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Re: Although the cacao plant probably originated in the upper Amazon regio [#permalink]
AjiteshArun can you please brief why E is wrong ?
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Re: Although the cacao plant probably originated in the upper Amazon regio [#permalink]
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teaserbae wrote:
AjiteshArun can you please brief why E is wrong ?
Option E is just not put together very well. For example, take a look at the first few words of E:

the first cultivation for its seeds and pulp appears to have begun

Apart from being awkward, the "the first cultivation" bit doesn't even clarify that the cultivation was of the cacao plant. Compare that to (a slightly shorter version of) option C:

it was first cultivated for its seeds and pulp

This option communicates what was cultivated very clearly.
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Re: Although the cacao plant probably originated in the upper Amazon regio [#permalink]
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Instead of getting all wrapped up in analyzing the wording of each individual answer and spending a lot of time on that, the way I looked at this sentence was by understanding the overall meaning and what was being compared.

The use of "although" as the initial opening word indicates that the sentence is comparing two different ideas. The first phrase indicates the cacao plant ORIGINATED IN the UPPER AMAZON REGION, and the second phrase says its (refers to the cacao plant) first cultivation for seeds and pulp was apparently BEGUN IN MEXICO AND CENTRAL AMERICA. Comparing these two different verbs and places, I can already clearly see that the use of "begun in" is incorrect since begun, beginning, etc. is a verb used to describe TIME not a PLACE whereas the use of "originating in" is clearly used to describe a PLACE, the Upper Amazon region.

Therefore A, B, and E can all be immediately eliminated since all use variations of begun, beginning. D can also be eliminated since "to be" is incorrect since it is nonsensical for "the beginning of its cultivation for seeds and pulp TO BE in Mexico and Central America". Beginning of something, which indicates time, can't "be" in a place. Beginning of something begins in a time.


C then clearly is the only choice that stands out to fit in the comparison of the sentence, and when plugged into the stimulus clearly compares correctly.

Although the cacao plant probably originated in the upper Amazon region, it was apparently first cultivated for its seeds and pulp in Mexico and Central America.
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Re: Although the cacao plant probably originated in the upper Amazon regio [#permalink]
please help me learn the usage of ''to be'' . what the real intent of using such
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Re: Although the cacao plant probably originated in the upper Amazon regio [#permalink]
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himanshu0123 wrote:
please help me learn the usage of ''to be'' . what the real intent of using such


Hello himanshu0123,

We hope this finds you well.

To answer your query, "to be" is an infinitive verb form ("to + base form of verb" - "to + be" in this sentence); it means "for the purpose of being" or refers to the act of "being" as part of another action.

We hope this helps.
All the best!
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Re: Although the cacao plant probably originated in the upper Amazon regio [#permalink]
I didnt understand why option E is incorrect and option C is correct. Doesnt C change original meaning of the sentence?
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Although the cacao plant probably originated in the upper Amazon regio [#permalink]
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ashishzanke wrote:
I didnt understand why option E is incorrect and option C is correct. Doesnt C change original meaning of the sentence?

Here's the (E) version:

Although the cacao plant probably originated in the upper Amazon region, the first cultivation for its seeds and pulp appears to have begun in Mexico and Central America.

This version has a few issues.

- "The first cultivation for its seeds and pulp" does not clearly convey that the cacao plant was cultivated.

- The "first cultivation" and "to have begun" are redundant because "the first" is of course what "begun."

Here's the (C) version:

Although the cacao plant probably originated in the upper Amazon region, it was apparently first cultivated for its seeds and pulp in Mexico and Central America.

This version has neither of the issues we saw in the (E) version and effectively conveys a meaning that makes sense. Thus, this version is correct, regardless of whether it conveys the same meaning as is conveyed by the original version.
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Re: Although the cacao plant probably originated in the upper Amazon regio [#permalink]
Can GMAT Ninja or someone reliable explain this question? I find some explanations to be totally incorrect or not persuasive, and the explanations vary a lot under the discussion. Awkwardness does not help explain why the answer choice is wrong...

I chose E and did not notice any key problems with E. I think the tense for "have begun" is correct and "appears to" is OK. Maybe it's redundant to say both "first" and "have begun". Can some expert provide the true answer?
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Re: Although the cacao plant probably originated in the upper Amazon regio [#permalink]
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ellenckh wrote:
Can GMAT Ninja or someone reliable explain this question? I find some explanations to be totally incorrect or not persuasive, and the explanations vary a lot under the discussion. Awkwardness does not help explain why the answer choice is wrong...

I chose E and did not notice any key problems with E. I think the tense for "have begun" is correct and "appears to" is OK. Maybe it's redundant to say both "first" and "have begun". Can some expert provide the true answer?

The main verb in (E) is confusing. If we say "the first cultivation... appears to have begun", are we trying to say that the first cultivation is still going on?

The past tense verb in (C) makes the logical meaning more clear: "[the cacao plant] was apparently first cultivated...".

Also, the "parallel" structure in (C) makes the contrast nice and clear: "Although the plant originated in Place 1, [the plant] was first cultivated in Place 2." The structure of (E) might not violate any clear-cut rules, but the structure of (C) makes the meaning clearer and easier to follow.

Remember, GMAT SC isn't about looking at individual options in a bubble and labeling them wrong or right -- it's about looking at the five available options and picking the best of the bunch. (E) might not have any glaring errors, but (C) is a better option.

I hope that helps!
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Re: Although the cacao plant probably originated in the upper Amazon regio [#permalink]
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