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Although the government's expenditures on law suits involving tobacco

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Although the government's expenditures on law suits involving tobacco [#permalink]

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New post 15 Aug 2009, 17:57
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Although the government's expenditures on law suits involving tobacco companies amounts to a sum dramatically lower than that spent by tobacco companies, many believe that the government should allocate no more funds to a battle they perceive as pointless.

(A) expenditures on law suits involving tobacco companies amounts to a sum dramatically lower than
(B) expenditures on law suits involving tobacco companies amount to a sum dramatically less than
(C) expenditures on law suits involving tobacco companies amount to a sum dramatically lower than
(D) law suit expenditures regarding tobacco companies amount to a dramatically lower sum than
(E) law suit expenditures against tobacco companies amounts to a sum dramatically lower than

[Reveal] Spoiler:
I thought when comparing two things or a statistic, using less than was correct
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Although the government's expenditures on law suits involving tobacco [#permalink]

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New post 15 Aug 2009, 18:14
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I will go with C



lower than is correct in this case , also amounts is wrong so A and E are out\
B - out uses less than
D out uses a dramatically lower sum than
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Re: Although the government's expenditures on law suits involving tobacco [#permalink]

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New post 15 Aug 2009, 18:30
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Although the government's expenditures on law suits involving tobacco companies amounts to a sum dramatically lower than that spent by tobacco companies, many believe that the government should allocate no more funds to a battle they perceive as pointless.

(A) expenditures on law suits involving tobacco companies amounts to a sum dramatically lower than
(B) expenditures on law suits involving tobacco companies amount to a sum dramatically less than
(C) expenditures on law suits involving tobacco companies amount to a sum dramatically lower than
(D) law suit expenditures regarding tobacco companies amount to a dramatically lower sum than
(E) law suit expenditures against tobacco companies amounts to a sum dramatically lower than

I think expediture is countable, so 'lower than' instead of 'less than' .

C.

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Re: Although the government's expenditures on law suits involving tobacco [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jun 2011, 07:14
Interesting question!

"Less than" seems better -- but I guess you are comparing two things -- so lower than makes sense.

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Re: Although the government's expenditures on law suits involving tobacco [#permalink]

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New post 21 Dec 2011, 02:42
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Although the government's expenditures on law suits involving tobacco companies amounts to a sum dramatically lower than that spent by tobacco companies, many believe that the government should allocate no more funds to a battle they perceive as pointless.

(A) expenditures on law suits involving tobacco companies amounts to a sum dramatically lower than
(B) expenditures on law suits involving tobacco companies amount to a sum dramatically less than
(C) expenditures on law suits involving tobacco companies amount to a sum dramatically lower than
(D) law suit expenditures regarding tobacco companies amount to a dramatically lower sum than
(E) law suit expenditures against tobacco companies amounts to a sum dramatically lower than

OA is C. I know that this question has been discussed earlier, but I wanted a comprehensive answer...

I know that lower is used for countable nouns and less is used for uncountable nouns. But, I read in an MGMAT answer explanation that there are three exceptions to this rule. The three are: money, distance, and time.

You say "I got less than twenty dollars", not "I got fewer than twenty dollars".

On the other hand, you say "I got lower percentage than him". You don't use "less percentage"
I read somewhere that lower and higher is used for physical entities.

I am a bit confused between 'lower than vs less than vs fewer than'. Similarly with higher than vs. more than vs. greater than.
Could somebody clarify this please?

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Re: Although the government's expenditures on law suits involving tobacco [#permalink]

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New post 21 Dec 2011, 03:17
In case of "less than 20 dollars" => that is exception in UNIT NOUN. However, expenditures is not unit noun and is countable.

In common, "less than" used with uncountable noun, and "fewer than" used with countable noun. You should strict with this rule and its exception.

Hopes that helps.

P/S: in case of higher than, greater than, and more than. I will try to help you if you give some example.
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Re: Although the government's expenditures on law suits involving tobacco [#permalink]

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New post 21 Dec 2011, 05:18
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So dollars, miles, and hours are some examples of the UNIT NOUNS...right??

Also correct me if I am wrong in the following:

Greater than: Used only when comparing numbers alone. ( Six is greater than Five)
More than: Used when comparing number of objects. ( 600 pens are more than 500 pens)
Higher than: Used for physical entities.

Less than: Used with UNCOUNTABLE except for the above UNIT NOUNS exception.
Fewer than: Used with COUNTABLE nouns

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Re: Although the government's expenditures on law suits involving tobacco [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jun 2017, 08:00
Imo C
The Subject is plural thus we need plural verb amount , also c has correct comparison.
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Re: Although the government's expenditures on law suits involving tobacco [#permalink]

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New post 06 Aug 2017, 06:19
For numerical comparison , high/low ; higher/lower should be used.
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Re: Although the government's expenditures on law suits involving tobacco [#permalink]

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New post 07 Aug 2017, 09:05
I am confused
I think less than is better than lower in this case.

sum less than
is more logic than
sum lower.

pls, explain, help.
thanks

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Re: Although the government's expenditures on law suits involving tobacco [#permalink]

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New post 13 Sep 2017, 04:08
thangvietnam wrote:
I am confused
I think less than is better than lower in this case.

sum less than
is more logic than
sum lower.

pls, explain, help.
thanks


Hi, can an expert explain the why B is wrong here.(less than) .Shouldn't we use "less" for "amount"?
Thanks

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Re: Although the government's expenditures on law suits involving tobacco [#permalink]

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New post 14 Sep 2017, 23:32
Although the government's expenditures on law suits involving tobacco companies amounts to a sum dramatically lower than that spent by tobacco companies, many believe that the government should allocate no more funds to a battle they perceive as pointless.


(B) expenditures on law suits involving tobacco companies amount to a sum dramatically less than
(C) expenditures on law suits involving tobacco companies amount to a sum dramatically lower than

We can't have a less sum. We can have Lower Sum.

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Re: Although the government's expenditures on law suits involving tobacco [#permalink]

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New post 17 Sep 2017, 09:35
bipolarbear wrote:
Although the government's expenditures on law suits involving tobacco companies amounts to a sum dramatically lower than that spent by tobacco companies, many believe that the government should allocate no more funds to a battle they perceive as pointless.

(A) expenditures on law suits involving tobacco companies amounts to a sum dramatically lower than
(B) expenditures on law suits involving tobacco companies amount to a sum dramatically less than
(C) expenditures on law suits involving tobacco companies amount to a sum dramatically lower than
(D) law suit expenditures regarding tobacco companies amount to a dramatically lower sum than
(E) law suit expenditures against tobacco companies amounts to a sum dramatically lower than

[Reveal] Spoiler:
I thought when comparing two things or a statistic, using less than was correct

1st split to notice is: AMOUNT and not AMOUNTS. 2nd split is LOWER and not LESS.

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Re: Although the government's expenditures on law suits involving tobacco [#permalink]

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New post 19 Sep 2017, 01:32
Hi GMATNinja / mikemcgarry

Hope you are doing good :-)

Can you help the explain the difference between "less than" and "lower than"

Any concept / dope will be really helpful to understand the usage difference. Thanks

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Re: Although the government's expenditures on law suits involving tobacco [#permalink]

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New post 20 Sep 2017, 03:11
Can you help explain the difference between less than vs lower than?

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Although the government's expenditures on law suits involving tobacco [#permalink]

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New post 20 Sep 2017, 05:25
pikolo2510 wrote:
Can you help explain the difference between less than vs lower than?


Less - a very universal word, which can take the role of an adjective, adverb or even a noun.
Lower - its an adjective.


Cheers !!
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Re: Although the government's expenditures on law suits involving tobacco [#permalink]

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New post 28 Sep 2017, 17:36
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pikolo2510 "Less" compares amounts or extents:

I am paid less for editing than for writing.
There is less wine in my glass than in yours.
I find smokers less attractive than non-smokers.

"Lower" compares two numbers or measurements:

I am paid at a lower rate for editing than for writing. (Here, we're comparing my rate of pay, as opposed to the amount of money I get.)
The level of wine in the bottle got steadily lower.
The number of smokers is lower than the number of non-smokers.

In this question, we're comparing sums (amounts), so "lower" is appropriate.
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Although the government's expenditures on law suits involving tobacco [#permalink]

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New post 30 Sep 2017, 13:07
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Hi Dmitry,

In the last example, The number of smokers is lower than the number of non-smokers.

would n't, "The number of smokers is fewer than the number of non-smokers"
sound better?, because for countable nouns, we use fewer.

In other words, fewer and lower same?

Please clarify.

Thanks

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Re: Although the government's expenditures on law suits involving tobacco [#permalink]

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New post 03 Oct 2017, 01:51
"amount to" means "add to " . this mean "sum" here is a number, so , "lower " is better.

from the meaning of the word "amount to", we see that "lower " is better.

this is hard

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Re: Although the government's expenditures on law suits involving tobacco [#permalink]

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New post 13 Oct 2017, 00:04
gmatter0913 wrote:
Although the government's expenditures on law suits involving tobacco companies amounts to a sum dramatically lower than that spent by tobacco companies, many believe that the government should allocate no more funds to a battle they perceive as pointless.

(A) expenditures on law suits involving tobacco companies amounts to a sum dramatically lower than
(B) expenditures on law suits involving tobacco companies amount to a sum dramatically less than
(C) expenditures on law suits involving tobacco companies amount to a sum dramatically lower than
(D) law suit expenditures regarding tobacco companies amount to a dramatically lower sum than
(E) law suit expenditures against tobacco companies amounts to a sum dramatically lower than

OA is C. I know that this question has been discussed earlier, but I wanted a comprehensive answer...

I know that lower is used for countable nouns and less is used for uncountable nouns. But, I read in an MGMAT answer explanation that there are three exceptions to this rule. The three are: money, distance, and time.

You say "I got less than twenty dollars", not "I got fewer than twenty dollars".

On the other hand, you say "I got lower percentage than him". You don't use "less percentage"
I read somewhere that lower and higher is used for physical entities.

I am a bit confused between 'lower than vs less than vs fewer than'. Similarly with higher than vs. more than vs. greater than.
Could somebody clarify this please?


I am also confused between 'lower than vs less than vs fewer than'. Similarly with higher than vs. more than vs. greater than.
Could somebody clarify this in detail please?
mikemcgarry GMATNinja

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Re: Although the government's expenditures on law suits involving tobacco   [#permalink] 13 Oct 2017, 00:04
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