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During the early years of European settlement on a continent

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Director
Joined: 16 May 2007
Posts: 548
During the early years of European settlement on a continent [#permalink]

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13 Jul 2007, 04:54
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During the early years of European settlement on a continent that was viewed as “wilderness” by the newcomers, Native Americans, intimately knowing the ecology of the land, were a help in the rescuing of many Pilgrims and pioneers from hardship, or even death.

(A) Native Americans, intimately knowing the ecology of the land, were a help in the rescuing of

(B) Native Americans knew the ecology and the land intimately and this enabled them to help in the rescue of

(C) Native Americans, with their intimate knowledge of the ecology of the land, helped to rescue

(D) having intimate knowledge of the ecology of the land, Native Americans helped the rescue of

(E) knowing intimately the ecology of the land, Native Americans helped to rescue

I boiled it down to C & E . Can someone explain the point here?
Manager
Joined: 24 Aug 2006
Posts: 116
Location: Nigeria

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13 Jul 2007, 05:04
I almost went for B.But C is better than E since it is in the active voice which is prefferable to passive one.
Director
Joined: 29 Jul 2006
Posts: 856

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13 Jul 2007, 13:02
C is right...Use of two modifiers at the start of the sentence in E is incorrect.
Senior Manager
Joined: 06 Jul 2004
Posts: 468
Location: united states
Re: SC : Native Americans [#permalink]

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14 Jul 2007, 18:32
trahul4 wrote:
During the early years of European settlement on a continent that was viewed as “wilderness” by the newcomers, Native Americans, intimately knowing the ecology of the land, were a help in the rescuing of many Pilgrims and pioneers from hardship, or even death.

(A) Native Americans, intimately knowing the ecology of the land, were a help in the rescuing of

(B) Native Americans knew the ecology and the land intimately and this enabled them to help in the rescue of

(C) Native Americans, with their intimate knowledge of the ecology of the land, helped to rescue

(D) having intimate knowledge of the ecology of the land, Native Americans helped the rescue of

(E) knowing intimately the ecology of the land, Native Americans helped to rescue

I boiled it down to C & E . Can someone explain the point here?

C should be a straightforward choice because of correct use of modifier.
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Director
Joined: 26 Feb 2006
Posts: 899
Re: SC : Native Americans [#permalink]

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14 Jul 2007, 19:44
trahul4 wrote:
During the early years of European settlement on a continent that was viewed as “wilderness” by the newcomers, Native Americans, intimately knowing the ecology of the land, were a help in the rescuing of many Pilgrims and pioneers from hardship, or even death.

(A) Native Americans, intimately knowing the ecology of the land, were a help in the rescuing of

(B) Native Americans knew the ecology and the land intimately and this enabled them to help in the rescue of

(C) Native Americans, with their intimate knowledge of the ecology of the land, helped to rescue

(D) having intimate knowledge of the ecology of the land, Native Americans helped the rescue of

(E) knowing intimately the ecology of the land, Native Americans helped to rescue

I boiled it down to C & E . Can someone explain the point here?

C. seems C even though it has help + to, which is almost always incorrect in gmat.
Senior Manager
Joined: 06 Jul 2004
Posts: 468
Location: united states
Re: SC : Native Americans [#permalink]

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15 Jul 2007, 07:26
Himalayan wrote:
trahul4 wrote:
During the early years of European settlement on a continent that was viewed as “wilderness” by the newcomers, Native Americans, intimately knowing the ecology of the land, were a help in the rescuing of many Pilgrims and pioneers from hardship, or even death.

(A) Native Americans, intimately knowing the ecology of the land, were a help in the rescuing of

(B) Native Americans knew the ecology and the land intimately and this enabled them to help in the rescue of

(C) Native Americans, with their intimate knowledge of the ecology of the land, helped to rescue

(D) having intimate knowledge of the ecology of the land, Native Americans helped the rescue of

(E) knowing intimately the ecology of the land, Native Americans helped to rescue

I boiled it down to C & E . Can someone explain the point here?

C. seems C even though it has help + to, which is almost always incorrect in gmat.

you mean it should be helped rescue? I think it makes sense. So, helped to rescue is always wrong?
_________________

for every person who doesn't try because he is
afraid of loosing , there is another person who
keeps making mistakes and succeeds..

Director
Joined: 29 Jul 2006
Posts: 856
Re: SC : Native Americans [#permalink]

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15 Jul 2007, 08:13
shoonya wrote:
Himalayan wrote:
trahul4 wrote:
During the early years of European settlement on a continent that was viewed as “wilderness” by the newcomers, Native Americans, intimately knowing the ecology of the land, were a help in the rescuing of many Pilgrims and pioneers from hardship, or even death.

(A) Native Americans, intimately knowing the ecology of the land, were a help in the rescuing of

(B) Native Americans knew the ecology and the land intimately and this enabled them to help in the rescue of

(C) Native Americans, with their intimate knowledge of the ecology of the land, helped to rescue

(D) having intimate knowledge of the ecology of the land, Native Americans helped the rescue of

(E) knowing intimately the ecology of the land, Native Americans helped to rescue

I boiled it down to C & E . Can someone explain the point here?

C. seems C even though it has help + to, which is almost always incorrect in gmat.

you mean it should be helped rescue? I think it makes sense. So, helped to rescue is always wrong?

I dont think there is a rule as such...it depends on the context of the sentence.
VP
Joined: 15 Jul 2004
Posts: 1445
Schools: Wharton (R2 - submitted); HBS (R2 - submitted); IIMA (admitted for 1 year PGPX)
Re: SC : Native Americans [#permalink]

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16 Jul 2007, 02:11
trahul4 wrote:
During the early years of European settlement on a continent that was viewed as “wilderness” by the newcomers, Native Americans, intimately knowing the ecology of the land, were a help in the rescuing of many Pilgrims and pioneers from hardship, or even death.

(A) Native Americans, intimately knowing the ecology of the land, were a help in the rescuing of

(B) Native Americans knew the ecology and the land intimately and this enabled them to help in the rescue of

(C) Native Americans, with their intimate knowledge of the ecology of the land, helped to rescue

(D) having intimate knowledge of the ecology of the land, Native Americans helped the rescue of

(E) knowing intimately the ecology of the land, Native Americans helped to rescue

I boiled it down to C & E . Can someone explain the point here?

E makes it sound as if the Native Americans had intimate knowledge of the ecology of the land only during the early years of European settlement.
Manager
Joined: 19 Jun 2007
Posts: 66
Re: SC : Native Americans [#permalink]

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16 Jul 2007, 08:26
D and E do not seem right. They are confusing in their meansing. Newcomers are being confused by Americans. Who has intimate knowledge?

Between B and C, I go for C. B is wordy "Enabled them to help in the rescue of "..

I go for C.
Director
Joined: 16 May 2007
Posts: 548

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16 Jul 2007, 09:21
OA is C
16 Jul 2007, 09:21
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