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Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a co

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Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a co  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Nov 2009, 05:50
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A
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D
E

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Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a colony and they would relinquish power only after a long struggle by the native people.

(A) Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a colony and they would relinquish power
(B) Before independence in 1947, Britain had ruled India as a colony and relinquished power
(C) Before its independence in 1947, India was ruled by Britain as a colony and they relinquished power
(D) Before independence in 1947, India had been ruled as a colony by Britain, which relinquished power
(E) Before independence in 1947, India had been a colony of the British, who relinquished power

The following question came in one of MGMAT tests. I am not convinced to the OA. Hoping somebody can explain.
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Re: Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a co  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Oct 2013, 22:48
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vietmoi999 wrote:
why D is wrong?. I think "which" in D is correct.

if we can not explain why D is wrong, we have to accepat that D is correct and this question is not good.


I agree with your statement...we need to find ways to eliminate the incorrect answers. Let's talk about D. As was stated, the wording "ruled as a colony by Britain" is indirect/wordy language that the GMAT does not like. Additionally, using that wording creates a potential meaning where India isn't even a colony, just that is was ruled as if it were a colony. Choice E clearly states that India was actually a British colony. Back to meaning issues with choice D, you could also interpret from that wording that India was a colony "next to" Britain.

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Re: Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a co  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 26 Nov 2009, 06:35
a. Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a colony and they would relinquish power
Here "its" refers to Britain, not India
b. Before independence in 1947, Britain had ruled India as a colony and relinquished power
Unclear, whose independence are we talking about. Seems like Britain's
c. Before its independence in 1947, India was ruled by Britain as a colony and they relinquished power
They? It's plural. India AND Britain had something done together?
d. Before independence in 1947, India had been ruled as a colony by Britain, which relinquished power
e. Before independence in 1947, India had been a colony of the British, who relinquished power



D) "which" refers only to things or groups I don't know whether ".... Britain, which ...." is correct usage
E) Isn't here a shift of meaning? "India was colony of Britain" is not same as "Britain ruled India" (or "India was ruled by Britain")

So, I'm utterly confused :roll:

Originally posted by shalva on 26 Nov 2009, 06:23.
Last edited by shalva on 26 Nov 2009, 06:35, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a co  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Nov 2009, 06:30
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sinharavi wrote:
The following question came in one of MGMAT tests. I am not convinced to the OA. Hoping somebody can explain.

Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a colony and they would relinquish power only after a long struggle by the native people.
a. Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a colony and they would relinquish power
b. Before independence in 1947, Britain had ruled India as a colony and relinquished power
c. Before its independence in 1947, India was ruled by Britain as a colony and they relinquished power
d. Before independence in 1947, India had been ruled as a colony by Britain, which relinquished power
e. Before independence in 1947, India had been a colony of the British, who relinquished power



The first part is modifier. What it modifiers? Clearly India, not Britain. So, A,B out.
In C "they" refers to singular Britain - C is out.

D and E, from my point of view, both look grammatically correct. However in D "had been ruled as a colony" sounds bad. Had been a colony of - sounds better.

I choose E.

BWT, guys, can somebody explain distinction between "WHICH" in D and "WHO" in E. What is correct?
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Re: Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a co  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Feb 2011, 10:14
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A) Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a colony and they would relinquish power ….. misplaced modification, India should come after modifier phrase
B) Before independence in 1947, Britain had ruled India as a colony and relinquished power ...... same as A
C) Before its independence in 1947, India was ruled by Britain as a colony and they relinquished power … correct modification but ambiguous pronoun ‘they’
D) before independence in 1947, India had been ruled as a colony by Britain, which relinquished power ----- ‘had been ruled as a colony by Britain’ is round about.
E) Before independence in 1947, India had been a colony of the British, who relinquished power…….’had been a colony of the British’ is more forthright.


E the choice
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Re: Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a co  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Feb 2011, 17:59
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After "Before its independence in 1947", India -> "India" should be placed immediately after the modifier.
A and B out

C, D and E remain.
C, D - "by" hence both passive. out
E has to be the answer.
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Re: Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a co  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jun 2012, 19:02
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It is E

D) Before independence in 1947, India had been ruled as a colony by Britain, which relinquished power- Had been rule as colony is indirect
E) Before independence in 1947, India had been a colony of the British, who relinquished power- "Had been a colony" is direct and Gmat likes direct sentence.
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Re: Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a co  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Sep 2013, 04:11
gmatfighter12 wrote:
It is E

D) Before independence in 1947, India had been ruled as a colony by Britain, which relinquished power- Had been rule as colony is indirect
E) Before independence in 1947, India had been a colony of the British, who relinquished power- "Had been a colony" is direct and Gmat likes direct sentence.


Something additional here which cannot refer to people, it can refer to things. So D is incorrect and E is correct.
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Re: Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a co  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Oct 2013, 19:57
why D is wrong?. I think "which" in D is correct.

if we can not explain why D is wrong, we have to accepat that D is correct and this question is not good.
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Re: Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a co  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Oct 2013, 22:53
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ramannanda9 wrote:
gmatfighter12 wrote:
It is E

D) Before independence in 1947, India had been ruled as a colony by Britain, which relinquished power- Had been rule as colony is indirect
E) Before independence in 1947, India had been a colony of the British, who relinquished power- "Had been a colony" is direct and Gmat likes direct sentence.


Something additional here which cannot refer to people, it can refer to things. So D is incorrect and E is correct.


Be careful here. Choice D mentions Britain the country, not the people inside the country, so we can correctly use "which". Choice E changes Britain to British, referring now to the people of Britain (use of "who" is now appropriate).

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Re: Revision Project: Before its independence in 1947  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Feb 2015, 06:43
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Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a colony and they would relinquish power only after a long struggle by the native people.

A. Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a colony and they would relinquish power - "its" may ref to India or Britain. Ambiguous. Eliminate

B. Before independence in 1947, Britain had ruled India as a colony and relinquished power - Before independence in 1947 should modify India as per intended meaning. Had (past perfect) is not required here.

C. Before its independence in 1947, India was ruled by Britain as a colony and they relinquished power - Its and They has no clear reference.

D. Before independence in 1947, India had been ruled as a colony by Britain, which relinquished power - Seems ok

E. Before independence in 1947, India had been a colony of the British, who relinquished power - Seems ok

between D & E, i will choose D.


Had been not required in E. in Option D, passive construction allows had been.

any other explanation.
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Re: Revision Project: Before its independence in 1947  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Feb 2015, 09:12
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1
ans E...

A. Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a colony and they would relinquish power
they ' is wrong

B. Before independence in 1947, Britain had ruled India as a colony and relinquished power
wrong modifier, britian being modified

C. Before its independence in 1947, India was ruled by Britain as a colony and they relinquished power
again they is incorrect for a single country

D. Before independence in 1947, India had been ruled as a colony by Britain, which relinquished power
ruled not reqd and which is wrong

E. Before independence in 1947, India had been a colony of the British, who relinquished power
correct
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Re: Revision Project: Before its independence in 1947  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Feb 2015, 02:55
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Here we go,

The fight is between option D and Option E

Option D: India had been ruled as a colony by Britain

as is used as a preposition here.. followed by a noun -> Colony
when as is used as a preposition, it generally means 'in a role of'/ 'in a capacity of'

For Example -

As a teacher, Rahul has done a commendable job. ---> Rahul is in the role of Teacher.

The India in the role/capacity of colony had been ruled by Britain ----> wrong

Going with E.
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Re: Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a co  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Mar 2015, 07:08
Haha...it's certainly faster when you know about the relationship between Britain and India...this question probably does favor Indians a bit.

GMAT questions are designed to be self-evident, meaning that you don't need outside information to understand the proper meaning. This question is the same - you can determine the proper relationship between the countries based on who "ruled".

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Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a co  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Mar 2015, 15:23
i too narrowed down to D and E, why is WHO > WHICH ?
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Re: Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a co  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Sep 2015, 05:08
garimavyas wrote:
i too narrowed down to D and E, why is WHO > WHICH ?


E is favored for the main part of the sentence.... but this doubt of Who v/s which is creating a niggling doubt.... Is it a trick or am i missing something... ?
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Re: Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a co  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Oct 2015, 05:42
pr31 wrote:
garimavyas wrote:
i too narrowed down to D and E, why is WHO > WHICH ?


E is favored for the main part of the sentence.... but this doubt of Who v/s which is creating a niggling doubt.... Is it a trick or am i missing something... ?


See the posts above for the issues with D - they are related to meaning and don't have anything to do with 'which'. On this question both who and which are used correctly therefore one is not greater than another.

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Re: Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a co  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Dec 2015, 21:51
Who - in this case refers to "British" (British colony, French Colony , German colony etc)
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Re: Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a co  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Dec 2015, 20:16
i believe there is a slight difference in meaning between D and E.
E states that India was a colony, while D states that it was ruled as a colony.
since original sentence favors "ruled as a colony", E thus must be incorrect, as it changes the meaning. Being ruled as a colony does not mean that you ARE a colony, subtle but important detail.
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Re: Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a co  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Dec 2015, 23:36
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I am giving below the relevant portion of explanation with regard to the difference between D and E in relation to ‘India was ruled as a colony’ and ‘India had been a colony’, by Ron of MGMAT: As this topic was originated by MGMAT, their rationale weighs in, I believe.
>https://www.manhattanprep.com/gmat/forums/british-india-who-t2008.html>


Quote:
Re: British India - Who
Tue Sep 15, 2009 8:07 pm

enniguy wrote: Can someone please explain why D is wrong?

"ruled as a colony" is unclear.

the gmat doesn't tolerate this sort of circumlocution. you have to say things directly.
i.e., if India WAS a colony, then you have to say that it WAS a colony.
"ruled as a colony" doesn't necessarily mean that; it could just signify that India was ruled as though it were a colony, even though it wasn't one.

analogy:

joe was a slave --> he was actually a slave.
joe was treated as a slave --> he probably wasn't a slave.

same problem in (d).

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Re: Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a co &nbs [#permalink] 20 Dec 2015, 23:36

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