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Because the Earth’s crust is more solid there and thus better able to

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A
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D
E

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The Official Guide for GMAT Review, 10th Edition, 2003

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 199
Page: 684

Because the Earth’s crust is more solid there and thus better able to transmit shock waves, an earthquake of a given magnitude typically devastates an area 100 times greater in the eastern United States than it does in the West.

(A) of a given magnitude typically devastates an area 100 times greater in the eastern United States than it does in the West

(B) of a given magnitude will typically devastate 100 times the area if it occurs in the eastern United States instead of the West

(C) will typically devastate 100 times the area in the eastern United States than one of the comparable magnitude occurring in the West

(D) in the eastern United States will typically devastate an area 100 times greater than will a quake of comparable magnitude occurring in the West

(E) that occurs in the eastern United States will typically devastate 100 times more area than if it occurred with comparable magnitude in the West

https://www.nytimes.com/1989/10/24/science/eastern-quakes-real-risk-few-precautions.html

On top of this, scientists say, an earthquake in the East can shake an area 100 times larger than a quake of the same magnitude in California. This is because the earth's crust is older, colder and more brittle in the East and tends to transmit seismic energy more efficiently. ''If you had a magnitude 7 earthquake and you put it halfway between New York City and Boston,'' Dr. Ebel said, ''you would have the potential of doing damage in both places,'' not to mention cities like Hartford and Providence.

Originally posted by MBA2ran on 17 May 2007, 04:38.
Last edited by hazelnut on 01 Jul 2018, 07:53, edited 2 times in total.
Edited the question.
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Re: Because the Earth’s crust is more solid there and thus better able to  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jul 2012, 08:47
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Two things to note here:

The pronoun ‘it’ referring to the earthquake in the east, creates muddle. It looks as though the said earthquake traveled from the east to the west and then we are comparing the devastations. This is wrong. The comparison is between the damage of one earthquake of a magnitude on one side and the damage of another earthquake of a similar magnitude on the other. That is the reason, we should drop A, B and E, which have the vexing pronoun ‘it’

Which is the appropriate one? 100 times the area or 100 times greater area? Both are correct, though mean different things. Therefore, context is the decider. Be concerned about what the original text says. If it says 100 times, then take 100 times. If it says 100 times grater than, then take 100 times greater than. Now you can confidently drop C. C also says 100 times …. than, which is a grammatical flaw. D is the pick
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Re: Because the Earth’s crust is more solid there and thus better able to  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Apr 2013, 08:52
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This sentence can be easily solved if we look at the not underlined part.

Because the Earth's crust is more solid there (where?) and thus better able to transmit shock waves, an earthquake of a given magnitude typically devastates an area 100 times greater in the eastern United States than it does in the West.

Because the first part introduces a "place" using "where", the part after the comma must complete this construct.
Only D and E remains.

(D) in the eastern United States will typically devastate an area 100 times greater than will a quake of comparable magnitude occurring in the West
CORRECT
(E) that occurs in the eastern United States will typically devastate 100 times more area than if it occurred with comparable magnitude in the West
"100 times more area" is wrong, and this option is wordy and unclear compared to D.

Let me know if this helps
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Re: Because the Earth’s crust is more solid there and thus better able to  [#permalink]

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New post 17 May 2007, 06:17
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Because the Earth’s crust is more solid there and thus better able to transmit shock waves, an earthquake of a given magnitude typically devastates an area 100 times greater in the eastern United States than it does in the West.
(A) of a given magnitude typically devastates an area 100 times greater in the eastern United States than it does in the West
it gives a impression that same quake will occur in the west also
(B) of a given magnitude will typically devastate 100 times the area if it occurs in the eastern United States instead of the West
same problem as above
(C) will typically devastate 100 times the area in the eastern United States than one of the comparable magnitude occurring in the West
an area 100 times greater...is better than 100 times the area
(D) in the eastern United States will typically devastate an area 100 times greater than will a quake of comparable magnitude occurring in the West
correct
(E) that occurs in the eastern United States will typically devastate 100 times more area than if it occurred with comparable magnitude in the Wests
same problem as A,B
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Re: Because the Earth’s crust is more solid there and thus better able to  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Apr 2010, 10:26
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Some thoughts:
1. “X of Y” means Y’s X.
=> “X of Y” indicates y possesses X. It is a possessive case.
If we say “earthquake of a given magnitude”, we mean “A given magnitude’s earthquake”. It does not make sense, and it is awkward.
=> This rule eliminates A, and B.
2. Comparative Degree:
=> Whenever we see “than”, we expect a comparative form of adjective such as “greater, smaller, taller, more beautiful before “than”.
=> Look at option C. There is no such comparative form of adjective. So, C is out.
3. “100 times more area” is unidiomatic:
=> Then idiomatic usage with 100 times includes:
--- “100 times the area that”
---“100 times the area of X”
---“100 time more likely than”
=> This rule eliminates E.
Besides, the option E has tense problem.

Answer is D.

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Re: Because the Earth’s crust is more solid there and thus better able to  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Feb 2012, 05:10
A is incorrect, as it distorts the intent:

It suggests that the event(earthquake in the west and earthquake in the east) has actually happened and the same earthquake (earthquake in the east) causes distruction in the west as well.

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Re: Because the Earth’s crust is more solid there and thus better able to  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Apr 2012, 03:13
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(A) of a given magnitude typically devastates an area 100 times greater in the eastern United States than it does in the West
( "It" has no clear referent)
(B) of a given magnitude will typically devastate 100 times the area if it occurs in the eastern United States instead of the West
( "It" has no clear referent, here it refers area)
(C) will typically devastate 100 times the area in the eastern United States than one of the comparable magnitude occurring in the West

(D) in the eastern United States will typically devastate an area 100 times greater than will a quake of comparable magnitude occurring in the West

(E) that occurs in the eastern United States will typically devastate 100 times more area than if it occurred with comparable magnitude in the West
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Re: Because the Earth’s crust is more solid there and thus better able to  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jul 2012, 08:12
Hi,

As per Manhattan SC guide, following usage is wrong:

"The man is five times older than his grandson."


And the right usage is:

"The man is five times as old as his grandson."

Keeping this rule in mind, I had rejected D option..

Can anyone explain?
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Re: Because the Earth’s crust is more solid there and thus better able to  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Apr 2013, 10:13
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Good Question Kudos for that

CharuKapoor wrote:
Because the Earth's crust is more solid there and thus better able to transmit shock waves, an earthquake of a given magnitude typically devastates an area 100 times greater in the eastern United States than it does in the West.

(A) of a given magnitude typically devastates an area 100 times greater in the eastern United States than it does in the West -> after than expecting " in the west"

(B) of a given magnitude will typically devastate 100 times the area if it occurs in the eastern United States instead of the West meaning changed ; there is no comparision with the degree of devastation. rather simpley saying one area will be devasted 100 number of times

(C) will typically devastate 100 times the area in the eastern United States than one of comparable magnitude occurring in the West same issue as B

(D) in the eastern United States will typically devastate an area 100 times greater than will a quake of comparable magnitude occurring in the West

(E) that occurs in the eastern United States will typically devastate 100 times more area than if it occurred with comparable magnitude in the West the size is increased not the degree


Just a quick note: As we not talking about any particular area rather Areas in general usage of THE AREA is wrong ( B,C commit this error)
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Re: Because the Earth’s crust is more solid there and thus better able to  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Apr 2017, 19:25
Pretty tough question !!!
Please find my reasoning below.

If anything is wrong,please feel free to advise :-)

BANON wrote:
Because the Earth's crust is more solid there and thus better able to transmit shock waves, an earthquake of a given magnitude typically devastates an area 100 times greater in the eastern United States than it does in the West.


(A) of a given magnitude typically devastates an area 100 times greater in the eastern United States than it does in the West
INCORRECT... "IT" is problematic.It is not the same earthquake that devastates an area in both the East and the West.

(B) of a given magnitude will typically devastate 100 times the area if it occurs in the eastern United States instead of the West
INCORRECT... same as (A)

(C) will typically devastate 100 times the area in the eastern United States than one of comparable magnitude occurring in the West
INCORRECT... change in meaning.The intended meaning is to show that a quake devastates the area in eastern United States more severly than a quake of comparable magnitude does in the West.

(D) in the eastern United States will typically devastate an area 100 times greater than will a quake of comparable magnitude occurring in the West
CORRECT

(E) that occurs in the eastern United States will typically devastate 100 times more area than if it occurred with comparable magnitude in the West
INCORRECT... same as (A)
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Re: Because the Earth’s crust is more solid there and thus better able to  [#permalink]

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New post 04 May 2017, 07:00
Bumping. Good question!!

As per the meaning, we are comparing earthquakes in the Eastern and Western part.

Because the Earth's crust is more solid there and thus better able to transmit shock waves, an earthquake of a given magnitude typically devastates an area 100 times greater in the eastern United States than it does in the West.

(A) of a given magnitude typically devastates an area 100 times greater in the eastern United States than it does in the West
(B) of a given magnitude will typically devastate 100 times the area if it occurs in the eastern United States instead of the West : Comparison of Eastern earthquake with western part itself.
(C) will typically devastate 100 times the area in the eastern United States than one of comparable magnitude occurring in the West What is One referring to? Quake or Area? Not clear. Hence, incorrect
(D) in the eastern United States will typically devastate an area 100 times greater than will a quake of comparable magnitude occurring in the West: Correct comparison. Correct answer
(E) that occurs in the eastern United States will typically devastate 100 times more area than if it occurred with comparable magnitude in the West
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Re: Because the Earth’s crust is more solid there and thus better able to  [#permalink]

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New post 04 May 2017, 10:13
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Because the Earth's crust is more solid there and thus better able to transmit shock waves, an earthquake of a given magnitude typically devastates an area 100 times greater in the eastern United States than it does in the West.

The subtle clue is in the use of the pronoun 'it'. An earthquake in the east… that if it occurred in the west means that the very same quake in the east will have to relocate to the west to cause the damage. That is not what the passage wants to say. It is talking of quakes of comparable strength in two different geographies. That is the reason we can instantly dump choices A, B, and E.


(A) of a given magnitude typically devastates an area 100 times greater in the eastern United States than it does in the West -- 'it' is wrong as explained above

(B) of a given magnitude will typically devastate 100 times the area if it occurs in the eastern United States instead of the West -- same as A; in addition, there is slip - up in the prepositional parallelism. It should be 'in the west" rather than simply 'the west'

(C) will typically devastate 100 times the area in the eastern United States than one of comparable magnitude occurring in the West- because we comparing an action namely devastate, we must match the verb in the first arm with a matching verb in the second arm, lest the comparison turns out between a devastation and an earthquake

(D) in the eastern United States will typically devastate an area 100 times greater than will a quake of comparable magnitude occurring in the West -- This is the best choice with proper comparison and prepositional parallelism and no pronoun error

(E) that occurs in the eastern United States will typically devastate 100 times more area than if it occurred with comparable magnitude in the West-- same pronoun problem of it. The sentence is also wrong as per the construct of the second conditional. You can't use a simple future in the main clause
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Re: Because the Earth’s crust is more solid there and thus better able to  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jul 2017, 06:29
Because the Earth's crust is more solid there and thus better able to transmit shock waves, an earthquake of a given magnitude typically devastates an area 100 times greater in the eastern United States than it does in the West.

(A) of a given magnitude typically devastates an area 100 times greater in the eastern United States than it does in the West

(B) of a given magnitude will typically devastate 100 times the area if it occurs in the eastern United States instead of the West

(C) will typically devastate 100 times the area in the eastern United States than one of the comparable magnitude occurring in the West

(D) in the eastern United States will typically devastate an area 100 times greater than will a quake of comparable magnitude occurring in the West

(E) that occurs in the eastern United States will typically devastate 100 times more area than if it occurred with comparable magnitude in the West

GMATNinjaTwo Why A is incorrect? I selected A because it states a general fact and we need present tense to state a general fact.

Could you help to explain the "will" clause in (D)?
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Re: Because the Earth’s crust is more solid there and thus better able to  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jul 2017, 07:57
hazelnut wrote:
Because the Earth's crust is more solid there and thus better able to transmit shock waves, an earthquake of a given magnitude typically devastates an area 100 times greater in the eastern United States than it does in the West.

(A) of a given magnitude typically devastates an area 100 times greater in the eastern United States than it does in the West

(B) of a given magnitude will typically devastate 100 times the area if it occurs in the eastern United States instead of the West

(C) will typically devastate 100 times the area in the eastern United States than one of the comparable magnitude occurring in the West

(D) in the eastern United States will typically devastate an area 100 times greater than will a quake of comparable magnitude occurring in the West

(E) that occurs in the eastern United States will typically devastate 100 times more area than if it occurred with comparable magnitude in the West

GMATNinjaTwo Why A is incorrect? I selected A because it states a general fact and we need present tense to state a general fact.

Could you help to explain the "will" clause in (D)?


Hey Hazelnut,

I'm no expert but here's my take on this question.

1) The sequence of events in the subordinate clause 'because....waves' states a general fact , so it logically, for me at least, requires us to the use the future tense as we are not sure if the earthquake's damage in the east vs. the west is a general fact.
2) The subordinate clause is describing the qualities of a particular place, so we should ideally be comparing what will happen in one area Vs. what will happen in the other area.
3) 'It' - This pronoun is basically referring to the earthquake that occurs in the East. Now the 'same' earthquake cannot occur in the west. We can have a 'similar' earthquake, or as the sentence puts it, an earthquake of a similar magnitude. If we were talking about the 'same' earthquake, we would need a hypothetical construction in the answer choices, in my opinion.

The construction in D is similar to - Because the Pizza is good at the diner, People will form a queue to eat that pizza.

If any experts have an opinion, please do share :)
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Re: Because the Earth’s crust is more solid there and thus better able to  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jul 2017, 07:48
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hazelnut wrote:
Because the Earth's crust is more solid there and thus better able to transmit shock waves, an earthquake of a given magnitude typically devastates an area 100 times greater in the eastern United States than it does in the West.

(A) of a given magnitude typically devastates an area 100 times greater in the eastern United States than it does in the West

(B) of a given magnitude will typically devastate 100 times the area if it occurs in the eastern United States instead of the West

(C) will typically devastate 100 times the area in the eastern United States than one of the comparable magnitude occurring in the West

(D) in the eastern United States will typically devastate an area 100 times greater than will a quake of comparable magnitude occurring in the West

(E) that occurs in the eastern United States will typically devastate 100 times more area than if it occurred with comparable magnitude in the West

GMATNinjaTwo Why A is incorrect? I selected A because it states a general fact and we need present tense to state a general fact.

Could you help to explain the "will" clause in (D)?


Option A has a meaning problem - option A implies that ANY earthquake (originated anywhere on the face of earth) would devastate 100x area in eastern US and x area in the west (i.e. one earthquake causing devastation to both areas). This does not make sense.

However option D correctly conveys that an earthquake in eastern US would cause devastation in 100x area, while an earthquake of same magnitude in western US would cause devastation in x area. (2 different earthquakes in two different regions are referred to.)
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Re: Because the Earth’s crust is more solid there and thus better able to  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jul 2017, 09:17
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(C) will typically devastate 100 times the area in the eastern United States than one of the comparable magnitude occurring in the West

(D) in the eastern United States will typically devastate an area 100 times greater than will a quake of comparable magnitude occurring in the West

if you are using the comparative degree comparison using the marker 'than', then you have to use a comparative adjective such as greater, more, fewer, lesser or less.

example: an area 100 times greater than, ten times larger than etc.
'
'Than' cannot be used for an expression like '100 times the area … than'.

Therefore, C is wrong and D correct.
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Re: Because the Earth’s crust is more solid there and thus better able to  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Oct 2017, 06:16
I got the right answer D by eliminating choices B,C, & E for using phrase "devastate 100 times the area".
As per the question stem, we are comparing degree of devastation in a particular area "devastate an area 100 times".

Please guide me whether my reasoning is correct.
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Re: Because the Earth’s crust is more solid there and thus better able to  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Oct 2017, 07:13
apache wrote:
Because the Earth’s crust is more solid there and thus better able to transmit shock waves, an earthquake of a given magnitude typically devastates an area 100 times greater in the eastern United States than it does in the West.
(A) of a given magnitude typically devastates an area 100 times greater in the eastern United States than it does in the West
it gives a impression that same quake will occur in the west also
(B) of a given magnitude will typically devastate 100 times the area if it occurs in the eastern United States instead of the West
same problem as above
(C) will typically devastate 100 times the area in the eastern United States than one of the comparable magnitude occurring in the West
an area 100 times greater...is better than 100 times the area
(D) in the eastern United States will typically devastate an area 100 times greater than will a quake of comparable magnitude occurring in the West
correct
(E) that occurs in the eastern United States will typically devastate 100 times more area than if it occurred with comparable magnitude in the Wests
same problem as A,B



hi,
can you please tell me why 100 times the area is incorrect as in C ? I had picked as it looked concise to me :|
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Re: Because the Earth’s crust is more solid there and thus better able to  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Feb 2018, 10:44
ShashwatPrakash wrote:
I understand the OA, but I have one silly doubt. Please bear with me: In option D 'earthquake....devastate an area', shouldn't it be 'devastates'?

Hi ShashwatPrakash, this is something that you need to be comfortable with:

In future tense, we always use a plural form of the verb, irrespective of whether the subject is singular or plural.

D is in future tense: earthquake....will devastate...

Hence, despite a singular subject (earthquake), we use the plural verb devastate.

p.s. Our book EducationAisle Sentence Correction Nirvana has a note on this property. Have attached the corresponding section of the book, for your reference.
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Re: Because the Earth’s crust is more solid there and thus better able to  [#permalink]

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New post 07 May 2018, 08:56
daagh wrote:
Two things to note here:

The pronoun ‘it’ referring to the earthquake in the east, creates muddle. It looks as though the said earthquake traveled from the east to the west and then we are comparing the devastations. This is wrong. The comparison is between the damage of one earthquake of a magnitude on one side and the damage of another earthquake of a similar magnitude on the other. That is the reason, we should drop A, B and E, which have the vexing pronoun ‘it’

Which is the appropriate one? 100 times the area or 100 times greater area? Both are correct, though mean different things. Therefore, context is the decider. Be concerned about what the original text says. If it says 100 times, then take 100 times. If it says 100 times grater than, then take 100 times greater than. Now you can confidently drop C. C also says 100 times …. than, which is a grammatical flaw. D is the pick


Please guide me where I am wrong> should not this sentence contain would instead of will as it is a conditional statement?
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