GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 20 Oct 2018, 02:31

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Each year companies in the United State could save as much as $58 bill

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 28 May 2011
Posts: 27
Each year companies in the United State could save as much as $58 bill  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 18 Aug 2018, 07:54
6
1
30
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  55% (hard)

Question Stats:

60% (01:38) correct 40% (01:59) wrong based on 1151 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

Each year companies in United States could save as much as $58 billion annually by preventing illness among employees and gain as much as $200 billion through improving performance of workers if they simply provided offices with cleaner air.

(A) annually by preventing illness among employees and gain as much as $200 billion through improving performance of workers if they simply provided

(B) annually if they prevented employee illness and gain as much as $200 billion through worker performance improved by simply providing

(C) annually in employee illness prevention and gain as much as $200 billion through worker performance improved by simply providing

(D) in employee illness prevention and gain as much as $200 billion through improving performance of workers if they simply provided

(E) by preventing illness among employees and gain as much as $200 billion through improved worker performance if they simply provided

https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2000-06-04/is-your-office-killing-you

U.S. companies could save as much as $58 billion annually by preventing sick-building illnesses and an additional $200 billion in worker performance improvements by creating offices with better indoor air, say researchers William J. Fisk and Arthur H. Rosenfeld of the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory in Berkeley, Calif. The researchers also found that the financial benefits of improving office climates can be 8 to 17 times larger than the costs of making those improvements. And the same VOCs that affect people can also harm expensive equipment. They create a film that covers computer circuit boards and telephone switches, causing them to blink or conk out, say Telcordia Technologies Inc. senior scientists Charles J. Weschler and Helen Shields. Just fixing those faulty phone wires has cost telecommunications companies more than $100 million over the past 10 years, they say.

Answer says E, however "preventing illness" and "if they simply provided" don't seem to be parallel...Any thoughts? A, B, C are out since "each year" makes "annually" redundant. Yet I don't see a good choice between D and E either

Originally posted by synecdoche on 26 Jun 2012, 06:21.
Last edited by hazelnut on 18 Aug 2018, 07:54, edited 6 times in total.
Formatted the question.
Most Helpful Expert Reply
e-GMAT Representative
User avatar
G
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 2706
Re: Each year companies in the United State could save as much as $58 bill  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 26 Jun 2012, 08:09
10
4
Hi there,

Each year companies in United States could save as much as $58 billion annually by preventing illness among employees and gain as much as $200 billion through improving performance of workers if they simply provided offices with cleaner air.

You have eliminated choice A, B, and C correctly for redundancy issue.

This is the sentence with Choice D: Each year companies in United States could save as much as $58 billion in employee illness prevention and gain as much as $200 billion through improving performance of workers if they simply provided offices with cleaner air.

There are two issues with this sentence.
1. “employee illness prevention” seems to be some program or the name of some policy that the companies seem to have. Preposition “in” makes it sound like one. This is not very idiomatic per the context of the sentence. The sentence is saying is “how” companies could save. It could “by” doing a certain thing. Hence, “in employee prevention” does not fit here.
2. The phrase “through improving performance of workers” is not idiomatic again. After “through” we need a noun entity because “through” is a preposition. “improving” suggests an action here.

Choice E is an error free answer choice. It uses all the expressions correctly.

Now, the entities that need to be parallel are “could save as much as…” and “(could) gain as much as…”, because these are the two things that the companies in the US could do. These two entities are parallel.

Another thing is that this sentence has the “if… then…” construction. However, the “if” clause appears later in this sentence. The “then” clause is written in past tense “could save” and “could gain”. So the “if” clause should also be in past tense. In choice E, both these clause are in past tense.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
Shraddha
_________________












| '4 out of Top 5' Instructors on gmatclub | 70 point improvement guarantee | www.e-gmat.com

Most Helpful Community Reply
VP
VP
User avatar
Status: mission completed!
Joined: 02 Jul 2009
Posts: 1297
GPA: 3.77
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member Reviews Badge
Re: Each year companies in the United State could save as much as $58 bill  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 26 Jun 2012, 13:56
5
synecdoche wrote:
Each year companies in United States could save as much as $58 billion annually by preventing illness among employees and gain as much as $200 billion through improving performance of workers if they simply provided offices with cleaner air.

(A) Same
(B) annually if they prevented employee illness and gain as much as $200 billion through worker performance improved by simply providing
(C) annually in employee illness prevention and gain as much as $200 billion through worker performance improved by simply providing
(D) in employee illness prevention and gain as much as $200 billion through improving performance of workers if they simply provided
(E) by preventing illness among employees and gain as much as $200 billion through improved worker performance if they simply provided


Take it Simple dude,

In the beginning of the sentence you see Each year, all choices except E and D have annually, so get rid of them.

In D "they" wrongly refers to employees when the sentence intends to say it about companies. SO D is wrong.
_________________

Audaces fortuna juvat!

GMAT Club Premium Membership - big benefits and savings

General Discussion
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 28 May 2011
Posts: 27
Re: Each year companies in the United State could save as much as $58 bill  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 26 Jun 2012, 08:20
egmat wrote:
Hi there,

Each year companies in United States could save as much as $58 billion annually by preventing illness among employees and gain as much as $200 billion through improving performance of workers if they simply provided offices with cleaner air.

You have eliminated choice A, B, and C correctly for redundancy issue.

This is the sentence with Choice D: Each year companies in United States could save as much as $58 billion in employee illness prevention and gain as much as $200 billion through improving performance of workers if they simply provided offices with cleaner air.

There are two issues with this sentence.
1. “employee illness prevention” seems to be some program or the name of some policy that the companies seem to have. Preposition “in” makes it sound like one. This is not very idiomatic per the context of the sentence. The sentence is saying is “how” companies could save. It could “by” doing a certain thing. Hence, “in employee prevention” does not fit here.
2. The phrase “through improving performance of workers” is not idiomatic again. After “through” we need a noun entity because “through” is a preposition. “improving” suggests an action here.

Choice E is an error free answer choice. It uses all the expressions correctly.

Now, the entities that need to be parallel are “could save as much as…” and “(could) gain as much as…”, because these are the two things that the companies in the US could do. These two entities are parallel.

Another thing is that this sentence has the “if… then…” construction. However, the “if” clause appears later in this sentence. The “then” clause is written in past tense “could save” and “could gain”. So the “if” clause should also be in past tense. In choice E, both these clause are in past tense.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
Shraddha


Hi, I wasn't saying D is correct instead of E. When I saw it, I couldn't decide what to answer. You're correct about the "employee illness prevention", but in E, shouldn't it be "through improved worker performance by simply providing offices" instead of "through improved worker performance if they simply provided offices" as that'd be parallel to "by preventing illness....". That's the part I'm not sure about.
e-GMAT Representative
User avatar
G
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 2706
Re: Each year companies in the United State could save as much as $58 bill  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 26 Jun 2012, 09:06
6
2
synecdoche wrote:
Hi, I wasn't saying D is correct instead of E. When I saw it, I couldn't decide what to answer. You're correct about the "employee illness prevention", but in E, shouldn't it be "through improved worker performance by simply providing offices" instead of "through improved worker performance if they simply provided offices" as that'd be parallel to "by preventing illness....". That's the part I'm not sure about.


Hi,

If you read Choice E carefully, you will see that the two entities that are parallel are:
a. could save as much as $58 billion by preventing illness among employees
b. could gain as much as $200 billion through improved worker performance

If you carefully analyze these two entities, you will see that the first part till “billion” are absolutely parallel to each other and there is no confusion about that. Now, what should be parallel to “by preventing illness among employees” is “through improved worker performance”. Why? It is because the companies could save “by” preventing illness among employees, and the companies could gain “through” improved worker performance. The ways how companies could save and gain have been written in prepositional phrases beginning with “by” and “through” respectively.

Structurally again “verb-ing modifier” preventing illness among employees” and verb-ed modifier “improved worker performance” are parallel.

The important thing is to identify the correct parallel list. Now the gains could not be made by providing offices with cleaner air. This is a condition.

If the companies provided offices with cleaner air, then they could do things (these need to be parallel):
a. could save as much as $58 billion by preventing illness among employees
b. could gain as much as $200 billion through improved worker performance

Cleaner air could not just help the companies gain by doing something but also help them save by doing something. Both these things could be the outcome if the companies provided the offices with cleaner air. Hence, the two outcomes should be parallel. By making “by preventing…” and “by providing…”, we will make the condition parallel to just one of the outcomes, and this is not logical per the context of the sentence.

Hence, make sure to identify the correct list in the sentence to ensure correct parallelism.

Hope this helps.
Shraddha
_________________












| '4 out of Top 5' Instructors on gmatclub | 70 point improvement guarantee | www.e-gmat.com


Originally posted by egmat on 26 Jun 2012, 08:53.
Last edited by egmat on 26 Jun 2012, 09:06, edited 1 time in total.
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 14 Mar 2011
Posts: 68
Re: Each year companies in the United State could save as much as $58 bill  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Jun 2012, 01:56
1
ABC is are redundant as Each year with annually is not acceptable

(D) in employee illness prevention
Quote:
(save in employee illness prevention is not idiomatic)
and gain as much as $200 billion through improving performance of workers if they simply provided
(E) by preventing illness among employees
Quote:
(Object of Verb Save)
and gain
Quote:
(parallel with save)
as much as $200 billion through improved worker performance if they simply provided
I think E is the right answer
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 19 Oct 2011
Posts: 104
Location: India
Re: Each year companies in the United State could save as much as $58 bill  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Jun 2012, 19:54
1
synecdoche wrote:
Each year companies in United States could save as much as $58 billion annually by preventing illness among employees and gain as much as $200 billion through improving performance of workers if they simply provided offices with cleaner air.

(D) in employee illness prevention and gain as much as $200 billion through improving performance of workers if they simply provided
(E) by preventing illness among employees and gain as much as $200 billion through improved worker performance if they simply provided

Answer says E, however "preventing illness" and "if they simply provided" don't seem to be parallel...Any thoughts? A, B, C are out since "each year" makes "annually" redundant. Yet I don't see a good choice between D and E either


In case of D, "they" could refer to companies or workers.
In E, this pronoun-antecedent is fixed by using "improved worker performance"if they simply provided. In case of E, they can refer only to companies. Hence i chose E.
_________________

Encourage me by pressing the KUDOS if you find my post to be helpful.



Help me win "The One Thing You Wish You Knew - GMAT Club Contest"
http://gmatclub.com/forum/the-one-thing-you-wish-you-knew-gmat-club-contest-140358.html#p1130989

Retired Moderator
User avatar
D
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 4479
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: Each year companies in the United State could save as much as $58 bill  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 Jun 2012, 00:35
I think the employees are no contenders for the antecedence of –they - in D or E. After all employees are not expected to provide cleaner offices; the onus of that lies on the companies.

The more serious problem is the categorization as – in employee illness prevention -. Even in E , the phrase –improved worker performance – can be improved to – improved workers’ performance –Overall , it is ok to go with E.
_________________

you can know a lot about something and not really understand it."-- a quote
No one knows this better than a GMAT student does.
Narendran +9198845 44509

Manager
Manager
User avatar
Status: Juggg..Jugggg Go!
Joined: 11 May 2012
Posts: 206
Location: India
GC Meter: A.W.E.S.O.M.E
Concentration: Entrepreneurship, General Management
GMAT 1: 620 Q46 V30
GMAT 2: 720 Q50 V38
Reviews Badge
Re: Each year companies in the United State could save as much as $58 bill  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 19 Jul 2012, 06:15
The difference between A and E is annually - could some1 tell me why annually isnt needed

Posted from my mobile device
e-GMAT Representative
User avatar
G
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 2706
Re: Each year companies in the United State could save as much as $58 bill  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 19 Jul 2012, 07:00
1
asax wrote:
The difference between A and E is annually - could some1 tell me why annually isnt needed

Posted from my mobile device


Hi there,

We don't need "annually" is the correct answer choice because the sentence begins with "Each year". The sentence is begins by saying that companies each year could save by doing something and gain by doing something. Presence of "Each year" makes "annually" redundant as they both mean the same thing.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
Shraddha
_________________












| '4 out of Top 5' Instructors on gmatclub | 70 point improvement guarantee | www.e-gmat.com

Manager
Manager
User avatar
Status: GMAT Instructor
Affiliations: EnterMBA (https://www.facebook.com/entermba)
Joined: 23 Jun 2013
Posts: 140
Location: India
GRE 1: Q790 V710
GPA: 3.3
WE: Editorial and Writing (Education)
Re: Each year companies in the United State could save as much as $58 bill  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 Apr 2014, 20:47
1
"By preventing illness" and "through improved worker performance" indicate HOW companies can save costs. "IN employee illness prevention" indicates WHERE companies can save costs. So, aside from the change in meaning, D is not parallel.
To make D parallel, the second phrase should start with "in" (or another appropriate preposition).

There is another, more subtle, problem with D. The missing article in "improving performance" makes the construction problematic. Do they mean through "THE improving performance" (in which "improving" functions as an adjective and suggests that the improvement occurs independently of the companies' intervention) or through "improving THE performance" (in which "improving" functions as a verb-ing noun and suggests that the companies have some role to play)? :)


--Prasad
EnterMBA.in
_________________

--Prasad
EnterMBA

Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 05 Jun 2012
Posts: 74
Schools: IIMA
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: Each year companies in the United State could save as much as $58 bill  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 18 Sep 2014, 23:21
1
Look at sentence specially non underlined part, it will always help to eliminate few options

Like in this sentence : started with Each year and annually (Redundant )

Left with now D and E , here we are talking how company can save in D it says in employee illness (wrong )
_________________

If you are not over prepared then you are under prepared !!!

Director
Director
User avatar
B
Joined: 04 Jun 2016
Posts: 569
GMAT 1: 750 Q49 V43
Re: Each year companies in the United State could save as much as $58 bill  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 26 Jun 2016, 03:23
1
1
The fact is this question is a piece of cake and not as tough as it appears in the first glance.
Sometimes being a little attentive can eliminate 3 or 4 wrong options in 2 seconds

Lets examine this question here.. No need to go into parallelism, sentence construction, meaning etc etc.

EACH YEAR companies in United States could save as much as $58 billion ANNUALLY by preventing illness among employees and gain as much as $200 billion through improving performance of workers if they simply provided offices with cleaner air.

Now see the sentence starts with "EACH YEAR", so "ANNUALLY" in OPTION A, B and C is redundant.

(A) annually by preventing illness among employees and gain as much as $200 billion through improving performance of workers if they simply provided offices
(B) annually if they prevented employee illness and gain as much as $200 billion through worker performance improved by simply providing
(C) annually in employee illness prevention and gain as much as $200 billion through worker performance improved by simply providing

(D) in employee illness prevention and gain as much as $200 billion through improving performance of workers if they simply provided
Improving is incorrect. The companies themselves are not improving the performance of the worker. It's the clean air that will cause improved performance.
The sentence is also awkward. Employee illness prevention is not parallel with through improving performace

(E) by preventing illness among employees and gain as much as $200 billion through improved worker performance if they simply provided

synecdoche wrote:
Each year companies in United States could save as much as $58 billion annually by preventing illness among employees and gain as much as $200 billion through improving performance of workers if they simply provided offices[/u] with cleaner air.

(A) Same
(B) annually if they prevented employee illness and gain as much as $200 billion through worker performance improved by simply providing
(C) annually in employee illness prevention and gain as much as $200 billion through worker performance improved by simply providing
(D) in employee illness prevention and gain as much as $200 billion through improving performance of workers if they simply provided
(E) by preventing illness among employees and gain as much as $200 billion through improved worker performance if they simply provided



Answer says E, however "preventing illness" and "if they simply provided" don't seem to be parallel...Any thoughts? A, B, C are out since "each year" makes "annually" redundant. Yet I don't see a good choice between D and E either

_________________

Posting an answer without an explanation is "GOD COMPLEX". The world doesn't need any more gods. Please explain you answers properly.
FINAL GOODBYE :- 17th SEPTEMBER 2016. .. 16 March 2017 - I am back but for all purposes please consider me semi-retired.

Non-Human User
User avatar
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 3220
Premium Member
Re: Each year companies in the United State could save as much as $58 bill  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 20 Sep 2018, 14:20
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
_________________

-
April 2018: New Forum dedicated to Verbal Strategies, Guides, and Resources

GMAT Club Bot
Re: Each year companies in the United State could save as much as $58 bill &nbs [#permalink] 20 Sep 2018, 14:20
Display posts from previous: Sort by

Each year companies in the United State could save as much as $58 bill

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


Copyright

GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.