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An array of tax incentives has led to a boom in the construction of ne

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New post Updated on: 26 Nov 2018, 03:00
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Question Stats:

58% (01:14) correct 42% (01:05) wrong based on 860 sessions

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An array of tax incentives has led to a boom in the construction of new office buildings; so abundant has capital been for commercial real estate that investors regularly scour the country for areas in which to build.


(A) so abundant has capital been for commercial real estate that

(B) capital has been so abundant for commercial real estate, so that

(C) the abundance of capital for commercial real estate has been such,

(D) such has the abundance of capital been for commercial real estate that

(E) such has been an abundance of capital for commercial real estate,


The Official Guide for GMAT Review, 10th Edition, 2003

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 20
Page: 656

Originally posted by its_vishalsinha on 08 Dec 2007, 08:00.
Last edited by Bunuel on 26 Nov 2018, 03:00, edited 5 times in total.
Editing the question.
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New post 27 Aug 2011, 12:54
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rphardu wrote:
its_vishalsinha wrote:
Guys, please help me in solving the following SC.

An array of tax incentives has led to a boom in the construction of new office buildings; so abundant has
capital been for commercial real estate that investors regularly scour the country for areas in which to build.

(A) so abundant has capital been for commercial real estate that
(B) capital has been so abundant for commercial real estate, so that
(C) the abundance of capital for commercial real estate has been such,
(D) such has the abundance of capital been for commercial real estate that
(E) such has been an abundance of capital for commercial real estate,



idiom so x that y.. only A.


Just wanted to point out that this is a good example of an idiomatic structure that isn't common on everyday speaking--but is definitely something you'll see on the GMAT. So just make a mental note of this structure "so [x]...that...[y]"

(A) it is! And if you were comfortable enough with identifying this idiomatic structure, you could have confidently picked (A) without reading too much into any of the other answer choices! This would save you precious seconds so you can focus more on the RC/CR questions with your time.
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New post 08 Dec 2007, 11:37
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its_vishalsinha wrote:
Guys, please help me in solving the following SC.

An array of tax incentives has led to a boom in the construction of new office buildings; so abundant has
capital been for commercial real estate that investors regularly scour the country for areas in which to build.

(A) so abundant has capital been for commercial real estate that
(B) capital has been so abundant for commercial real estate, so that
(C) the abundance of capital for commercial real estate has been such,
(D) such has the abundance of capital been for commercial real estate that
(E) such has been an abundance of capital for commercial real estate,


I pick A

The origininal sentence can be re-constructed as:

"An array of tax incentives has led to a boom in the construction of new office buildings; capital for commercial real estate has been so abundant that investors regularly scour the country for areas in which to build"

I think A is the best choice

B. so ..., so that makes the sentence fragmented
C. it's wordy. the comma after such makes the sentence fragmented
D. it's wordy
E. run-on sentence
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New post 08 Dec 2007, 13:03
The OA is 'A'... unable to grasp the reasoning behind it...
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New post 08 Dec 2007, 18:54
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bulls wrote:
The OA is 'A'... unable to grasp the reasoning behind it...


In a normal written English, the sentence should have been (as I quoted earlier) like this: "An array of tax incentives has led to a boom in the construction of new office buildings; the capital for commercial real estate has been so abundant that investors regularly scour the country for areas in which to build."

However, GMAT altered the perfectly fine sentence to something appearing to be incorrect but is actually gramatically correct.

For example, one can say,"I would go home" or "Home I would go" are two perfectly correct sentences that has the same meaning.
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New post 16 Jul 2009, 22:25
2
My answer is A. The option is using correct idiom "so...that..".

B. Out for using incorrect idiom "so..., so that"
C. Incorrect idiom
D. Correct idiom use "such .... that...". But option D is wordy as compared to option A. I would prefer the use of adjective "abundant" in option A, rather then use of noun "the abundance" in option D.
E. Incorrect idiom. The correct idiom should be "such .... that...".
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New post 10 Aug 2011, 19:47
2
its_vishalsinha wrote:
Guys, please help me in solving the following SC.

An array of tax incentives has led to a boom in the construction of new office buildings; so abundant has
capital been for commercial real estate that investors regularly scour the country for areas in which to build.

(A) so abundant has capital been for commercial real estate that
(B) capital has been so abundant for commercial real estate, so that
(C) the abundance of capital for commercial real estate has been such,
(D) such has the abundance of capital been for commercial real estate that
(E) such has been an abundance of capital for commercial real estate,



idiom so x that y.. only A.
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New post 16 Sep 2017, 22:07
mikemcgarry egmat

Can someone explain my query:

IC;IC structure or IC, so ........ are the two possible ways to join IC with IC

How come this sentence has both ; and so and is still correct?
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New post 18 Sep 2017, 13:05
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anurag16 wrote:
mikemcgarry egmat

Can someone explain my query:

IC;IC structure or IC, so ........ are the two possible ways to join IC with IC

How come this sentence has both ; and so and is still correct?

Dear anurag16,

I'm happy to respond. :-)

The short answer to your question is that the word "so" has more than one use.

One use of "so" is as a subordinate conjunction. For example:
The student walked in late, so the teacher yelled at him.
Notice that this sentence has only one independent clause.
independent clause = the student walked in late
subordinate clause = so the teacher yelled at him
Notice that in any subordinate clause that begins with a subordinate conjunction, it is true 100% of the time that if we were to remove the subordinate conjunction, what follows could function as an independent clause. Nevertheless, as long as that subordinate conjunction is there, we are not allowed to count it as an independent clause. See:
GMAT Grammar: “On a White Bus” with Subordinate Conjunctions

In this SC problem, we are NOT using "so" as a subordinate conjunction.

A completely different use of "so" is as an intensifier for an adjective, in the structure:
so [adjective] that . . .
The Antarctic winter is so cold that frostbite occurs almost instantaneously.
Notice, it would be 100% correct and even quite sophisticated to change the word order:
So cold is the Antarctic winter that frostbite occurs almost instantaneously.
The word "so" has to come immediately before the adjective it intensifies, but there's no rule that the word "that" has to come right after. In fact, this latter wording is typical of very high quality writing because rhetorically it emphasizes both the adjective and the logical tension in the sentence. We hear "So cold is the . . . " and it immediately creates the question in the reader "how cold is it?" The sentence creates that tension and satisfies it only in the second half: this is a brilliant rhetorical device that elicits the reader's curiosity and draws the reader to read the entire sentence with that much more interest and attention. It is a particular example of the way in which a skilled writer might hook a reader's attention and drive that attention through the length of the piece.

This is precisely the rhetorical device that appears in (A), the OA.
. . . so abundant has capital been for commercial real estate that investors regularly scour the country for areas in which to build.
This is an independent clause. Perhaps this would be more clear if we were to change the word order to a more prosaic, pedestrian, and un-dramatic version, the "white bread only" phrasing of the information:
. . . capital for commercial real estate has been so abundant that investors regularly scour the country for areas in which to build.
This latter version makes the grammatical structure clearer to folks struggling to see this structure, but ultimately, that is not how language is used in the real world. In the real world, the artful use of language involves using all the elements of language together to communicate one's meaning most powerfully, and this is what version (A) does well.

Of course, what is so brilliant about using this sophisticated rhetorical construction after a semicolon is that all the students who mistake this for the subordinate conjunction use of "so" will think it's wrong! Among other things, it's a brilliant test about the difference between two very different uses of "so"! Official questions are always so brilliantly designed! As someone who writes questions professionally, I am continually in awe of the quality of the official questions!

Does all this make sense?
Mike :-)
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New post 30 Oct 2018, 23:59
aragonn GMATNinja broall hazelnut generis AjiteshArun
In this SC problem
B is wrong because of incorrect idiom so...so that
C and E that is missing
Why D is wrong ?
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New post 31 Oct 2018, 06:14
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teaserbae

First, D changed meaning in comparison to A. 'Such' in D means more on the lines of type X. While A is talking about intensity. Also in D 'has' and 'been' should be together. For these reasons D is not a good choice.

(A) so abundant has capital been for commercial real estate that
(D) such has the abundance of capital been for commercial real estate that
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