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Re: Around the World in 80 Questions (Day 2): Most of the worlds [#permalink]
2
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Most of the world’s population lives in urban areas now, and the proportion of people living in rural areas will drop over the next ten years. Research has shown that people living in urban areas are more likely to develop schizophrenia than people in rural areas.

If the pattern outlined in the last sentence holds in reality, which of the following can be properly concluded from the information provided?

A. A majority of the world’s population is at a greater risk of developing schizophrenia now than it was ten years ago.
B. Ten years from now, more people will suffer from schizophrenia than do now.
C. People living in rural areas will be generally healthier than people living in urban areas.
D. People are now less likely to develop schizophrenia than people will be in ten years.
E. The proportion of the world’s population residing in urban areas will stabilize in ten years.

Explanation:
We have three premises on the basis of which we have to draw a conclusion:
1. Most of the world’s population lives in urban areas now.
2. Research has shown that people living in urban areas are more likely to develop schizophrenia than people in rural areas.
3. The proportion of people living in rural areas will drop over the next ten years.

(A) There is no comparison of past and present in the given scenario. Hence rejected.
(B) Close. But 10 years from now the proportion of people living in rural areas will drop. It doesn't imply that this proportion will be compensated by migration to urban areas. There might be a scenario in which the total fertility rate of rural areas drops. Hence, the population of urban areas can remain similar as compared to today's thus resulting in similar number of schizophrenic cases. Moreover, the premise talks about likelihood of developing schizophrenia and not suffering from it. Hence, rejected.
(C) General statement. Out of context. Rejected.
(D) Interesting. The premise talks about likelihood of developing schizophrenia as found in this option. Because of the diminishing proportion of rural area population pockets there will be less population in rural areas and possibility (may or may not) of more population in urban areas. In the event of possibility in favour of migration to urban areas, there will be more cases as compared to now. Hence, CORRECT.
(E) Out of context. Rejected.

ANSWER D
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Re: Around the World in 80 Questions (Day 2): Most of the worlds [#permalink]
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This is a conclusion question, so we need to analyze the facts given in the stimulus:

Fact 1: Most of the world’s population lives in urban areas now => No. of urban people > No. of rural people
Fact 2: The proportion of people living in rural areas will drop over the next ten years => The proportion of people living in urban areas will rise.
Fact 3: Research has shown that people living in urban areas are more likely to develop schizophrenia than people in rural areas => %Urban pp who develop schizophrenia > % rural pp who develop schizophrenia

A. A majority of the world’s population is at a greater risk of developing schizophrenia now than it was ten years ago.
Incorrect. We cannot say anything about how an individual's risk of developing schizophrenia will change over the next 10 years.

B. Ten years from now, more people will suffer from schizophrenia than do now.
Incorrect. We cannot say about the absolute number. What if the world population will significantly decrease in the next 10 years?

C. People living in rural areas will be generally healthier than people living in urban areas.
Irrelevant. We are talking about only one mental illness, not about healthiness as a whole.

D. People are now less likely to develop schizophrenia than people will be in ten years.
Correct. % pp who develop schizophrenia will increase if the proportion of urban pp, who are more likely to develop this illness, increases.

E. The proportion of the world’s population residing in urban areas will stabilize in ten years.
Wrong. Fact 2 says the opposite.
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Re: Around the World in 80 Questions (Day 2): Most of the worlds [#permalink]
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Most of the world’s population lives in urban areas now, and the proportion of people living in rural areas will drop over the next ten years. Research has shown that people living in urban areas are more likely to develop schizophrenia than people in rural areas.

If the pattern outlined in the last sentence holds in reality, which of the following can be properly concluded from the information provided?

Quote:
A. A majority of the world’s population is at a greater risk of developing schizophrenia now than it was ten years ago.

Nothing is known about pattern of last ten years.
Incorrect

Quote:
B. Ten years from now, more people will suffer from schizophrenia than do now.

We don't know whether population ten years from now will be more or less than the population today.
Therefore, nothing can be concluded that ten years from now, more or less people will suffer from schizophrenia than do now.
Incorrect

Quote:
C. People living in rural areas will be generally healthier than people living in urban areas.

The argument is concerned with schizophrenia and not with general health.
Incorrect

Quote:
D. People are now less likely to develop schizophrenia than people will be in ten years.

Since the proportion of population living in urban areas will increase in ten years and urban population is more likely to develop schizophrenia.
People are now less likely to develop schizophrenia than people will be in ten years
Correct

Quote:
E. The proportion of the world’s population residing in urban areas will stabilize in ten years.

Nothing can be concluded whether the world’s population residing in urban areas will stabilize in ten years or not.
Incorrect

IMO D
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Re: Around the World in 80 Questions (Day 2): Most of the worlds [#permalink]
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Most of the world’s population lives in urban areas now, and the proportion of people living in rural areas will drop over the next ten years. Research has shown that people living in urban areas are more likely to develop schizophrenia than people in rural areas.

If the pattern outlined in the last sentence holds in reality, which of the following can be properly concluded from the information provided?

A. A majority of the world’s population is at a greater risk of developing schizophrenia now than it was ten years ago. - The future trend cannot be reverse extrapolated to reflect that the same happened in the past. So A is out.

B. Ten years from now, more people will suffer from schizophrenia than do now. - Yes this is possible, but not necessary. People are "more likely" to suffer from schizophrenia 10 yrs from now, but it cannot be concluded that they definitively will.

C. People living in rural areas will be generally healthier than people living in urban areas. - Generally healthier is out of scope. We're only talking about schizophrenia and have no information about general health which can include many more ailments.

D. People are now less likely to develop schizophrenia than people will be in ten years. - Exactly spot on. This simply means that more people would be likely to develop schizophrenia in the coming ten years.

E. The proportion of the world’s population residing in urban areas will stabilize in ten years. - Nothing of this sort is indicated.
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Re: Around the World in 80 Questions (Day 2): Most of the worlds [#permalink]
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Bunuel wrote:
Most of the world’s population lives in urban areas now, and the proportion of people living in rural areas will drop over the next ten years. Research has shown that people living in urban areas are more likely to develop schizophrenia than people in rural areas.

If the pattern outlined in the last sentence holds in reality, which of the following can be properly concluded from the information provided?

A. A majority of the world’s population is at a greater risk of developing schizophrenia now than it was ten years ago.

B. Ten years from now, more people will suffer from schizophrenia than do now.

C. People living in rural areas will be generally healthier than people living in urban areas.

D. People are now less likely to develop schizophrenia than people will be in ten years.

E. The proportion of the world’s population residing in urban areas will stabilize in ten years.



 


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A. A majority of the world’s population is at a greater risk of developing schizophrenia now than it was ten years ago.

We have no information on the population distribution 10 years ago. Eliminate.

B. Ten years from now, more people will suffer from schizophrenia than do now.

Very temping choice. We are just given the likely hood. This option is too strong opinionated. Eliminate.

C. People living in rural areas will be generally healthier than people living in urban areas.

We are not given any information on other diseases or health in people in general. Eliminate.

D. People are now less likely to develop schizophrenia than people will be in ten years.

Better than B. Yes, we can say that the people are less likely now than they would be in 10 years . Keep.

E. The proportion of the world’s population residing in urban areas will stabilize in ten years.

No information on this is provided. Eliminate.

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Re: Around the World in 80 Questions (Day 2): Most of the worlds [#permalink]
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Most of the world’s population lives in urban areas now, and the proportion of people living in rural areas will drop over the next ten years. Research has shown that people living in urban areas are more likely to develop schizophrenia than people in rural areas.

If the pattern outlined in the last sentence holds in reality, which of the following can be properly concluded from the information provided?

A. A majority of the world’s population is at a greater risk of developing schizophrenia now than it was ten years ago.
This statement cannot be properly concluded from the information provided. The passage only mentions the current and future proportions of people living in urban and rural areas, along with the higher likelihood of developing schizophrenia in urban areas. It doesn't provide any information about the risk of developing schizophrenia compared to ten years ago.

B. Ten years from now, more people will suffer from schizophrenia than do now.
The passage does not provide enough information to make this conclusion. While it mentions that the proportion of people living in rural areas will drop over the next ten years, it doesn't give specific numbers or growth rates for schizophrenia cases.

C. People living in rural areas will be generally healthier than people living in urban areas.
There is no direct information in the passage to support this conclusion. The passage only states that people living in urban areas are more likely to develop schizophrenia, but it doesn't provide information about overall health or compare the general health of people living in rural and urban areas.

D. People are now less likely to develop schizophrenia than people will be in ten years.
Correct!

E. The proportion of the world’s population residing in urban areas will stabilize in ten years.
The passage doesn't provide any indication or data about the stability or change in the proportion of the world's population residing in urban areas over the next ten years. Therefore, this conclusion cannot be properly drawn from the information given.
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Re: Around the World in 80 Questions (Day 2): Most of the worlds [#permalink]
Bunuel wrote:
Most of the world’s population lives in urban areas now, and the proportion of people living in rural areas will drop over the next ten years. Research has shown that people living in urban areas are more likely to develop schizophrenia than people in rural areas.

If the pattern outlined in the last sentence holds in reality, which of the following can be properly concluded from the information provided?

A. A majority of the world’s population is at a greater risk of developing schizophrenia now than it was ten years ago.

B. Ten years from now, more people will suffer from schizophrenia than do now.

C. People living in rural areas will be generally healthier than people living in urban areas.

D. People are now less likely to develop schizophrenia than people will be in ten years.

E. The proportion of the world’s population residing in urban areas will stabilize in ten years.



 


This question was provided by Target Test Prep
for the Around the World in 80 Questions

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A. A majority of the world’s population is at a greater risk of developing schizophrenia now than it was ten years ago.
The stimulus is about ten years in the future, not in the past.
B. Ten years from now, more people will suffer from schizophrenia than do now.
The stimulus is about the likelihood of developing schizophrenia, not about certainty.
C. People living in rural areas will be generally healthier than people living in urban areas.
The stimulus is about schizophrenia. There could be other health issues that make people living in rural areas less healthy.
D. People are now less likely to develop schizophrenia than people will be in ten years.
Correct. If people living in urban areas are more likely to develop schizophrenia than people in rural areas, and there are going to be fewer people living in rural areas, then people are now less likely to develop schizophrenia than people will be in ten years.
E. The proportion of the world’s population residing in urban areas will stabilize in ten years.
There is nothing in the text that leads to this conclusion.
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Re: Around the World in 80 Questions (Day 2): Most of the worlds [#permalink]
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A. A majority of the world’s population is at a greater risk of developing schizophrenia now than it was ten years ago.
Out of scope. The text passage mentions nothing about 10 years ago.

B. Ten years from now, more people will suffer from schizophrenia than do now.
This could be the case, however one could find that the number of cases is identical. Likelihood of developing schizophrenia does not necessarily equate to actually developing schizophrenia.

C. People living in rural areas will be generally healthier than people living in urban areas.
One could find that people in urban areas are much healthier for numerous reasons and that merely are more prone to schizophrenia. The passage does not look at overall health, only schizophrenia.

D. People are now less likely to develop schizophrenia than people will be in ten years.
If the proportion of the urban population to the rural population increases, then the overall likelihood of developing schizophrenia increases as well.


E. The proportion of the world’s population residing in urban areas will stabilize in ten years.
Out of scope. Nothing in the passage pertains to this.

Answer D
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Re: Around the World in 80 Questions (Day 2): Most of the worlds [#permalink]
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Bunuel wrote:
Most of the world’s population lives in urban areas now, and the proportion of people living in rural areas will drop over the next ten years. Research has shown that people living in urban areas are more likely to develop schizophrenia than people in rural areas.

If the pattern outlined in the last sentence holds in reality, which of the following can be properly concluded from the information provided?

A. A majority of the world’s population is at a greater risk of developing schizophrenia now than it was ten years ago.

B. Ten years from now, more people will suffer from schizophrenia than do now.

C. People living in rural areas will be generally healthier than people living in urban areas.

D. People are now less likely to develop schizophrenia than people will be in ten years.

E. The proportion of the world’s population residing in urban areas will stabilize in ten years.



 


This question was provided by Target Test Prep
for the Around the World in 80 Questions

Win over $20,000 in prizes: Courses, Tests & more

 



A. A majority of the world’s population is at a greater risk of developing schizophrenia now than it was ten years ago. (The context is talking for next ten years and not the past ten years)

B. Ten years from now, more people will suffer from schizophrenia than do now. (Peoples are more likely to develop schizophrenia as a result of shifting to urban areas, but it doesn't mean they will definitely suffer from schizophrenia)

C. People living in rural areas will be generally healthier than people living in urban areas. (It cannot be concluded that rural areas peoples will be more healthier)

D. People are now less likely to develop schizophrenia than people will be in ten years. (This can be correctly concluded from the paragraph. Peoples are more likely to develop schizophrenia as a result of shifting to urban areas therefore they are less likely to develop schizophrenia now)

E. The proportion of the world’s population residing in urban areas will stabilize in ten years. (This cannot be concluded from the passage)
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