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Because of differences in the humans body's internal pressure and the

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Because of differences in the humans body's internal pressure and the ocean's, it is essential that a diver returning to the surface ascends slowly or they will suffer a painful condition known as the "bends."


A. differences in the human body's internal pressure and the ocean's, it is essential that a diver returning to the surface ascends slowly or they

B. the difference between the human body's internal pressure and the ocean's, it is essential that a diver returning to the surface ascend slowly or they

C. the difference in the human body's internal pressure and that of the ocean, it is essential that a diver returning to the surface ascends slowly or he

D. differences in the human body's internal pressure and that of the ocean, it is essential that a diver returning to the surface ascend slowly or they

E. the difference between the internal pressure of the human body and that of the ocean, it is essential that a diver returning to the surface ascend slowly or he

Originally posted by Amit05 on 13 Oct 2007, 20:34.
Last edited by Bunuel on 07 Apr 2019, 20:52, edited 3 times in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: Because of differences in the humans body's internal pressure and the  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Oct 2007, 21:17
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Amit05 wrote:
Could you please explain why 'ascends' can't be used in infinitives as in E??


It is ESSENTIAL THAT (Indicates a subjunctive mood is about to come) a diver (returning blah blah) ascend (VERB IN SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD ) ..rest of the sentence.

advice, advisable, ask, arrange,....essential, fitting, imperative, important, insist, necessary,etc....." These words signal the use of subjunctive moood.

Where is the infinitve you talk about though? I couldn't understand. This sentence is clear case of the subjunctive mood.
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New post Updated on: 13 Oct 2007, 21:12
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Amit05 wrote:
Because of differences in the humans body's internal pressure
and the ocean's, it is essential that a diver returning to the
surface ascends slowly or they will suffer a painful condition
known as the "bends."

· Because of differences in the human body's internal
pressure and the ocean's, it is essential that a diver
returning to the surface ascends slowly or they

· Because of the difference between the human body's
internal pressure and the ocean's, it is essential that a diver
returning to the surface ascend slowly or they

· Because of the difference in the human body's internal
pressure and that of the ocean, it is essential that a diver
returning to the surface ascends slowly or he

· Because of differences in the human body's internal
pressure and that of the ocean, it is essential that a diver
returning to the surface ascend slowly or they

· Because of the difference between the internal pressure of
the human body and that of the ocean, it is essential that a
diver returning to the surface ascend slowly or he


answer E - subjunctive mood
in addition, "difference between" (E) is idiomatic over "difference in" (C)

Originally posted by beckee529 on 13 Oct 2007, 20:42.
Last edited by beckee529 on 13 Oct 2007, 21:12, edited 2 times in total.
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New post 13 Oct 2007, 20:57
Could you please explain why 'ascends' can't be used in infinitives as in E??
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New post 13 Oct 2007, 21:12
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Amit05 wrote:

Could you please explain why 'ascends' can't be used in infinitives as in E??


since this is talking about a hypothetical situation, (the diver isn't really performing the action), this is subjunctive mood so we cannot use the regular infinitive. therefore, ascends is incorrect.

the tip off for me was "essential that" in the beginning
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New post 11 May 2009, 18:16
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Because of differences in the human body's internal pressure and the ocean's, it is essential that a diver returning to the surface ascends slowly or they will suffer a painful condition known as the "bends."


A) differences in the human body's internal pressure and the ocean's, it is essential that a diver returning to the surface ascends slowly or they --> it means: 1)differences in the human body's internal pressure and 2)the ocean's are two separated causes. Besides, a diver and they are wrongly compared
B) the difference between the human body's internal pressure and the ocean's, it is essential that a diver returning to the surface ascend slowly or they -->same 2nd error of A
C) the difference in the human body's internal pressure and that of the ocean, it is essential that a diver returning to the surface ascends slowly or he -->same 1st error of A
D) differences in the human body's internal pressure and that of the ocean, it is essential that a diver returning to the surface ascend slowly or they -->same errors of A
E) the difference between the internal pressure of the human body and that of the ocean, it is essential that a diver returning to the surface ascend slowly or he -->fix all the faults of A: 1)idiom between ... and ... correctly connects internal pressure of human body and that - internal pressure, of ocean to the same modifier: the difference. 2) a diver and he -->the best
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Re: Because of differences in the humans body's internal pressure and the  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jun 2013, 03:44
Can some please explain the subjunctive verb usage over here -

Q Because of differences in the human body's internal pressure and the ocean's, it is essential that a diver returning to the surface ascends slowly or they will suffer a painful condition known as the "bends."

E) the difference between the internal pressure of the human body and that of the ocean, it is essential that a diver returning to the surface ascend slowly or he
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Re: Because of differences in the humans body's internal pressure and the  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jun 2013, 00:35
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veenu08 wrote:
Can some please explain the subjunctive verb usage over here -

Q Because of differences in the human body's internal pressure and the ocean's, it is essential that a diver returning to the surface ascends slowly or they will suffer a painful condition known as the "bends."

E) the difference between the internal pressure of the human body and that of the ocean, it is essential that a diver returning to the surface ascend slowly or he


Hi veenu08:

The command subjunctive is possible with "It is X", in which X is an adjective, such as essential.

The syntax is:It is X that Y do [infinitive without TO].......
Example:
Right: It is important THAT Mary SEND a letter to her professor.
Wrong: It is important THAT Mary SENDS a letter to her professor.
Wrong: It is important THAT Mary TO SEND a letter to her professor.

But you can use infinitive if you change "THAT" to "FOR"
Example:
Right: It is important FOR Mary TO SEND a letter to her professor.

Back to the question, because this is command subjunctive, so the syntax is: "It is essential THAT a diver returning to the surface ASCEND slowly......

Hope that helps.
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Re: Because of differences in the humans body's internal pressure and the  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jun 2016, 01:56
Amit05 wrote:
Because of differences in the humans body's internal pressure and the ocean's, it is essential that a diver returning to the surface ascends slowly or they will suffer a painful condition known as the "bends."

A. differences in the human body's internal pressure and the ocean's, it is essential that a diver returning to the surface ascends slowly or they ....Parallel error(Difference in X and Y),'they' is incorrect here

B. the difference between the human body's internal pressure and the ocean's, it is essential that a diver returning to the surface ascend slowly or they ...Parallel error(Between X and Y) 'they' is incorrect here

C. the difference in the human body's internal pressure and that of the ocean, it is essential that a diver returning to the surface ascends slowly or he....pronoun Reference Error(that is not referring anything actually)(Here' that' logically referring to the difference,meaning error)
[/color], they is incorrect here
D. differences in the human body's internal pressure and that of the ocean, it is essential that a diver returning to the surface ascend slowly or they.... pronoun Reference Error((Here' that' logically referring to the difference,meaning error)

E. the difference between the internal pressure of the human body and that of the ocean, it is essential that a diver returning to the surface ascend slowly or he ,here 'that' is referring to 'the internal pressure' -Correct


Correct Answer E
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Re: Because of differences in the humans body's internal pressure and the  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Feb 2017, 10:12
Sayantan, is it+be+adjective a proper subjunctive format (as used in E)? i thought command subjunctives only uses verbs, that too in active form, not passive. Please let me know what I am missing. Thank you.
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Re: Because of differences in the humans body's internal pressure and the  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Feb 2017, 12:20
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OreoShake wrote:
Sayantan, is it+be+adjective a proper subjunctive format (as used in E)? i thought command subjunctives only uses verbs, that too in active form, not passive. Please let me know what I am missing. Thank you.


The verb "is" is not in subjunctive mood. Hence "it be essential" would be incorrect. The verb "ascend" is in subjunctive mood.

She demands that he go there.... correct
Here "demands" is the bossy verb, and it is not in subjunctive. The action that is demanded ("go") is in subjunctive.

Similarly in option E the bossy noun is "essential" - the verb that is essential ("ascend") is in subjunctive mood.

Note: The verb in subjunctive mood may not necessarily go with a bossy verb - it may also go with a bossy noun, as in this case.
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New post 05 Apr 2019, 23:36
OFFICIAL EXPLANATION

The original sentence contains several errors. First, "differences in" is not properly used to compare two explicit things. For example, "The difference in color is more important than the difference in size" is correct, but "The difference in the color of the apple and the color of the pear..." is not correct. Instead, it should be "The difference between the color of the apple and the color of the pear..." Second, after the construction "it is essential that", one must use the subjunctive mood. In this case, "ascends" (which is indicative, not subjunctive) should be "ascend". Third, the plural pronoun "they" is used to refer to "a diver", which is singular.
(A) This choice is incorrect as it repeats the original sentence.
(B) This choice incorrectly uses the plural pronoun "they" to refer to the singular noun "a diver."
(C) This choice incorrectly uses "differences in" where "difference between" is required. Additionally, it uses the indicative mood "ascends" where the subjunctive mood ("ascend") is required. Finally, the construction "the human body's internal pressure and that of the ocean" is not parallel.
(D) This choice incorrectly uses "differences in" where "difference between" is required. Additionally, the plural pronoun "they" incorrectly refers to the singular noun "a diver." Finally, the construction "the human body's internal pressure and that of the ocean" is not parallel.
(E) CORRECT. The phrase "difference between" correctly replaces "differences in." Additionally, the verb "ascend" is in the subjunctive mood. Finally, the singular pronoun "he" correctly refers to the singular "a diver."
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New post 06 Apr 2019, 00:35

Because of differences in the human's body's internal pressure and the ocean's, it is essential that a diver returning to the surface ascends slowly or they will suffer a painful condition known as the "bends."

A. differences in the human body's internal pressure and the ocean's, it is essential that a diver returning to the surface ascends slowly or they

B. the difference between the human body's internal pressure and the ocean's, it is essential that a diver returning to the surface ascend slowly or they

C. the difference in the human body's internal pressure and that of the ocean, it is essential that a diver returning to the surface ascends slowly or he

D. differences in the human body's internal pressure and that of the ocean, it is essential that a diver returning to the surface ascend slowly or they

E. the difference between the internal pressure of the human body and that of the ocean, it is essential that a diver returning to the surface ascend slowly or he


As the sentence starts with a Because of _________ (it should be followed by a pronoun or a noun)
All the sentence starts with a noun.
So leave that.

Pronoun Agreement

it is essential that a diver returning to the surface ascends slowly or they - they should refer to the driver.
Eliminate A,B,D

Between C and E

Meaning

Refer this sentence: differences in the human body's internal pressure and the ocean's (internal pressure)
This can convey two meanings:
1. The difference between the human body and oceans internal pressure OR
2. Because of (there is already a difference in the human body's internal pressure ) the body and the oceans internal pressure, _________

Because option C, could convey two meanings, hence, Eliminate C

Answer- E

I hope my explanations are right, Let, me know if there is any error in my judgment.
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Re: Because of differences in the humans body's internal pressure and the  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Apr 2019, 12:37
Quote:
Because of differences in the humans body's internal pressure and the ocean's, it is essential that a diver returning to the surface ascends slowly or they will suffer a painful condition known as the "bends."

A. differences in the human body's internal pressure and the ocean's, it is essential that a diver returning to the surface ascends slowly or they

B. the difference between the human body's internal pressure and the ocean's, it is essential that a diver returning to the surface ascend slowly or they

C. the difference in the human body's internal pressure and that of the ocean, it is essential that a diver returning to the surface ascends slowly or he

D. differences in the human body's internal pressure and that of the ocean, it is essential that a diver returning to the surface ascend slowly or they

E. the difference between the internal pressure of the human body and that of the ocean, it is essential that a diver returning to the surface ascend slowly or he


Skyline393 wrote:
OFFICIAL EXPLANATION

The original sentence contains several errors. First, "differences in" is not properly used to compare two explicit things. For example, "The difference in color is more important than the difference in size" is correct, but "The difference in the color of the apple and the color of the pear..." is not correct. Instead, it should be "The difference between the color of the apple and the color of the pear..." Second, after the construction "it is essential that", one must use the subjunctive mood. In this case, "ascends" (which is indicative, not subjunctive) should be "ascend". Third, the plural pronoun "they" is used to refer to "a diver", which is singular.
(A) This choice is incorrect as it repeats the original sentence.
(B) This choice incorrectly uses the plural pronoun "they" to refer to the singular noun "a diver."
(C) This choice incorrectly uses "differences in" where "difference between" is required. Additionally, it uses the indicative mood "ascends" where the subjunctive mood ("ascend") is required. Finally, the construction "the human body's internal pressure and that of the ocean" is not parallel.
(D) This choice incorrectly uses "differences in" where "difference between" is required. Additionally, the plural pronoun "they" incorrectly refers to the singular noun "a diver." Finally, the construction "the human body's internal pressure and that of the ocean" is not parallel.
(E) CORRECT. The phrase "difference between" correctly replaces "differences in." Additionally, the verb "ascend" is in the subjunctive mood. Finally, the singular pronoun "he" correctly refers to the singular "a diver."


In option C, as per the OE -"the construction "the human body's internal pressure and that of the ocean" is not parallel." -- do the entities compared need to be completely parallel as follows?

1. the human body's internal pressure and the ocean's internal pressure
2. the internal pressure of the human body and that of the ocean - that refers to internal pressure

AjiteshArun , GMATNinja , MagooshExpert , GMATGuruNY , VeritasPrepBrian , MartyTargetTestPrep , DmitryFarber , VeritasKarishma , generis , other experts - please enlighten
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Re: Because of differences in the humans body's internal pressure and the  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Apr 2019, 13:22
Skywalker18 wrote:
Quote:
C. the difference in the human body's internal pressure and that of the ocean, it is essential that a diver returning to the surface ascends slowly or he

OFFICIAL EXPLANATION

(C) This choice incorrectly uses "differences in" where "difference between" is required. Additionally, it uses the indicative mood "ascends" where the subjunctive mood ("ascend") is required. Finally, the construction "the human body's internal pressure and that of the ocean" is not parallel.


In option C, as per the OE -"the construction "the human body's internal pressure and that of the ocean" is not parallel." -- do the entities compared need to be completely parallel as follows?

1. the human body's internal pressure and the ocean's internal pressure
2. the internal pressure of the human body and that of the ocean - that refers to internal pressure

please enlighten

The OE is flawed.

Two elements of a list do not have to be structured in exactly the same way in order to be parallel, and "the human body's internal pressure" and "that of the ocean" are sufficiently similar for the two item list to be fine.

On another note, I am pretty sure that the pressure of ocean water would not be logical termed "internal pressure," and an internet search using the term "the internal pressure of the ocean" generates no matches on the first two pages.
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Re: Because of differences in the humans body's internal pressure and the  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Apr 2019, 05:07
Skywalker18 wrote:
Quote:
Because of differences in the humans body's internal pressure and the ocean's, it is essential that a diver returning to the surface ascends slowly or they will suffer a painful condition known as the "bends."

A. differences in the human body's internal pressure and the ocean's, it is essential that a diver returning to the surface ascends slowly or they

B. the difference between the human body's internal pressure and the ocean's, it is essential that a diver returning to the surface ascend slowly or they

C. the difference in the human body's internal pressure and that of the ocean, it is essential that a diver returning to the surface ascends slowly or he

D. differences in the human body's internal pressure and that of the ocean, it is essential that a diver returning to the surface ascend slowly or they

E. the difference between the internal pressure of the human body and that of the ocean, it is essential that a diver returning to the surface ascend slowly or he


Skyline393 wrote:
OFFICIAL EXPLANATION

The original sentence contains several errors. First, "differences in" is not properly used to compare two explicit things. For example, "The difference in color is more important than the difference in size" is correct, but "The difference in the color of the apple and the color of the pear..." is not correct. Instead, it should be "The difference between the color of the apple and the color of the pear..." Second, after the construction "it is essential that", one must use the subjunctive mood. In this case, "ascends" (which is indicative, not subjunctive) should be "ascend". Third, the plural pronoun "they" is used to refer to "a diver", which is singular.
(A) This choice is incorrect as it repeats the original sentence.
(B) This choice incorrectly uses the plural pronoun "they" to refer to the singular noun "a diver."
(C) This choice incorrectly uses "differences in" where "difference between" is required. Additionally, it uses the indicative mood "ascends" where the subjunctive mood ("ascend") is required. Finally, the construction "the human body's internal pressure and that of the ocean" is not parallel.
(D) This choice incorrectly uses "differences in" where "difference between" is required. Additionally, the plural pronoun "they" incorrectly refers to the singular noun "a diver." Finally, the construction "the human body's internal pressure and that of the ocean" is not parallel.
(E) CORRECT. The phrase "difference between" correctly replaces "differences in." Additionally, the verb "ascend" is in the subjunctive mood. Finally, the singular pronoun "he" correctly refers to the singular "a diver."


In option C, as per the OE -"the construction "the human body's internal pressure and that of the ocean" is not parallel." -- do the entities compared need to be completely parallel as follows?

1. the human body's internal pressure and the ocean's internal pressure
2. the internal pressure of the human body and that of the ocean - that refers to internal pressure

AjiteshArun , GMATNinja , MagooshExpert , GMATGuruNY , VeritasPrepBrian , MartyTargetTestPrep , DmitryFarber , VeritasKarishma , generis , other experts - please enlighten


I would look for the best available option after eliminating all grammatical errors. One can't study GMAT SC by learning Grammar rules in isolation except some basic ones such as subject-verb agreement. Hence, often, "Is this correct or not on GMAT SC?" is a question hard to answer. Look at all the options and decide which one is the best.
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Re: Because of differences in the humans body's internal pressure and the   [#permalink] 08 Apr 2019, 05:07
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