GMAT Question of the Day: Daily via email | Daily via Instagram New to GMAT Club? Watch this Video

It is currently 06 Aug 2020, 03:06

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

DARPA’s Falcon Hypersonic Technology Vehicle can fly as fast as 6X the

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Find Similar Topics 
CEO
CEO
User avatar
V
Joined: 15 Jul 2015
Posts: 3366
Location: India
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V51
GRE 1: Q170 V169
Re: DARPA’s Falcon Hypersonic Technology Vehicle can fly as fast as 6X the  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 26 Jan 2020, 21:17
1
GAGAN121 wrote:
I have a query. I think that the second part of the sentence in option A is also a clause and it should be joined by some conjecture (semicolon etc.). Than how is option A correct?
Hi GAGAN121,

You could try the official question that this question is based on.
_________________
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 03 Feb 2020
Posts: 11
DARPA’s Falcon Hypersonic Technology Vehicle can fly as fast as 6X the  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 16 Mar 2020, 14:01
Hi egmat could you please explain the difference between

A. prevented from dissipating in the stratosphere by its conical unibody design

E. is prevented from being dissipated in the stratosphere because of its conical unibody design

Why is it that "prevented from doing X by Y" is more correct than "prevented from doing X because of Y"?

Also isn't prevented by - passive voice which should be avoided?
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 20 Oct 2019
Posts: 44
Location: India
GMAT 1: 610 Q46 V28
CAT Tests
Re: DARPA’s Falcon Hypersonic Technology Vehicle can fly as fast as 6X the  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 14 Jun 2020, 14:58
I understand why option A is correct but I don't really understand why option E is incorrect.
Why are you saying that the underlined portion is an independent clause for option E and the same concept does not apply to option A
Manager
Manager
User avatar
S
Joined: 24 Nov 2019
Posts: 153
Location: Bangladesh
Concentration: Finance, Leadership
GPA: 3.5
Premium Member CAT Tests
DARPA’s Falcon Hypersonic Technology Vehicle can fly as fast as 6X the  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 06 Jul 2020, 21:16
Options B and C are incorrect because the portion 'the vehicle....preventing it's engine thrust..' doesn't match with the original meaning. Actually, the vehicle's engine thrust are prevented from dissipating by conical design.

The incorrect use of verb-ed modifier and being
makes option D incorrect.

There is no connector in option E and it is a run on sentence.

Therefore, option A is correct. :)
Manager
Manager
User avatar
S
Joined: 24 Nov 2019
Posts: 153
Location: Bangladesh
Concentration: Finance, Leadership
GPA: 3.5
Premium Member CAT Tests
DARPA’s Falcon Hypersonic Technology Vehicle can fly as fast as 6X the  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 06 Jul 2020, 21:18
DivyanshuGupta61 wrote:
I understand why option A is correct but I don't really understand why option E is incorrect.
Why are you saying that the underlined portion is an independent clause for option E and the same concept does not apply to option A


There is no connector in option E and it is a run on sentence.
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 20 Oct 2019
Posts: 44
Location: India
GMAT 1: 610 Q46 V28
CAT Tests
Re: DARPA’s Falcon Hypersonic Technology Vehicle can fly as fast as 6X the  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 Jul 2020, 04:34
egmat wrote:
Quote:
egmat wrote:
DARPA’s Falcon Hypersonic Technology Vehicle can fly as fast as 6X the speed of sound and can attack a target 2000 miles away in 30 minutes, its engine’s thrust prevented from dissipating in the stratosphere by its conical unibody design.

A. its engine’s thrust prevented from dissipating in the stratosphere by its conical unibody design
B. preventing its engine’s thrust from dissipating in the stratosphere because of its conical unibody design
C. preventing the dissipation of its engine’s thrust in the stratosphere due to its conical unibody design
D. prevented its engine’s thrust from being dissipated in the stratosphere by its conical unibody design
E. its engine’s thrust is prevented from being dissipated in the stratosphere because of its conical unibody design

Here is the official explanation for this question:
Image

Understand the Meaning of the Original Sentence


The sentence presents a fact about DARPA’s Falcon Hypersonic Technology Vehicle (FHTV). It states that this vehicle can fly as fast as 6 times the speed of sound. It can attack a target 2000 miles away in 30 minutes. Then the sentence presents the reason why such performance is achievable. The engine’s thrust is prevented from being dissipated in the stratosphere. This is because of the conical unibody design.

Find the Errors in the Original Sentence


DARPA’s Falcon Hypersonic Technology Vehicle can fly as fast as 6X the speed of sound and can attack a target 2000 miles away in 30 minutes, its engine’s thrust prevented from dissipating in the stratosphere by its conical unibody design.

This sentence contains a single clause with the SV pair highlighted. The underlined portion of the sentence contains a modifier – a noun + noun modifier structure. This modifier provides further information about how the vehicle can fly this fast and can attack this fast and this far away. The sentence has no grammatical errors and communicates the meaning very clearly.

Review Answer Choices to do POE


Choice B – Even though grammatically correct, this choice distorts the meaning of the sentence since now it uses “verb-ing modifier” in place of “noun + noun modifier”. Thus instead of now presenting a mechanism of how the vehicle is this fast, it presents the following two meanings, both of which are illogical:
1.The vehicle itself prevents its thrust from dissipating – Illogical.
2.The vehicle goes this fast and this results in preventing its thrust from dissipating. – Reversed causal relationship - hence illogical.

Choice C – Same errors as in Choice B. Furthermore, “due to” is not used correctly. Here it may illogically imply that the dissipation of thrust is due to conical design.

Choice D – Use of verb-ed modifier in this sentence is not correct. Typically these modifiers are used to modify the nouns. Even if they are used to modify the clauses, they associate with the subject of the clause, and this is non-sensical in the context of this sentence as discussed in choice B analysis.

Choice E – This choice connects two independent clauses using comma. Semicolon should be used. Furthermore, this choice is very wordy.

TAKE AWAYS


1. Understand the meaning of the original sentence and determine the role of each modifier.
2. Be cautious of change of structure of modifiers since such changes even though grammatically correct may distort the meaning of the sentence.

Note: The attachment at http://gmatclub.com/forum/5-strategies-that-gmat-uses-to-distort-meaning-124296.html contains the document with Strategies for Meaning Change and the questions with detailed solutions. Note that this is a "living" document. We add the strategies, questions, and explanations in this document as we add them on the forum. So be sure to download the latest version!


EGMAT
Based on the discussion in the thread, I can see that option E is incorrect because
1. it had 2 independent clauses joined by a 'comma' and not by a 'semi colon'
2. 'being' is present in the sentence

But, I'm still not able to understand why are we
1. considering the two sentences in option E to be Independent clauses and the same is not applicable for the sentences in option A ?
2. Why is separating two independent clauses by a comma incorrect ?

Option A: DARPA’s Falcon Hypersonic Technology Vehicle can fly as fast as 6X the speed of sound and can attack a target 2000 miles away in 30 minutes, its engine’s thrust prevented from dissipating in the stratosphere by its conical unibody design.
Option E: DARPA’s Falcon Hypersonic Technology Vehicle can fly as fast as 6X the speed of sound and can attack a target 2000 miles away in 30 minutes, its engine’s thrust is prevented from being dissipated in the stratosphere because of its conical unibody design

Request you to help me with my query and with the concept of Independent clauses.

PS: I have already enrolled for the EGMAT's verbal course.
Manager
Manager
User avatar
S
Joined: 24 Nov 2019
Posts: 153
Location: Bangladesh
Concentration: Finance, Leadership
GPA: 3.5
Premium Member CAT Tests
DARPA’s Falcon Hypersonic Technology Vehicle can fly as fast as 6X the  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 Jul 2020, 05:32
1
DivyanshuGupta61 wrote:
egmat wrote:
Quote:
egmat wrote:
DARPA’s Falcon Hypersonic Technology Vehicle can fly as fast as 6X the speed of sound and can attack a target 2000 miles away in 30 minutes, its engine’s thrust prevented from dissipating in the stratosphere by its conical unibody design.

A. its engine’s thrust prevented from dissipating in the stratosphere by its conical unibody design
B. preventing its engine’s thrust from dissipating in the stratosphere because of its conical unibody design
C. preventing the dissipation of its engine’s thrust in the stratosphere due to its conical unibody design
D. prevented its engine’s thrust from being dissipated in the stratosphere by its conical unibody design
E. its engine’s thrust is prevented from being dissipated in the stratosphere because of its conical unibody design

Here is the official explanation for this question:
Image

Understand the Meaning of the Original Sentence


The sentence presents a fact about DARPA’s Falcon Hypersonic Technology Vehicle (FHTV). It states that this vehicle can fly as fast as 6 times the speed of sound. It can attack a target 2000 miles away in 30 minutes. Then the sentence presents the reason why such performance is achievable. The engine’s thrust is prevented from being dissipated in the stratosphere. This is because of the conical unibody design.

Find the Errors in the Original Sentence


DARPA’s Falcon Hypersonic Technology Vehicle can fly as fast as 6X the speed of sound and can attack a target 2000 miles away in 30 minutes, its engine’s thrust prevented from dissipating in the stratosphere by its conical unibody design.

This sentence contains a single clause with the SV pair highlighted. The underlined portion of the sentence contains a modifier – a noun + noun modifier structure. This modifier provides further information about how the vehicle can fly this fast and can attack this fast and this far away. The sentence has no grammatical errors and communicates the meaning very clearly.

Review Answer Choices to do POE


Choice B – Even though grammatically correct, this choice distorts the meaning of the sentence since now it uses “verb-ing modifier” in place of “noun + noun modifier”. Thus instead of now presenting a mechanism of how the vehicle is this fast, it presents the following two meanings, both of which are illogical:
1.The vehicle itself prevents its thrust from dissipating – Illogical.
2.The vehicle goes this fast and this results in preventing its thrust from dissipating. – Reversed causal relationship - hence illogical.

Choice C – Same errors as in Choice B. Furthermore, “due to” is not used correctly. Here it may illogically imply that the dissipation of thrust is due to conical design.

Choice D – Use of verb-ed modifier in this sentence is not correct. Typically these modifiers are used to modify the nouns. Even if they are used to modify the clauses, they associate with the subject of the clause, and this is non-sensical in the context of this sentence as discussed in choice B analysis.

Choice E – This choice connects two independent clauses using comma. Semicolon should be used. Furthermore, this choice is very wordy.

TAKE AWAYS


1. Understand the meaning of the original sentence and determine the role of each modifier.
2. Be cautious of change of structure of modifiers since such changes even though grammatically correct may distort the meaning of the sentence.

Note: The attachment at http://gmatclub.com/forum/5-strategies-that-gmat-uses-to-distort-meaning-124296.html contains the document with Strategies for Meaning Change and the questions with detailed solutions. Note that this is a "living" document. We add the strategies, questions, and explanations in this document as we add them on the forum. So be sure to download the latest version!


EGMAT
Based on the discussion in the thread, I can see that option E is incorrect because
1. it had 2 independent clauses joined by a 'comma' and not by a 'semi colon'
2. 'being' is present in the sentence

But, I'm still not able to understand why are we
1. considering the two sentences in option E to be Independent clauses and the same is not applicable for the sentences in option A ?
2. Why is separating two independent clauses by a comma incorrect ?

Option A: DARPA’s Falcon Hypersonic Technology Vehicle can fly as fast as 6X the speed of sound and can attack a target 2000 miles away in 30 minutes, its engine’s thrust prevented from dissipating in the stratosphere by its conical unibody design.
Option E: DARPA’s Falcon Hypersonic Technology Vehicle can fly as fast as 6X the speed of sound and can attack a target 2000 miles away in 30 minutes, its engine’s thrust is prevented from being dissipated in the stratosphere because of its conical unibody design

Request you to help me with my query and with the concept of Independent clauses.

PS: I have already enrolled for the EGMAT's verbal course.



An Independent Clause must consist of a subject and a verb. Sometimes,there will be object or additional information for describing subject and verb.

Like, I am preparing for Gmat.
If you connect two IC, you can use the followings.
1. IC;IC
2. IC,(and/or/but/so/nor/yet/for)+IC

Ex. I want to pursue my MBA, and I need to get a good score on Gmat.

Let's check the first part of option A & Option E. There's an IC and we have no problem with it.
DARPA's Vehicle can fly.....,

Check the last part of option A.
..,its engine’s thrust prevented from dissipating in the stratosphere by its conical unibody design.
Here, prevented is not a verb, it's a verb-ed modifier. The construction is, its engine’s thrust is prevented .. by its unibody design. When we eliminate the auxiliary verb is, the sentence looks like 'its engine’s thrust prevented...by unibody design'
As there is no verb in the second part, we can't say it's an IC. Rather it's a modifier.
That's why, IC, modifier.

Now, check the option E.
DARPA's Vehicle can fly....., its engine’s thrust is prevented.. by its design.
In the first & second part, there's subject-verb match. clearly, there are two IC in this option. But they are connected by a comma. As we have already mentioned,two IC can not be connected by comma. It's a run on sentence.

I hope, the explanation may be helpful. :)
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 20 Oct 2019
Posts: 44
Location: India
GMAT 1: 610 Q46 V28
CAT Tests
Re: DARPA’s Falcon Hypersonic Technology Vehicle can fly as fast as 6X the  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 Jul 2020, 14:37
Ranasaymon wrote:
DivyanshuGupta61 wrote:
egmat wrote:
Quote:
egmat wrote:
DARPA’s Falcon Hypersonic Technology Vehicle can fly as fast as 6X the speed of sound and can attack a target 2000 miles away in 30 minutes, its engine’s thrust prevented from dissipating in the stratosphere by its conical unibody design.

A. its engine’s thrust prevented from dissipating in the stratosphere by its conical unibody design
B. preventing its engine’s thrust from dissipating in the stratosphere because of its conical unibody design
C. preventing the dissipation of its engine’s thrust in the stratosphere due to its conical unibody design
D. prevented its engine’s thrust from being dissipated in the stratosphere by its conical unibody design
E. its engine’s thrust is prevented from being dissipated in the stratosphere because of its conical unibody design

Here is the official explanation for this question:
Image

Understand the Meaning of the Original Sentence


The sentence presents a fact about DARPA’s Falcon Hypersonic Technology Vehicle (FHTV). It states that this vehicle can fly as fast as 6 times the speed of sound. It can attack a target 2000 miles away in 30 minutes. Then the sentence presents the reason why such performance is achievable. The engine’s thrust is prevented from being dissipated in the stratosphere. This is because of the conical unibody design.

Find the Errors in the Original Sentence


DARPA’s Falcon Hypersonic Technology Vehicle can fly as fast as 6X the speed of sound and can attack a target 2000 miles away in 30 minutes, its engine’s thrust prevented from dissipating in the stratosphere by its conical unibody design.

This sentence contains a single clause with the SV pair highlighted. The underlined portion of the sentence contains a modifier – a noun + noun modifier structure. This modifier provides further information about how the vehicle can fly this fast and can attack this fast and this far away. The sentence has no grammatical errors and communicates the meaning very clearly.

Review Answer Choices to do POE


Choice B – Even though grammatically correct, this choice distorts the meaning of the sentence since now it uses “verb-ing modifier” in place of “noun + noun modifier”. Thus instead of now presenting a mechanism of how the vehicle is this fast, it presents the following two meanings, both of which are illogical:
1.The vehicle itself prevents its thrust from dissipating – Illogical.
2.The vehicle goes this fast and this results in preventing its thrust from dissipating. – Reversed causal relationship - hence illogical.

Choice C – Same errors as in Choice B. Furthermore, “due to” is not used correctly. Here it may illogically imply that the dissipation of thrust is due to conical design.

Choice D – Use of verb-ed modifier in this sentence is not correct. Typically these modifiers are used to modify the nouns. Even if they are used to modify the clauses, they associate with the subject of the clause, and this is non-sensical in the context of this sentence as discussed in choice B analysis.

Choice E – This choice connects two independent clauses using comma. Semicolon should be used. Furthermore, this choice is very wordy.

TAKE AWAYS


1. Understand the meaning of the original sentence and determine the role of each modifier.
2. Be cautious of change of structure of modifiers since such changes even though grammatically correct may distort the meaning of the sentence.

Note: The attachment at http://gmatclub.com/forum/5-strategies-that-gmat-uses-to-distort-meaning-124296.html contains the document with Strategies for Meaning Change and the questions with detailed solutions. Note that this is a "living" document. We add the strategies, questions, and explanations in this document as we add them on the forum. So be sure to download the latest version!


EGMAT
Based on the discussion in the thread, I can see that option E is incorrect because
1. it had 2 independent clauses joined by a 'comma' and not by a 'semi colon'
2. 'being' is present in the sentence

But, I'm still not able to understand why are we
1. considering the two sentences in option E to be Independent clauses and the same is not applicable for the sentences in option A ?
2. Why is separating two independent clauses by a comma incorrect ?

Option A: DARPA’s Falcon Hypersonic Technology Vehicle can fly as fast as 6X the speed of sound and can attack a target 2000 miles away in 30 minutes, its engine’s thrust prevented from dissipating in the stratosphere by its conical unibody design.
Option E: DARPA’s Falcon Hypersonic Technology Vehicle can fly as fast as 6X the speed of sound and can attack a target 2000 miles away in 30 minutes, its engine’s thrust is prevented from being dissipated in the stratosphere because of its conical unibody design

Request you to help me with my query and with the concept of Independent clauses.

PS: I have already enrolled for the EGMAT's verbal course.



An Independent Clause must consist of a subject and a verb. Sometimes,there will be object or additional information for describing subject and verb.

Like, I am preparing for Gmat.
If you connect two IC, you can use the followings.
1. IC;IC
2. IC,(and/or/but/so/nor/yet/for)+IC

Ex. I want to pursue my MBA, and I need to get a good score on Gmat.

Let's check the first part of option A & Option E. There's an IC and we have no problem with it.
DARPA's Vehicle can fly.....,

Check the last part of option A.
..,its engine’s thrust prevented from dissipating in the stratosphere by its conical unibody design.
Here, prevented is not a verb, it's a verb-ed modifier. The construction is, its engine’s thrust is prevented .. by its unibody design. When we eliminate the auxiliary verb is, the sentence looks like 'its engine’s thrust prevented...by unibody design'
As there is no verb in the second part, we can't say it's an IC. Rather it's a modifier.
That's why, IC, modifier.

Now, check the option E.
DARPA's Vehicle can fly....., its engine’s thrust is prevented.. by its design.
In the first & second part, there's subject-verb match. clearly, there are two IC in this option. But they are connected by a comma. As we have already mentioned,two IC can not be connected by comma. It's a run on sentence.

I hope, the explanation may be helpful. :)


Thanks for you explanation, it was really helpful.
As mentioned two Independent clauses can be connected either by ';' or by ', FANBOYS'

Option E: DARPA’s Falcon Hypersonic Technology Vehicle can fly as fast as 6X the speed of sound and can attack a target 2000 miles away in 30 minutes, its engine’s thrust is prevented from being dissipated in the stratosphere because of its conical unibody design

Finally, is 'is' (helping verb) the verb for the subject 'engine’s thrust' in the second IC of option E ?
Second IC: its engine’s thrust is prevented from being dissipated in the stratosphere because of its conical unibody design
Manager
Manager
User avatar
S
Joined: 24 Nov 2019
Posts: 153
Location: Bangladesh
Concentration: Finance, Leadership
GPA: 3.5
Premium Member CAT Tests
DARPA’s Falcon Hypersonic Technology Vehicle can fly as fast as 6X the  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 Jul 2020, 17:51
1
DivyanshuGupta61 wrote:
Ranasaymon wrote:
DivyanshuGupta61 wrote:
egmat wrote:
Quote:
egmat wrote:
DARPA’s Falcon Hypersonic Technology Vehicle can fly as fast as 6X the speed of sound and can attack a target 2000 miles away in 30 minutes, its engine’s thrust prevented from dissipating in the stratosphere by its conical unibody design.

A. its engine’s thrust prevented from dissipating in the stratosphere by its conical unibody design
B. preventing its engine’s thrust from dissipating in the stratosphere because of its conical unibody design
C. preventing the dissipation of its engine’s thrust in the stratosphere due to its conical unibody design
D. prevented its engine’s thrust from being dissipated in the stratosphere by its conical unibody design
E. its engine’s thrust is prevented from being dissipated in the stratosphere because of its conical unibody design

Here is the official explanation for this question:
Image

Understand the Meaning of the Original Sentence


The sentence presents a fact about DARPA’s Falcon Hypersonic Technology Vehicle (FHTV). It states that this vehicle can fly as fast as 6 times the speed of sound. It can attack a target 2000 miles away in 30 minutes. Then the sentence presents the reason why such performance is achievable. The engine’s thrust is prevented from being dissipated in the stratosphere. This is because of the conical unibody design.

Find the Errors in the Original Sentence


DARPA’s Falcon Hypersonic Technology Vehicle can fly as fast as 6X the speed of sound and can attack a target 2000 miles away in 30 minutes, its engine’s thrust prevented from dissipating in the stratosphere by its conical unibody design.

This sentence contains a single clause with the SV pair highlighted. The underlined portion of the sentence contains a modifier – a noun + noun modifier structure. This modifier provides further information about how the vehicle can fly this fast and can attack this fast and this far away. The sentence has no grammatical errors and communicates the meaning very clearly.

Review Answer Choices to do POE


Choice B – Even though grammatically correct, this choice distorts the meaning of the sentence since now it uses “verb-ing modifier” in place of “noun + noun modifier”. Thus instead of now presenting a mechanism of how the vehicle is this fast, it presents the following two meanings, both of which are illogical:
1.The vehicle itself prevents its thrust from dissipating – Illogical.
2.The vehicle goes this fast and this results in preventing its thrust from dissipating. – Reversed causal relationship - hence illogical.

Choice C – Same errors as in Choice B. Furthermore, “due to” is not used correctly. Here it may illogically imply that the dissipation of thrust is due to conical design.

Choice D – Use of verb-ed modifier in this sentence is not correct. Typically these modifiers are used to modify the nouns. Even if they are used to modify the clauses, they associate with the subject of the clause, and this is non-sensical in the context of this sentence as discussed in choice B analysis.

Choice E – This choice connects two independent clauses using comma. Semicolon should be used. Furthermore, this choice is very wordy.

TAKE AWAYS


1. Understand the meaning of the original sentence and determine the role of each modifier.
2. Be cautious of change of structure of modifiers since such changes even though grammatically correct may distort the meaning of the sentence.

Note: The attachment at http://gmatclub.com/forum/5-strategies-that-gmat-uses-to-distort-meaning-124296.html contains the document with Strategies for Meaning Change and the questions with detailed solutions. Note that this is a "living" document. We add the strategies, questions, and explanations in this document as we add them on the forum. So be sure to download the latest version!


EGMAT
Based on the discussion in the thread, I can see that option E is incorrect because
1. it had 2 independent clauses joined by a 'comma' and not by a 'semi colon'
2. 'being' is present in the sentence

But, I'm still not able to understand why are we
1. considering the two sentences in option E to be Independent clauses and the same is not applicable for the sentences in option A ?
2. Why is separating two independent clauses by a comma incorrect ?

Option A: DARPA’s Falcon Hypersonic Technology Vehicle can fly as fast as 6X the speed of sound and can attack a target 2000 miles away in 30 minutes, its engine’s thrust prevented from dissipating in the stratosphere by its conical unibody design.
Option E: DARPA’s Falcon Hypersonic Technology Vehicle can fly as fast as 6X the speed of sound and can attack a target 2000 miles away in 30 minutes, its engine’s thrust is prevented from being dissipated in the stratosphere because of its conical unibody design

Request you to help me with my query and with the concept of Independent clauses.

PS: I have already enrolled for the EGMAT's verbal course.



An Independent Clause must consist of a subject and a verb. Sometimes,there will be object or additional information for describing subject and verb.

Like, I am preparing for Gmat.
If you connect two IC, you can use the followings.
1. IC;IC
2. IC,(and/or/but/so/nor/yet/for)+IC

Ex. I want to pursue my MBA, and I need to get a good score on Gmat.

Let's check the first part of option A & Option E. There's an IC and we have no problem with it.
DARPA's Vehicle can fly.....,

Check the last part of option A.
..,its engine’s thrust prevented from dissipating in the stratosphere by its conical unibody design.
Here, prevented is not a verb, it's a verb-ed modifier. The construction is, its engine’s thrust is prevented .. by its unibody design. When we eliminate the auxiliary verb is, the sentence looks like 'its engine’s thrust prevented...by unibody design'
As there is no verb in the second part, we can't say it's an IC. Rather it's a modifier.
That's why, IC, modifier.

Now, check the option E.
DARPA's Vehicle can fly....., its engine’s thrust is prevented.. by its design.
In the first & second part, there's subject-verb match. clearly, there are two IC in this option. But they are connected by a comma. As we have already mentioned,two IC can not be connected by comma. It's a run on sentence.

I hope, the explanation may be helpful. :)


Thanks for you explanation, it was really helpful.
As mentioned two Independent clauses can be connected either by ';' or by ', FANBOYS'

Option E: DARPA’s Falcon Hypersonic Technology Vehicle can fly as fast as 6X the speed of sound and can attack a target 2000 miles away in 30 minutes, its engine’s thrust is prevented from being dissipated in the stratosphere because of its conical unibody design

Finally, is 'is' (helping verb) the verb for the subject 'engine’s thrust' in the second IC of option E ?
Second IC: its engine’s thrust is prevented from being dissipated in the stratosphere because of its conical unibody design



Yes, in the 2nd part of option E, the verb is 'is prevented'. And the meaning of option E is slightly different from original meaning. Another reason for eliminating option E.
In option E, its engine’s thrust is prevented....because of its unibody design. Using of 'because' creates causal relation.

Look at the option A, its engine’s thrust prevented....by its unibody design. Is not it something different? The construction of the second part is similar to a passive voice,in which the auxiliary verb 'is' is inherent. Thats why, 'prevented' works as a verb-ed modifier. And the subject of the verb 'is prevented' is unibody design.
GMAT Club Bot
DARPA’s Falcon Hypersonic Technology Vehicle can fly as fast as 6X the   [#permalink] 07 Jul 2020, 17:51

Go to page   Previous    1   2   [ 29 posts ] 

DARPA’s Falcon Hypersonic Technology Vehicle can fly as fast as 6X the

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  





cron

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne