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Biologists working in Spain say that their discovery of teeming life

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Biologists working in Spain say that their discovery of teeming life [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 29 Jun 2018, 21:37
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Biologists working in Spain say that their discovery of teeming life in a highly acidic river may not only broaden the search for life, or for evidence of past life, on other planets but also show that a number of forms of microscopic life can adapt to conditions that scientists have long thought hostile to all but the hardiest bacteria.

(A) show that a number of forms of microscopic life can adapt to conditions that scientists have long thought hostile to all but the hardiest bacteria

(B) may show that a number of forms of microscopic life is capable of adapting to conditions that scientists have long thought hostile to all bacteria but the hardiest ones

(C) shows a number of forms of microscopic life to be capable to adapt to conditions that scientists have long thought had been hostile to all but the hardiest bacteria

(D) showing that a number of forms of microscopic life is capable of adapting to conditions that scientists have long thought had been hostile to all but the hardiest bacteria

(E) showing that a number of forms of microscopic life can adapt to conditions that scientists have long thought hostile to all bacteria but the hardiest

https://www.nytimes.com/2002/05/21/science/more-acidic-than-vinegar-river-teems-with-tiny-life.html

SCIENCE
More Acidic Than Vinegar, River Teems With Tiny Life
By ANDREW C. REVKINMAY 21, 2002

Biological diversity is normally associated with pristine tropical rain forests or coral reefs, not rivers laden with heavy metals and so acidic they bear a pH of 2, halfway between vinegar and stomach acid.

But when an international team of biologists took a closer look at the Rio Tinto, just such a river in southwestern Spain, they were startled by what they found: hundreds of species of one-celled algae, fungi, yeast, amoebas and other microbes, some of them apparently unique to that river.

The biologists say their findings may broaden the search for life, or evidence of past life, on other planets and also show that an array of microscopic life can adapt to conditions that scientists have long thought were hostile to all but the hardiest bacteria.

Originally posted by humtum0 on 19 Apr 2007, 18:29.
Last edited by hazelnut on 29 Jun 2018, 21:37, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: Biologists working in Spain say that their discovery of teeming life [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jan 2013, 11:18
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1
kuttingchai wrote:
Biologists working in Spain say that their discovery of teeming life in a highly acidic river may not only broaden the search for life, or for evidence of past life, on other planets but also show that a number of forms of microscopic life can adapt to conditions that scientists have long thought hostile to all but the hardiest bacteria.

Sub clause -
that their discovery of teeming life in a highly acidic river may not only broaden the search for life, or for evidence of past life, no other planets but also show that a number of forms of microscopic life can adapt to conditions that scientists have long thought hostile to all but the hardiest bacteria.

Subject: discovery (singular)
Verb: may no only broaden .... but also show (why should the verb be plural? - what am i missing here?)

Dear kuttingchai,
I read the question and wondered why the first part made no sense. The original poster had a typo (in red) and no one else corrected it.

As to your question, it looks like egmat already gave a solid answer. I'll just add for clarity --- when a verb has an auxiliary verb, a helping verb, in front of it, the verb appears in the "infinitive form" (i.e. the dictionary form) for the present tense (and infinitive form or participle form for other tenses), and the auxiliary verb reflects the "number" of the verb (singular or plural). When there's a series of two or more auxiliary verbs, only the first in the series reflects the number of the verb, and the others follow fixed forms. The tricky thing is --- many auxiliary verbs (may, can, will, might, could, should, would, etc.) don't change for number --- they are the same in singular and plural. A few auxiliary verbs (do/does, has/have) do reflect changes for number. Thus:

he goes
they go

he will go
they will go

he is going
they are going

he doesn't to
they don't go

he would go
they would go

he should go
they should go

he may go
they may go

he has gone
they have gone

he has been going
they have been going

he had gone
they had gone

he would have gone
they would have gone


Does all this make sense?
Mike :-)
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Re: Biologists working in Spain say that their discovery of teeming life [#permalink]

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New post 19 Apr 2007, 18:50
2
Clear A....

Biologists working in Spain say that their discovery of teeming life in a highly acidic river may not only broaden the search for life, or for evidence of past life, no other planets but also show that a number of forms of microscopic life can adapt to conditions that scientists have long thought hostile to all but the hardiest bacteria.


A. show that a number of forms of microscopic life can adapt to conditions that scientists have long thought hostile to all but the hardiest bacteria

Broaden is plural and hence the show is plural which is correct.


B. may show that a number of forms of microscopic life is capable of adapting to conditions that scientists have long thought hostile to all bacteria but the hardiest ones

may broaden and may show is not correct especially if may comes after but also.

C. shows a number of forms of microscopic life to be capable to adapt to conditions that scientists have long thought had been hostile to all but the hardiest bacteria

may not only broaden (plural) should be accompanied with show and not shows (singular)


D. showing that a number of forms of microscopic life is capable of adapting to conditions that scientists have long thought had been hostile to all but the hardiest bacteria

may not only broaden and showing are not parallel


E. showing that a number of forms of microscopic life can adapt to conditions that scientists have long thought hostile to all bacteria but the hardiest

Same as D
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Re: Biologists working in Spain say that their discovery of teeming life [#permalink]

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New post 19 Apr 2007, 19:57
humtum0 wrote:
Biologists working in Spain say that their discovery of teeming life in a highly acidic river may not only broaden the search for life, or for evidence of past life, no other planets but also show that a number of forms of microscopic life can adapt to conditions that scientists have long thought hostile to all but the hardiest bacteria.


A. show that a number of forms of microscopic life can adapt to conditions that scientists have long thought hostile to all but the hardiest bacteria

B. may show that a number of forms of microscopic life is capable of adapting to conditions that scientists have long thought hostile to all bacteria but the hardiest ones

C. shows a number of forms of microscopic life to be capable to adapt to conditions that scientists have long thought had been hostile to all but the hardiest bacteria

D. showing that a number of forms of microscopic life is capable of adapting to conditions that scientists have long thought had been hostile to all but the hardiest bacteria

E. showing that a number of forms of microscopic life can adapt to conditions that scientists have long thought hostile to all bacteria but the hardiest


may not only broaden the search for life, or for evidence of past life, no other planets but also show
tha

that is reqired->C is out
A -for correct parallelism
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Re: Biologists working in Spain say that their discovery of teeming life [#permalink]

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New post 20 Apr 2007, 07:11
2
Biologists working in Spain say that their discovery of teeming life in a highly acidic river may not only broaden the search for life, or for evidence of past life, no other planets but also show that a number of forms of microscopic life can adapt to conditions that scientists have long thought hostile to all but the hardiest bacteria.

The highlighted part in the sentence is the key

A. show that a number of forms of microscopic life can adapt to conditions that scientists have long thought hostile to all but the hardiest bacteria
-Correct
B. may show that a number of forms of microscopic life is capable of adapting to conditions that scientists have long thought hostile to all bacteria but the hardiest ones

C. shows a number of forms of microscopic life to be capable to adapt to conditions that scientists have long thought had been hostile to all but the hardiest bacteria

D. showing that a number of forms of microscopic life is capable of adapting to conditions that scientists have long thought had been hostile to all but the hardiest bacteria

E. showing that a number of forms of microscopic life can adapt to conditions that scientists have long thought hostile to all bacteria but the hardiest

The highlighted words in the options invalidate them.

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Re: Biologists working in Spain say that their discovery of teeming life [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jan 2009, 18:13
1
Biologists working in Spain say that their discovery of teeming life in a highly acidic
river may not only broaden the search for life, or for evidence of past life, no other
planets but also show that a number of forms of microscopic life can adapt to conditions
that scientists have long thought hostile to all but the hardiest bacteria
.
A. show that a number of forms of microscopic life can adapt to conditions that
scientists have long thought hostile to all but the hardiest bacteria
B. may show that a number of forms of microscopic life is capable of adapting to
conditions that scientists have long thought hostile to all bacteria but the hardiest
ones
C. shows a number of forms of microscopic life to be capable to adapt to conditions
that scientists have long thought had been hostile to all but the hardiest bacteria
D. showing that a number of forms of microscopic life is capable of adapting to
conditions that scientists have long thought had been hostile to all but the hardiest
bacteria
E. showing that a number of forms of microscopic life can adapt to conditions that
scientists have long thought hostile to all bacteria but the hardiest
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Re: Biologists working in Spain say that their discovery of teeming life [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jan 2009, 21:47
2
reply2spg wrote:
Biologists working in Spain say that their discovery of teeming life in a highly acidic river may not only broaden the search for life, or for evidence of past life, no other planets but also show that a number of forms of microscopic life can adapt to conditions that scientists have long thought hostile to all but the hardiest bacteria.

A. show that a number of forms of microscopic life can adapt to conditions that scientists have long thought hostile to all but the hardiest bacteria
B. may show that a number of forms of microscopic life is capable of adapting to conditions that scientists have long thought hostile to all bacteria but the hardiest ones
C. shows a number of forms of microscopic life to be capable to adapt to conditions that scientists have long thought had been hostile to all but the hardiest bacteria
D. showing that a number of forms of microscopic life is capable of adapting to conditions that scientists have long thought had been hostile to all but the hardiest bacteria
E. showing that a number of forms of microscopic life can adapt to conditions that scientists have long thought hostile to all bacteria but the hardiest


A: I do not understand the structure of this question however none other than A fits to the idiomatic expression: "not only plural verb form............ but also plural verb form".
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Re: Biologists working in Spain say that their discovery of teeming life [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jan 2009, 01:28
IMO C

that their discovery of teeming life........shows
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Re: Biologists working in Spain say that their discovery of teeming life [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jan 2009, 09:28
Definitely A
may not only broaden but also show
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Re: Biologists working in Spain say that their discovery of teeming life [#permalink]

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New post 21 Nov 2010, 04:09
3
Biologists working in Spain say that their discovery of teeming life in a highly acidic
river may not only broaden the search for life, or for evidence of past life, no other
planets but also show that a number of forms of microscopic life can adapt to conditions
that scientists have long thought hostile to all but the hardiest bacteria.


A. show that a number of forms of microscopic life can adapt to conditions that
scientists have long thought hostile to all but the hardiest bacteria
B. may show that a number of forms of microscopic life is capable of adapting to
conditions that scientists have long thought hostile to all bacteria but the hardiest
ones
C. shows a number of forms of microscopic life to be capable to adapt to conditions
that scientists have long thought had been hostile to all but the hardiest bacteria
D. showing that a number of forms of microscopic life is capable of adapting to
conditions that scientists have long thought had been hostile to all but the hardiest
bacteria
E. showing that a number of forms of microscopic life can adapt to conditions that
scientists have long thought hostile to all bacteria but the hardiest
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Re: Biologists working in Spain say that their discovery of teeming life [#permalink]

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New post 21 Nov 2010, 08:20
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“May not only broaden ….. but also show” - is the right idiom. Only choice A has it. All others can be simply eliminated on this score alone, without even going any further. Of course other choices do have a bundle of other problems such as number agreement, unidiomatic usage etc.

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Re: Biologists working in Spain say that their discovery of teeming life [#permalink]

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New post 21 Nov 2010, 11:33
daagh..I am aware of this idiom..my question is y not C
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Re: Biologists working in Spain say that their discovery of teeming life [#permalink]

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New post 21 Nov 2010, 19:27
C says “May not only broaden ….. but also [highlight]shows[/highlight]”

do you see theproblem in when you say shows
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Re: Biologists working in Spain say that their discovery of teeming life [#permalink]

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New post 22 Nov 2010, 02:59
Except for a typological error, I think the question was fairly easy. A is the right option.
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Re: Biologists working in Spain say that their discovery of teeming life [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jan 2013, 06:11
Biologists working in Spain say that their discovery of teeming life in a highly acidic river may not only broaden the search for life, or for evidence of past life, no other planets but also show that a number of forms of microscopic life can adapt to conditions that scientists have long thought hostile to all but the hardiest bacteria.

Main clause -
Biologists working in Spain say
Subject : Biologists
verb: say

Sub clause -
that their discovery of teeming life in a highly acidic river may not only broaden the search for life, or for evidence of past life, no other planets but also show that a number of forms of microscopic life can adapt to conditions that scientists have long thought hostile to all but the hardiest bacteria.

Subject: discovery (singular)
Verb: may no only broaden .... but also show (why should the verb be plural? - what am i missing here?)
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Re: Biologists working in Spain say that their discovery of teeming life [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jan 2013, 06:35
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kuttingchai wrote:
Biologists working in Spain say that their discovery of teeming life in a highly acidic river may not only broaden the search for life, or for evidence of past life, no other planets but also show that a number of forms of microscopic life can adapt to conditions that scientists have long thought hostile to all but the hardiest bacteria.

Main clause -
Biologists working in Spain say
Subject : Biologists
verb: say

Sub clause -
that their discovery of teeming life in a highly acidic river may not only broaden the search for life, or for evidence of past life, no other planets but also show that a number of forms of microscopic life can adapt to conditions that scientists have long thought hostile to all but the hardiest bacteria.

Subject: discovery (singular)
Verb: may no only broaden .... but also show (why should the verb be plural? - what am i missing here?)


Hi cuttingchai,

e-gmat team wishes you a very Happy New Year.

In this sentence, the subject "their discovery..." has two verbs - "may not broaden" and "may show". However, "may" is understood before "show" because it already appears before the first verb. This maintains the parallelism in the sentence.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: Biologists working in Spain say that their discovery of teeming life [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jan 2013, 16:44
Ans - A
may show, shows, showing are not parallel with broaden
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Re: Biologists working in Spain say that their discovery of teeming life [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jan 2013, 22:55
egmat wrote:
kuttingchai wrote:
Biologists working in Spain say that their discovery of teeming life in a highly acidic river may not only broaden the search for life, or for evidence of past life, no other planets but also show that a number of forms of microscopic life can adapt to conditions that scientists have long thought hostile to all but the hardiest bacteria.

Main clause -
Biologists working in Spain say
Subject : Biologists
verb: say

Sub clause -
that their discovery of teeming life in a highly acidic river may not only broaden the search for life, or for evidence of past life, no other planets but also show that a number of forms of microscopic life can adapt to conditions that scientists have long thought hostile to all but the hardiest bacteria.

Subject: discovery (singular)
Verb: may no only broaden .... but also show (why should the verb be plural? - what am i missing here?)


Hi cuttingchai,

e-gmat team wishes you a very Happy New Year.

In this sentence, the subject "their discovery..." has two verbs - "may not broaden" and "may show". However, "may" is understood before "show" because it already appears before the first verb. This maintains the parallelism in the sentence.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
Shraddha


"their discovery" is singular subject then why the verb is "show" and not "shows"???
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Re: Biologists working in Spain say that their discovery of teeming life [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jan 2013, 11:58
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kuttingchai wrote:
"their discovery" is singular subject then why the verb is "show" and not "shows"???


Hi kuttimgchai,

You are missing the point that the singular subject "their discovery" has the verb "may not broden" and "may show". There is a an understood "may" before "show". When we use verbs such as can, may, will, etc, we use the plural verb. That is why you see the verb "show" in the correct answer because it is paired with "may" but this "may" is understood. So we only see "show" there.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: Biologists working in Spain say that their discovery of teeming life [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jan 2013, 03:18
egmat wrote:
kuttingchai wrote:
"their discovery" is singular subject then why the verb is "show" and not "shows"???


Hi kuttimgchai,

You are missing the point that the singular subject "their discovery" has the verb "may not broden" and "may show". There is a an understood "may" before "show". When we use verbs such as can, may, will, etc, we use the plural verb. That is why you see the verb "show" in the correct answer because it is paired with "may" but this "may" is understood. So we only see "show" there.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
Shraddha



"When we use verbs such as can, may, will, etc, we use the plural verb. That is why you see the verb "show" in the correct answer because it is paired with "may" but this "may" is understood. "

OKay - got that.

Thank you.
Re: Biologists working in Spain say that their discovery of teeming life   [#permalink] 06 Jan 2013, 03:18

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