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Although trained in Sweden, the renowned doctor has spent most of her

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Although trained in Sweden, the renowned doctor has spent most of her  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 10 Feb 2019, 01:14
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A
B
C
D
E

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  55% (hard)

Question Stats:

57% (01:24) correct 43% (01:41) wrong based on 1186 sessions

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Although trained in Sweden, the renowned doctor has spent most of her life in Africa, grew up in Kenya as the eldest of a missionary couple’s six children, attended prep school in Namibia, and after college and medical school in Sweden, did graduate work in the Congo and Zimbabwe.


(A) grew up in Kenya as the eldest of a missionary couple’s six children, attended prep school in Namibia, and after college and medical school in Sweden, did

(B) has grown up in Kenya as the eldest of a missionary couple’s six children, has attended prep school in Namibia, and after college and medical school in Sweden, did

(C) having grown up in Kenya as the eldest of a missionary couple’s six children, attended prep school in Namibia, and after college and medical school in Sweden, having done

(D) growing up in Kenya as the eldest of a missionary couple’s six children, attending prep school in Namibia, and, after college and medical school in Sweden, doing

(E) growing up in Kenya as the eldest of a missionary couple’s six children, attending prep school in Namibia, and, after college and medical school in Sweden, she did

Originally posted by NightsKing on 11 Jun 2015, 07:36.
Last edited by Bunuel on 10 Feb 2019, 01:14, edited 4 times in total.
Edited the question.
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Re: Although trained in Sweden, the renowned doctor has spent most of her  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Jun 2015, 20:31
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Hi,

Agree with Katzz..

"Growing" righlty modifies the preceeding clause and then g"rowing,attending,doing..." all look parallel.

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Re: Although trained in Sweden, the renowned doctor has spent most of her  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Sep 2015, 12:48
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Why A is wrong? Why should be used growing?
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Re: Although trained in Sweden, the renowned doctor has spent most of her  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Sep 2015, 23:55
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Per the meaning of the sentence - all the verbs can't be at the same level (even though they seem parallel grammatically). This situation brings the meaning into picture. According to the sentence, the renowed actor, though she trained in Sweden, she has spent most of her life in africa - How?

This bit is represented by verbing forms after the clause, highlighting extra information. (All the verbing forms are parallel in D)
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Re: Although trained in Sweden, the renowned doctor has spent most of her  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Oct 2015, 11:26
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Quote:
Why A is wrong? Why should be used growing?

Hi laraterra, clearly the confusion arose between option A & D :roll:

Let's read the sentence with option A

"The doctor has spent most of her life in Africa, grew up in Kenya ...., attended prep school in Namibia, and did graduate work in the Congo and Zimbabwe."

The author intends to explain "most of her life" in subsequent portion. Thus participle structure [growing / having grown] is better to help us understand how she spent in Africa rather than just listing series of activities in simple past. Here sequence of tense also contradicts between present perfect and simple past.

Furthermore, meaning of the sentence demands "verb+ing" modifier for mentioning the additional information of how he spent life in Africa. Thus growing...., attending.... & doing.... serves the purpose.

Hope it's clear :-D
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Re: Although trained in Sweden, the renowned doctor has spent most of her  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Mar 2016, 04:51
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A. grew up in Kenya as the eldest of a missionary couple’s six children, attended prep school in Namibia, and after college and medical school in Sweden, did - Incorrect - Parallelism error

B. has grown up in Kenya as the eldest of a missionary couple’s six children, has attended prep school in Namibia, and after college and medical school in Sweden, did - Incorrect - Parallelism error + there should have been a comma after 'and'

C. having grown up in Kenya as the eldest of a missionary couple’s six children, attended prep school in Namibia, and after college and medical school in Sweden, having done - Incorrect - Reason similar to option C and usage of having makes the sentence awkward.

D.growing up in Kenya as the eldest of a missionary couple’s six children, attending prep school in Namibia, and, after college and medical school in Sweden, doing - Correct - All elements are parallel. Comma is used correctly to separate the elements.

E. growing up in Kenya as the eldest of a missionary couple’s six children, attending prep school in Namibia, and, after college and medical school in Sweden, she did - Incorrect - Again the elements are not parallel.

Answer: D
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Re: Although trained in Sweden, the renowned doctor has spent most of her  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Aug 2017, 17:33
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Though trained in Sweden, the renowned doctor has spent most of her life in Africa, grew up in Kenya as the eldest of a missionary couple’s six children, attended prep school in Namibia, and after college and medical school in Sweden, did graduate work in the Congo and Zimbabwe.

A. grew up in Kenya as the eldest of a missionary couple’s six children, attended prep school in Namibia, and after college and medical school in Sweden, did
--> Has spent,grew,attended,did ; parallelism issue :Incorrect

B. has grown up in Kenya as the eldest of a missionary couple’s six children, has attended prep school in Namibia, and after college and medical school in Sweden, did
Has spent,Has grown,has attended,did ; parallelism issue :Incorrect
C. having grown up in Kenya as the eldest of a missionary couple’s six children, attended prep school in Namibia, and after college and medical school in Sweden, having done
IC,-ing Modifier,Has attended,did ; parallelism issue :Incorrect
D.growing up in Kenya as the eldest of a missionary couple’s six children, attending prep school in Namibia, and, after college and medical school in Sweden, doing
IC,-ing Modifier1,-ing modifeir2, Ing modifier3 : Correct
E. growing up in Kenya as the eldest of a missionary couple’s six children, attending prep school in Namibia, and, after college and medical school in Sweden, she did
IC,modifier1,modifier2,IC : 2 IC's joined by ',' Incorrect structure


Pls. comment.
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Re: Although trained in Sweden, the renowned doctor has spent most of her  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Aug 2018, 20:49
In this type of parallelism/sentence construction problem, you need to isolate what structures need to be parallel.

To start, you need to use the participial structure (growing or having grown) - what follows the word “Africa” is helping us understand better how she spent most of her life on the continent. These are not separate things – she did not spend most of her life in Africa, AND grew up in Kenya, AND attended prep school in Namibia…these are just modifiers to help you understand how she has spent most of her life in Africa.

Also, there is an illogical mixing of the simple past and present perfect tenses in series that follows. (C) contains a bungled series – you cannot say “having grown, attended, and having done”. It would have to be “having grown, attended, and done” or “having grown, having attended, and having done.”

(D) uses the proper “ing” participial structure and is perfectly parallel: “growing…attending…and doing”.

(E) has another bungled series: “growing, attending, and she did”.

Correct answer is (D).
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Re: Although trained in Sweden, the renowned doctor has spent most of her  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Oct 2018, 06:57
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NightsKing wrote:
Although trained in Sweden, the renowned doctor has spent most of her life in Africa,grew up in Kenya as the eldest of a missionary couple’s six children, attended prep school in Namibia, and after college and medical school in Sweden, did graduate work in the Congo and Zimbabwe.

(A) grew up in Kenya as the eldest of a missionary couple’s six children, attended prep school in Namibia, and after college and medical school in Sweden, did

(B) has grown up in Kenya as the eldest of a missionary couple’s six children, has attended prep school in Namibia, and after college and medical school in Sweden, did

(C) having grown up in Kenya as the eldest of a missionary couple’s six children, attended prep school in Namibia, and after college and medical school in Sweden, having done

(D) growing up in Kenya as the eldest of a missionary couple’s six children, attending prep school in Namibia, and, after college and medical school in Sweden, doing

(E) growing up in Kenya as the eldest of a missionary couple’s six children, attending prep school in Namibia, and, after college and medical school in Sweden, she did


The highlighted part of the sentence is the main part of the sentence, rest all are modifies/qualifiers , providing additional information...

Although trained in Sweden, the renowned doctor has spent most of her life in Africa,
    grew up in Kenya as the eldest of a missionary couple’s six children,
    attended prep school in Namibia, and after college and medical school in Sweden,
    did graduate work in the Congo and Zimbabwe.

Hence correct Answer must be (A), errors in other options highlighted in Red....
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New post 07 Dec 2018, 10:25
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Veritas prep OFFICIAL EXPLANATION



In this type of parallelism/sentence construction problem, you need to isolate what structures need to be parallel. To start, you need to use the participial structure (growing or having grown) - what follows the word “Africa” is helping us understand better how she spent most of her life on the continent. These are not separate things – she did not spend most of her life in Africa, AND grew up in Kenya, AND attended prep school in Namibia…these are just modifiers to help you understand how she has spent most of her life in Africa. Also, there is an illogical mixing of the simple past and present perfect tenses in series that follows. (C) contains a bungled series – you cannot say “having grown, attended, and having done”. It would have to be “having grown, attended, and done” or “having grown, having attended, and having done.” (D) uses the proper “ing” participial structure and is perfectly parallel: “growing…attending…and doing”. (E) has another bungled series: “growing, attending, and she did”.

Correct answer is (D).
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Re: Although trained in Sweden, the renowned doctor has spent most of her  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Aug 2019, 08:03
itisSheldon wrote:

Veritas prep OFFICIAL EXPLANATION



In this type of parallelism/sentence construction problem, you need to isolate what structures need to be parallel. To start, you need to use the participial structure (growing or having grown) - what follows the word “Africa” is helping us understand better how she spent most of her life on the continent. These are not separate things – she did not spend most of her life in Africa, AND grew up in Kenya, AND attended prep school in Namibia…these are just modifiers to help you understand how she has spent most of her life in Africa. Also, there is an illogical mixing of the simple past and present perfect tenses in series that follows. (C) contains a bungled series – you cannot say “having grown, attended, and having done”. It would have to be “having grown, attended, and done” or “having grown, having attended, and having done.” (D) uses the proper “ing” participial structure and is perfectly parallel: “growing…attending…and doing”. (E) has another bungled series: “growing, attending, and she did”.

Correct answer is (D).



There are two issues in option D
First, there is no main verb (so either the question is wrong or the answer)
Second, everything is part of a list that is modifying the renowned doctor (if I am not wrong), in the non-underlined portion we have spent which is verb, so we should have a verb in parallel

and option A addresses to all of these issues.
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Re: Although trained in Sweden, the renowned doctor has spent most of her  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Aug 2019, 00:34
In option D, the second clause after “, and” is not independent. Does not have a subject. Am I missing something?

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Re: Although trained in Sweden, the renowned doctor has spent most of her  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Aug 2019, 21:23
rvarora wrote:
There are two issues in option D
First, there is no main verb (so either the question is wrong or the answer)
Second, everything is part of a list that is modifying the renowned doctor (if I am not wrong), in the non-underlined portion we have spent which is verb, so we should have a verb in parallel

and option A addresses to all of these issues.
Hi rvarora,

You've correctly identified the has spent as a verb. That has spent is also the "main verb" (for the subject the renowned doctor).

Although trained in Sweden, the renowned doctor has spent most of her life in Africa, growing up in Kenya as the eldest of a missionary couple’s six children, attending prep school in Namibia, and, after college and medical school in Sweden, doing graduate work in the Congo and Zimbabwe.
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Although trained in Sweden, the renowned doctor has spent most of her  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Aug 2019, 21:37
prasht63 wrote:
In option D, the second clause after “, and” is not independent. Does not have a subject. Am I missing something?
Some people feel that in a list of three or more items, there should be a comma (an Oxford comma) just before the and.

... the renowned doctor has spent most of her life in Africa, growing up in Kenya, attending prep school in Namibia, and doing graduate work in the Congo and Zimbabwe.

This is applicable to any list, not just a list of clauses.

Also, I don't advise test takers to eliminate options on the basis of the presence or absence of an Oxford comma. This is a style call, and is thus not very reliable.
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Re: Although trained in Sweden, the renowned doctor has spent most of her  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Nov 2019, 22:35
NightsKing wrote:
Although trained in Sweden, the renowned doctor has spent most of her life in Africa, grew up in Kenya as the eldest of a missionary couple’s six children, attended prep school in Namibia, and after college and medical school in Sweden, did graduate work in the Congo and Zimbabwe.



(A) grew up in Kenya as the eldest of a missionary couple’s six children, attended prep school in Namibia, and after college and medical school in Sweden, did
"grew up...","attended ... " and "did ..." describe how she spent most of her life in Africa. There are not independent actions. Hence, they must described in "verb-ing" form. In addition to that, a connector such as "and" is missing

(B) has grown up in Kenya as the eldest of a missionary couple’s six children, has attended prep school in Namibia, and after college and medical school in Sweden, did
Similar to option A, "has grown ...", "has attended", and "did graduation" - describe separate actions.
Missing connector.

(C) having grown up in Kenya as the eldest of a missionary couple’s six children, attended prep school in Namibia, and after college and medical school in Sweden, having done
"having done ..." describes an action that happened before a subsequent action was done.
Loss of parallelism between "attended" and "after college" - requires a verb before "after college"

(D) growing up in Kenya as the eldest of a missionary couple’s six children, attending prep school in Namibia, and, after college and medical school in Sweden, doing
"Verb-ing" correctly describes how she spent her life
"And + ," - correctly connects the parallel elements - "growing up", "attending" and "doing"
No flaws

(E) growing up in Kenya as the eldest of a missionary couple’s six children, attending prep school in Namibia, and, after college and medical school in Sweden, she did
"and" introduces a new ID clause starting with "she did" - even if neglect the meaning error, the two elements "growing up ..." and "attending" are not joint with "and"

Correct answer - D
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Re: Although trained in Sweden, the renowned doctor has spent most of her   [#permalink] 17 Nov 2019, 22:35

Although trained in Sweden, the renowned doctor has spent most of her

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