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After the Great Depression’s exceptionally high unemployment rates

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After the Great Depression’s exceptionally high unemployment rates  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Apr 2013, 04:33
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Question Stats:

49% (00:58) correct 51% (01:04) wrong based on 703 sessions

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After the Great Depression’s exceptionally high unemployment rates, job prospects did improve in the late 1930’s, but as late as 1941 nearly 1 in 6 people were still out of work.

(A) After the Great Depression’s exceptionally high unemployment rates, job prospects did improve in the late 1930’s, but

(B) Although job prospects did improve in the late 1930’s after the Great Depression, a period in which unemployment rates were exceptionally high,

(C) Following the Great Depression’s exceptionally high unemployment rates, job prospects did improve in the late 1930’s, and

(D) While job prospects did improve in the late 1930’s after the Great Depression’s exceptionally high unemployment rates,

(E) Despite the fact that job prospects did improve in the 1930’s after the Great Depression and its exceptionally high unemployment rates,

Explanation: In (A), (C), and (D) there is a concrete error relating to time that is easily overlooked. You cannot say “after…high unemployment rates” or “following…high unemployment rates.” If you are using “after” or “following” it must be linked with some point in time, action, etc.

It is illogical and incorrect to use rates as a time frame.

Also, the possessive with the Great Depression is a poor structure: you should say the “high unemployment rates of/during the Great Depression” not the “Great Depression’s high unemployment rates” (as if they belonged to the Great Depression).

In (E), “despite the fact that” is wordy and awkward, and more concretely “after the Great Depression AND its exceptionally high unemployment rates” is wrong as it again suggests that something took place after high rates.

Only (B) avoids these problems by showing something took place after the Great Depression (not its rates).

The part of the correct sentence in (B) “a period in which unemployment rates were exceptionally high” is not a structure that many people are comfortable with, but is a common and properly used modifier.
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Re: After the Great Depression’s exceptionally high unemployment rates  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Mar 2014, 05:55
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Guys, posting OE for members to understand


Explanation: In (A), (B), and (C) there is a concrete error relating to time that is easily overlooked. You cannot say “after…high unemployment rates” or “following…high unemployment rates.” If you are using “after” or “following” it must be linked with some point in time, action, etc. It is illogical and incorrect to use rates as a time frame. Also, the possessive with the Great Depression is a poor structure: you should say the “high unemployment rates of/during the Great Depression” not the “Great Depression’s high unemployment rates” (as if they belonged to the Great Depression). In (E), “despite the fact that” is wordy and awkward, and more concretely “after the Great Depression AND its exceptionally high unemployment rates” is wrong as it again suggests that something took place after high rates. Only (B) avoids these problems by showing something took place after the Great Depression (not its rates). The part of the correct sentence in (B) “a period in which unemployment rates were exceptionally high” is not a structure that many people are comfortable with, but is a common and properly used modifier.

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Re: After the Great Depression’s exceptionally high unemployment rates  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Apr 2013, 05:10
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A. After the Great Depression’s exceptionally high unemployment rates, job prospects did improve in the late 1930’s, ---- Great Depression’s exceptionally high unemployment rates is an awkward expression, missing the point that the job prospects improved after the depression days, rather than the high unemployment rates

B. Although job prospects did improve in the late 1930’s after the Great Depression, a period in which unemployment rates were exceptionally high,--- the best choice bringing out the contrast well with the conjunction although. The possessive expression has been dropped.

C. Following the Great Depression’s exceptionally high unemployment rates, job prospects did improve in the late 1930’s, and --- following is wrong, does not expose contrast.

D. While job prospects did improve in the late 1930’s after the Great Depression’s exceptionally high unemployment rates, -- While may or may not instil contrast, it may also imply simultaneousness

E. Despite the fact that job prospects did improve in the 1930’s after the Great Depression and its exceptionally high unemployment rates, --- Despite the fact is not acceptable. Again the improvement is said to be coming after the high unemployment rates.
The text means to contrast job prospects in the depression days with the post- depression days; High mortality rates are just symptoms of the problem in the 1930’s.
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Re: After the Great Depression’s exceptionally high unemployment rates  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jan 2014, 19:57
daagh wrote:
B. Although job prospects did improve in the late 1930’s after the Great Depression, a period in which unemployment rates were exceptionally high,--- the best choice bringing out the contrast well with the conjunction although. The possessive expression has been dropped.



Hi daagh,

But in option B, shouldn't the second clause begin with "which was a period in which..." to modify the great depression. In its present from, the clause "a period in which..." modifies the entire first clause and I felt this should not happen. Any thoughts?
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Re: After the Great Depression’s exceptionally high unemployment rates  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Sep 2014, 08:24
HKHR wrote:
daagh wrote:
B. Although job prospects did improve in the late 1930’s after the Great Depression, a period in which unemployment rates were exceptionally high,--- the best choice bringing out the contrast well with the conjunction although. The possessive expression has been dropped.



Hi daagh,

But in option B, shouldn't the second clause begin with "which was a period in which..." to modify the great depression. In its present from, the clause "a period in which..." modifies the entire first clause and I felt this should not happen. Any thoughts?



Please can someone explain this!! I have the same doubt.
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Re: After the Great Depression’s exceptionally high unemployment rates  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Nov 2018, 04:40
"which was which ..." Would be wrong the and very awkward...2 "which" in one place is a NO NO.. the construction here is an absolute modifier

For eg: Sam fell down from the balcony,an accident that cost him his legs.

The accident describes the fall /any information related to the fall...can be the result or how it happened or what led that to happen.

An absolute modifier: noun+noun modifier

Here : a period(noun) which...(noun modifier modifying "period")

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Re: After the Great Depression’s exceptionally high unemployment rates &nbs [#permalink] 30 Nov 2018, 04:40
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