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Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a co

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Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a co [#permalink]

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Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a colony and they would relinquish power only after a long struggle by the native people.

(A) Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a colony and they would relinquish power
(B) Before independence in 1947, Britain had ruled India as a colony and relinquished power
(C) Before its independence in 1947, India was ruled by Britain as a colony and they relinquished power
(D) Before independence in 1947, India had been ruled as a colony by Britain, which relinquished power
(E) Before independence in 1947, India had been a colony of the British, who relinquished power

[Reveal] Spoiler:
The following question came in one of MGMAT tests. I am not convinced to the OA. Hoping somebody can explain.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a co [#permalink]

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New post 26 Nov 2009, 06:23
a. Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a colony and they would relinquish power
Here "its" refers to Britain, not India
b. Before independence in 1947, Britain had ruled India as a colony and relinquished power
Unclear, whose independence are we talking about. Seems like Britain's
c. Before its independence in 1947, India was ruled by Britain as a colony and they relinquished power
They? It's plural. India AND Britain had something done together?
d. Before independence in 1947, India had been ruled as a colony by Britain, which relinquished power
e. Before independence in 1947, India had been a colony of the British, who relinquished power



D) "which" refers only to things or groups I don't know whether ".... Britain, which ...." is correct usage
E) Isn't here a shift of meaning? "India was colony of Britain" is not same as "Britain ruled India" (or "India was ruled by Britain")

So, I'm utterly confused :roll:

Last edited by shalva on 26 Nov 2009, 06:35, edited 2 times in total.

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Re: Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a co [#permalink]

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sinharavi wrote:
The following question came in one of MGMAT tests. I am not convinced to the OA. Hoping somebody can explain.

Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a colony and they would relinquish power only after a long struggle by the native people.
a. Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a colony and they would relinquish power
b. Before independence in 1947, Britain had ruled India as a colony and relinquished power
c. Before its independence in 1947, India was ruled by Britain as a colony and they relinquished power
d. Before independence in 1947, India had been ruled as a colony by Britain, which relinquished power
e. Before independence in 1947, India had been a colony of the British, who relinquished power



The first part is modifier. What it modifiers? Clearly India, not Britain. So, A,B out.
In C "they" refers to singular Britain - C is out.

D and E, from my point of view, both look grammatically correct. However in D "had been ruled as a colony" sounds bad. Had been a colony of - sounds better.

I choose E.

BWT, guys, can somebody explain distinction between "WHICH" in D and "WHO" in E. What is correct?

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Re: Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a co [#permalink]

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New post 26 Nov 2009, 07:02
OA is E. I am not convinced by the statement in bold. Why would "by Britain" make the statement unclear ?

MGMAT Explanation for D and E below.

(D) The phrase "ruled as a colony by Britain" is awkward and unclear. The placement of the modifer "by Britain" makes it unclear that the ruling is being done by Britain.

(E) CORRECT. This correctly places India as the recipient of the opening modifier. The past perfect is utilized to indicate that different times in the past. Notice that the word "ruled" has been removed from this answer choice, however, this did not result in a change of meaning. To be a colony of the British is to be ruled by the British. The exclusion of the pronoun its in the beginning of the sentence (see answer choices A and C) is incidental. The sentence would have been correct with the pronoun its as well.

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Re: Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a co [#permalink]

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New post 26 Nov 2009, 07:23
tuesday-q1-independence-85262.html
http://gmatclub.com:8080/forum/viewtopi ... w=previous
http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/bri ... t2008.html
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Re: Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a co [#permalink]

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New post 28 Nov 2009, 20:18
a. Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a colony and they would relinquish power
-Misplaced modifier
b. Before independence in 1947, Britain had ruled India as a colony and relinquished power
- Misplaced modifier
c. Before its independence in 1947, India was ruled by Britain as a colony and they relinquished
Power
-Incorrect tense. Past perfect is required
d. Before independence in 1947, India had been ruled as a colony by Britain, which relinquished power
-Redundancy (ruled and colony). “Which” cannot refer to people (Britain)
e. Before independence in 1947, India had been a colony of the British, who relinquished power
-Correct Answer

Hence E

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Re: Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a co [#permalink]

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A) Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a colony and they would relinquish power ….. misplaced modification, India should come after modifier phrase
B) Before independence in 1947, Britain had ruled India as a colony and relinquished power ...... same as A
C) Before its independence in 1947, India was ruled by Britain as a colony and they relinquished power … correct modification but ambiguous pronoun ‘they’
D) before independence in 1947, India had been ruled as a colony by Britain, which relinquished power ----- ‘had been ruled as a colony by Britain’ is round about.
E) Before independence in 1947, India had been a colony of the British, who relinquished power…….’had been a colony of the British’ is more forthright.


E the choice
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Re: Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a co [#permalink]

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New post 23 Feb 2011, 16:12
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haha...this question favours Indians ;)

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Re: Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a co [#permalink]

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After "Before its independence in 1947", India -> "India" should be placed immediately after the modifier.
A and B out

C, D and E remain.
C, D - "by" hence both passive. out
E has to be the answer.

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Re: Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a co [#permalink]

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I stopped for a few secs before choosing E between D & E.

Do you consider Britain a country or people! I preferred latter. 'ruled as a colony' sounds a bit awkward.
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New post 28 Feb 2011, 04:32
i too narrowed down to D and E, why is WHO > WHICH ?
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Re: Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a co [#permalink]

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New post 28 Feb 2011, 05:28
I think "ruled as a colony" in choice D is lengthy and redundant, so E is preferable.
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Re: Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a co [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jul 2011, 00:54
sinharavi wrote:
The following question came in one of MGMAT tests. I am not convinced to the OA. Hoping somebody can explain.

Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a colony and they would relinquish power only after a long struggle by the native people.
a. Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a colony and they would relinquish power
b. Before independence in 1947, Britain had ruled India as a colony and relinquished power
c. Before its independence in 1947, India was ruled by Britain as a colony and they relinquished power
d. Before independence in 1947, India had been ruled as a colony by Britain, which relinquished power
e. Before independence in 1947, India had been a colony of the British, who relinquished power


"Before its independence in 1947" should modify India so A,B are out

for C "they" is wrong usage here so this is also out

now between D & E
in D
"ruled as a colony by British" is wrong construction

Hence E is the most suitable option

hope this helps.......:) :)
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New post 15 Jul 2011, 03:35
"ruled as colony" seems redundant. E is good.
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Re: Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a co [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jul 2011, 10:04
"who" is only used for a person, not sure whether "who" can be used metaphorically for a person, and not even sure whether Britain is used as metaphor. Although D distorts the meaning a bit, it's grammatically correct, but E is definitely grammatically incorrect because of "who".

Can someone please explain what am I missing here?
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Re: Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a co [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jul 2011, 10:52
sgupta0827 wrote:
"who" is only used for a person, not sure whether "who" can be used metaphorically for a person, and not even sure whether Britain is used as metaphor. Although D distorts the meaning a bit, it's grammatically correct, but E is definitely grammatically incorrect because of "who".

Can someone please explain what am I missing here?


Same for me. How can we use "who" to describe Britain?
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Re: Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a co [#permalink]

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sgupta0827 wrote:
"who" is only used for a person, not sure whether "who" can be used metaphorically for a person, and not even sure whether Britain is used as metaphor. Although D distorts the meaning a bit, it's grammatically correct, but E is definitely grammatically incorrect because of "who".

Can someone please explain what am I missing here?


Same for me. How can we use "who" to describe Britain?


Please look closely: it's British, not Britain.

Also, we usually say; British Colony, French Colony, Portuguese Colony. Saying "colony of British" is not wrong.
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Re: Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a co [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jul 2011, 12:07
fluke wrote:
144144 wrote:
sgupta0827 wrote:
"who" is only used for a person, not sure whether "who" can be used metaphorically for a person, and not even sure whether Britain is used as metaphor. Although D distorts the meaning a bit, it's grammatically correct, but E is definitely grammatically incorrect because of "who".

Can someone please explain what am I missing here?


Same for me. How can we use "who" to describe Britain?


Please look closely: it's British, not Britain.

Also, we usually say; British Colony, French Colony, Portuguese Colony. Saying "colony of British" is not wrong.


Good one man. That definitely helps! I don't know whether I will be able to spot these can-only-be-caught-with-eagle's-eye type errors in the real exam considering the pressure due to time.
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New post 16 Jul 2011, 12:43
A close call between D, and E but E takes the cake for sure ...
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Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a co [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jul 2011, 12:48
sgupta0827 wrote:
Good one man. That definitely helps! I don't know whether I will be able to spot these can-only-be-caught-with-eagle's-eye type errors in the real exam considering the pressure due to time.


I can assure that you will ! just stick tight, give your best shot.....I can tell you from my personal experience :)
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Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a co   [#permalink] 16 Jul 2011, 12:48

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