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# Despite the success of the bone marrow transplant, the patient was

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Despite the success of the bone marrow transplant, the patient was  [#permalink]

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05 Aug 2018, 08:27
2
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Difficulty:

95% (hard)

Question Stats:

37% (01:22) correct 63% (01:41) wrong based on 269 sessions

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Despite the success of the bone marrow transplant, the patient was advised to take immuno-suppressive drugs, drugs that will inhibit the activity of the immune system, because she developed a rare case of graft-versus-host disease post the transplant.

A. Despite the success of the bone marrow transplant, the patient was advised to take immuno-suppressive drugs, drugs that will inhibit the activity of the immune system, because she developed a rare case of graft-versus-host disease post the transplant.

B. Even though the bone marrow transplant was successful, the patient was advised to take immuno-suppressive drugs, drugs that inhibit the activity of the immune system, because she had developed a rare case of graft-versus-host disease post the transplant.

C. Even though the bone marrow transplant had been successful, the patient was advised to take immuno-suppressive drugs, drugs that inhibit the activity of the immune system, as she had developed a rare case of graft-versus-host disease post the transplant.

D. Despite the success of the bone marrow transplant, the patient was advised to take immuno-suppressive drugs, drugs inhibit the activity of the immune system, as she has developed a rare case of graft-versus-host disease post the transplant.

E. Even though the patient’s bone marrow transplant had been successful, she was advised to take immuno-suppressive drugs, drugs that can inhibit the activity of the immune system, as she had developed a rare case of graft-versus-host disease post the transplant.

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Re: Despite the success of the bone marrow transplant, the patient was  [#permalink]

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05 Aug 2018, 09:12
1
workout wrote:
Despite the success of the bone marrow transplant, the patient was advised to take immuno-suppressive drugs, drugs that will inhibit the activity of the immune system, because she developed a rare case of graft-versus-host disease post the transplant.

A. Despite the success of the bone marrow transplant, the patient was advised to take immuno-suppressive drugs, drugs that will inhibit the activity of the immune system, because she developed a rare case of graft-versus-host disease post the transplant.

B. Even though the bone marrow transplant was successful, the patient was advised to take immuno-suppressive drugs, drugs that inhibit the activity of the immune system, because she had developed a rare case of graft-versus-host disease post the transplant.

C. Even though the bone marrow transplant had been successful, the patient was advised to take immuno-suppressive drugs, drugs that inhibit the activity of the immune system, as she had developed a rare case of graft-versus-host disease post the transplant.

D. Despite the success of the bone marrow transplant, the patient was advised to take immuno-suppressive drugs, drugs inhibit the activity of the immune system, as she has developed a rare case of graft-versus-host disease post the transplant.

E. Even though the patient’s bone marrow transplant had been successful, she was advised to take immuno-suppressive drugs, drugs that can inhibit the activity of the immune system, as she had developed a rare case of graft-versus-host disease post the transplant.

"Was successful" and "Despite the success" are incorrect.
"she" in option E refers to the bone marrow
"she had developed" is the correct tense to be used.
Hence C
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Despite the success of the bone marrow transplant, the patient was  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 06 Aug 2018, 20:48
below is the logic I used, can somebody confirms if it is right or not?

question is based on the concept of Past Perfect , to talk about something that happened before another action in the past, which is usually expressed by the past simple.
so we are left with choices C and E only.
Now if you check the meaning of sentence in E , it uses 'CAN' which changes its meaning from something which drug does surely to something drug might be do.
Hence ans C.
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Originally posted by GMATbuster92 on 05 Aug 2018, 09:17.
Last edited by GMATbuster92 on 06 Aug 2018, 20:48, edited 1 time in total.
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Despite the success of the bone marrow transplant, the patient was  [#permalink]

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06 Aug 2018, 16:56
workout ammuseeru pikolo2510

Can you clarify sequence of events in a time zone?
a. bone marrow transplant operation.
b. advise to patients to take drugs.
c. activity of the immune system by drugs
d. development of rare case of graft-versus-host disease
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Despite the success of the bone marrow transplant, the patient was  [#permalink]

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06 Aug 2018, 17:11
workout ammuseeru pikolo2510

Can you clarify sequence of events in a time zone?
a. bone marrow transplant operation.
b. advise to patients to take drugs.
c. activity of the immune system by drugs
d. development of rare case of graft-versus-host disease

Here is the sequence: A-->D-->B. C is modifier of drugs.

Please explain why E is wrong over C.
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Despite the success of the bone marrow transplant, the patient was  [#permalink]

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06 Aug 2018, 18:00
1
Thanks ammuseeru

Quote:
Here is the sequence: A-->D-->B. C is modifier of drugs.

Please explain why E is wrong over C.

I would place (C) over (E) since former presents a fact
and later a capability, which is incorrect.

You also have another arsenal to discard (E): Pronoun referral error.
In GMAT, a subject pronoun (he, she, it, they) CAN NOT refer back to a possessive noun (Amy's pen).
See this post for details.

Hope this helps.
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Re: Despite the success of the bone marrow transplant, the patient was  [#permalink]

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06 Aug 2018, 18:50
ammuseeru wrote:

Please explain why E is wrong over C.

The reason option E is less preferred is it presents a fact "drugs that can inhibit the activity of the immune system" in simple future while it should be stated in simple present.
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Re: Despite the success of the bone marrow transplant, the patient was  [#permalink]

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06 Aug 2018, 20:17
1
workout wrote:
ammuseeru wrote:

Please explain why E is wrong over C.

The reason option E is less preferred is it presents a fact "drugs that can inhibit the activity of the immune system" in simple future while it should be stated in simple present.

As per my understanding "drugs that inhibit the activity..." is preferred to "drugs that can inhibit activity..."
Again if we go by meaning wise it is not that drugs can do rather they do.

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Re: Despite the success of the bone marrow transplant, the patient was  [#permalink]

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07 Aug 2018, 07:18
Thanks ammuseeru

Quote:
Here is the sequence: A-->D-->B. C is modifier of drugs.

Please explain why E is wrong over C.

I would place (C) over (E) since former presents a fact
and later a capability, which is incorrect.

You also have another arsenal to discard (E): Pronoun referral error.
In GMAT, a subject pronoun (he, she, it, they) CAN NOT refer back to a possessive noun (Amy's pen).
See this post for details.

Hope this helps.

Got u, Thank you.
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Re: Despite the success of the bone marrow transplant, the patient was  [#permalink]

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07 Aug 2018, 07:52
workout wrote:
Despite the success of the bone marrow transplant, the patient was advised to take immuno-suppressive drugs, drugs that will inhibit the activity of the immune system, because she developed a rare case of graft-versus-host disease post the transplant.

A. Despite the success of the bone marrow transplant, the patient was advised to take immuno-suppressive drugs, drugs that will inhibit the activity of the immune system, because she developed a rare case of graft-versus-host disease post the transplant.[color=#00ff00]i prefer had when difference point in past are covered, but had is not used[/color]

B. Even though the bone marrow transplant was successful, the patient was advised to take immuno-suppressive drugs, drugs that inhibit the activity of the immune system, because she had developed a rare case of graft-versus-host disease post the transplant. [color=#00ff00]i prefer had when difference point in past are covered, but had is not used[/color]

C. Even though the bone marrow transplant had been successful, the patient was advised to take immuno-suppressive drugs, drugs that inhibit the activity of the immune system, as she had developed a rare case of graft-versus-host disease post the transplant.

D. Despite the success of the bone marrow transplant, the patient was advised to take immuno-suppressive drugs, drugs inhibit the activity of the immune system, as she has developed a rare case of graft-versus-host disease post the transplant. [color=#00ff00]i prefer had when difference point in past are covered, but had is not used[/color]

E. Even though the patient’s bone marrow transplant had been successful, she was advised to take immuno-suppressive drugs, drugs that can inhibit the activity of the immune system, as she had developed a rare case of graft-versus-host disease post the transplant. she is mentioned twice but patient (standalone) is not mentioned any where [/color]
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Re: Despite the success of the bone marrow transplant, the patient was  [#permalink]

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08 Aug 2018, 01:14
I believe B is the most appropriate. was refers to the transplant which was complete

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Re: Despite the success of the bone marrow transplant, the patient was  [#permalink]

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08 Aug 2018, 09:27
Can somebody please explain why B is incorrect?
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Despite the success of the bone marrow transplant, the patient was  [#permalink]

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08 Aug 2018, 16:44
lfc wrote:
workout wrote:
Despite the success of the bone marrow transplant, the patient was advised to take immuno-suppressive drugs, drugs that will inhibit the activity of the immune system, because she developed a rare case of graft-versus-host disease post the transplant.

A. Despite the success of the bone marrow transplant, the patient was advised to take immuno-suppressive drugs, drugs that will inhibit the activity of the immune system, because she developed a rare case of graft-versus-host disease post the transplant.

B. Even though the bone marrow transplant was successful, the patient was advised to take immuno-suppressive drugs, drugs that inhibit the activity of the immune system, because she had developed a rare case of graft-versus-host disease post the transplant.

C. Even though the bone marrow transplant had been successful, the patient was advised to take immuno-suppressive drugs, drugs that inhibit the activity of the immune system, as she had developed a rare case of graft-versus-host disease post the transplant.

D. Despite the success of the bone marrow transplant, the patient was advised to take immuno-suppressive drugs, drugs inhibit the activity of the immune system, as she has developed a rare case of graft-versus-host disease post the transplant.

E. Even though the patient’s bone marrow transplant had been successful, she was advised to take immuno-suppressive drugs, drugs that can inhibit the activity of the immune system, as she had developed a rare case of graft-versus-host disease post the transplant.

"Was successful" and "Despite the success" are incorrect.
"she" in option E refers to the bone marrow
"she had developed" is the correct tense to be used.
Hence C

@Ifc workout chetan2u

Can you explain why "was successful" in option B is incorrect?

Posted from my mobile device
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Re: Despite the success of the bone marrow transplant, the patient was  [#permalink]

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08 Aug 2018, 18:46
1
Harshgmat wrote:

@Ifc workout chetan2u

Can you explain why "was successful" in option B is incorrect?

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Harshgmat

Even though the bone marrow transplant was successful, the patient was advised to take immuno-suppressive drugs, drugs that inhibit the activity of the immune system, because she had developed a rare case of graft-versus-host disease post the transplant.

Observe the part "she had developed a rare case of graft-versus-host disease post the transplant"

"post the transplant" implies she developed the disease after the transplant

using "had developed" for the later event is incorrect. To rectify we should use "transplant had been successful" as in option C.
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Despite the success of the bone marrow transplant, the patient was  [#permalink]

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08 Aug 2018, 19:28
2
Harshgmat

This is a very good question to learn from and will clear most of your concepts on the tenses.

Despite the success of the bone marrow transplant, the patient was advised to take immuno-suppressive drugs, drugs that will inhibit the activity of the immune system, because she developed a rare case of graft-versus-host disease post the transplant.

A. Despite the success of the bone marrow transplant, the patient was advised to take immuno-suppressive drugs, drugs that will inhibit the activity of the immune system, because she developed a rare case of graft-versus-host disease post the transplant.

She developed disease first and drugs were advised later. I mean these two events are not in same time sequence. So for the later we use simple past and for the former "Past Perfect".

B. Even though the bone marrow transplant was successful, the patient was advised to take immuno-suppressive drugs, drugs that inhibit the activity of the immune system, because she had developed a rare case of graft-versus-host disease post the transplant.

The bone marrow transplant happened first and after that it was found that she developed a disease.
The former should be "Past Perfect". Hence eliminating B.

C. Even though the bone marrow transplant had been successful, the patient was advised to take immuno-suppressive drugs, drugs that inhibit the activity of the immune system, as she had developed a rare case of graft-versus-host disease post the transplant.

BINGO!!! All events captured as per our tense requirement.

D. Despite the success of the bone marrow transplant, the patient was advised to take immuno-suppressive drugs, drugs inhibit the activity of the immune system, as she has developed a rare case of graft-versus-host disease post the transplant.

Read my reasoning mentioned in option A. Same error.

E. Even though the patient’s bone marrow transplant had been successful, she was advised to take immuno-suppressive drugs, drugs that can inhibit the activity of the immune system, as she had developed a rare case of graft-versus-host disease post the transplant.

Ohh Man!! Pronoun error
She:- referring to patient’s bone marrow. Incorrect.
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Re: Despite the success of the bone marrow transplant, the patient was  [#permalink]

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08 Aug 2018, 21:37
workout wrote:
Despite the success of the bone marrow transplant, the patient was advised to take immuno-suppressive drugs, drugs that will inhibit the activity of the immune system, because she developed a rare case of graft-versus-host disease post the transplant.

A. Despite the success of the bone marrow transplant, the patient was advised to take immuno-suppressive drugs, drugs that will inhibit the activity of the immune system, because she developed a rare case of graft-versus-host disease post the transplant.

B. Even though the bone marrow transplant was successful, the patient was advised to take immuno-suppressive drugs, drugs that inhibit the activity of the immune system, because she had developed a rare case of graft-versus-host disease post the transplant.

C. Even though the bone marrow transplant had been successful, the patient was advised to take immuno-suppressive drugs, drugs that inhibit the activity of the immune system, as she had developed a rare case of graft-versus-host disease post the transplant.

D. Despite the success of the bone marrow transplant, the patient was advised to take immuno-suppressive drugs, drugs inhibit the activity of the immune system, as she has developed a rare case of graft-versus-host disease post the transplant.

E. Even though the patient’s bone marrow transplant had been successful, she was advised to take immuno-suppressive drugs, drugs that can inhibit the activity of the immune system, as she had developed a rare case of graft-versus-host disease post the transplant.

is this an official question..

i am still not able to understand the sequence
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Re: Despite the success of the bone marrow transplant, the patient was  [#permalink]

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08 Aug 2018, 22:01
1
1st event : Bone marrow transplant successful
2nd event : developed a rare case of graft-versus-host disease (post transplant)
3rd event : advised to take immuno-suppressive drugs.

1st & 2nd events are in past so past perfect.
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Re: Despite the success of the bone marrow transplant, the patient was  [#permalink]

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09 Aug 2018, 16:32
Thanks workout warrior1991

+1 kudos

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Re: Despite the success of the bone marrow transplant, the patient was &nbs [#permalink] 09 Aug 2018, 16:32
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