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Corporations will soon be required to report to the government whether

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Corporations will soon be required to report to the government whether [#permalink]

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Corporations will soon be required to report to the government whether they have the necessary reserves to pay the pension benefits earned by their employees and that the information be published in annual reports to shareholders.

(A) earned by their employees and that the information be published

(B) that their employees earned and that the information be published

(C) that was earned by their employees with the information being published

(D) earned by their employees, information that must also be published

(E) earned by their employees and published the information

Pls explain the answers....

There is no correct answer according to me.....
if in option C the verb 'was' is replaced by 'were' then it might be the correct option.

Originally posted by papillon86 on 20 Oct 2009, 13:05.
Last edited by hazelnut on 01 May 2018, 00:25, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: Corporations will soon be required to report to the government whether [#permalink]

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New post 20 Oct 2009, 14:12
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228. Corporations will soon be required to report to the government whether they have the necessary reserves to pay the pension benefits earned by their employees and that the information be published in annual reports to shareholders.
(A) earned by their employees and that the information be published (and that the information has no parallel before and)
(B) that their employees earned and that the information be published - "pension benefits that someone earned" is wrong; its right to say "pension benefits earned"
(C) that was earned by their employees with the information being published
(D) earned by their employees, information that must also be published - correct (corps will be required to report to the govt. _____ , information ; here the ____ is the 'information' and information correctly modifies the phrase before ,(comma)
(E) earned by their employees and published the information - awkward

IMO D, what is OA?
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Re: Corporations will soon be required to report to the government whether [#permalink]

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New post 16 May 2010, 05:14
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Corporations will be required to X (report... whether... employees) and (to) Y. Except X and Y are not parallel in the original. Eliminate A. Check the other choices for this same issue.

B is matching up the wrong info again - trying to make "that their employees earned" and "that the information" parallel, but that can't work. Then the second item would read "the pension benefits... that the information be published." Doesn't make sense. Eliminate B.

C and D remove the parallelism (the word "and" is gone). Skip those for a moment.

E again has a parallelism problem. Can't match it up with "whether they have" because "whether they have" is in present tense, while "have published" would be present perfect. If you're going to reuse "have" for a present perfect construction, then the first part also needs to be written in present perfect. (Example: She has written three books and published two. "has written... and (has) published.") Eliminate.

Back to C. Now, the meaning is messed up. It seems to be saying that the employees had something to do with the information being published? Eliminate. So D is the answer - only one left.

Now we've got this construction:
Corporations will soon be required to X (report whether they pay the benefits earned), information (referring back to X) that must (here's the requirement again!) be published...

So it maintains the original meaning (two things will be required), and it appropriately introduces the new word "information" to refer back to the entire concept discussed in X.
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Re: Corporations will soon be required to report to the government whether [#permalink]

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New post 07 Oct 2010, 06:56
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This SC is testing sentence construction, use of proper tense etc Corporations will soon be required to do two things. 1. report to the government that they have the necessary reserves to pay the pension benefits earned by their employees and 2. publish that info in the annual reports.

Let us take A. The first part of the sentence uses the infinitive to require while the second part employs the subjunctive mood. This is unparallel.

B also suffers the same malady. In addition, the use of simple past tense earned is rather in appropriate in its implication that such a rule may not apply to current and future earnings. Logical predication is tested here,

C suffers from the use of past tense for the earnings and also from using the GMAT –averse being . Benefits that was earned has a number error.

D is perhaps the best choice, using the past participle earned and qualifying the entire first portion with appositive noun information

E is awful by its use of published the information for a sentence that uses the future tense will soon be required to as the main verb.


Strangely though, I feel that the best way to write this sentence will be -
Quote:
Corporations will soon be required to report to the government whether they have the necessary reserves to pay the pension benefits earned by their employees and publish the information in annual reports to shareholders
- See how close this is to choice E and yet so far away because of two alphabets.
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Re: Corporations will soon be required to report to the government whether [#permalink]

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New post 08 Oct 2010, 10:30
I picked choice A . But it was pointed out by daagh why it's incorerct. Accepted.

But I dont understand how choice d is right. Looks like "information that must also be published" is an absolute phrase. I dont understand how 'Information' modifies the whole clause before.
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Re: Corporations will soon be required to report to the government whether [#permalink]

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New post 08 Oct 2010, 11:46
Information is the appositive that the corporations should say whether they have the necessary reserves to pay the pension benefits earned by their employees. The second part says that the information must also be published. For example, Pl. look at the following passage

People do not mind spending any amount of money when their lives are involved, a fact that is well exploited by the healthcare industry.

Here what is the word a fact standing for? Isn’t the entire clause before?
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Re: Corporations will soon be required to report to the government whether [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jul 2012, 02:01
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Read the argument as,
Corporations will soon be required to report to the government whether (i) they have the necessary reserves to pay the pension benefits earned by their employees and (ii) that the information be published in annual reports to shareholders.

"whether" is a connecting two Govt. orders ( of subjunctive ) so try to fix "whether" before the opening of both the parts, you will sure get the answer.


Corporations will soon be required to report to the government whether they have the necessary reserves to pay the pension benefits earned by their employees AND required whether that the information be published in annual reports to shareholders

in (C) "that" is used for particular case, here the Govt. is mentioning for everyone(involved)

(A) earned by their employees and that the information be published
(B) that their employees earned and that the information be published
(C) that was earned by their employees with the information being published
(D) earned by their employees, information that must also be published
subjunctive tone applicable for both the orders from the Govt.is perfectly matched.
(E) earned by their employees and published the information
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Re: Corporations will soon be required to report to the government whether [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jul 2012, 02:31
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(A) earned by their employees and that the information be published ----combination of infinitive and command subjunctive is un//.

(B) that their employees earned and that the information be published—same as in A

(C) that was earned by their employees with the information being published --- benefits that was earned – SV error.

(D) earned by their employees, information that must also be published --- The appositive modifier phrase rightly modifies the the corporations’ report to the Govt.. correct choice

(E) earned by their employees and published the information ---- Earned by their employees is past participle while published is past tense --- Unparallel

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Re: Corporations will soon be required to report to the government whether [#permalink]

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New post 31 Jul 2012, 10:33
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Hi All,

Corporations will soon be required to report to the government whether they have the necessary reserves to pay the pension benefits earned by their employees and that the information be published in annual reports to shareholders.

Image

As usual we will begin by understanding the meaning of this sentence. The sentence is saying that corporations will soon be asked to report to report to the government whether they have the necessary funds to pay the pension benefits earned by their employees. In addition, they will be required to publish this information in annual reports to shareholders.

Image

Now let’s find the errors by splitting the sentence into clauses:

Cl 1: Corporations will soon be required to report to the government
Cl 2: whether they have the necessary reserves to pay the pension benefits earned by their employees
Cl 3: and that the information be published in annual reports to shareholders.

Error Analysis:

1. Presence of “and” indicates the presence of a list. Hence, it is very important to identify correct entities in the list. So the list in the sentence is:
Corporations will soon be required to X and Y.
X = report to the government whether they have the necessary reserves to pay the pension benefits earned by their employees
Y = that the information be published in annual reports to shareholders.

These two entities are not parallel because the first entity is written in “to verb” form while the second one is written in subjunctive verb form.

POE:

A. earned by their employees and that the information be published: Incorrect for the reason stated above.

B. that their employees earned and that the information be published: Incorrect. Repeats the same parallelism error as in choice A.

C. that was earned by their employees with the information being published: Incorrect.

1. Singular “was” does not agree in number with plural “pension benefits”.
2. This sentence distorts the meaning of the sentence. This choice now says that employees earned the benefits with information that was being published in the annual reports. This is clearly not the intended meaning.

D. earned by their employees, information that must also be published: Correct. This choice discards the parallelism in the sentence to convey the intended meaning most effectively. Here “information that must also be published…” is a Noun (information) + Noun Modifier “that must be…”) that modifies the preceding clause “whether they have…”.

E. earned by their employees and published the information: Incorrect. Past tense “published” is cannot follow “to” and to logically make “to require” and “to publish” parallel.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
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Re: Corporations will soon be required to report to the government whether [#permalink]

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New post 23 May 2017, 21:56
egmat wrote:
Hi All,

Corporations will soon be required to report to the government whether they have the necessary reserves to pay the pension benefits earned by their employees and that the information be published in annual reports to shareholders.

Image

As usual we will begin by understanding the meaning of this sentence. The sentence is saying that corporations will soon be asked to report to report to the government whether they have the necessary funds to pay the pension benefits earned by their employees. In addition, they will be required to publish this information in annual reports to shareholders.

Image

Now let’s find the errors by splitting the sentence into clauses:

Cl 1: Corporations will soon be required to report to the government
Cl 2: whether they have the necessary reserves to pay the pension benefits earned by their employees
Cl 3: and that the information be published in annual reports to shareholders.

Error Analysis:

1. Presence of “and” indicates the presence of a list. Hence, it is very important to identify correct entities in the list. So the list in the sentence is:
Corporations will soon be required to X and Y.
X = report to the government whether they have the necessary reserves to pay the pension benefits earned by their employees
Y = that the information be published in annual reports to shareholders.

These two entities are not parallel because the first entity is written in “to verb” form while the second one is written in subjunctive verb form.

POE:

A. earned by their employees and that the information be published: Incorrect for the reason stated above.

B. that their employees earned and that the information be published: Incorrect. Repeats the same parallelism error as in choice A.

C. that was earned by their employees with the information being published: Incorrect.

1. Singular “was” does not agree in number with plural “pension benefits”.
2. This sentence distorts the meaning of the sentence. This choice now says that employees earned the benefits with information that was being published in the annual reports. This is clearly not the intended meaning.

D. earned by their employees, information that must also be published: Correct. This choice discards the parallelism in the sentence to convey the intended meaning most effectively. Here “information that must also be published…” is a Noun (information) + Noun Modifier “that must be…”) that modifies the preceding clause “whether they have…”.

E. earned by their employees and published the information: Incorrect. Past tense “published” is cannot follow “to” and to logically make “to require” and “to publish” parallel.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
Shraddha



Hello egmat/Shraddha,

Could you explain below option once again. I could not get why "publish" cannot follow "to". It is grammatically wrong ?

E. earned by their employees and published the information: Incorrect. Past tense “published” is cannot follow “to” and to logically make “to require” and “to publish” parallel

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Re: Corporations will soon be required to report to the government whether [#permalink]

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New post 24 May 2017, 00:56
ammuseeru wrote:
Could you explain below option once again. I could not get why "publish" cannot follow "to". It is grammatically wrong ?

Hi ammuseeru, E does not use publish; it uses published.

Clearly, published cannot follow to (basically to published is incorrect).
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Re: Corporations will soon be required to report to the government whether [#permalink]

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New post 31 May 2017, 12:21
ammuseeru wrote:
Hello egmat/Shraddha,

Could you explain below option once again. I could not get why "publish" cannot follow "to". It is grammatically wrong ?

E. earned by their employees and published the information: Incorrect. Past tense “published” is cannot follow “to” and to logically make “to require” and “to publish” parallel

Regards,



Hello ammuseeru,

Thank you for the query. :-)

Choice E uses the verb published which is in simple past tense. But in the structure "to verb", to CANNOT be followed by a verb in simple past tense. To must be followed by the base form of the verb, the form that is not followed by suffixes such as "s", "ed", "ing", etc. For example:

He has gone to play tennis.
She took her mother's help to finish her project.

For this very reason, Choice E is incorrect because to cannot be followed by published.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: Corporations will soon be required to report to the government whether [#permalink]

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New post 09 Sep 2017, 03:39
egmat wrote:
ammuseeru wrote:
Hello egmat/Shraddha,

Could you explain below option once again. I could not get why "publish" cannot follow "to". It is grammatically wrong ?

E. earned by their employees and published the information: Incorrect. Past tense “published” is cannot follow “to” and to logically make “to require” and “to publish” parallel

Regards,



Hello ammuseeru,

Thank you for the query. :-)

Choice E uses the verb published which is in simple past tense. But in the structure "to verb", to CANNOT be followed by a verb in simple past tense. To must be followed by the base form of the verb, the form that is not followed by suffixes such as "s", "ed", "ing", etc. For example:

He has gone to play tennis.
She took her mother's help to finish her project.

For this very reason, Choice E is incorrect because to cannot be followed by published.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
Shraddha




Corporations will soon be required to report to the government whether they have the necessary reserves to pay the pension benefits earned by their employees and that the information be published in annual reports to shareholders.
(A) earned by their employees and that the information be published - parallelism issue
(B) that their employees earned and that the information be published - here second choice will read as pension benefits that the information be published - parallelism issue
(C) that was earned by their employees with the information being published - subject verb agreement - benefits required were , also usage of with gives non-sensical meaning

(D) earned by their employees, information that must also be published

(E) earned by their employees and published the information - "E again has a parallelism problem. Can't match it up with "whether they have" because "whether they have" is in present tense, while "have published" would be present perfect. If you're going to reuse "have" for a present perfect construction, then the first part also needs to be written in present perfect.
(Example: She has written three books and published two. "has written... and (has) published.") Eliminate. "
- This is Stacey's explanation(MGMAT) on BTG


Past tense “published” is cannot follow “to” and to logically make “to require” and “to publish” parallel.- eGMAT's explanation for E

But in my opinion - the 2 parallel elements in E are -
whether
they have the necessary reserves to pay the pension benefits earned by their employees
and (have) published the information

Whereas , as per e-gmat explanation , it seems that- pension benefits earned by their employees (Verb ed modifier)
and published the information ( pension benefits published is non- sensical )




daagh , egmat , mikemcgarry , sayantanc2k ,RonPurewal ,GMATNinja ,EMPOWERgmatRichC , GMATNinjaTwo other experts - please help with correct interpretation .
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Re: Corporations will soon be required to report to the government whether [#permalink]

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New post 09 Sep 2017, 10:48
228. Corporations will soon be required to report to the government whether they have the necessary reserves to pay the pension benefits earned by their employees and that the information be published in annual reports to shareholders.
(A) earned by their employees and that the information be published
Parallelism issue : Incorrect

(B) that their employees earned and that the information be published
Nonsensical : benefits that their employees earned and benefits that the information be published. : Incorrect
(C) that was earned by their employees with the information being published
SV error : 'That' modifies pension benefits (Plural) ..was (Singular) : Incorrect
(D) earned by their employees, information that must also be published
Correct : Noun+noun modifier correctly used
(E) earned by their employees and published the information
Nonsensical : benefits earned.... and published.... Incorrect
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Re: Corporations will soon be required to report to the government whether [#permalink]

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New post 14 Sep 2017, 16:43
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Skywalker18 wrote:
Corporations will soon be required to report to the government whether they have the necessary reserves to pay the pension benefits earned by their employees and that the information be published in annual reports to shareholders.
(A) earned by their employees and that the information be published - parallelism issue
(B) that their employees earned and that the information be published - here second choice will read as pension benefits that the information be published - parallelism issue
(C) that was earned by their employees with the information being published - subject verb agreement - benefits required were , also usage of with gives non-sensical meaning

(D) earned by their employees, information that must also be published

(E) earned by their employees and published the information - "E again has a parallelism problem. Can't match it up with "whether they have" because "whether they have" is in present tense, while "have published" would be present perfect. If you're going to reuse "have" for a present perfect construction, then the first part also needs to be written in present perfect.
(Example: She has written three books and published two. "has written... and (has) published.") Eliminate. "
- This is Stacey's explanation(MGMAT) on BTG

Past tense “published” is cannot follow “to” and to logically make “to require” and “to publish” parallel.- eGMAT's explanation for E

But in my opinion - the 2 parallel elements in E are -
whether
they have the necessary reserves to pay the pension benefits earned by their employees
and (have) published the information

Whereas , as per e-gmat explanation , it seems that- pension benefits earned by their employees (Verb ed modifier)
and published the information ( pension benefits published is non- sensical )

Dear Skywalker18,

I'm happy to respond. :-)

This SC question, like all the official questions, is absolutely brilliant. As someone who writes questions professionally, I am always in awe of the official questions! The OA, choice (D), is a paragon of elegance and well-spoken expression. Choice (E) is a brilliant trap answer for folks who think narrowly and mechanically about parallelism.

In the narrow sense, (E) appears grammatically correct, because the two participles, "earned . . . and published" appear to be in parallel. There's no obvious grammar flaw there. It would be fine to say:
The CEO of the multinational XYZ has the highest salary of any CEO, earned in euros and published in Forbes.
In that sentence, the two participles are correctly in parallel.

The problem is that, in this SC problem, choice (E) changes the meaning. Part of what the prompt conveys is that the "earning" is already happening, but the "publishing" of this information is something new that the law is going to require. These two participles have matching grammatical forms, so they appear parallel, but ultimately, parallelism is NOT a grammatical construction. Parallelism is a logical construction, and the matching grammar serves to make clear the underlying logical pattern. These two actions are not logically parallel, because one already is happening and the other is going to be required to happen. Stating them in parallel as choice (E) has implies that they both are already happening, and this contradicts the information from the prompt. That's why people say have been calling this version "nonsense," because it uses the superficial appearance of parallelism to create a meaning that complete departs from the prompt.

Remember, the GMAT SC is NOT a test of grammar. Instead, on the GMAT SC, grammar and logic and rhetoric all have to come together to produce meaning. A well constructed sentence is one in which the meaning is supported grammatically, logically, and rhetorically, and the GMAT wants to know that you can identify such well constructed sentences. Official questions such as this one are designed, among other things, to punish students who focus exclusively on grammar, to the neglect of the other elements.

Does all this make sense?
Mike :-)
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