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After performing poorly on multiple tests and receiving a failing grad

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After performing poorly on multiple tests and receiving a failing grad  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jun 2015, 04:31
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Question Stats:

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After performing poorly on multiple tests and receiving a failing grade in a particular course, a student appealed the grade to a university's Office of Academic Affairs. The student claimed that the tests did not cover subject matter highlighted in the class lectures.

Which of the following would be the most useful in determining the validity of the student's claim?

A. Compare the student's test scores with those of other students in the class.

B. Compare the material covered in the professor's lecture notes to the material covered on the test.

C. Compare the student's individual answers to those of a student who received high grades on the tests.

D. Determine whether it is university policy to only test subject material highlighted in course lectures.

E. Compare the student's class notes with the material covered on the test.

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Re: After performing poorly on multiple tests and receiving a failing grad  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jun 2015, 05:17
Hi dpo28,

Why not D?

If it is not an explicit university policy to test only on materials highlighted in lectures then the student's claim is invalid too.

Your thoughts?


dpo28 wrote:
Q>After performing poorly on multiple tests and receiving a failing grade in a particular course, a student appealed the grade to a university's Office of Academic Affairs. The student claimed that the tests did not cover subject matter highlighted in the class lectures.

Which of the following would be the most useful in determining the validity of the student's claim?

A>Compare the student's test scores with those of other students in the class.

B>Compare the material covered in the professor's lecture notes to the material covered on the test.

C>Compare the student's individual answers to those of a student who received high grades on the tests.

D>Determine whether it is university policy to only test subject material highlighted in course lectures.

E>Compare the student's class notes with the material covered on the test.

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Re: After performing poorly on multiple tests and receiving a failing grad  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jun 2015, 06:10
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aimtoteach wrote:
Hi dpo28,

Why not D?

If it is not an explicit university policy to test only on materials highlighted in lectures then the student's claim is invalid too.

Your thoughts?


dpo28 wrote:
Q>After performing poorly on multiple tests and receiving a failing grade in a particular course, a student appealed the grade to a university's Office of Academic Affairs. The student claimed that the tests did not cover subject matter highlighted in the class lectures.

Which of the following would be the most useful in determining the validity of the student's claim?

A>Compare the student's test scores with those of other students in the class.

B>Compare the material covered in the professor's lecture notes to the material covered on the test.

C>Compare the student's individual answers to those of a student who received high grades on the tests.

D>Determine whether it is university policy to only test subject material highlighted in course lectures.

E>Compare the student's class notes with the material covered on the test.


Hi aimtoteach

Always remember in evaluate questions look for the exact opposite (negation) in the answer choices.

Here "D" is a contender but not the answer here.

It is moving away from the point of focus but still let's say statement "D" is correct and University policy require so as stated. What if the professor violated the policy and
asked questions out of the notes. SO if this is the case this choice is out. CHOICE "B" IS THE STRAIGHT ANSWER

Hope this helps..!
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Re: After performing poorly on multiple tests and receiving a failing grad  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jun 2015, 11:34
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Everything in the question about the student failing the tests is unimportant. The question asks us to assess the "validity of the student's claim". We need first to identify just what the student's claim is, and the question tells us: "The student claimed that the tests did not cover subject matter highlighted in the class lectures". We need to compare the lecture content with the test content to evaluate that claim, so B is the best answer.

The student's claim has nothing to do with university policy, which is why D is not the right answer.
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Re: After performing poorly on multiple tests and receiving a failing grad  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jun 2015, 23:44
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Q>After performing poorly on multiple tests and receiving a failing grade in a particular course, a student appealed the grade to a university's Office of Academic Affairs. The student claimed that the tests did not cover subject matter highlighted in the class lectures.

Which of the following would be the most useful in determining the validity of the student's claim?

The student's claim is that lecture subjects don't match the subjects that are tested.
A>Compare the student's test scores with those of other students in the class.
Test scores won't help to compare test and lecture subjects.
B>Compare the material covered in the professor's lecture notes to the material covered on the test.
This would be a direct way of comparing the subjects from the lectures and those on the test.
C>Compare the student's individual answers to those of a student who received high grades on the tests.
Individual answers are also out of scope. The area we're considering is the subject matter of the test.
D>Determine whether it is university policy to only test subject material highlighted in course lectures.
True, if this were the policy then the university could be violating it. But first one would need to verify that they were violating it (not testing the same subjects that were covered in the lecture).
E>Compare the student's class notes with the material covered on the test.Class notes from one student aren't reliable enough.
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Re: After performing poorly on multiple tests and receiving a failing grad  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jun 2015, 03:49
Thank you dpo28, Cassandra and Ian!!

I get it now.

Option D will not be the final test of validity - because the professor may not have paid heed to the policy (if there was one). So we choose option B that takes will validate the students claim in one go.

Appreciate your responses, Kudos to all :)
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Re: After performing poorly on multiple tests and receiving a failing grad  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jun 2015, 02:22
dpo28 wrote:
Q>After performing poorly on multiple tests and receiving a failing grade in a particular course, a student appealed the grade to a university's Office of Academic Affairs. The student claimed that the tests did not cover subject matter highlighted in the class lectures.

Which of the following would be the most useful in determining the validity of the student's claim?

A>Compare the student's test scores with those of other students in the class.

B>Compare the material covered in the professor's lecture notes to the material covered on the test.

C>Compare the student's individual answers to those of a student who received high grades on the tests.

D>Determine whether it is university policy to only test subject material highlighted in course lectures.

E>Compare the student's class notes with the material covered on the test.


Will go with B. Only this option validates the student's claim.

A:test scores will not help validate
C:similar to A, individual answers will not help validate
D:high level choice ... needs specific info
E:student could have taken wrong notes , will not help validate
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Re: After performing poorly on multiple tests and receiving a failing grad  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jan 2016, 09:46
After performing poorly on multiple tests and receiving a failing grade in a particular course, a student appealed the grade to a university's Office of Academic Affairs.

The student claimed that the tests did not cover subject matter highlighted in the class lectures.


The student seems to have concentrated only on highlighted matter in class lectures ignoring non highlighted ones
The tests did not test the highlighted matter in class lectures.



Which of the following would be the most useful in determining the validity of the student's claim?

A. Compare the student's test scores with those of other students in the class............we have no info on
whether other students failed or not or
whether other students refer class highlights or anything else.
This cannot help us and is out of scope.


C. Compare the student's individual answers to those of a student who received high grades on the tests............other students cannot say anything regarding highlights of class and subjects covered in tests. OFS

E. Compare the student's class notes with the material covered on the test...............we have no idea whether student took any notes and what points he noted in it. Highlighted only or everything told in the class. This cannot help us.

B. Compare the material covered in the professor's lecture notes to the material covered on the test.
if the comparison matches then student's claim weakens.
if it does not match then student claim gets bolstered.
but IanStewart

I doubt even
if the comparison matches then still we have no idea whether test and notes covered the highlights or not.

Thus I feel this comparison cannot help to verify the argument.


D. Determine whether it is university policy to only test subject material highlighted in course lectures.
if it is university policy then univerist flawed its policy and student is rightful to claim it.
if it is not then he cannot question them n thus statement or conclusion is weakened.

can someone explain why B is right and D is wrong for above explanation.
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Re: After performing poorly on multiple tests and receiving a failing grad  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Jan 2016, 03:33
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I think both B and D have flaws, but B is closer to the argument's scope than D.
In other words, Professor's lecture notes is more important to determine if the test covers all highlighted subjects than University policy.
In B, we need to assume that professor's lecture = all highlighted subjects, for few cases, it is not like this.
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Re: After performing poorly on multiple tests and receiving a failing grad  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Apr 2017, 12:04
Very good question type.
we should focus on the student's claim. Right!
and look for the answer choice that validate the or invalidate the claim.
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Re: After performing poorly on multiple tests and receiving a failing grad  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Apr 2017, 14:33
IanStewart wrote:
Everything in the question about the student failing the tests is unimportant. The question asks us to assess the "validity of the student's claim". We need first to identify just what the student's claim is, and the question tells us: "The student claimed that the tests did not cover subject matter highlighted in the class lectures". We need to compare the lecture content with the test content to evaluate that claim, so B is the best answer.

The student's claim has nothing to do with university policy, which is why D is not the right answer.


Thanks IanStewart - for this excellent and precise explanation.

Everything in the question about the student failing the tests is unimportant. The question asks us to assess the "validity of the student's claim". We need first to identify just what the student's claim is, and the question tells us: "The student claimed that the tests did not cover subject matter highlighted in the class lectures". We need to compare the lecture content with the test content to evaluate that claim, so B is the best answer.
The student's claim has nothing to do with university policy, which is why D is not the right answer.


Note: Here it become easy to think if the question would be –
“Which of the following would be the most useful in determining if the students claims are right or wrong (instead of the validity of the student's claim) ?”

The thing that confuses me - However, I think there is ambiguity in the passage as option say “lecture notes” while the students says “highlighted matter”. Normally, in CR I have learnt that such difference in words are NOT nominal and should not be ignored.
Do you have any comments regarding my confusion?
Please clarify...
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Re: After performing poorly on multiple tests and receiving a failing grad  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Dec 2017, 05:52
The student claimed that the tests did not cover subject matter highlighted in the class lectures.

B is a bit problematic
The student`s claim apparently say about (subject matter) highlighted in the lectures.

Whether something is written on the material, it is not directly demonstrate such thing was highlighted in the lectures.

It seems relevant but we should distinguish.
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Re: After performing poorly on multiple tests and receiving a failing grad &nbs [#permalink] 07 Dec 2017, 05:52
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