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Created in 1945 to reduce poverty and stabilize foreign currency marke

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Created in 1945 to reduce poverty and stabilize foreign currency marke [#permalink]

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Created in 1945 to reduce poverty and stabilize foreign currency markets, the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund have, according to some critics, continually struggled to meet the expectations of their major shareholders—a group comprising many of the world’s rich nations—but neglected their intended beneficiaries in the developing world.

(A) continually struggled to meet the expectations of their major shareholders—a group comprising many of the world’s rich nations—but neglected

(B) continually struggled as they try to meet the expectations of their major shareholders—a group comprising many of the world’s rich nations—while neglecting that of

(C) continually struggled to meet their major shareholders’ expectations—a group comprising many of the world’s rich nations—but neglected that of

(D) had to struggle continually in trying to meet the expectations of their major shareholders—a group comprising many of the world’s rich nations—while neglecting that of

(E) struggled continually in trying to meet their major shareholders’ expectations—a group comprising many of the world’s rich nations—and neglecting
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by hazelnut on 21 Aug 2017, 16:30, edited 1 time in total.
Formatted the question.

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Re: Created in 1945 to reduce poverty and stabilize foreign currency marke [#permalink]

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The expressions ‘try to meet’ and ‘trying to meet’ in B, D and E are inappropriate since the institutions did not struggle in trying but struggled in meeting the expectations. In additions B, D and E use wrong transition conjunctions such as ‘while’ and ‘and’ to show a contrast. Therefore, B, D and E can be safely removed.
Between A and C: C has a problem of using the demonstrative pronoun’ that’ instead of the ‘those’ to denote the plural ‘expectations’.
So A.
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Re: Created in 1945 to reduce poverty and stabilize foreign currency marke [#permalink]

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Sash143 wrote:
Created in 1945 to reduce poverty and stabilize foreign currency markets, the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund have, according to some critics, continually struggled to meet the expectations of their major shareholders- a group comprising many of the world's rich nations- but neglected their intended beneficiaries in the developing world.

A)....

B) continually struggled as they try to meet the expectations of their major shareholders- a group comprising many of the world's rich nations- while neglecting that of

C) continually struggled to meet their major shareholders' expectations- a group comprising many of the world's rich nations- but neglected that of

D) had to struggle continually in trying to meet the expectations of their major shareholders- a group comprising many of the world's rich nations- while neglecting that of

E) struggled continually in trying to meet their major shareholders' expectations- a group comprising many of the world's rich nations- and neglecting



another point in addition to daagh post...
what does a group comprising many of the world's rich nations refers to.....
their major shareholders or their major shareholders' expectations...
C and E can be eliminated....
D has an extra 'had so D out..
B is out for changing meaning by usage of 'while" and struggled as is not correct ..
ans A
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Re: Created in 1945 to reduce poverty and stabilize foreign currency marke [#permalink]

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The fastest way for me though this question was to notice that "that" cannot refer to "expectations". Eliminate B, C and D. E can be eliminated on the basis of parallel structure. “Struggled” and “neglecting” are not parallel. Notice also the presence of a contrast in the sentence. They “struggled to meet”… “but neglected”. It is appropriate to have a contrast here. “Struggled to meet” and “neglected / or neglecting” would not work on this basis either.
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Re: Created in 1945 to reduce poverty and stabilize foreign currency marke [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jan 2016, 05:49
1. "Struggle to" is correct idiom. B, D and E out
2. "A group" modifies "their major shareholders". C and E out.
3. "neglected" parallels to "struggled"
Choice A is correct.

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Re: Created in 1945 to reduce poverty and stabilize foreign currency marke [#permalink]

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New post 02 Jan 2016, 15:57
stevekeating wrote:
The fastest way for me though this question was to notice that "that" cannot refer to "expectations". Eliminate B, C and D. E can be eliminated on the basis of parallel structure. “Struggled” and “neglecting” are not parallel. Notice also the presence of a contrast in the sentence. They “struggled to meet”… “but neglected”. It is appropriate to have a contrast here. “Struggled to meet” and “neglected / or neglecting” would not work on this basis either.



Hello Steve,
Would it be possible to expound why "That" cannot refer to "expectation"

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Re: Created in 1945 to reduce poverty and stabilize foreign currency marke [#permalink]

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The singular "that" cannot refer to the plural "expectations". It would have to be "those of" to refer to the expectations of their intended beneficiaries in the developing world. Be particularly careful of any "reference" words in GMAT sentence correction problems. Such words include this, that, these and those. Pronouns are also relevant here. You should check what these words refer to. Then ask yourself is there agreement in terms of singular / plural between the reference word and the thing it refers to.
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Re: Created in 1945 to reduce poverty and stabilize foreign currency marke [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jan 2016, 10:28
stevekeating wrote:
The singular "that" cannot refer to the plural "expectations". It would have to be "those of" to refer to the expectations of their intended beneficiaries in the developing world. Be particularly careful of any "reference" words in GMAT sentence correction problems. Such words include this, that, these and those. Pronouns are also relevant here. You should check what these words refer to. Then ask yourself is there agreement in terms of singular / plural between the reference word and the thing it refers to.


Thank you so much for your explanation and quick response. Your help is very much appreciated.

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Re: Created in 1945 to reduce poverty and stabilize foreign currency marke [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jan 2016, 01:20
A is the correct answer as B, C and D have an extra 'That' instead of 'Those' .

E is out due to incorrect parallelism.

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Re: Created in 1945 to reduce poverty and stabilize foreign currency marke [#permalink]

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New post 11 Oct 2016, 12:44
Created in 1945 to reduce poverty and stabilize foreign currency markets, the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund have, according to some critics, continually struggled to meet the expectations of their major shareholders- a group comprising many of the world's rich nations- but neglected their intended beneficiaries in the developing world. ------ These two should be parallel

A)continually struggled to meet the expectations of their major shareholders- a group comprising many of the world's rich nations- but neglected

B) continually struggled as they try to meet the expectations of their major shareholders- a group comprising many of the world's rich nations- while neglecting that of
---- contrast provided by BUT is missing

C) continually struggled to meet their major shareholders' expectations- a group comprising many of the world's rich nations- but neglected that of
----- seems like a particular breed of expectation
----- A group does not have any precedent

D) had to struggle continually in trying to meet the expectations of their major shareholders- a group comprising many of the world's rich nations- while neglecting that of

E) struggled continually in trying to meet their major shareholders' expectations- a group comprising many of the world's rich nations- and neglecting

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Re: Created in 1945 to reduce poverty and stabilize foreign currency marke [#permalink]

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New post 08 Mar 2017, 04:30
I have different explaination for this question: Experts please explain am I right or wrong:


B) continually struggled as they try to meet the expectations of their major shareholders- a group comprising many of the world's rich nations- while neglecting that of
'that of'- Here original question want to refer to world bank and Imf not expectations

C) continually struggled to meet their major shareholders' expectations- a group comprising many of the world's rich nations- but neglected that of

'that of'- Here original question want to refer to world bank and Imf not expectations

D) had to struggle continually in trying to meet the expectations of their major shareholders- a group comprising many of the world's rich nations- while neglecting that of

'that of'- Here original question want to refer to world bank and Imf not expectations

E) struggled continually in trying to meet their major shareholders' expectations- a group comprising many of the world's rich nations- and neglecting
"continually in trying", "comprising"- use of progressive verb with word continually is wrong

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Re: Created in 1945 to reduce poverty and stabilize foreign currency marke [#permalink]

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New post 17 Mar 2017, 08:27
struggled to meet ... shareholders- and neglected- 3 starting points. A fills them out. Others go down. IMO A

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Re: Created in 1945 to reduce poverty and stabilize foreign currency marke [#permalink]

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New post 17 Mar 2017, 09:54
Sash143 wrote:
Created in 1945 to reduce poverty and stabilize foreign currency markets, the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund have, according to some critics, continually struggled to meet the expectations of their major shareholders- a group comprising many of the world's rich nations- but neglected their intended beneficiaries in the developing world.

A)continually struggled to meet the expectations of their major shareholders- a group comprising many of the world's rich nations- but neglected

B) continually struggled as they try to meet the expectations of their major shareholders- a group comprising many of the world's rich nations- while neglecting that of

C) continually struggled to meet their major shareholders' expectations- a group comprising many of the world's rich nations- but neglected that of

D) had to struggle continually in trying to meet the expectations of their major shareholders- a group comprising many of the world's rich nations- while neglecting that of

E) struggled continually in trying to meet their major shareholders' expectations- a group comprising many of the world's rich nations- and neglecting
For contrast But is more appropriate than while or and ..In c that of is wrong and unnecessary..So, the OA should be A.

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Re: Created in 1945 to reduce poverty and stabilize foreign currency marke [#permalink]

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New post 06 May 2017, 05:20
Created in 1945 to reduce poverty and stabilize foreign currency markets, the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund have, according to some critics, continually struggled to meet the expectations of their major shareholders- a group comprising many of the world's rich nations- but neglected their intended beneficiaries in the developing world.

A)continually struggled to meet the expectations of their major shareholders- a group comprising many of the world's rich nations- but neglected

B) continually struggled as they try to meet the expectations of their major shareholders- a group comprising many of the world's rich nations- while neglecting that of

C) continually struggled to meet their major shareholders' expectations- a group comprising many of the world's rich nations- but neglected that of

D) had to struggle continually in trying to meet the expectations of their major shareholders- a group comprising many of the world's rich nations- while neglecting that of

E) struggled continually in trying to meet their major shareholders' expectations- a group comprising many of the world's rich nations - and neglecting
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Re: Created in 1945 to reduce poverty and stabilize foreign currency marke [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jul 2017, 00:41
Hello

Need some help to understand the below -

Can anyone explain the difference between
1. Struggled to meet the shareholders' expectations
2. Struggled to meet the expectations of their shareholders

Thanks in advance

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Re: Created in 1945 to reduce poverty and stabilize foreign currency marke [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jul 2017, 08:05
can anyone explain the change of meaning between BUT & WHILE ? I'm really confused here :/

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Re: Created in 1945 to reduce poverty and stabilize foreign currency marke [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jul 2017, 12:04
Sash143 wrote:
Created in 1945 to reduce poverty and stabilize foreign currency markets, the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund have, according to some critics, continually struggled to meet the expectations of their major shareholders- a group comprising many of the world's rich nations- but neglected their intended beneficiaries in the developing world.

A)continually struggled to meet the expectations of their major shareholders- a group comprising many of the world's rich nations- but neglected

B) continually struggled as they try to meet the expectations of their major shareholders- a group comprising many of the world's rich nations- while neglecting that of

C) continually struggled to meet their major shareholders' expectations- a group comprising many of the world's rich nations- but neglected that of

D) had to struggle continually in trying to meet the expectations of their major shareholders- a group comprising many of the world's rich nations- while neglecting that of

E) struggled continually in trying to meet their major shareholders' expectations- a group comprising many of the world's rich nations- and neglecting


'Struggle to try to meet' - Incorrect.
You can 'Struggle to meet'.
On that count, E,D, B are gone.

C - 'that' is referring back to 'expectations' which is incorrect. 'that' is singular and 'expectations' is plural. OUT.

A wins and is the correct answer.
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Re: Created in 1945 to reduce poverty and stabilize foreign currency marke [#permalink]

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New post 02 Aug 2017, 19:45
Hi Experts GMATNinja mikemcgarry
can any one please explain clearly the contrast in (A)?
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Re: Created in 1945 to reduce poverty and stabilize foreign currency marke [#permalink]

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New post 23 Aug 2017, 02:49
A is correct - The conjunction but accurately describes the contradiction between what the organizations did for their major shareholders and what they did not do for their intended beneficiaries, and the appositive clearly defines the immediately preceding noun, shareholders.
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Re: Created in 1945 to reduce poverty and stabilize foreign currency marke [#permalink]

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New post 23 Aug 2017, 15:03
pikolo2510 wrote:
Hello

Need some help to understand the below -

Can anyone explain the difference between
1. Struggled to meet the shareholders' expectations
2. Struggled to meet the expectations of their shareholders

Thanks in advance



Hello pikolo2510,

There is no difference in the meaning conveyed by the two expressions you have mentioned in your post. They both mean the same, and both are correct.


Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: Created in 1945 to reduce poverty and stabilize foreign currency marke   [#permalink] 23 Aug 2017, 15:03

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