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Archaeologists in Michigan have excavated a Native American camp near

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Re: Archaeologists in Michigan have excavated a Native American camp near [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jun 2014, 19:46
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Dear Ankur,

The conclusion of the argument is that the camp probably dates to no later than 1630. The reason provided is that no European trade goods were found at the site at that time even though the European traders were fairly active then.

If C is true, then whatever goods reached the area via the European traders (who were active 1620 onward) would have been preserved as much as possible. So, if anything, these goods would have been preserved until far beyond 1630. Also, these goods should have shown up during the excavation and subsequent radiocarbon dating -- but they did not. So this option would only weaken the argument.


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Re: Archaeologists in Michigan have excavated a Native American camp near [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jun 2014, 20:29
Option B seems too extreme to me...
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Re: Archaeologists in Michigan have excavated a Native American camp near [#permalink]

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Archaeologists in Michigan have excavated a Native American camp near Dumaw Creek. Radiocarbon dating of animal bones found at the site indicates that the camp dates from some time between 1605 and 1755. However, the camp probably dates to no later than 1630, since no European trade goods were found at the site, and European traders were active in the region from the 1620's onward.

Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the argument?
A. Due to trade among Native Americans, some European trade goods would have reached the area before the European traders themselves did.
B. At all camps in the region that have been reliably dated to the late 1620's, remains of European trade goods have been found.
C. The first European trade goods to reach the area would have been considered especially valuable and preserved as much as possible from loss or destruction.
D. The first European traders in the area followed soon after the first European explorers.
E. The site is that of a temporary camp that would have been used seasonally for a few years and then abandoned
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Re: Archaeologists in Michigan have excavated a Native American camp near [#permalink]

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Re: Archaeologists in Michigan have excavated a Native American camp near [#permalink]

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New post 12 Aug 2014, 03:10
the camp probably dates to no later than 1630, since no European trade goods were found at the site, and European traders were active in the region from the 1620's onward.

if the camps dates to later than 1630, European trade goods must be found at the site

Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the argument?
A. Due to trade among Native Americans, some European trade goods would have reached the area before the European traders themselves did.

this option emphasis that before 1620 European goods could be found on the region. but reaching European goods even before 1620 does not show that the European goods must be present in all sites of the region.

B. At all camps in the region that have been reliably dated to the late 1620's, remains of European trade goods have been found.

C. The first European trade goods to reach the area would have been considered especially valuable and preserved as much as possible from loss or destruction.
the value of the goods are out of scope

D. The first European traders in the area followed soon after the first European explorers.
this option does not have any effect on the conclusion

E. The site is that of a temporary camp that would have been used seasonally for a few years and then abandoned

how often the site would have been used is out of the scope of the argument
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Re: Archaeologists in Michigan have excavated a Native American camp near [#permalink]

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New post 12 Sep 2014, 05:50
Archaeologists in Michigan have excavated a Native American camp near Dumaw Creek.
Radiocarbon dating of animal bones found at the site indicates that the camp dates from some time between 1605 and 1755. However, the camp probably dates to no later than 1630, since no European trade goods were found at the site, and European traders were active in the region from the 1620's onward.

Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the argument?
A. Due to trade among Native Americans, some European trade goods would have reached the area before the European traders themselves did.
>>Weakens the arg.
B. At all camps in the region that have been reliably dated to the late 1620's, remains of European trade goods have been found.
C. The first European trade goods to reach the area would have been considered especially valuable and preserved as much as possible from loss or destruction.
>>Doesn't matter if first goods were not stored properly.There should have been some proof of the goods that followed post them.
D. The first European traders in the area followed soon after the first European explorers.
>>Arrival of Explorer doesn't help.We need to show that goods didnt reach there before 1920.
E. The site is that of a temporary camp that would have been used seasonally for a few years and then abandoned
>>Irrelevant.
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Re: Archaeologists in Michigan have excavated a Native American camp near [#permalink]

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ankurgupta03 wrote:
Bumping the topic.
Any insights on what is wrong with C?



I know you need not worry about the answer now :-D but here is my take

Reason why C may be wrong is that the first European trade goods would have been valuable and preserved as much as possible from Loss or Destruction meaning that no matter what because of its value the goods would have preserved or kept safely...so finding them at excavation sites is less likely...so it does not help us strengthen the conclusion....
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Re: Archaeologists in Michigan have excavated a Native American camp near [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jan 2015, 02:10
WoundedTiger wrote:

I know you need not worry about the answer now :-D but here is my take

Reason why C may be wrong is that the first European trade goods would have been valuable and preserved as much as possible from Loss or Destruction meaning that no matter what because of its value the goods would have preserved or kept safely...so finding them at excavation sites is less likely...so it does not help us strengthen the conclusion....


WoundedTiger Read this post today and it left a big smile on my face :)
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Re: Archaeologists in Michigan have excavated a Native American camp near [#permalink]

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Archaeologists in Michigan have excavated a Native American camp near Dumaw Creek. Radiocarbon dating of animal bones found at the site indicates that the camp dates from some time between 1605 and 1755. However, the camp probably dates to no later than 1630, since no European trade goods were found at the site, and European traders were active in the region from the 1620's onward.

Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the argument?

A. Due to trade among Native Americans, some European trade goods would have reached the area before the European traders themselves did.

B. At all camps in the region that have been reliably dated to the late 1620's, remains of European trade goods have been found.

C. The first European trade goods to reach the area would have been considered especially valuable and preserved as much as possible from loss or destruction.

D. The first European traders in the area followed soon after the first European explorers.

E. The site is that of a temporary camp that would have been used seasonally for a few years and then abandoned.

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Re: Archaeologists in Michigan have excavated a Native American camp near [#permalink]

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Archaeologists in Michigan have excavated a Native American camp near Dumaw Creek.
Radiocarbon indicates that the camp dates from some time between 1605 and 1755.
However, the camp probably dates to no later than 1630, since no European trade goods were found at the site, and European traders were active in the region from the 1620's onward.

Colored is premise and bold is conclusion.Conclusion is based upon the absence of trade good.

Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the argument?
A. Due to trade among Native Americans, some European trade goods would have reached the area before the European traders themselves did.
>>Weakens the arg.
B. At all camps in the region that have been reliably dated to the late 1620's, remains of European trade goods have been found.
>> This supports author's argument.

C. The first European trade goods to reach the area would have been considered especially valuable and preserved as much as possible from loss or destruction.
>>Doesn't matter if first goods were not stored properly.There should have been some proof of the goods that followed post them.
D. The first European traders in the area followed soon after the first European explorers.
>>Arrival of Explorer doesn't help.We need to show that goods didnt reach there before 1920.
E. The site is that of a temporary camp that would have been used seasonally for a few years and then abandoned
>>Irrelevant.
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Re: Archaeologists in Michigan have excavated a Native American camp near [#permalink]

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New post 03 Feb 2015, 08:53
IMO is B

It supports the argument.
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Re: Archaeologists in Michigan have excavated a Native American camp near [#permalink]

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Edit: Archaeologists in Michigan have excavated a Native American camp near Dumaw Creek. Radiocarbon dating of animal bones found at the site indicates that the camp dates from some time between 1605 and 1755. However, the camp probably dates to no later than 1630, since no European trade goods were found at the site, and European traders were active in the region from the 1620's onward.

Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the argument?

A. Due to trade among Native Americans, some European trade goods would have reached the area before the European traders themselves did.

B. At all camps in the region that have been reliably dated to the late 1620's, remains of European trade goods have been found.

C. The first European trade goods to reach the area would have been considered especially valuable and preserved as much as possible from loss or destruction.

D. The first European traders in the area followed soon after the first European explorers.

E. The site is that of a temporary camp that would have been used seasonally for a few years and then abandoned.


Answer : B

A - Out of scope, what reached first is out question
B - All camps had european goods, hence if this camp had been around 1630-- It would have contained european goods .
C - Preserving as much possible does not imply - trade goods would be available after 400 years.
D - Out of scope
E - Out of scope - No mention of the goods
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Re: Archaeologists in Michigan have excavated a Native American camp near [#permalink]

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A- if the goods have reached then they could have found it. But they did not find it. So it WEAKENS THE ARGUMENT
B- CORRECT - agrees with the author that it can not be beyond 1930 since all the camps after 1920 in that region were found to have european Trade goods
C- Doesnt matter
D- doesnt matter
E- doesnt matter
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Re: Archaeologists in Michigan have excavated a Native American camp near [#permalink]

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Archaeologists in Michigan have excavated a Native American camp near Dumaw Creek. Radiocarbon dating of animal bones found at the site indicates that the camp dates from some time between 1605 and 1755. However, the camp probably dates to no later than 1630, since no European trade goods were found at the site, and European traders were active in the region from the 1620's onward.

Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the argument?

A. Due to trade among Native Americans, some European trade goods would have reached the area before the European traders themselves did.

B. At all camps in the region that have been reliably dated to the late 1620's, remains of European trade goods have been found.

C. The first European trade goods to reach the area would have been considered especially valuable and preserved as much as possible from loss or destruction.

D. The first European traders in the area followed soon after the first European explorers.

E. The site is that of a temporary camp that would have been used seasonally for a few years and then abandoned.

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Re: Archaeologists in Michigan have excavated a Native American camp near [#permalink]

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New post 08 Mar 2015, 08:30
Yes, B looks like the only answer feasible, among the given answer choices. Since remains of European trade goods have been found at all camps in the region that have been reliably dated to the late 1620's, it gives us a reason to believe that if the excavated Native American camp near Dumaw Creek dated later than 1630, then some European trade good would have been found in the excavation.

Also, is this really a 700 level question, as indicated in the tag? I think it might be a bit on the easier side.
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tripathymadhu31 wrote:
A- if the goods have reached then they could have found it. But they did not find it. So it WEAKENS THE ARGUMENT
B- CORRECT - agrees with the author that it can not be beyond 1930 since all the camps after 1920 in that region were found to have european Trade goods
C- Doesnt matter
D- doesnt matter
E- doesnt matter



thanks for the explanation. quite helpful actually. but it will be really nice if you can help me out in understanding concepts.
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Re: Archaeologists in Michigan have excavated a Native American camp near [#permalink]

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souvik101990 wrote:

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Archaeologists in Michigan have excavated a Native American camp near Dumaw Creek. Radiocarbon dating of animal bones found at the site indicates that the camp dates from some time between 1605 and 1755. However, the camp probably dates to no later than 1630, since no European trade goods were found at the site, and European traders were active in the region from the 1620's onward.

Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the argument?

A. Due to trade among Native Americans, some European trade goods would have reached the area before the European traders themselves did.

B. At all camps in the region that have been reliably dated to the late 1620's, remains of European trade goods have been found.

C. The first European trade goods to reach the area would have been considered especially valuable and preserved as much as possible from loss or destruction.

D. The first European traders in the area followed soon after the first European explorers.

E. The site is that of a temporary camp that would have been used seasonally for a few years and then abandoned.

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A-WEAKENS
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Re: Archaeologists in Michigan have excavated a Native American camp near [#permalink]

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Re: Archaeologists in Michigan have excavated a Native American camp near [#permalink]

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New post 20 May 2016, 04:35
sondenso wrote:
18.
Archaeologists in Michigan have excavated a Native American camp near Dumaw Creek. Radiocarbon dating of animal bones found at the site indicates that the camp dates from some time between 1605 and 1755. However, the camp probably dates to no later than 1630, since no European trade goods were found at the site, and European traders were active in the region from the 1620's onward.

Which of the following, if true, most strengthens the argument?

(A) Due to trade among Native Americans, some European trade goods would have reached the area before the European traders themselves did.
(B) At all camps in the region that have been reliably dated to the late 1620's, remains of European trade goods have been found.
(C) The first European trade goods to reach the area would have been considered especially valuable and preserved as much as possible from loss or destruction.
(D) The first European traders in the area followed soon after the first European explorers.
(E) The site is that of a temporary camp that would have been used seasonally for a few years and then abandoned.

I lost somewhere!


Radiocarbon dating dates the site at 1605 to 1755. But the conclusion is that camp does not date later than 1630 because no european goods were found at the site, however, european traders were active in the region from 1620's onward.

Basically, no european goods were found concludes that the camp dates no later than 1630. We should have an option either to support this statement or to mention that european goods were found in all camp sites dates after 1930.

(A) Due to trade among Native Americans, some European trade goods would have reached the area before the European traders themselves did. This weakens the argument.
(B) At all camps in the region that have been reliably dated to the late 1620's, remains of European trade goods have been found. This is exactly what we were looking for.
(C) The first European trade goods to reach the area would have been considered especially valuable and preserved as much as possible from loss or destruction. We are not concerned about valuable goods
(D) The first European traders in the area followed soon after the first European explorers. European explorers are not mentioned anywhere in the argument.
(E) The site is that of a temporary camp that would have been used seasonally for a few years and then abandoned. What are those few years?
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Re: Archaeologists in Michigan have excavated a Native American camp near [#permalink]

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Still don't understand why C is flawed. As for me the reasoning is the following:

1) Traders were active in the region starting with late 1620'. Therefore, since no goods were found in the camp, the camp must have been held before that period. We need to find something, that strengthens this point by either providing the additional evidence or by eliminating alternative reasons, why the goods were not found.

Option C states that - these goods were especially valuable and therefore there was no possibility that they were either lost or destroyed. Therefore, the only viable reason why the goods were not found in the camp - the camp was held before traders reached these lands.
So this option eliminates the an reason and therefore strengthens the argument.

Even though I agree that option B strengthens the argument too, I can't say that it strengthens the argument more than option C does. Moreover, from my experience, options that provide evidence from towns/villages/schools nearby are VERY RARELY the right choice.
Re: Archaeologists in Michigan have excavated a Native American camp near   [#permalink] 25 Aug 2016, 01:37

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