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An analysis of tree bark all over the globe shows that chemical insect

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An analysis of tree bark all over the globe shows that chemical insect  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jul 2016, 03:25
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A
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An analysis of tree bark all over the globe shows that chemical insecticides have often spread thousands of miles from where they were originally used.

(A) that chemical insecticides have often spread thousands of miles from where they were originally used

(B) that chemical insecticides have spread, often thousands of miles from their original use

(C) chemical insecticides, having often spread thousands of miles from where they were used originally

(D) chemical insecticides, often spreading thousands of miles from where their original use

(E) chemical insecticides, often spreading thousands of miles from where they were originally used

https://www.nytimes.com/1995/10/10/science/analysis-of-tree-bark-shows-global-spread-of-insecticides.html

An analysis of tree bark suggests that insecticides and fungicides have spread over the globe, often thousands of miles from where they were used, and that some chemicals sprayed decades ago are still affecting the environment.

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Re: An analysis of tree bark all over the globe shows that chemical insect  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jul 2016, 08:39
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Gnpth wrote:
An analysis of tree bark all over the globe shows that chemical insecticides have often spread thousands of miles from where they were originally used.

A. that chemical insecticides have often spread thousands of miles from where they were originally used
B. that chemical insecticides have spread, often thousands of miles from their original use
C. chemical insecticides, having often spread thousands of miles from where they were used originally
D. chemical insecticides, often spreading thousands of miles from where their original use
E. chemical insecticides, often spreading thousands of miles from where they were originally used


Analysis of tree bark showed something about chemical insecticides. It did not show 'chemical insecticides'. C, D and E are out.

From A and B

A. that chemical insecticides have often spread thousands of miles from where they were originally used. Correct choice

B. that chemical insecticides have spread, often thousands of miles from their original use.'have spread, often' has different meaning from 'have often spread'
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Re: An analysis of tree bark all over the globe shows that chemical insect  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jul 2016, 04:20
A. that chemical insecticides have often spread thousands of miles from where they were originally used - Correct

B. that chemical insecticides have spread, often thousands of miles from their original use - Incorrect - Changes Meaning

C. chemical insecticides, having often spread thousands of miles from where they were used originally - Incorrect - Fragment

D. chemical insecticides, often spreading thousands of miles from where their original use - Incorrect - Fragment

E. chemical insecticides, often spreading thousands of miles from where they were originally used - Incorrect - Modifier error

Answer: A
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Re: An analysis of tree bark all over the globe shows that chemical insect  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jul 2016, 08:14
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Gnpth wrote:
An analysis of tree bark all over the globe shows that chemical insecticides have often spread thousands of miles from where they were originally used.

A. that chemical insecticides have often spread thousands of miles from where they were originally used
B. that chemical insecticides have spread, often thousands of miles from their original use
C. chemical insecticides, having often spread thousands of miles from where they were used originally
D. chemical insecticides, often spreading thousands of miles from where their original use
E. chemical insecticides, often spreading thousands of miles from where they were originally used


in b,
insecticides have spread thoussand of miles from their orriginal use

is not logic.
from should be follow by a place, where, not by an abstract noun like "use". using our common sense of this world, we realize the illogicness.
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Re: An analysis of tree bark all over the globe shows that chemical insect  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jul 2016, 08:39
Is it always necessary that 'that' comes after verb 'shows' ?

I know that 'that' should come after reporting verbs but like in this sentence is it necessary ?
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Re: An analysis of tree bark all over the globe shows that chemical insect  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Dec 2016, 06:54
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An analysis of tree bark all over the globe shows that chemical insecticides have often spread thousands of miles from where they were originally used.

A. that chemical insecticides have often spread thousands of miles from where they were originally used - Correct answer
B. that chemical insecticides have spread, often thousands of miles from their original use - meaning change
C. chemical insecticides, having often spread thousands of miles from where they were used originally - Analysis does not show chemical insecticides - illogical meaning
D. chemical insecticides, often spreading thousands of miles from where their original use - Analysis does not show chemical insecticides - illogical meaning
E. chemical insecticides, often spreading thousands of miles from where they were originally used - Analysis does not show chemical insecticides - illogical meaning

Answer A
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Re: An analysis of tree bark all over the globe shows that chemical insect  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jan 2017, 09:31
C,D and E are fragments

A -> Correct Answer

B ->Changes Meaning (have spread, often' has different meaning from 'have often spread' ).
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Re: An analysis of tree bark all over the globe shows that chemical insect  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Feb 2017, 09:00
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An analysis of tree bark all over the globe shows that chemical insecticides have often spread thousands of miles from where they were originally used.

Issues: Modifier | Meaning

Analysis:
1. First split is around "globe shows that chemical.." vs "globe shows chemical..". Without "that", the second version becomes a fragment, eliminating (C), (D) and (E).
2. Between (A) and (B), (B) has issues as highlighted below


A. that chemical insecticides have often spread thousands of miles from where they were originally used

B. that chemical insecticides have spread, often thousands of miles from their original use
- "their original use" is not a place and saying thousands of miles from their original use is illogical.

C. chemical insecticides, having often spread thousands of miles from where they were used originally - fragment

D. chemical insecticides, often spreading thousands of miles from where their original use - fragment

E. chemical insecticides, often spreading thousands of miles from where they were originally used - fragment

Answer: A
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Re: An analysis of tree bark all over the globe shows that chemical insect  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Nov 2017, 20:41
A. that chemical insecticides have often spread thousands of miles from where they were originally used - Correct

B. that chemical insecticides have spread, often thousands of miles from their original use - Incorrect - Changes Meaning

C. chemical insecticides, having often spread thousands of miles from where they were used originally - Incorrect - Fragment, having is not a verb

D. chemical insecticides, often spreading thousands of miles from where their original use - Incorrect - Fragment

E. chemical insecticides, often spreading thousands of miles from where they were originally used - Incorrect - Modifier error
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Re: An analysis of tree bark all over the globe shows that chemical insect  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jun 2018, 00:01
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Dear colleagues,
I absolutely agree that questions b-e are wrong and I also have chosen A.

BUT, why can we use "have + often + spread" ?
I think that "often" is a market of "present simple" and for my ear it is weird to hear have + often construction.

I know that I am wrong somewhere, please help me to find that spot ))
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Re: An analysis of tree bark all over the globe shows that chemical insect  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Aug 2018, 04:43
@mikemcgarry,@egmat

Though I got this question correct. I need some clarity on the official answer of this question-

Official Solution says -"To express the intended meaning, shows can be followed by a clause beginning with that. Another option would be to use the special clause type show + noun phrase + ing verb form, such as show chemical insecticides spreading many miles—but there should be no pause in the middle of a construction of this latter type. If there is such a pause, then chemical insecticides becomes the direct object of show, and the following verb-ing phrase is an awkward attempt at a modifier of this object".

Please help me to understand the discussed another option with examples
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Re: An analysis of tree bark all over the globe shows that chemical insect &nbs [#permalink] 05 Aug 2018, 04:43
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An analysis of tree bark all over the globe shows that chemical insect

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