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Created in 1945 to reduce poverty and stabilize foreign currency marke

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Created in 1945 to reduce poverty and stabilize foreign currency marke [#permalink]

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A
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C
D
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Created in 1945 to reduce poverty and stabilize foreign currency markets, the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund have, according to some critics, continually struggled to meet the expectations of their major shareholders—a group comprising many of the world’s rich nations—but neglected their intended beneficiaries in the developing world.

(A) continually struggled to meet the expectations of their major shareholders—a group comprising many of the world’s rich nations—but neglected

(B) continually struggled as they try to meet the expectations of their major shareholders—a group comprising many of the world’s rich nations—while neglecting that of

(C) continually struggled to meet their major shareholders’ expectations—a group comprising many of the world’s rich nations—but neglected that of

(D) had to struggle continually in trying to meet the expectations of their major shareholders—a group comprising many of the world’s rich nations—while neglecting that of

(E) struggled continually in trying to meet their major shareholders’ expectations—a group comprising many of the world’s rich nations—and neglecting
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Originally posted by Sash143 on 16 Dec 2015, 01:18.
Last edited by generis on 22 Mar 2018, 19:55, edited 2 times in total.
Formatted the question.
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Re: Created in 1945 to reduce poverty and stabilize foreign currency marke [#permalink]

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New post 16 Dec 2015, 03:09
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The expressions ‘try to meet’ and ‘trying to meet’ in B, D and E are inappropriate since the institutions did not struggle in trying but struggled in meeting the expectations. In additions B, D and E use wrong transition conjunctions such as ‘while’ and ‘and’ to show a contrast. Therefore, B, D and E can be safely removed.
Between A and C: C has a problem of using the demonstrative pronoun’ that’ instead of the ‘those’ to denote the plural ‘expectations’.
So A.
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Re: Created in 1945 to reduce poverty and stabilize foreign currency marke [#permalink]

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Sash143 wrote:
Created in 1945 to reduce poverty and stabilize foreign currency markets, the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund have, according to some critics, continually struggled to meet the expectations of their major shareholders- a group comprising many of the world's rich nations- but neglected their intended beneficiaries in the developing world.

A)....

B) continually struggled as they try to meet the expectations of their major shareholders- a group comprising many of the world's rich nations- while neglecting that of

C) continually struggled to meet their major shareholders' expectations- a group comprising many of the world's rich nations- but neglected that of

D) had to struggle continually in trying to meet the expectations of their major shareholders- a group comprising many of the world's rich nations- while neglecting that of

E) struggled continually in trying to meet their major shareholders' expectations- a group comprising many of the world's rich nations- and neglecting



another point in addition to daagh post...
what does a group comprising many of the world's rich nations refers to.....
their major shareholders or their major shareholders' expectations...
C and E can be eliminated....
D has an extra 'had so D out..
B is out for changing meaning by usage of 'while" and struggled as is not correct ..
ans A
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Re: Created in 1945 to reduce poverty and stabilize foreign currency marke [#permalink]

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The fastest way for me though this question was to notice that "that" cannot refer to "expectations". Eliminate B, C and D. E can be eliminated on the basis of parallel structure. “Struggled” and “neglecting” are not parallel. Notice also the presence of a contrast in the sentence. They “struggled to meet”… “but neglected”. It is appropriate to have a contrast here. “Struggled to meet” and “neglected / or neglecting” would not work on this basis either.
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Re: Created in 1945 to reduce poverty and stabilize foreign currency marke [#permalink]

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stevekeating wrote:
The fastest way for me though this question was to notice that "that" cannot refer to "expectations". Eliminate B, C and D. E can be eliminated on the basis of parallel structure. “Struggled” and “neglecting” are not parallel. Notice also the presence of a contrast in the sentence. They “struggled to meet”… “but neglected”. It is appropriate to have a contrast here. “Struggled to meet” and “neglected / or neglecting” would not work on this basis either.



Hello Steve,
Would it be possible to expound why "That" cannot refer to "expectation"
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Re: Created in 1945 to reduce poverty and stabilize foreign currency marke [#permalink]

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The singular "that" cannot refer to the plural "expectations". It would have to be "those of" to refer to the expectations of their intended beneficiaries in the developing world. Be particularly careful of any "reference" words in GMAT sentence correction problems. Such words include this, that, these and those. Pronouns are also relevant here. You should check what these words refer to. Then ask yourself is there agreement in terms of singular / plural between the reference word and the thing it refers to.
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Re: Created in 1945 to reduce poverty and stabilize foreign currency marke [#permalink]

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New post 11 Oct 2016, 12:44
Created in 1945 to reduce poverty and stabilize foreign currency markets, the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund have, according to some critics, continually struggled to meet the expectations of their major shareholders- a group comprising many of the world's rich nations- but neglected their intended beneficiaries in the developing world. ------ These two should be parallel

A)continually struggled to meet the expectations of their major shareholders- a group comprising many of the world's rich nations- but neglected

B) continually struggled as they try to meet the expectations of their major shareholders- a group comprising many of the world's rich nations- while neglecting that of
---- contrast provided by BUT is missing

C) continually struggled to meet their major shareholders' expectations- a group comprising many of the world's rich nations- but neglected that of
----- seems like a particular breed of expectation
----- A group does not have any precedent

D) had to struggle continually in trying to meet the expectations of their major shareholders- a group comprising many of the world's rich nations- while neglecting that of

E) struggled continually in trying to meet their major shareholders' expectations- a group comprising many of the world's rich nations- and neglecting
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Re: Created in 1945 to reduce poverty and stabilize foreign currency marke [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jul 2017, 08:05
can anyone explain the change of meaning between BUT & WHILE ? I'm really confused here :/
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Re: Created in 1945 to reduce poverty and stabilize foreign currency marke [#permalink]

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New post 02 Aug 2017, 19:45
Hi Experts GMATNinja mikemcgarry
can any one please explain clearly the contrast in (A)?
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Re: Created in 1945 to reduce poverty and stabilize foreign currency marke [#permalink]

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Takdir wrote:
can anyone explain the change of meaning between BUT & WHILE ? I'm really confused here :/



Hello Takdir,

I would be glad to help you out with this one. :-)

The word but is used to present a contrast. The word while is used to present either contrast or simultaneous action.

The official sentence in question intends to present the contrast. The World Bank and the the International Monetary Fund have struggled to meet the expectations of certain rich nations. But it has neglected those nations that were meant to be the beneficiary of these organizations.

However, use of while in Choices B and D seems to suggest simultaneous action. Usage of while seems to convey that the two organizations have struggled to meet the expectations of certain rich nations and neglected the intended beneficiaries at the same time. This is not the intended meaning of the sentence.

Hence, to clearly present the contrast with no room for any ambiguity, use of but is appropriate in this official sentence.


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: Created in 1945 to reduce poverty and stabilize foreign currency marke [#permalink]

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New post 23 Aug 2017, 15:28
adkikani wrote:
Hi Experts GMATNinja mikemcgarry
can any one please explain clearly the contrast in (A)?



Hello adkikani /Arpit,

I would be glad to help you out with this one. :-)

Read the sentence very carefully. Right in the beginning, it presents the reason why the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund were created.

So the real beneficiaries of these two organizations should be the developing countries. But that is not the case.

These two organizations have struggled to keep certain rich nations happy and neglected the real beneficiaries.

However, it should be the other way round.

The two organizations have struggled to do what they are not meant to do but have neglected the real beneficiaries.


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: Created in 1945 to reduce poverty and stabilize foreign currency marke [#permalink]

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New post 25 Sep 2017, 09:57
Created in 1945 to reduce poverty and stabilize foreign currency markets, the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund have, according to some critics, continually struggled to meet the expectations of their major shareholders—a group comprising many of the world’s rich nations—but neglected their intended beneficiaries in the developing world.

(A) continually struggled to meet the expectations of their major shareholders—a group comprising many of the world’s rich nations—but neglected
Correct

(B) continually struggled as they try to meet the expectations of their major shareholders—a group comprising many of the world’s rich nations—while neglecting that of
'That' for plural expectations is wrong

(C) continually struggled to meet their major shareholders’ expectations—a group comprising many of the world’s rich nations—but neglected that of
"a group comprising many of the world’s rich nation" modifies major shareholders’ expectations ; incorrect

(D) had to struggle continually in trying to meet the expectations of their major shareholders—a group comprising many of the world’s rich nations—while neglecting that of
'That' for plural expectations is wrong

(E) struggled continually in trying to meet their major shareholders’ expectations—a group comprising many of the world’s rich nations—and neglecting
"a group comprising many of the world’s rich nation" modifies major shareholders’ expectations ; incorrect
Re: Created in 1945 to reduce poverty and stabilize foreign currency marke   [#permalink] 25 Sep 2017, 09:57
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Created in 1945 to reduce poverty and stabilize foreign currency marke

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