 1890’s, Albert Einstein attended  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 09 Oct 2018, 03:56
After moving to Switzerland in the 1890’s, Albert Einstein attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developing a foundation for his future work in mathematical physics.

(A) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developing - Correct

(B) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developed - Parallelism issue - receiving is not parallel to developed

(C) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, received in-depth training in quantitative analysis, and he developed - Parallelism issue -- the subject he in the third part causes parallelism issue

(D) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, received in-depth training in quantitative analysis, developing - Parallelism issue

(E) attending the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis, and developing - no verb

Answer A

1. After moving to Switzerland in the 1890’s, Albert Einstein attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis, and developed a foundation for his future work in mathematical physics. - In this case, Verb-ing modifier receiving modifies the previous clause, providing more information and the 2 verbs attended and developed are parallel.

In B, if a comma is added the phrase after receiving i.e, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis, will the option be grammatically correct?
Also, in such a scenario should we select option A even if B is grammatically correct to retain the original intent if both options sound logical?


2. A) After moving to Switzerland in the 1890’s, Albert Einstein attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developing a foundation for his future work in mathematical physics. (This option is same as option A) - here receiving and developing are subordinate to the preceding action attended and also show simultaneity

B) After moving to Switzerland in the 1890’s, Albert Einstein attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis, and developed a foundation for his future work in mathematical physics. - here attended and developed are independent actions and receiving modifies attended and shows simultaneity with attended
.

C) After moving to Switzerland in the 1890’s, Albert Einstein attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, received in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developed a foundation for his future work in mathematical physics. -- Here all the three actions(attended, received and developed) are verbs and thus are equal in priority.

Is there an order defined above (unless I explicitly use then) i.e Einstein first attended, then received and finally developed?
Also, C here is incorrect because the actions (attended, received and developed) ARE NOT independent?


AjiteshArun , GMATNinja , egmat , RonPurewal , DmitryFarber , MagooshExpert , ccooley , ChiranjeevSingh, GMATGuruNY , VeritasKarishma , daagh, mcelroytutoring , other experts-- please enlighten
_________________

When everything seems to be going against you, remember that the airplane takes off against the wind, not with it. - Henry Ford
The Moment You Think About Giving Up, Think Of The Reason Why You Held On So Long
+1 Kudos if you find this post helpful

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
S
Joined: 04 Aug 2010
Posts: 350
Schools: Dartmouth College
Re: After moving to Switzerland in the 1890’s, Albert Einstein attended  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 12 Oct 2018, 04:38
2
One purpose of a COMMA + VERBing modifier is to express an action that is a COMPONENT of the preceding action or state-of-being.
SC30 in the OG12:
Animal-hide shields were essential items of military equipment, protecting warriors against enemy arrows and spears.
Here, COMMA + PROTECTING WARRIORS is a component of the preceding state-of-being (the shields WERE ESSENTIAL).
In other words, when the shields WERE ESSENTIAL, they were -- as a part of being essential -- PROTECTING WARRIORS.

The SC above intends to convey that receiving training and developing a foundation were components of the main action (Einstein attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich).
In other words, when Einstein ATTENDED SCHOOL, he was -- as a part of this action -- RECEIVING TRAINING and DEVELOPING A FOUNDATION.
The original sentence conveys this meaning by expressing the two actions in blue not as regular verbs but as COMMA + VERBing modifiers:
After moving to Switzerland in the 1890’s, Albert Einstein attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developing a foundation for his future work in mathematical physics.

B and C replace COMMA + developing with a simple past tense verb -- developed -- implying that Einstein DEVELOPED a foundation independently of his attendance at the Zurich school.
As a result, B and C distort the intended meaning of the original sentence.
Since the original sentence conveys a logical meaning, any answer choice that distorts this meaning can be eliminated.
Eliminate B and C.
_________________

GMAT and GRE Tutor
Over 1800 followers
Click here to learn more
GMATGuruNY@gmail.com
New York, NY
If you find one of my posts helpful, please take a moment to click on the "Kudos" icon.
Available for tutoring in NYC and long-distance.
For more information, please email me at GMATGuruNY@gmail.com.

Manager
Manager
avatar
G
Joined: 09 Jun 2014
Posts: 238
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Operations
Schools: Tuck '19
Premium Member Reviews Badge CAT Tests
Re: After moving to Switzerland in the 1890’s, Albert Einstein attended  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 12 Oct 2018, 06:01
GMATGuruNY wrote:
One purpose of a COMMA + VERBing modifier is to express an action that is a COMPONENT of the preceding action or state-of-being.
SC30 in the OG12:
Animal-hide shields were essential items of military equipment, protecting warriors against enemy arrows and spears.
Here, COMMA + PROTECTING WARRIORS is a component of the preceding state-of-being (the shields WERE ESSENTIAL).
In other words, when the shields WERE ESSENTIAL, they were -- as a part of being essential -- PROTECTING WARRIORS.

The SC above intends to convey that receiving training and developing a foundation were components of the main action (Einstein attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich).
In other words, when Einstein ATTENDED SCHOOL, he was -- as a part of this action -- RECEIVING TRAINING and DEVELOPING A FOUNDATION.
The original sentence conveys this meaning by expressing the two actions in blue not as regular verbs but as COMMA + VERBing modifiers:
After moving to Switzerland in the 1890’s, Albert Einstein attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developing a foundation for his future work in mathematical physics.

B and C replace COMMA + developing with a simple past tense verb -- developed -- implying that Einstein DEVELOPED a foundation independently of his attendance at the Zurich school.
As a result, B and C distort the intended meaning of the original sentence.
Since the original sentence conveys a logical meaning, any answer choice that distorts this meaning can be eliminated.
Eliminate B and C.




Thanks for the amazing explanation.(The Verbing being component of main action)

One doubt :

Normally when I see a Verbing followed by a comma ,I ask myself ? Does this tell the how aspect of preceding action or result of preceding ..

But this approach didnt help me here..

Can you pleas help me with this ?
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 10 Dec 2017
Posts: 25
Location: India
After moving to Switzerland in the 1890’s, Albert Einstein attended  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 12 Oct 2018, 06:38
crejoc wrote:
After moving to Switzerland in the 1890’s, Albert Einstein attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developing a foundation for his future work in mathematical physics.

(A) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developing

(B) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developed

(C) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, received in-depth training in quantitative analysis, and he developed

(D) attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, received in-depth training in quantitative analysis, developing

(E) attending the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis, and developing


I would say pretty easy question if you know the basics of modifiers.
lets start with
B- attended -verb, receiving- ing modifier, developed - should act as a verb but in this choice, there is no comma before 'and'-wrong
C- attended-verb, received-verb, developed-verb. In this case third action is following the noun(he) which is not required because the doer of the action is in the first clause.- wrong
D-attended -verb, received- verb , developing-ing modifier. In this case two verbs are joined by properly- wrong
E-attending, receiving, developing-all are ing modifier. no verb in this sentence for the subject- wrong
only Choice -A
:)
SVP
SVP
User avatar
D
Joined: 26 Mar 2013
Posts: 2067
Reviews Badge CAT Tests
Re: After moving to Switzerland in the 1890’s, Albert Einstein attended  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 13 Oct 2018, 03:28
GMATGuruNY wrote:
One purpose of a COMMA + VERBing modifier is to express an action that is a COMPONENT of the preceding action or state-of-being.
SC30 in the OG12:
Animal-hide shields were essential items of military equipment, protecting warriors against enemy arrows and spears.
Here, COMMA + PROTECTING WARRIORS is a component of the preceding state-of-being (the shields WERE ESSENTIAL).
In other words, when the shields WERE ESSENTIAL, they were -- as a part of being essential -- PROTECTING WARRIORS.


Does the above kind of 'COMMA + VERBing' describe 'HOW the preceding action acts or is'? Is like the following example:

He killed the snake, using a stick. (Here: 'using stick describes HOW the action of killing was done)


Quote:
The SC above intends to convey that receiving training and developing a foundation were components of the main action (Einstein attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich).
In other words, when Einstein ATTENDED SCHOOL, he was -- as a part of this action -- RECEIVING TRAINING and DEVELOPING A FOUNDATION.
The original sentence conveys this meaning by expressing the two actions in blue not as regular verbs but as COMMA + VERBing modifiers:
After moving to Switzerland in the 1890’s, Albert Einstein attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developing a foundation for his future work in mathematical physics.


As you always explained, Any COMMA + VERBing must be CONCURRENT with the preceding clause/ action . However, I'm not convinced that 'developing' is something that happens CONCURRENTLY with 'attending the school'. Rather,I think 'developing' happens after the attending the school or at least after a while not on the same time of attendance.

Can you help please?
Thanks in advance
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
S
Joined: 04 Aug 2010
Posts: 350
Schools: Dartmouth College
Re: After moving to Switzerland in the 1890’s, Albert Einstein attended  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 13 Oct 2018, 06:10
Mo2men wrote:
[As you always explained, Any COMMA + VERBing must be CONCURRENT with the preceding clause/ action . However, I'm not convinced that 'developing' is something that happens CONCURRENTLY with 'attending the school'. Rather,I think 'developing' happens after the attending the school or at least after a while not on the same time of attendance.

Can you help please?
Thanks in advance


The OA conveys that -- while Einstein attended school -- he was at the same time developing A FOUNDATION FOR HIS FUTURE WORK.
A foundation = the most basic part of something.
Implication:
During his time in school, Einstein was developing the most basic part of his work -- work that he would complete in the FUTURE.
This meaning seems logical.
_________________

GMAT and GRE Tutor
Over 1800 followers
Click here to learn more
GMATGuruNY@gmail.com
New York, NY
If you find one of my posts helpful, please take a moment to click on the "Kudos" icon.
Available for tutoring in NYC and long-distance.
For more information, please email me at GMATGuruNY@gmail.com.

GMAT Club Bot
Re: After moving to Switzerland in the 1890’s, Albert Einstein attended   [#permalink] 13 Oct 2018, 06:10

Go to page   Previous    1   2   [ 26 posts ] 

Display posts from previous: Sort by

After moving to Switzerland in the 1890’s, Albert Einstein attended

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


Copyright

GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.