GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 19 Sep 2018, 11:51

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Archaeologist: The earliest evidence of controlled fire use in

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Manager
Manager
User avatar
S
Joined: 21 Dec 2014
Posts: 68
Location: Viet Nam
Concentration: Entrepreneurship, General Management
Schools: Duke '21
GMAT 1: 710 Q49 V37
GPA: 3.8
WE: Other (Other)
GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge CAT Tests
Archaeologist: The earliest evidence of controlled fire use in  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 12 Jul 2018, 20:31
5
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  55% (hard)

Question Stats:

62% (01:30) correct 38% (01:38) wrong based on 178 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

5. Archaeologist: The earliest evidence of controlled fire use in Europe dates to just 400,000 years ago. This casts doubt on the commonly held view that, because of Europe's cold winter climate, mastery of fire was a necessary prerequisite for humans' migration there.

Which one of the following is an assumption required by the argument?

(A) The humans who first mastered fire used it for heat but not for cooking.
(B) The climate in Europe was significantly colder 400,000 years ago than it is today.
(C) Prior to 400,000 years ago, humans occasionally took advantage of naturally occurring fires.
(D) Humans would not have mastered fire were it not for the need for heat in a cold climate.
(E) There were humans inhabiting Europe prior to 400,000 years ago.

Source: LSAT

_________________

Kudo is nothing but encouragement!

Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 24 Dec 2017
Posts: 54
Location: India
Concentration: Strategy, Real Estate
CAT Tests
Re: Archaeologist: The earliest evidence of controlled fire use in  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 12 Jul 2018, 23:46
Archaeologist: The earliest evidence of controlled fire use in Europe dates to just 400,000 years ago. This casts doubt on the commonly held view that, because of Europe's cold winter climate, mastery of fire was a necessary prerequisite for humans' migration there.

Which one of the following is an assumption required by the argument?

(A) The humans who first mastered fire used it for heat but not for cooking - OOO
(B) The climate in Europe was significantly colder 400,000 years ago than it is today - Irrelevant to the question.
(C) Prior to 400,000 years ago, humans occasionally took advantage of naturally occurring fires. - OOO
(D) Humans would not have mastered fire were it not for the need for heat in a cold climate. - OOO
(E) There were humans inhabiting Europe prior to 400,000 years ago - If we negate this option, there were no humans prior to 400,000 years ago. This will help us to answer the question.

Hence my answer is E
Intern
Intern
User avatar
B
Joined: 18 Jun 2018
Posts: 11
Location: India
Concentration: Technology, Marketing
GPA: 3.98
Re: Archaeologist: The earliest evidence of controlled fire use in  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 18 Jul 2018, 11:36
This line indicates that humans were there before :
mastery of fire was a necessary prerequisite for humans' migration there.

(E) There were humans inhabiting Europe prior to 400,000 years ago.
Let's falsify this option, then there were no humans in Europe. Then, the conclusion wouldn't suggest mastery of fire to be a necessary prerequisite
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 16 Feb 2012
Posts: 22
GMAT 1: 650 Q47 V33
Reviews Badge
Re: Archaeologist: The earliest evidence of controlled fire use in  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 18 Jul 2018, 22:33
1
5. Archaeologist: The earliest evidence of controlled fire use in Europe dates to just 400,000 years ago.
This casts doubt on the commonly held view that, because of Europe's cold winter climate, mastery of fire was a necessary prerequisite
for humans' migration there.

Which one of the following is an assumption required by the argument?

(A) The humans who first mastered fire used it for heat but not for cooking.
(B) The climate in Europe was significantly colder 400,000 years ago than it is today.
(C) Prior to 400,000 years ago, humans occasionally took advantage of naturally occurring fires.
(D) Humans would not have mastered fire were it not for the need for heat in a cold climate.
(E) There were humans inhabiting Europe prior to 400,000 years ago.

Explanation : Let us first look at the conclusion of the argument presented. The general view of the people is that for people to
migrate to Europe, they had to master the use of fire because the winters were very cold in Europe. The evidence presented is that the earliest use of
fire use dates to just about 400,000 years ago. The argument says that based on this evidence,the general view of the people is probably not correct.
Now, if you think for 15-20 sec, then the general view will not be correct only if people migrated to Europe more than 400,000 years back.
Let us look at the answer choices now.

A) This choice talks something in general
B) This choice compares the weather 400,000 years ago and the weather today. Again, talks something in general.
C) An attractive choice but are we really talking about the naturally occuring fires in the argument. Strike it out.
D) This choice talks something in general but does not link the conclusion and the evidence
E) Here comes the answer. If there were humans inhabiting Europe prior to 400,000 years ago then the general view of the people that mastery of fire was
a prerequisite does not hold true considering the evidence that fire use dates to just 400,000 years ago.

Thanks !
Please consider giving kudos if my explation helped you in any way !
Re: Archaeologist: The earliest evidence of controlled fire use in &nbs [#permalink] 18 Jul 2018, 22:33
Display posts from previous: Sort by

Archaeologist: The earliest evidence of controlled fire use in

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  

Events & Promotions

PREV
NEXT


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.