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By the time he returned, the northern regions of his county had become

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By the time he returned, the northern regions of his county had become  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 12 Apr 2019, 00:05
3
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  15% (low)

Question Stats:

81% (01:15) correct 19% (01:17) wrong based on 192 sessions

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By the time he returned, the northern regions of his county had become unsafe; so he traveled south and started hiring land around present day Vlaardingen in order to cultivate them.


A) so he traveled south, and started hiring land around present day Vlaardingen in order to cultivate them.

B) so he started traveling south, hiring land around present day Vlaardingen in order to cultivate it.

C) and he traveled south, hired land around present day Vlaardingen in order to cultivate it.

D) and he started traveling south, hired land around present day Vlaardingen in order to cultivate it.

E) so he traveled south and started hiring land around present day Vlaardingen in order to cultivate it.


Why is B wrong?

Originally posted by sheena025 on 24 Nov 2018, 12:18.
Last edited by Bunuel on 12 Apr 2019, 00:05, edited 3 times in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: By the time he returned, the northern regions of his county had become  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Nov 2018, 13:45
sheena025 wrote:
By the time he returned, the northern regions of his county had become unsafe; so he traveled south and started hiring land around present day Vlaardingen in order to cultivate them.

A) so he traveled south, and started hiring land around present day Vlaardingen in order to cultivate them.

B) so he started traveling south, hiring land around present day Vlaardingen in order to cultivate it.

C) and he traveled south, hired land around present day Vlaardingen in order to cultivate it.

D) and he started traveling south, hired land around present day Vlaardingen in order to cultivate it.

E) so he traveled south and started hiring land around present day Vlaardingen in order to cultivate it.

Why is B wrong?

sheena025 ,

Please specify the source of this question in the original post.

Just beneath option (E), write
SOURCE: _________

1) is county supposed to be country?

2) please include the OA in your original topic post

3) what is the OA according to your source? (Important.)

Please read and follow Rules for Posting in the Verbal Forum.

Thanks.

In answer to the question in the spoiler that I added (try not to reveal any answers so that others may benefit from your question):

Option B is incorrect because COMMA + PARTICIPLE (comma + ___ING, or comma + verbING), called a participial phrase,
modifies the entire previous clause.

Present participial modifiers preceded by a comma and placed at the end of a sentence often
give additional information (as if in afterthought) or present the effect or result of the previous clause.
(Those two purposes are not the only two.)

Correct: Hurricane-force winds tore through the city, destroying all the skyscrapers.
The participial phrase is a result of the clause that precedes it.

In option (B) "hiring land . . . " cannot modify "so he started traveling south."
To attempt such a modification produces nonsense.

Hope that helps.
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Re: By the time he returned, the northern regions of his county had become  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Nov 2018, 11:04
Is the answer E?

E. so he traveled south and started hiring land around present day Vlaardingen in order to cultivate it.

This goes with returned, traveled and started. All in sync
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Re: By the time he returned, the northern regions of his county had become  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Nov 2018, 20:18
What is OA

I thnk C should be answer . And presence actually relates to different clause and in C it is clear
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Re: By the time he returned, the northern regions of his county had become  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Dec 2018, 14:53
sheena025 wrote:
By the time he returned, the northern regions of his county had become unsafe; so he traveled south and started hiring land around present day Vlaardingen in order to cultivate them.

A) so he traveled south, and started hiring land around present day Vlaardingen in order to cultivate them.

B) so he started traveling south, hiring land around present day Vlaardingen in order to cultivate it.

C) and he traveled south, hired land around present day Vlaardingen in order to cultivate it.

D) and he started traveling south, hired land around present day Vlaardingen in order to cultivate it.

E) so he traveled south and started hiring land around present day Vlaardingen in order to cultivate it.



My POE:
A) THEM is incorrect
B) STARTED should be the action of the second action. Meaning is also changed since second clause beginning with HIRING now modifies the preceding clause
C) Same as B. 2nd clause is now modifying the first clause "he traveled south"
D) Same as D
E) Correct

Is the OA E?
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Re: By the time he returned, the northern regions of his county had become  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jan 2019, 22:18
By the time he returned, the northern regions of his county had become unsafe; so he traveled south and started hiring land around present day Vlaardingen in order to cultivate them.

A) so he traveled south, and started hiring land around present day Vlaardingen in order to cultivate them. --> plural pronoun "them" can't referred to singular noun "land"

B) so he started traveling south, hiring land around present day Vlaardingen in order to cultivate it. --> meaning change

C) and he traveled south, hired land around present day Vlaardingen in order to cultivate it. --> ";" is present, no need of "and"

D) and he started traveling south, hired land around present day Vlaardingen in order to cultivate it. --> same as C

E) so he traveled south and started hiring land around present day Vlaardingen in order to cultivate it. --> correct
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Re: By the time he returned, the northern regions of his county had become  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jan 2019, 01:41
Quote:
By the time he returned, the northern regions of his county had become unsafe; so he traveled south and started hiring land around present day Vlaardingen in order to cultivate them.

This statement shows a cause and effect relationship. The statement can be said as "By the time he returned, the northern regions had become unsafe; so he traveled south and started hiring land around present day Vlaardigen in orider to cultivate it"

Quote:
A) so he traveled south, and started hiring land around present day Vlaardingen in order to cultivate them.

Land is singular and them cannot be used to refer Land. ELIMINATED
Quote:
B) so he started traveling south, hiring land around present day Vlaardingen in order to cultivate it.

This changes the intended meaning by using present tense. It gives an impression that he started traveling north and simultaneously started hiring land. This is not the intended meaning. ELIMINATED.
Quote:
C) and he traveled south, hired land around present day Vlaardingen in order to cultivate it.

Cause and effect relationship is not maintained by the usage of "and" at the start. ELIMINATED
Quote:
D) and he started traveling south, hired land around present day Vlaardingen in order to cultivate it.

Repeats the same error as in C. ELIMINATED.

Quote:
E) so he traveled south and started hiring land around present day Vlaardingen in order to cultivate it.

This choice conveys the intended meaning and refers to land with "it". This is the best choice.

OPTION: E
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Re: By the time he returned, the northern regions of his county had become  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jan 2019, 04:34
By the time he returned, the northern regions of his county had become unsafe; so he traveled south and started hiring land around present day Vlaardingen in order to cultivate them.

A) so he traveled south, and started hiring land around present day Vlaardingen in order to cultivate them.
Subject verb error

B) so he started traveling south, hiring land around present day Vlaardingen in order to cultivate it.
Changes meaning. This means that he started hiring land because he was travelling south.

C) and he traveled south, hired land around present day Vlaardingen in order to cultivate it.
Two sentences connected by a comma - Incorrect. Also, "and after ;"

D) and he started traveling south, hired land around present day Vlaardingen in order to cultivate it.
Two sentences connected by a comma - Incorrect. Also, "and after ;"

E) so he traveled south and started hiring land around present day Vlaardingen in order to cultivate it.
Correct meaning and grammar.
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Re: By the time he returned, the northern regions of his county had become   [#permalink] 05 Jan 2019, 04:34
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