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Created in 1945 to reduce poverty and stabilize foreign currency

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Created in 1945 to reduce poverty and stabilize foreign currency  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Apr 2018, 23:38
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  45% (medium)

Question Stats:

64% (01:41) correct 36% (02:02) wrong based on 387 sessions

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Created in 1945 to reduce poverty and stabilize foreign currency markets, the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund have, according to some critics,continually struggled to meet the expectations of their major shareholders—a group comprising many of the world’s rich nations—but neglected their intended beneficiaries in the developing world.

A. continually struggled to meet the expectations of their major shareholders— a group comprising many of the world’s rich nations—but neglected
B. continually struggled as they try to meet the expectations of their major shareholders—a group comprising many of the world’s rich nations—while neglecting that of
C. continually struggled to meet their major shareholders’ expectations—a group comprising many of the world’s rich nations—but neglected that of
D. had to struggle continually in trying to meet the expectations of their major shareholders—a group comprising many of the world’s rich nations—while neglecting that of
E. struggled continually in trying to meet their major shareholders’ expectations—a group comprising many of the world’s rich nations—and neglecting

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Re: Created in 1945 to reduce poverty and stabilize foreign currency  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Apr 2018, 09:06
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PP777 wrote:
Created in 1945 to reduce poverty and stabilize foreign currency markets, the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund have, according to some critics,continually struggled to meet the expectations of their major shareholders—a group comprising many of the world’s rich nations—but neglected their intended beneficiaries in the developing world.

A. continually struggled to meet the expectations of their major shareholders— a group comprising many of the world’s rich nations—but neglected
B. continually struggled as they try to meet the expectations of their major shareholders—a group comprising many of the world’s rich nations—while neglecting that of
C. continually struggled to meet their major shareholders’ expectations—a group comprising many of the world’s rich nations—but neglected that of
D. had to struggle continually in trying to meet the expectations of their major shareholders—a group comprising many of the world’s rich nations—while neglecting that of
E. struggled continually in trying to meet their major shareholders’ expectations—a group comprising many of the world’s rich nations—and neglecting


Choice E- two ideally parallel entities Struggled and Neglecting are obviously not parallel.WRONG.
Choice D- usage of past perfect 'had to struggle' indicated that it struggled first then did something else, which is missing.WRONG.
Choice C- Wrong modifier usage 'Shareholders' expectation- a group company...' nonsensical. WRONG.
Choice-B- Again parallelism seems off- struggled and neglecting. WRONG IMO.
Choice A- Looks the best bet. Please enlighten me folks. But meaning wise usage of But is confusing me.

Kindly help! :-) :(
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Created in 1945 to reduce poverty and stabilize foreign currency  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Apr 2018, 12:52
swagatamoitra



Here is my take on this question & I too have a doubt. May be some good scorers can shed some light. gmatexam, abhimahna

Created in 1945 to reduce poverty and stabilize foreign currency markets, the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund have, according to some critics,continually struggled to meet the expectations of their major shareholders—a group comprising many of the world’s rich nations—but neglected their intended beneficiaries in the developing world.

A. continually struggled to meet the expectations of their major shareholders— a group comprising many of the world’s rich nations—but neglected (The only confusion I have in this is the use of two "-" then But. Based on my understanding the structure of the sentence seems to be this: Verb-ed modifier, IC, but IC. Now the confusion is can - replace a comma??. Other then this confusion everything else in this options is correct)

B. continually struggled as they try to meet the expectations of their major shareholders—a group comprising many of the world’s rich nations—while neglecting that of (Wrong because I believe the use of they here is redundant. For example its better to say: John and katie have struggled to meet the expectations VS John & Katie have struggled as they try to meet the expectations) Also that of at the end of this option does not seems correct because it almost seems as per this option that WB & IMF have struggled to meet the expectations of shareholders while neglecting the expectations of their beneficiaries. Whereas the real meaning is that WB & IMF have struggled to meet the expectations of their shareholders and neglected the real beneficiaries for which these two identities were created in the first place. I am not so clear about the parallelism)

C. continually struggled to meet their major shareholders’ expectations—a group comprising many of the world’s rich nations—but neglected that of (Wrong because A noun +noun modifier does not have any identity to modify. expectations can not be a group. Also the noun + noun modifier here is: "a group(noun) + comprising many of the world's rich nations (Verb-ing modifier)

D. had to struggle continually in trying to meet the expectations of their major shareholders—a group comprising many of the world’s rich nations—while neglecting that of ( Wrong because we can not say the world bank and IMF(International world bank) have had to struggle. I am positive that the use of have+ had is not correct- But if someone can confirm this I will appreciate it)

E. struggled continually in trying to meet their major shareholders’ expectations—a group comprising many of the world’s rich nations—and neglecting (Wrong because A noun +noun modifier does not have any identity to modify. expectations can not be a group. Also the noun + noun modifier here is: "a group(noun) + comprising many of the world's rich nations (Verb-ing modifier)
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Re: Created in 1945 to reduce poverty and stabilize foreign currency  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Apr 2018, 07:44
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Hello Rocket7,
Please find my comments in red below.

Here is my take on this question & I too have a doubt. May be some good scorers can shed some light. gmatexam, abhimahna

Created in 1945 to reduce poverty and stabilize foreign currency markets, the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund have, according to some critics,continually struggled to meet the expectations of their major shareholders—a group comprising many of the world’s rich nations—but neglected their intended beneficiaries in the developing world.

A. continually struggled to meet the expectations of their major shareholders— a group comprising many of the world’s rich nations—but neglected (The only confusion I have in this is the use of two "-" then But. Based on my understanding the structure of the sentence seems to be this: Verb-ed modifier, IC, but IC. Now the confusion is can - replace a comma??. Other then this confusion everything else in this options is correct)
--Yes we can use "-" instead of a ",". The only difference is that "-" is stronger than ",".

B. continually struggled as they try to meet the expectations of their major shareholders—a group comprising many of the world’s rich nations—while neglecting that of (Wrong because I believe the use of they here is redundant. For example its better to say: John and katie have struggled to meet the expectations VS John & Katie have struggled as they try to meet the expectations) Also that of at the end of this option does not seems correct because it almost seems as per this option that WB & IMF have struggled to meet the expectations of shareholders while neglecting the expectations of their beneficiaries. Whereas the real meaning is that WB & IMF have struggled to meet the expectations of their shareholders and neglected the real beneficiaries for which these two identities were created in the first place. I am not so clear about the parallelism)
--Your analysis is correct

C. continually struggled to meet their major shareholders’ expectations—a group comprising many of the world’s rich nations—but neglected that of (Wrong because A noun +noun modifier does not have any identity to modify. expectations can not be a group. Also the noun + noun modifier here is: "a group(noun) + comprising many of the world's rich nations (Verb-ing modifier)
--I am not sure of what noun+ noun modifier but your analysis of "expectations" is spot on. Also, the usage of "that" in the end is wrong.

D. had to struggle continually in trying to meet the expectations of their major shareholders—a group comprising many of the world’s rich nations—while neglecting that of ( Wrong because we can not say the world bank and IMF(International world bank) have had to struggle. I am positive that the use of have+ had is not correct- But if someone can confirm this I will appreciate it)
--Yes "have had" is wrongly used here

E. struggled continually in trying to meet their major shareholders’ expectations—a group comprising many of the world’s rich nations—and neglecting (Wrong because A noun +noun modifier does not have any identity to modify. expectations can not be a group. Also the noun + noun modifier here is: "a group(noun) + comprising many of the world's rich nations (Verb-ing modifier)
--Again I am not sure of noun + noun modifier and again your analysis of "expectations" is spot on. Also if you have a look at "and neglecting" at the end, the usage is incorrect. We need a "but" to show contrast. Also usage of present continuous is wrong (neglecting) because in order to maintain parallelism (struggled ..... neglected ...) we need simple past tense.

I hope that helps a bit!
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Re: Created in 1945 to reduce poverty and stabilize foreign currency  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Apr 2018, 08:14
PP777 wrote:
Created in 1945 to reduce poverty and stabilize foreign currency markets, the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund have, according to some critics,continually struggled to meet the expectations of their major shareholders—a group comprising many of the world’s rich nations—but neglected their intended beneficiaries in the developing world.


I solved this using the concept of modifiers & POE, "major shareholders" has to be "a group comprising many of the world’s rich nations", so, C & E are out. It's A, B or E.

A. continually struggled to meet the expectations of their major shareholders— a group comprising many of the world’s rich nations—but neglected - Remains. Correct.

B. continually struggled as they try to meet the expectations of their major shareholders—a group comprising many of the world’s rich nations—while neglecting that of - Incorrect. "they, "thier", "that of" and "verb+ing" too much going on here.

C. continually struggled to meet their major shareholders’ expectations—a group comprising many of the world’s rich nations—but neglected that of - Incorrect as explained above.

D. had to struggle continually in trying to meet the expectations of their major shareholders—a group comprising many of the world’s rich nations—while neglecting that of - "had to", verb+ing, "that of" too much going on here.

E. struggled continually in trying to meet their major shareholders’ expectations—a group comprising many of the world’s rich nations—and neglecting - Incorrect as explained above.

Answer: (A).
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Created in 1945 to reduce poverty and stabilize foreign currency  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Feb 2019, 01:44
Dear experts,

If the sentence was : Created in 1945 to reduce poverty and stabilize foreign currency markets, the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund have, according to some critics,continually struggled to meet the expectations of their major shareholders—a group comprising many of the world’s rich nations—but neglected those of (expectations of) their intended beneficiaries in the developing world.

Would it be correct sentence? Expectations of shareholders and expectations of beneficiaries seems logical to me.
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Re: Created in 1945 to reduce poverty and stabilize foreign currency  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Feb 2019, 02:20
Mehemmed wrote:
Dear experts,

If the sentence was : Created in 1945 to reduce poverty and stabilize foreign currency markets, the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund have, according to some critics,continually struggled to meet the expectations of their major shareholders—a group comprising many of the world’s rich nations—but neglected those of (expectations of) their intended beneficiaries in the developing world.

Would it be correct sentence? Expectations of shareholders and expectations of beneficiaries seems logical to me.

yes
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Created in 1945 to reduce poverty and stabilize foreign currency  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Mar 2019, 10:00
PP777 wrote:
Created in 1945 to reduce poverty and stabilize foreign currency markets, the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund have, according to some critics,continually struggled to meet the expectations of their major shareholders—a group comprising many of the world’s rich nations—but neglected their intended beneficiaries in the developing world.

A. continually struggled to meet the expectations of their major shareholders— a group comprising many of the world’s rich nations—but neglectedCorrect

B. continually struggled as they try to meet the expectations of their major shareholders—a group comprising many of the world’s rich nations—while neglecting that ofverb tense error - "as they try should be as they tried", pronoun number mismatch- "that" doesn't match with plural "expectations"

C. continually struggled to meet their major shareholders’ expectations—a group comprising many of the world’s rich nations—but neglected that of"a group comprising many of the world’s rich nations" this group is not expectations, pronoun number mismatch- "that" doesn't match with plural "expectations"

D. had to struggle continually in trying to meet the expectations of their major shareholders—a group comprising many of the world’s rich nations—while neglecting that of pronoun number mismatch- "that" doesn't match with plural "expectations", parallelism error

E. struggled continually in trying to meet their major shareholders’ expectations—a group comprising many of the world’s rich nations—and neglecting"a group comprising many of the world’s rich nations" this group is not expectations, parallelism error

GMATNinja, generis

My doubt is regarding option D and E
Can you explain what is the issue in use of "had" here?
"in trying to meet their expectations" is this usage correct in option E?
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Created in 1945 to reduce poverty and stabilize foreign currency   [#permalink] 08 Mar 2019, 10:00
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