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Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a co

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Re: Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a co [#permalink]

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Revision Project: Before its independence in 1947 [#permalink]

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Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a colony and they would relinquish power only after a long struggle by the native people.

A. Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a colony and they would relinquish power

B. Before independence in 1947, Britain had ruled India as a colony and relinquished power

C. Before its independence in 1947, India was ruled by Britain as a colony and they relinquished power

D. Before independence in 1947, India had been ruled as a colony by Britain, which relinquished power

E. Before independence in 1947, India had been a colony of the British, who relinquished power

[Reveal] Spoiler: OE
The original sentence begins with a modifier ("Before its independence") that clearly
describes India, though the subject of the main clause is Britain. Moreover, "ruled
India as a colony" is wordy and the verb "ruled" is in the simple past when it would be
better in the past perfect (two past actions, one of which was earlier). Finally, "they"
has no grammatical antecedent and "would" is not a proper tense here (the simple
past is required).
(A) This choice is incorrect as it repeats the original sentence.
(B) Britain should not be the recipient of the modifier "Before its independence."
(C) The pronoun "they" has no logical antecedent. Logically it probably refers to the
British, but the British do not appear in the sentence. Also the past perfect tense
would have been preferable here (had been ruled) since the ruling occurred before
the relinquishing of the power.
(D) The phrase "ruled as a colony by Britain" is awkward and unclear. The placement
of the modifier "by Britain" makes it unclear that the ruling is being done by Britain.
(E) CORRECT. This correctly places India as the recipient of the opening modifier.
The past perfect is utilized to indicate that different times in the past. Notice that the
word "ruled" has been removed from this answer choice, however, this did not result
in a change of meaning. To be a colony of the British is to be ruled by the British.
The exclusion of the pronoun its in the beginning of the sentence (see answer
choices A and C) is incidental. The sentence would have been correct with the
pronoun its as well.

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Re: Revision Project: Before its independence in 1947 [#permalink]

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Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a colony and they would relinquish power only after a long struggle by the native people.

A. Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a colony and they would relinquish power - "its" may ref to India or Britain. Ambiguous. Eliminate

B. Before independence in 1947, Britain had ruled India as a colony and relinquished power - Before independence in 1947 should modify India as per intended meaning. Had (past perfect) is not required here.

C. Before its independence in 1947, India was ruled by Britain as a colony and they relinquished power - Its and They has no clear reference.

D. Before independence in 1947, India had been ruled as a colony by Britain, which relinquished power - Seems ok

E. Before independence in 1947, India had been a colony of the British, who relinquished power - Seems ok

between D & E, i will choose D.


Had been not required in E. in Option D, passive construction allows had been.

any other explanation.
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Re: Revision Project: Before its independence in 1947 [#permalink]

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souvik101990 wrote:
Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a colony and they would relinquish power only after a long struggle by the native people.

A. Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a colony and they would relinquish power

B. Before independence in 1947, Britain had ruled India as a colony and relinquished power

C. Before its independence in 1947, India was ruled by Britain as a colony and they relinquished power

D. Before independence in 1947, India had been ruled as a colony by Britain, which relinquished power

E. Before independence in 1947, India had been a colony of the British, who relinquished power

[Reveal] Spoiler:
OA - In a while!

E for me. Since British refers to people 'which' is not possible.

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Re: Revision Project: Before its independence in 1947 [#permalink]

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321kumarsushant wrote:
Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a colony and they would relinquish power only after a long struggle by the native people.

A. Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a colony and they would relinquish power - "its" may ref to India or Britain. Ambiguous. Eliminate

B. Before independence in 1947, Britain had ruled India as a colony and relinquished power - Before independence in 1947 should modify India as per intended meaning. Had (past perfect) is not required here.

C. Before its independence in 1947, India was ruled by Britain as a colony and they relinquished power - Its and They has no clear reference.

D. Before independence in 1947, India had been ruled as a colony by Britain, which relinquished power - Seems ok

E. Before independence in 1947, India had been a colony of the British, who relinquished power - Seems ok

between D & E, i will choose D.


Had been not required in E. in Option D, passive construction allows had been.

any other explanation.


hi sushant firstly 'HAD BEEN ' IS REQD AS WE ARE TALKING OF A PERIOD BEFORE 1947..
and secondly D can be out for the following reasons...
1) ruled as a colony .. i feel one of them is redundant as colony in itself means it is being ruled..
2)second and more important 'which' is for things and 'who' should be used for countries..
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Re: Revision Project: Before its independence in 1947 [#permalink]

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ans E...

A. Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a colony and they would relinquish power
they ' is wrong

B. Before independence in 1947, Britain had ruled India as a colony and relinquished power
wrong modifier, britian being modified

C. Before its independence in 1947, India was ruled by Britain as a colony and they relinquished power
again they is incorrect for a single country

D. Before independence in 1947, India had been ruled as a colony by Britain, which relinquished power
ruled not reqd and which is wrong

E. Before independence in 1947, India had been a colony of the British, who relinquished power
correct
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Re: Revision Project: Before its independence in 1947 [#permalink]

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chetan2u wrote:
ans E...

A. Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a colony and they would relinquish power
they ' is wrong

B. Before independence in 1947, Britain had ruled India as a colony and relinquished power
wrong modifier, britian being modified

C. Before its independence in 1947, India was ruled by Britain as a colony and they relinquished power
again they is incorrect for a single country

D. Before independence in 1947, India had been ruled as a colony by Britain, which relinquished power
ruled not reqd and which is wrong

E. Before independence in 1947, India had been a colony of the British, who relinquished power
correct




I don't think "which" is wrong in D. It refers to Britain.
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Re: Revision Project: Before its independence in 1947 [#permalink]

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Ergenekon wrote:
chetan2u wrote:
ans E...

A. Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a colony and they would relinquish power
they ' is wrong

B. Before independence in 1947, Britain had ruled India as a colony and relinquished power
wrong modifier, britian being modified

C. Before its independence in 1947, India was ruled by Britain as a colony and they relinquished power
again they is incorrect for a single country

D. Before independence in 1947, India had been ruled as a colony by Britain, which relinquished power
ruled not reqd and which is wrong

E. Before independence in 1947, India had been a colony of the British, who relinquished power
correct




I don't think "which" is wrong in D. It refers to Britain.


I want to say E for the same reasons too. British should be referred to by "who"

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Re: Revision Project: Before its independence in 1947 [#permalink]

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A. Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a colony and they would relinquish power : Wrongly 'Before its independence in 1947' wrongly modifies Britain , Also who is the they referring to ..should be it .

B. Before independence in 1947, Britain had ruled India as a colony and relinquished power : Wrongly 'Before its independence in 1947' wrongly modifies Britain

C. Before its independence in 1947, India was ruled by Britain as a colony and they relinquished power : They seems to suggest india would relinquish power which changes the meaning of the sentence .

D. Before independence in 1947, India had been ruled as a colony by Britain, which relinquished power
A tad bit confused on this one , sounds awkward also passive construction .

E. Before independence in 1947, India had been a colony of the British, who relinquished power
Bingo E is right answer .

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Re: Revision Project: Before its independence in 1947 [#permalink]

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Ergenekon wrote:
chetan2u wrote:
ans E...

A. Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a colony and they would relinquish power
they ' is wrong

B. Before independence in 1947, Britain had ruled India as a colony and relinquished power
wrong modifier, britian being modified

C. Before its independence in 1947, India was ruled by Britain as a colony and they relinquished power
again they is incorrect for a single country

D. Before independence in 1947, India had been ruled as a colony by Britain, which relinquished power
ruled not reqd and which is wrong

E. Before independence in 1947, India had been a colony of the British, who relinquished power
correct




I don't think "which" is wrong in D. It refers to Britain.


hi ,
let me ask you one thing . what pronoun do we use to refer to countries ?
It is generally 'she'... so we should not use 'which' as it is used for things..
'who' fits in for pronoun 'she'... but i agree it is debatable...
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Re: Revision Project: Before its independence in 1947 [#permalink]

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Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a colony and they would relinquish power only after a long struggle by the native people.

lets study the contenders......

D. Before independence in 1947, India had been ruled as a colony by Britain, which relinquished power-- means : India was ruled by Britain, how: as a colony... "which" may be ok as a modifier to "britain"... may not be a modifier to "british" though.....hence sentence APPEARS OK....

E. Before independence in 1947, India had been a colony of the British, who relinquished power.....India had been a colony of the British... colony in which the inhabitants were the British....In this case it talks nothing of who ruled whom....

British, who relinquished power..... is ok as british are people......

hence i feel D is right and E is wrong......

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Re: Revision Project: Before its independence in 1947 [#permalink]

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New post 07 Feb 2015, 23:21
semwal wrote:
Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a colony and they would relinquish power only after a long struggle by the native people.

lets study the contenders......

D. Before independence in 1947, India had been ruled as a colony by Britain, which relinquished power-- means : India was ruled by Britain, how: as a colony... "which" may be ok as a modifier to "britain"... may not be a modifier to "british" though.....hence sentence APPEARS OK....

E. Before independence in 1947, India had been a colony of the British, who relinquished power.....India had been a colony of the British... colony in which the inhabitants were the British....In this case it talks nothing of who ruled whom....

British, who relinquished power..... is ok as british are people......

hence i feel D is right and E is wrong......


hi semwal,
ruling is inherent to word colony..
to be a colony means to be ruled by that country..
rather in D, use of both colony and ruled may not be correct..
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Re: Revision Project: Before its independence in 1947 [#permalink]

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Here we go,

The fight is between option D and Option E

Option D: India had been ruled as a colony by Britain

as is used as a preposition here.. followed by a noun -> Colony
when as is used as a preposition, it generally means 'in a role of'/ 'in a capacity of'

For Example -

As a teacher, Rahul has done a commendable job. ---> Rahul is in the role of Teacher.

The India in the role/capacity of colony had been ruled by Britain ----> wrong

Going with E.

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Re: Revision Project: Before its independence in 1947 [#permalink]

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Revision Project: Before its independence in 1947 [#permalink]

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New post 24 Mar 2015, 09:01
The use of "which" in D is not incorrect.

Consider these phrases:

The British are the people who eat fish and chips.

Britain is the country in which they eat fish and chips.

(or say Britain is the country which eats fish and chips.)

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Re: Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a co [#permalink]

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New post 31 Mar 2015, 04:12
Haha i wonder that i should know who got independence in 1947 - India or Britain?=)))
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Re: Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a co [#permalink]

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New post 31 Mar 2015, 07:08
Haha...it's certainly faster when you know about the relationship between Britain and India...this question probably does favor Indians a bit.

GMAT questions are designed to be self-evident, meaning that you don't need outside information to understand the proper meaning. This question is the same - you can determine the proper relationship between the countries based on who "ruled".

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Re: Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a co [#permalink]

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New post 31 Mar 2015, 15:23
Oh yeah Kyle. Perfect reply=))
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Re: Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a co [#permalink]

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New post 29 Sep 2015, 05:08
garimavyas wrote:
i too narrowed down to D and E, why is WHO > WHICH ?


E is favored for the main part of the sentence.... but this doubt of Who v/s which is creating a niggling doubt.... Is it a trick or am i missing something... ?

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Re: Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a co [#permalink]

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New post 19 Oct 2015, 05:42
pr31 wrote:
garimavyas wrote:
i too narrowed down to D and E, why is WHO > WHICH ?


E is favored for the main part of the sentence.... but this doubt of Who v/s which is creating a niggling doubt.... Is it a trick or am i missing something... ?


See the posts above for the issues with D - they are related to meaning and don't have anything to do with 'which'. On this question both who and which are used correctly therefore one is not greater than another.

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Re: Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a co   [#permalink] 19 Oct 2015, 05:42

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