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Economic opportunity drew many people to Alaska during the early 1980s

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Economic opportunity drew many people to Alaska during the early 1980s [#permalink]

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Economic opportunity drew many people to Alaska during the early 1980s. During this period, the state’s population grew by nearly 10 percent annually, and its economic output increased by over 200 percent. Yet during that same period, the state’s per capita income, which led the nation in 1980 at $18,300 had declined by 1986 to $17,750, or fourth nationally (dollars adjusted for inflation).

The information in the argument above would best support which one of the following claims?

A. The wages earned by Alaskans fell during the period in question at a rate faster than the rate at which the wages of other Americans fell.

B. After inflation adjustments, no state among the nation’s top four in per capita income, other than Alaska, experienced an income decline during the period in question.

C. The standard of living for Alaskans fell dramatically and consistently during the period in question.

D.The economic opportunity that drew many to Alaska during the period in question evaporated with that decade’s rampant inflation.

E. The increase in Alaska’s population during the period in question may have been largely due to the addition of non-income earning or below-average income earning members to the population.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Economic opportunity drew many people to Alaska during the early 1980s [#permalink]

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Economic opportunity drew many people to Alaska during the early 1980s. During this period, the state’s population grew by nearly 10 percent annually, and its economic output increased by over 200 percent. Yet during that same period, the state’s per capita income, which led the nation in 1980 at $18,300 had declined by 1986 to $17,750, or fourth nationally (dollars adjusted for inflation).

The information in the argument above would best support which one of the following claims?

Type: Evaluate the answer choices
Premise: The population and the economic output of the state increased, but the per capita income decreased.

Analysis: The per capita income can decrease because of
(i) total income remains same and the number of people increase
(ii) total income decrease, while the number of people increase/remain constant

A) The wages earned by Alaskans fell during the period in question at a rate faster than the rate at which the wages of other Americans fell.
This may or may not be the case. What if the wages remained constant, but the number of people kept on increasing.

B) After inflation adjustments, no state among the nation’s top four in per capita income, other than Alaska, experienced an income decline during the period in question.
This is an additional fact, which has no support in the information provided to us

C) The standard of living for Alaskans fell dramatically and consistently during the period in question.
The word dramatically and consistently pose a problem here. This option is too extreme

D) The economic opportunity that drew many to Alaska during the period in question evaporated with that decade’s rampant inflation.
This comes close but just stops right before the finish line. Yes, a number of people came Alaska in search of economic opportunities. But nothing is said about what happened to them. The additional people might all have gone back.

E) The increase in Alaska’s population during the period in question may have been largely due to the addition of non-income earning or below-average income earning members to the population.
This tells us that the number of earning members have decreased and the population has increased. This argument is supported by the information provided.
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Re: Economic opportunity drew many people to Alaska during the early 1980s [#permalink]

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New post 24 Oct 2017, 06:10
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: Economic opportunity drew many people to Alaska during the early 1980s   [#permalink] 24 Oct 2017, 06:10
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Economic opportunity drew many people to Alaska during the early 1980s

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