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Australian Daily: Statistics suggest that some major

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Australian Daily: Statistics suggest that some major  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jul 2019, 08:00
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Australian Daily: Statistics suggest that some major investments by Northern Territory growers over the course of the last decade in planting and infrastructure have led to a steady increase in production of mangoes. With more than 9.3 million trays produced across the nation last year and 8.6 million trays the year before, the trend indicates that this season's figures are set to break all records. The Australian Mango Industry Association has predicted 1.8 million trays will come from the Darwin region and a further 1.7 million trays from the Katherine region alone.

In the author’s argument, the portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

A. The first is a prediction that, if true, will support the main conclusion of the argument; the second calls that conclusion into question.
B. The first is a prediction that, if true, will support the main conclusion of the argument; the second is that conclusion.
C. Both are predictions that, if true, will support the main conclusion of the argument.
D. The first is a prediction that forms the main conclusion of the argument; the second supports the main conclusion of the argument.
E. The first is a prediction that forms an intermediate conclusion of the argument; the second supports the main conclusion of the argument.

 

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Re: Australian Daily: Statistics suggest that some major  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jul 2019, 11:33
Official Explanation

Conclusion: This season’s figures are set to break all records.
How the first boldface connects with the conclusion: The first is the argument’s main conclusion.
How the second boldface connects with the conclusion: The second is a judgment/prediction/estimate that supports the main conclusion.

A: The first itself is the conclusion; the second doesn’t call the argument’s conclusion into question.
B: The first itself is the conclusion; the second is not the conclusion.
C: The first doesn’t support the conclusion but is itself the conclusion.
D: In sync with our reasoning above.
E: The first is not an intermediate conclusion; it is the main conclusion.

D is the best answer choice.
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Re: Australian Daily: Statistics suggest that some major  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jul 2019, 08:14
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A. The first is a prediction that, if true, will support the main conclusion of the argument; the second calls that conclusion into question. - incorrect the second does not call into question any conclusion
B. The first is a prediction that, if true, will support the main conclusion of the argument; the second is that conclusion. - incorrect second boldface is not the conclusion.
C. Both are predictions that, if true, will support the main conclusion of the argument. - incorrect . first is part of main conclusion
D. The first is a prediction that forms the main conclusion of the argument; the second supports the main conclusion of the argument. - correct. this year is record breaking in production is main conclusion
E. The first is a prediction that forms an intermediate conclusion of the argument; the second supports the main conclusion of the argument. - incorrect. first bold face cannot be intermediate conclusion.
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Australian Daily: Statistics suggest that some major  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 06 Jul 2019, 02:05
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In BF questions, we need to identify conclusion and then role of each BF to it. Here, conclusion is author's prediction that this year's yield will break all records because there was major investment in infrastructure and past two yields were high (heh). The argument gives more evidence in last sentence saying that ONLY one region will give x amount, highlighting ONLY which means this amount is a lot. So, first BF is conclusion, while second is evidence supporting conclusion. With this understanding, onto the options.

A. The first is a prediction that, if true, will support the main conclusion of the argument; the second calls that conclusion into question. First is conclusion , while second does not call anything into question. Out
B. The first is a prediction that, if true, will support the main conclusion of the argument; the second is that conclusion - , first is conclusion, second is not conclusion. Out .
C. Both are predictions that, if true, will support the main conclusion of the argument. - Although both are predictions, the first one is already a conclusion. We will soon see that D is so much better. C is out
D. The first is a prediction that forms the main conclusion of the argument; the second supports the main conclusion of the argument. - this matches our analysis. great, hold on to this.
E. The first is a prediction that forms an intermediate conclusion of the argument; the second supports the main conclusion of the argument. - first is not intermediate conclusion, it is the main conclusion, besides second BF is not conclusion but rather additional information that supports main conclusion, which is first BF. Out

All in all, our answer is D

Originally posted by mira93 on 05 Jul 2019, 08:22.
Last edited by mira93 on 06 Jul 2019, 02:05, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: Australian Daily: Statistics suggest that some major  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jul 2019, 08:23
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The first statement is clearly the conclusion of the argument and the second statement is additional prediction which is acting as a support to the main conclusion.
Hence it's D.
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Australian Daily: Statistics suggest that some major  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 06 Jul 2019, 01:27
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The first statement - breaks all records - is the main conclusion of the argument that the argument predicts to be true.

The second statement predicts that 1/3 of previous years' record will be met in two regions alone. Hence this statement provides evidence for the conclusion.

Combining the two together the first statement is a prediction that is effectively the main conclusion while the second statement provides evidence.

Option D

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Originally posted by prashanths on 05 Jul 2019, 08:25.
Last edited by prashanths on 06 Jul 2019, 01:27, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: Australian Daily: Statistics suggest that some major  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jul 2019, 08:30
Australian Daily: Statistics suggest that some major investments by Northern Territory growers over the course of the last decade in planting and infrastructure have led to a steady increase in production of mangoes. With more than 9.3 million trays produced across the nation last year and 8.6 million trays the year before, the trend indicates that this season's figures are set to break all records. The Australian Mango Industry Association has predicted 1.8 million trays will come from the Darwin region and a further 1.7 million trays from the Katherine region alone.

In the author’s argument, the portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

Main conclusion is
statistics suggest that some major investments by Northern Territory growers over the course of the last decade in planting and infrastructure have led to a steady increase in production of mangoes..

And both bold are events that have not occurred yet, hence are predictions. They both are used to support main conclusion

A. The first is a prediction that, if true, will support the main conclusion of the argument; the second calls that conclusion into question.there is no stmt which oppose
B. The first is a prediction that, if true, will support the main conclusion of the argument; the second is that conclusion.Second is clearly a fact hence can not be a conclusion
C. Both are predictions that, if true, will support the main conclusion of the argument.True as expected. Should be the answer
D. The first is a prediction that forms the main conclusion of the argument; the second supports the main conclusion of the argument.Prediction can not be the conclusion
E. The first is a prediction that forms an intermediate conclusion of the argument; the second supports the main conclusion of the argument.They both support main conlusion hence incorrect
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Re: Australian Daily: Statistics suggest that some major  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jul 2019, 08:31
I think C.

The first sentence should be main conclusion - The investment has led to greater production of mangoes.

Both boldfaced statements are set in future, so can be termed as predictions.

Since the entire argument is in one direction, both can support the main conclusion.
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Re: Australian Daily: Statistics suggest that some major  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jul 2019, 08:36
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Australian Daily: Statistics suggest that some major investments by Northern Territory growers over the course of the last decade in planting and infrastructure have led to a steady increase in production of mangoes. With more than 9.3 million trays produced across the nation last year and 8.6 million trays the year before, the trend indicates that this season's figures are set to break all records. The Australian Mango Industry Association has predicted 1.8 million trays will come from the Darwin region and a further 1.7 million trays from the Katherine region alone.

In the author’s argument, the portions in boldface play which of the following roles?
Analysis:
1st is a prediction
2nd supports the prediction


A. The first is a prediction that, if true, will support the main conclusion of the argument; the second calls that conclusion into question. --> 2nd doesn't contradict the conclusion, it supports the conclusion.
B. The first is a prediction that, if true, will support the main conclusion of the argument; the second is that conclusion. --> 2nd is not the conclusion, it supports the conclusion.
C. Both are predictions that, if true, will support the main conclusion of the argument. --> 2nd support the 1st
D. The first is a prediction that forms the main conclusion of the argument; the second supports the main conclusion of the argument. --> correct: matches w/ the analysis
E. The first is a prediction that forms an intermediate conclusion of the argument; the second supports the main conclusion of the argument. --> 1st the prediction/main conclusion, not the intermediate conclusion
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Re: Australian Daily: Statistics suggest that some major  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jul 2019, 08:37
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Australian Daily: Statistics suggest that some major investments by Northern Territory growers over the course of the last decade in planting and infrastructure have led to a steady increase in production of mangoes. With more than 9.3 million trays produced across the nation last year and 8.6 million trays the year before, the trend indicates that this season's figures are set to break all records. The Australian Mango Industry Association has predicted 1.8 million trays will come from the Darwin region and a further 1.7 million trays from the Katherine region alone.

In the author’s argument, the portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

A. The first is a prediction that, if true, will support the main conclusion of the argument; the second calls that conclusion into question.
Second bold face is not contradicting the main conclusion of the argument , and for this reason the option is wrong.
B. The first is a prediction that, if true, will support the main conclusion of the argument; the second is that conclusion.
The second is not the main conclusion of the argument, and first bold face dont support the second but second supports the first.
C. Both are predictions that, if true, will support the main conclusion of the argument.
Both are predictions but are also the main conclusion and the support for that conclusion and not themselves supporting the main conclusion.
D. The first is a prediction that forms the main conclusion of the argument; the second supports the main conclusion of the argument.
Correct answer because the fisrt bold statemetn id the main conclusion of tghe argument and the second statement supports the main conclusion by stating that 3.5 mil of mango trays will come from two regions alone and thus the target will be easily achived.
E. The first is a prediction that forms an intermediate conclusion of the argument; the second supports the main conclusion of the argument.
The first is the main conclusion of the argument and not the intermediate conclusion, and if this was to be intermediate conclusion then the main conclusion could only be 'investments have led to growth...' but this is not correct conclusion because it is not supported by any support and is only suggested by the statisics and not the argument as a whole.
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Re: Australian Daily: Statistics suggest that some major  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jul 2019, 08:40
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the trend indicates that this season's figures are set to break all records. The Australian Mango Industry Association has predicted 1.8 million trays will come from the Darwin region and a further 1.7 million trays from the Katherine region alone.

Indicates - provides that first part of the bold face is the conclusion.
The second part provides information that only 2 regions are expected to contribute 3.5 million trays as against total 9.3 million trays of previous year - provides support to the conclusion and hence the first bold face

A. The first is a prediction that, if true, will support the main conclusion of the argument; the second calls that conclusion into question. - Based on above, First part is not a prediction + Second part supports the conclusion
B. The first is a prediction that, if true, will support the main conclusion of the argument; the second is that conclusion. Based on above, First part is not a prediction and second provides support
C. Both are predictions that, if true, will support the main conclusion of the argument.second provides support to the first part which is the conclusion
D. The first is a prediction that forms the main conclusion of the argument; the second supports the main conclusion of the argument. Correct, in line with initial analysis
E. The first is a prediction that forms an intermediate conclusion of the argument; the second supports the main conclusion of the argument. first part is the main conclusion
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Re: Australian Daily: Statistics suggest that some major  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jul 2019, 08:41
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IMO D:

The first is a prediction that forms the main conclusion of the argument; the second supports the main conclusion of the argument.

Australian Daily: Statistics suggest that some major investments by Northern Territory growers over the course of the last decade in planting and infrastructure have led to a steady increase in production of mangoes. With more than 9.3 million trays produced across the nation last year and 8.6 million trays the year before, the trend indicates that this season's figures are set to break all records. The Australian Mango Industry Association has predicted 1.8 million trays will come from the Darwin region and a further 1.7 million trays from the Katherine region alone.
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Re: Australian Daily: Statistics suggest that some major  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jul 2019, 08:41
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In the author’s argument, the portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

Discarded options are prefixed with X and explanations are after >>

XA. The first is a prediction that, if true, will support the main conclusion of the argument; the second calls that conclusion into question.
>>2nd bold portion does not question anything. It supports the conclusion of breaking all records.

XB. The first is a prediction that, if true, will support the main conclusion of the argument; the second is that conclusion.
>>2nd bold portion is not a conclusion. It is a prediction for specific regions.

XC. Both are predictions that, if true, will support the main conclusion of the argument.
>>It is true that both are predictions, however, the first portion is also the main conclusion of the paragraph. They are not supporting any other main coclusion.

D. The first is a prediction that forms the main conclusion of the argument; the second supports the main conclusion of the argument.
>> This is true. Based on statistics, the main conclusion of the author is that production will break all records this year. This is a prediction as well as the main conclusion. The second portion is predictions of specific regions which support the main conclusion about overall national production.

XE. The first is a prediction that forms an intermediate conclusion of the argument; the second supports the main conclusion of the argument.
>> First is not an intermediate conclusio, it is the main conclusion.
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Re: Australian Daily: Statistics suggest that some major  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jul 2019, 08:42
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Australian Daily: Statistics suggest that some major investments by Northern Territory growers over the course of the last decade in planting and infrastructure have led to a steady increase in production of mangoes. With more than 9.3 million trays produced across the nation last year and 8.6 million trays the year before, the trend indicates that this season's figures are set to break all records. The Australian Mango Industry Association has predicted 1.8 million trays will come from the Darwin region and a further 1.7 million trays from the Katherine region alone.

B1 : some sort of prediction or claim : the records will be broken
B2: a prediction that strengthens bold face 1


now scanning option I am not that clear so lets go for POE at Best

In the author’s argument, the portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

A. The first is a prediction that, if true, will support the main conclusion of the argument; the second calls that conclusion into question. : second statement is not weakener

B. The first is a prediction that, if true, will support the main conclusion of the argument; the second is that conclusion. : second statement not main conclusion

C. Both are predictions that, if true, will support the main conclusion of the argument.
the reason to eliminate C imo that B2 is related to B1 which not as per the option

D. The first is a prediction that forms the main conclusion of the argument; the second supports the main conclusion of the argument.

E. The first is a prediction that forms an intermediate conclusion of the argument; the second supports the main conclusion of the argument. : same reason as C they should be related
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Re: Australian Daily: Statistics suggest that some major  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jul 2019, 08:43
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Australian Daily: Statistics suggest that some major investments by Northern Territory growers over the course of the last decade in planting and infrastructure have led to a steady increase in production of mangoes. With more than 9.3 million trays produced across the nation last year and 8.6 million trays the year before, the trend indicates that this season's figures are set to break all records. The Australian Mango Industry Association has predicted 1.8 million trays will come from the Darwin region and a further 1.7 million trays from the Katherine region alone.

In the author’s argument, the portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

Conclusion: this season's figures are set to break all records. (First)
Second provides additional prediction in support of first

A. The first is a prediction that, if true, will support the main conclusion of the argument; the second calls that conclusion into question.
First is main conclusion and second provides support for the first. Incorrect
B. The first is a prediction that, if true, will support the main conclusion of the argument; the second is that conclusion.
First is main conclusion and second provides support for the first. Incorrect
C. Both are predictions that, if true, will support the main conclusion of the argument.
First is main conclusion and second provides support for the first. Incorrect
D. The first is a prediction that forms the main conclusion of the argument; the second supports the main conclusion of the argument.
First is main conclusion and second provides support for the first. Correct
E. The first is a prediction that forms an intermediate conclusion of the argument; the second supports the main conclusion of the argument.
First is main conclusion and second provides support for the first. Incorrect

IMO D
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Re: Australian Daily: Statistics suggest that some major  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jul 2019, 08:43
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1. The second bold part is not making any questions about the conclusion.
2. The second part is not the conclusion.
3. This part is a tricky one. Both parts look like predictions, if we carefully examine then we can see both are not supporting the conclusion.
4. This one is true.
5. It looks messy, not giving a proper structure to the argument.

IMO the answer is D.
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Re: Australian Daily: Statistics suggest that some major  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jul 2019, 08:45
Main Conclusion: Due to the investments by the Northern Territory growers over the course of the last decade, production of mangoes has been on a constant rise year on year.

A. The first is a prediction that, if true, will support the main conclusion of the argument; the second calls that conclusion into question. --> The first part is correct but the second part is wrong. Af anything, the 2nd part supports the main conclusion.
B. The first is a prediction that, if true, will support the main conclusion of the argument; the second is that conclusion. --> The first part is correct. The second part is wrong. The main conclusion is as mentioned at the beginning of this post.
C. Both are predictions that, if true, will support the main conclusion of the argument. --> Correct. Both parts are predictions and will support the main conclusion if true.
D. The first is a prediction that forms the main conclusion of the argument; the second supports the main conclusion of the argument. --> First part is wrong. Refer the main conclusion at the beginning of the post. The second part is correct.
E. The first is a prediction that forms an intermediate conclusion of the argument; the second supports the main conclusion of the argument. --> Close choice but I rejected this because I do not see a prediction being an intermediate conclusion.
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Re: Australian Daily: Statistics suggest that some major  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jul 2019, 08:46
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imo option D


first bold face is the main conclusion, so A,b,c are out as it is not stating that,

E. The first is a prediction that forms an intermediate conclusion of the argument; the second supports the main conclusion of the argument.
option e, says it as intermediate conclusion, which is not the case, hence

option D is answer
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Re: Australian Daily: Statistics suggest that some major  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jul 2019, 08:50
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IMO D

A. The first is a prediction that, if true, will support the main conclusion of the argument; the second calls that conclusion into question. - the second supports the conclusion, not opposes it
B. The first is a prediction that, if true, will support the main conclusion of the argument; the second is that conclusion. - the second statement supports the first statement, not the other way around
C. Both are predictions that, if true, will support the main conclusion of the argument. - the second statement supports the first statement, first is the conclusion
D. The first is a prediction that forms the main conclusion of the argument; the second supports the main conclusion of the argument. - Correct
E. The first is a prediction that forms an intermediate conclusion of the argument; the second supports the main conclusion of the argument. - the second statement supports the first statement, first is the conclusion
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Re: Australian Daily: Statistics suggest that some major  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jul 2019, 08:53
The main conclusion of the argument is that "...there is a steady increase in the production of mangoes over the years". The first bold part is a prediction that supports the main conclusion and the second bold part is a prediction that further supports there will be an increase this year. Thus, both of them are predictions that if come to pass will support the main the conclusion that there will be another increase in the production of mango this year when compared to previous years.
Hence answer choice C.
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Re: Australian Daily: Statistics suggest that some major   [#permalink] 05 Jul 2019, 08:53

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