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# After suffering a stroke, some patients must relearn seemingly simple

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After suffering a stroke, some patients must relearn seemingly simple  [#permalink]

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09 Feb 2016, 16:48
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35% (medium)

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62% (01:15) correct 38% (01:30) wrong based on 959 sessions

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After suffering a stroke, some patients must relearn seemingly simple tasks like walking or speaking, which trains the healthy areas of their brains to take over the functions of the areas that have been damaged.

A) speaking, which trains the healthy areas of their brains to take over the functions of the areas that have been damaged

B) speaking that trains the healthy areas of their brains to take over the functions of the areas that have been damaged

C) speaking, training the healthy areas of their brains to take over the functions of the areas that have been damaged

D) speaking, training the healthy areas of their brains to take over the functions of the areas that are being damaged

E) speaking, which trains the healthy areas of their brains to take over the functions of the areas that are being damaged
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Re: After suffering a stroke, some patients must relearn seemingly simple  [#permalink]

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09 Feb 2016, 18:13
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Straight C;
In A and B, the relative pronouns which and that should refer to the simple tasks; on the contrary, they are referring to speaking. D and E are out because 'areas that are being damaged' is a wrong interpretation. The areas have already been damaged.
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Re: After suffering a stroke, some patients must relearn seemingly simple  [#permalink]

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09 Feb 2016, 18:07
1
Upon analysis of question, we can see that an action i.e relearn seemingly simple task and why the action is to be performed i.e. training the healthy areas of brain, indicating that the second the portion after the comma modifies the entire previous sentence.

A: which modifies speaking or walking >> wrong
B: that modifies same as A
C: correct , present participle -training...- modifies entire clause and have been damaged correctly uses present prefect tense to show the continuous effect of an action
D: that are being damaged is present continuous and illogical, changes meaning
E: same as A
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Re: After suffering a stroke, some patients must relearn seemingly simple  [#permalink]

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17 Aug 2017, 23:31
zxcvbnmas wrote:
After suffering a stroke, some patients must relearn seemingly simple tasks like walking or speaking, which trains the healthy areas of their brains to take over the functions of the areas that have been damaged.

A) speaking, which trains the healthy areas of their brains to take over the functions of the areas that have been damaged

B) speaking that trains the healthy areas of their brains to take over the functions of the areas that have been damaged

C) speaking, training the healthy areas of their brains to take over the functions of the areas that have been damaged

D) speaking, training the healthy areas of their brains to take over the functions of the areas that are being damaged

E) speaking, which trains the healthy areas of their brains to take over the functions of the areas that are being damaged

Hi egmat.
If training is modifying the clause, it should make sense with the subject of the previous clause, that is 'some patients'
So are some patients training themselves?
What I understand from the question is that the act of relearning is training.
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Re: After suffering a stroke, some patients must relearn seemingly simple  [#permalink]

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18 Aug 2017, 03:22
Imo C
Correct modifier
It is not walking or speaking it is the act of doing these activities that helps .
D suggests the brains are in the process of getting damaged
E is wrong for using which

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Re: After suffering a stroke, some patients must relearn seemingly simple  [#permalink]

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01 Sep 2017, 05:28
IMO there is an error in underlined part as well, it should be such as walking and speaking, instead of like walking ....
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Re: After suffering a stroke, some patients must relearn seemingly simple  [#permalink]

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16 Oct 2017, 14:04
1
I couldn't understands two points about the question.
1. How come we can use "like" to give examples.
2 ing modifiers should modify the whole sentences or at least object of the clause. But here?
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Re: After suffering a stroke, some patients must relearn seemingly simple  [#permalink]

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06 Dec 2017, 23:35
daagh VeritasPrepKarishma GMATNinja sayantanc2k

Quote:
After suffering a stroke, some patients must relearn seemingly simple tasks like walking or speaking, which trains the healthy areas of their brains to take over the functions of the areas that have been damaged.

why can not that and which - both noun modifiers jump over two nouns walking / speaking to modify other noun - tasks?
Can you please explain role of verb-ing modifier training in OA?
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Re: After suffering a stroke, some patients must relearn seemingly simple  [#permalink]

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31 Mar 2018, 06:41
daagh wrote:
Straight C;
In A and B, the relative pronouns which and that should refer to the simple tasks; on the contrary, they are referring to speaking. D and E are out because 'areas that are being damaged' is a wrong interpretation. The areas have already been damaged.

Hi Daagh,

Seems like question itself is wrong using like for showing examples.
like walking or speaking
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Re: After suffering a stroke, some patients must relearn seemingly simple  [#permalink]

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08 Apr 2018, 08:50
georgecostanza wrote:
zxcvbnmas wrote:
After suffering a stroke, some patients must relearn seemingly simple tasks like walking or speaking, which trains the healthy areas of their brains to take over the functions of the areas that have been damaged.

A) speaking, which trains the healthy areas of their brains to take over the functions of the areas that have been damaged

B) speaking that trains the healthy areas of their brains to take over the functions of the areas that have been damaged

C) speaking, training the healthy areas of their brains to take over the functions of the areas that have been damaged

D) speaking, training the healthy areas of their brains to take over the functions of the areas that are being damaged

E) speaking, which trains the healthy areas of their brains to take over the functions of the areas that are being damaged

Hi egmat.
If training is modifying the clause, it should make sense with the subject of the previous clause, that is 'some patients'
So are some patients training themselves?
What I understand from the question is that the act of relearning is training.

So this is how it will be - some patients must relearn seemingly simple by training the healthy areas of their brains to take over the functions of the areas that have been damaged.

egmat could clarify this though
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Re: After suffering a stroke, some patients must relearn seemingly simple  [#permalink]

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09 Apr 2018, 19:52
sanpreetsaini wrote:
daagh wrote:
Straight C;
In A and B, the relative pronouns which and that should refer to the simple tasks; on the contrary, they are referring to speaking. D and E are out because 'areas that are being damaged' is a wrong interpretation. The areas have already been damaged.

Hi Daagh,

Seems like question itself is wrong using like for showing examples.
like walking or speaking

sanpreetsaini, like is correct here. "like" is not used to show examples, but it is used to show similarity between simple tasks and walking/speaking.
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Re: After suffering a stroke, some patients must relearn seemingly simple  [#permalink]

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09 Apr 2018, 19:54
sachinpoovanna wrote:
georgecostanza wrote:
zxcvbnmas wrote:
After suffering a stroke, some patients must relearn seemingly simple tasks like walking or speaking, which trains the healthy areas of their brains to take over the functions of the areas that have been damaged.

A) speaking, which trains the healthy areas of their brains to take over the functions of the areas that have been damaged

B) speaking that trains the healthy areas of their brains to take over the functions of the areas that have been damaged

C) speaking, training the healthy areas of their brains to take over the functions of the areas that have been damaged

D) speaking, training the healthy areas of their brains to take over the functions of the areas that are being damaged

E) speaking, which trains the healthy areas of their brains to take over the functions of the areas that are being damaged

Hi egmat.
If training is modifying the clause, it should make sense with the subject of the previous clause, that is 'some patients'
So are some patients training themselves?
What I understand from the question is that the act of relearning is training.

So this is how it will be - some patients must relearn seemingly simple by training the healthy areas of their brains to take over the functions of the areas that have been damaged.

egmat could clarify this though

sachinpoovanna, in my opinion verb+ing modifier in above SC is not used to show extra information but it is used to show result of previous clause.

Learn simple tasks to train brain.
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After suffering a stroke, some patients must relearn seemingly simple  [#permalink]

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10 Apr 2018, 04:28
zxcvbnmas wrote:
After suffering a stroke, some patients must relearn seemingly simple tasks like walking or speaking, which trains the healthy areas of their brains to take over the functions of the areas that have been damaged.

A) speaking, which trains the healthy areas of their brains to take over the functions of the areas that have been damaged

B) speaking that trains the healthy areas of their brains to take over the functions of the areas that have been damaged

C) speaking, training the healthy areas of their brains to take over the functions of the areas that have been damaged

D) speaking, training the healthy areas of their brains to take over the functions of the areas that are being damaged

E) speaking, which trains the healthy areas of their brains to take over the functions of the areas that are being damaged

can someone explain why in A the relative pronoun modifier cannot modify a slight far away entity "simple tasks" since "like walking or speaking" describes those tasks only?

egmat GMATNinja

also, can someone point out the difference b/w using a relative pronoun modifier with & without a comma?
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Re: After suffering a stroke, some patients must relearn seemingly simple  [#permalink]

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02 Sep 2018, 08:09
This sentence follows the clause "some patients must relearn....speaking" with a modifying phrase. This phrase is meant to modify or describe the entire clause that came before it (i.e. the task of relearning). The answer choices that use the relative clause modifier construction illogically suggest that it is just speaking that trains the healthy areas (rather than the whole relearning process), and can be eliminated (A, B, E). Answer D incorrectly suggests that certain areas of the brain are still being damaged after the stroke, and can be eliminated for this Illogical Meaning error. Only correct answer C accurately expresses the time-frame of the injury while grammatically modifying the entire 'must relearn' clause through use of the participial phrase "training the...areas..."
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Re: After suffering a stroke, some patients must relearn seemingly simple  [#permalink]

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03 Sep 2018, 07:50
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daagh wrote:
Straight C;
In A and B, the relative pronouns which and that should refer to the simple tasks; on the contrary, they are referring to speaking. D and E are out because 'areas that are being damaged' is a wrong interpretation. The areas have already been damaged.

Hello sir, can you please explain when 'that' and 'which' can modify noun away from them?
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Re: After suffering a stroke, some patients must relearn seemingly simple  [#permalink]

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16 Sep 2018, 13:40
In the above question trains refer to singular subject causing subject verb agreement error.
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Re: After suffering a stroke, some patients must relearn seemingly simple  [#permalink]

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01 Apr 2019, 04:38
After suffering a stroke, some patients must relearn seemingly simple tasks like walking or speaking, which trains the healthy areas of their brains to take over the functions of the areas that have been damaged.

A) speaking, which trains the healthy areas of their brains to take over the functions of the areas that have been damaged

B) speaking that trains the healthy areas of their brains to take over the functions of the areas that have been damaged

simple tasks ... trains is incorrect, tasks is plural. So eliminate A & B.

C) speaking, training the healthy areas of their brains to take over the functions of the areas that have been damaged - Correct.

being damaged is incorrect with respect to meaning. So eliminate D & E.

D) speaking, training the healthy areas of their brains to take over the functions of the areas that are being damaged

E) speaking, which trains the healthy areas of their brains to take over the functions of the areas that are being damaged
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Re: After suffering a stroke, some patients must relearn seemingly simple  [#permalink]

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01 Apr 2019, 20:41
It's not speaking or walking being modified "trained the healthy areas" but the relearning the simple tasks" . - ing is a clause modifier for the correct usage.

Have been vs are being damaged
At the beginning of the sentence, "after the stroke", can see that the damage has already been done.
thus --> Have been is right
Re: After suffering a stroke, some patients must relearn seemingly simple   [#permalink] 01 Apr 2019, 20:41
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