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After suffering a stroke, some patients must relearn seemingly simple

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After suffering a stroke, some patients must relearn seemingly simple  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Feb 2016, 16:48
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A
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After suffering a stroke, some patients must relearn seemingly simple tasks like walking or speaking, which trains the healthy areas of their brains to take over the functions of the areas that have been damaged.

A) speaking, which trains the healthy areas of their brains to take over the functions of the areas that have been damaged

B) speaking that trains the healthy areas of their brains to take over the functions of the areas that have been damaged

C) speaking, training the healthy areas of their brains to take over the functions of the areas that have been damaged

D) speaking, training the healthy areas of their brains to take over the functions of the areas that are being damaged

E) speaking, which trains the healthy areas of their brains to take over the functions of the areas that are being damaged
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Re: After suffering a stroke, some patients must relearn seemingly simple  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Feb 2016, 18:07
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correct answer c.
Upon analysis of question, we can see that an action i.e relearn seemingly simple task and why the action is to be performed i.e. training the healthy areas of brain, indicating that the second the portion after the comma modifies the entire previous sentence.

A: which modifies speaking or walking >> wrong
B: that modifies same as A
C: correct , present participle -training...- modifies entire clause and have been damaged correctly uses present prefect tense to show the continuous effect of an action
D: that are being damaged is present continuous and illogical, changes meaning
E: same as A
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Re: After suffering a stroke, some patients must relearn seemingly simple  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Feb 2016, 18:13
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Straight C;
In A and B, the relative pronouns which and that should refer to the simple tasks; on the contrary, they are referring to speaking. D and E are out because 'areas that are being damaged' is a wrong interpretation. The areas have already been damaged.
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Re: After suffering a stroke, some patients must relearn seemingly simple  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Aug 2017, 23:31
zxcvbnmas wrote:
After suffering a stroke, some patients must relearn seemingly simple tasks like walking or speaking, which trains the healthy areas of their brains to take over the functions of the areas that have been damaged.

A) speaking, which trains the healthy areas of their brains to take over the functions of the areas that have been damaged

B) speaking that trains the healthy areas of their brains to take over the functions of the areas that have been damaged

C) speaking, training the healthy areas of their brains to take over the functions of the areas that have been damaged

D) speaking, training the healthy areas of their brains to take over the functions of the areas that are being damaged

E) speaking, which trains the healthy areas of their brains to take over the functions of the areas that are being damaged



Hi egmat.
Could you please help me with this question.
If training is modifying the clause, it should make sense with the subject of the previous clause, that is 'some patients'
So are some patients training themselves?
What I understand from the question is that the act of relearning is training.
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Re: After suffering a stroke, some patients must relearn seemingly simple  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Aug 2017, 03:22
Imo C
Correct modifier
It is not walking or speaking it is the act of doing these activities that helps .
D suggests the brains are in the process of getting damaged
E is wrong for using which


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Re: After suffering a stroke, some patients must relearn seemingly simple  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Sep 2017, 05:28
IMO there is an error in underlined part as well, it should be such as walking and speaking, instead of like walking ....
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Re: After suffering a stroke, some patients must relearn seemingly simple  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Oct 2017, 14:04
I couldn't understands two points about the question.
1. How come we can use "like" to give examples.
2 ing modifiers should modify the whole sentences or at least object of the clause. But here?
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Re: After suffering a stroke, some patients must relearn seemingly simple  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Dec 2017, 23:35
daagh VeritasPrepKarishma GMATNinja sayantanc2k

Quote:
After suffering a stroke, some patients must relearn seemingly simple tasks like walking or speaking, which trains the healthy areas of their brains to take over the functions of the areas that have been damaged.


why can not that and which - both noun modifiers jump over two nouns walking / speaking to modify other noun - tasks?
Can you please explain role of verb-ing modifier training in OA?
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Re: After suffering a stroke, some patients must relearn seemingly simple  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Mar 2018, 06:41
daagh wrote:
Straight C;
In A and B, the relative pronouns which and that should refer to the simple tasks; on the contrary, they are referring to speaking. D and E are out because 'areas that are being damaged' is a wrong interpretation. The areas have already been damaged.


Hi Daagh,

Seems like question itself is wrong using like for showing examples.
like walking or speaking
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Re: After suffering a stroke, some patients must relearn seemingly simple  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Apr 2018, 08:50
georgecostanza wrote:
zxcvbnmas wrote:
After suffering a stroke, some patients must relearn seemingly simple tasks like walking or speaking, which trains the healthy areas of their brains to take over the functions of the areas that have been damaged.

A) speaking, which trains the healthy areas of their brains to take over the functions of the areas that have been damaged

B) speaking that trains the healthy areas of their brains to take over the functions of the areas that have been damaged

C) speaking, training the healthy areas of their brains to take over the functions of the areas that have been damaged

D) speaking, training the healthy areas of their brains to take over the functions of the areas that are being damaged

E) speaking, which trains the healthy areas of their brains to take over the functions of the areas that are being damaged



Hi egmat.
Could you please help me with this question.
If training is modifying the clause, it should make sense with the subject of the previous clause, that is 'some patients'
So are some patients training themselves?
What I understand from the question is that the act of relearning is training.


Here the verb-ing is used to give more information about how some patients must relearn seemingly simple tasks.

So this is how it will be - some patients must relearn seemingly simple by training the healthy areas of their brains to take over the functions of the areas that have been damaged.

egmat could clarify this though
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Re: After suffering a stroke, some patients must relearn seemingly simple  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Apr 2018, 19:52
sanpreetsaini wrote:
daagh wrote:
Straight C;
In A and B, the relative pronouns which and that should refer to the simple tasks; on the contrary, they are referring to speaking. D and E are out because 'areas that are being damaged' is a wrong interpretation. The areas have already been damaged.


Hi Daagh,

Seems like question itself is wrong using like for showing examples.
like walking or speaking


sanpreetsaini, like is correct here. "like" is not used to show examples, but it is used to show similarity between simple tasks and walking/speaking.
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Re: After suffering a stroke, some patients must relearn seemingly simple  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Apr 2018, 19:54
sachinpoovanna wrote:
georgecostanza wrote:
zxcvbnmas wrote:
After suffering a stroke, some patients must relearn seemingly simple tasks like walking or speaking, which trains the healthy areas of their brains to take over the functions of the areas that have been damaged.

A) speaking, which trains the healthy areas of their brains to take over the functions of the areas that have been damaged

B) speaking that trains the healthy areas of their brains to take over the functions of the areas that have been damaged

C) speaking, training the healthy areas of their brains to take over the functions of the areas that have been damaged

D) speaking, training the healthy areas of their brains to take over the functions of the areas that are being damaged

E) speaking, which trains the healthy areas of their brains to take over the functions of the areas that are being damaged



Hi egmat.
Could you please help me with this question.
If training is modifying the clause, it should make sense with the subject of the previous clause, that is 'some patients'
So are some patients training themselves?
What I understand from the question is that the act of relearning is training.


Here the verb-ing is used to give more information about how some patients must relearn seemingly simple tasks.

So this is how it will be - some patients must relearn seemingly simple by training the healthy areas of their brains to take over the functions of the areas that have been damaged.

egmat could clarify this though


sachinpoovanna, in my opinion verb+ing modifier in above SC is not used to show extra information but it is used to show result of previous clause.

Learn simple tasks to train brain.
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After suffering a stroke, some patients must relearn seemingly simple  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Apr 2018, 04:28
zxcvbnmas wrote:
After suffering a stroke, some patients must relearn seemingly simple tasks like walking or speaking, which trains the healthy areas of their brains to take over the functions of the areas that have been damaged.

A) speaking, which trains the healthy areas of their brains to take over the functions of the areas that have been damaged

B) speaking that trains the healthy areas of their brains to take over the functions of the areas that have been damaged

C) speaking, training the healthy areas of their brains to take over the functions of the areas that have been damaged

D) speaking, training the healthy areas of their brains to take over the functions of the areas that are being damaged

E) speaking, which trains the healthy areas of their brains to take over the functions of the areas that are being damaged


can someone explain why in A the relative pronoun modifier cannot modify a slight far away entity "simple tasks" since "like walking or speaking" describes those tasks only?

egmat GMATNinja

also, can someone point out the difference b/w using a relative pronoun modifier with & without a comma?
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