GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

 It is currently 18 Oct 2019, 14:46

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# After moving to Switzerland in the 1890’s, Albert Einstein attended

 new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics
Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

SVP
Joined: 26 Mar 2013
Posts: 2345
Re: After moving to Switzerland in the 1890’s, Albert Einstein attended  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

13 Oct 2018, 04:28
GMATGuruNY wrote:
One purpose of a COMMA + VERBing modifier is to express an action that is a COMPONENT of the preceding action or state-of-being.
SC30 in the OG12:
Animal-hide shields were essential items of military equipment, protecting warriors against enemy arrows and spears.
Here, COMMA + PROTECTING WARRIORS is a component of the preceding state-of-being (the shields WERE ESSENTIAL).
In other words, when the shields WERE ESSENTIAL, they were -- as a part of being essential -- PROTECTING WARRIORS.

Does the above kind of 'COMMA + VERBing' describe 'HOW the preceding action acts or is'? Is like the following example:

He killed the snake, using a stick. (Here: 'using stick describes HOW the action of killing was done)

Quote:
The SC above intends to convey that receiving training and developing a foundation were components of the main action (Einstein attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich).
In other words, when Einstein ATTENDED SCHOOL, he was -- as a part of this action -- RECEIVING TRAINING and DEVELOPING A FOUNDATION.
The original sentence conveys this meaning by expressing the two actions in blue not as regular verbs but as COMMA + VERBing modifiers:
After moving to Switzerland in the 1890’s, Albert Einstein attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, receiving in-depth training in quantitative analysis and developing a foundation for his future work in mathematical physics.

As you always explained, Any COMMA + VERBing must be CONCURRENT with the preceding clause/ action . However, I'm not convinced that 'developing' is something that happens CONCURRENTLY with 'attending the school'. Rather,I think 'developing' happens after the attending the school or at least after a while not on the same time of attendance.

Can you help please?
Senior Manager
Joined: 04 Aug 2010
Posts: 475
Schools: Dartmouth College
Re: After moving to Switzerland in the 1890’s, Albert Einstein attended  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

13 Oct 2018, 07:10
Mo2men wrote:
[As you always explained, Any COMMA + VERBing must be CONCURRENT with the preceding clause/ action . However, I'm not convinced that 'developing' is something that happens CONCURRENTLY with 'attending the school'. Rather,I think 'developing' happens after the attending the school or at least after a while not on the same time of attendance.

Can you help please?

The OA conveys that -- while Einstein attended school -- he was at the same time developing A FOUNDATION FOR HIS FUTURE WORK.
A foundation = the most basic part of something.
Implication:
During his time in school, Einstein was developing the most basic part of his work -- work that he would complete in the FUTURE.
This meaning seems logical.
_________________
GMAT and GRE Tutor
Over 1800 followers
GMATGuruNY@gmail.com
New York, NY
If you find one of my posts helpful, please take a moment to click on the "Kudos" icon.
Available for tutoring in NYC and long-distance.
Re: After moving to Switzerland in the 1890’s, Albert Einstein attended   [#permalink] 13 Oct 2018, 07:10

Go to page   Previous    1   2   [ 22 posts ]

Display posts from previous: Sort by

# After moving to Switzerland in the 1890’s, Albert Einstein attended

 new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics

 Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne