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Because the Earth’s crust is more solid there and thus better able to

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Re: Because the Earth’s crust is more solid there and thus better able to  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jan 2019, 03:03
Only D and E maintain the necessary //ism. Since a place is mentioned in the first half of the sentence, the second half needs one as well.The remaining two are largely correct but I am fairly sure “100 times more area” is wrong and E is very wordy.

As such D is the best option to choose.
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Re: Because the Earth’s crust is more solid there and thus better able to  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Sep 2019, 12:05
Hi AjiteshArun

Why is option a incorrect? Why can’t the same earthquake devastate both the eastern and western area? The non-underlined part clearly tells us that the eastern area is pretty vulnerable as compared to the western area? How do we know that we are supposed to compare two separate earthquakes of comparable magnitudes ? How do we make that distinction? As per the original sentence it is the same earthquake no?

I don’t have any problem eliminating option b, c and e..

Kindly help

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New post 09 Sep 2019, 18:12
aditliverpoolfc wrote:
Hi AjiteshArun

Why is option a incorrect? Why can’t the same earthquake devastate both the eastern and western area? The non-underlined part clearly tells us that the eastern area is pretty vulnerable as compared to the western area? How do we know that we are supposed to compare two separate earthquakes of comparable magnitudes ? How do we make that distinction? As per the original sentence it is the same earthquake no?

I don’t have any problem eliminating option b, c and e..

Kindly help

Best Regards,
Adit
Hi aditliverpoolfc,

This question asks us to take a meaning call. Let's take a look at the non-underlined portion first:

Because the Earth’s crust is more solid there (eastern United States) and thus better able to transmit shock waves

Now we need to take a call: should we restrict what the sentence has to say to just one earthquake? Let's assume that the epicentre of this one earthquake is somewhere in the west. Will that earthquake really cause "100x devastation" in the east, thousands of kilometres away? Or is it more likely that the intended meaning is that if the same amount of energy is ~applied in the east and in the west, the devastation in the east will be 100x that in the west?
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New post 09 Sep 2019, 19:50
AjiteshArun wrote:
aditliverpoolfc wrote:
Hi AjiteshArun

Why is option a incorrect? Why can’t the same earthquake devastate both the eastern and western area? The non-underlined part clearly tells us that the eastern area is pretty vulnerable as compared to the western area? How do we know that we are supposed to compare two separate earthquakes of comparable magnitudes ? How do we make that distinction? As per the original sentence it is the same earthquake no?

I don’t have any problem eliminating option b, c and e..

Kindly help

Best Regards,
Adit
Hi aditliverpoolfc,

This question asks us to take a meaning call. Let's take a look at the non-underlined portion first:

Because the Earth’s crust is more solid there (eastern United States) and thus better able to transmit shock waves

Now we need to take a call: should we restrict what the sentence has to say to just one earthquake? Let's assume that the epicentre of this one earthquake is somewhere in the west. Will that earthquake really cause "100x devastation" in the east, thousands of kilometres away? Or is it more likely that the intended meaning is that if the same amount of energy is ~applied in the east and in the west, the devastation in the east will be 100x that in the west?


So basically we aren’t given any information about the epicentre, could be in the east or in the west .. hence it is better to compare two different earthquakes..

Right?

Also, since the non-underlined part of the sentence says * because there.....*, we need to keep the place of impact as close to comma as possible? That ways we are left only with option d and e.. e is definitely wrong.. hence we are left with d..

Correct me if I am wrong

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Because the Earth’s crust is more solid there and thus better able to  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jan 2020, 23:46
Because the Earth’s crust is more solid there and thus better able to transmit shock waves, an earthquake of a given magnitude typically devastates an area 100 times greater in the eastern United States than it does in the West.


(A) of a given magnitude typically devastates an area 100 times greater in the eastern United States than it does in the West

(B) of a given magnitude will typically devastate 100 times the area if it occurs in the eastern United States instead of the West

(C) will typically devastate 100 times the area in the eastern United States than one of the comparable magnitude occurring in the West

(D) in the eastern United States will typically devastate an area 100 times greater than will a quake of comparable magnitude occurring in the West

(E) that occurs in the eastern United States will typically devastate 100 times more area than if it occurred with comparable magnitude in the West

A. The use of 'it' is incorrect because we are not talking about the same earthquake that will devastate one area and then go to the other area and devastate it as well.
B. Same 'it' pronoun error. Wrong comparison.Simply putting west in the second part makes it wrong.
C. Devastate 100 times the area in East US than one of the…. Wrong comparison.
D. Correct answer. Earthquake in East US will devastate an area 100 times greater than quake of a comparable mag (not the same earthquake) occurring in West. This is the correct comparison we were looking for.
E. 'It' pronoun error. Devastate 100 times more area than if it occurred. Wrong comparison.
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New post 26 Mar 2020, 14:10
ravstime wrote:
Hi,

As per Manhattan SC guide, following usage is wrong:

"The man is five times older than his grandson."


And the right usage is:

"The man is five times as old as his grandson."

Keeping this rule in mind, I had rejected D option..

Can anyone explain?


I have the same Q. Could you please throw some light? GMATNinja EducationAisle

Thanks!
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Re: Because the Earth’s crust is more solid there and thus better able to  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Mar 2020, 10:34
Isn't this question checks S-V agreement, by the word "devastates" and "devastate"?
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New post 29 Mar 2020, 19:43
lakshya14 wrote:
Isn't this question checks S-V agreement, by the word "devastates" and "devastate"?
Hi lakshya14,

Here are the five options:
1. an earthquake... devastates
2. an earthquake... will devastate
3. an earthquake... will devastate
4. an earthquake... will devastate
5. an earthquake... will devastate

In the first option, devastates is a verb, but in 2-5, the verb is actually will devastate. The will (helping verb) in those verbs effectively means that the devastate will not change even if the subject is singular. For example:

He studies.
They study.


He will study.
They will study.


Switching from he to they makes no difference if we use a will.
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Re: Because the Earth’s crust is more solid there and thus better able to  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Mar 2020, 21:44
lakshya14 wrote:
Isn't this question checks S-V agreement, by the word "devastates" and "devastate"?

Hi Lakshya, as AjiteshArjun mentions above, the concept of S-V agreement does not apply to future tense (largely when indicators such as will/shall/may are used).

Our book EducationAisle Sentence Correction Nirvana discusses this concept of S-V agreement. Have attached the corresponding section of the book, for your reference.
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Re: Because the Earth’s crust is more solid there and thus better able to   [#permalink] 29 Mar 2020, 21:44

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