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Editorial: A recently passed law limits freedom of speech in order to

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Editorial: A recently passed law limits freedom of speech in order to  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jul 2018, 03:55
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A
B
C
D
E

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30% (01:45) correct 70% (01:46) wrong based on 82 sessions

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Editorial: A recently passed law limits freedom of speech in order to silence dissenters. It has been said that those who are ignorant of history will repeat its patterns. If this is true, then those responsible for passing the law must be ignorant of a great deal of history. Historically, silencing dissenters has tended to promote undemocratic policies and the establishment of authoritarian regimes.

The editorialist’s reasoning is flawed in that it fails to take into account that


(A) the law may have other purposes in addition to silencing dissenters

(B) certain freedoms might sometimes need to be limited in order to ensure the protection of certain other freedoms

(C) some historical accounts report that legal restrictions on freedom of speech have occasionally undermined the establishment of authoritarian regimes

(D) many good laws have been passed by people who are largely ignorant of history

(E) even those who are not ignorant of history may repeat its patterns

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Re: Editorial: A recently passed law limits freedom of speech in order to  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jul 2018, 19:59
Can someone explain in detail the OA?

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Re: Editorial: A recently passed law limits freedom of speech in order to  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jul 2018, 22:34
Harshgmat wrote:
Can someone explain in detail the OA?

Posted from my mobile device


The author subtly tries to maintain a causal relationship saying that those who ignore history will be subjected to consequence similar to the past.
Flaw - What if it's a coincidence or just natural without any sound relationship. Option E states the same. Saying it might as well happen to people who generally ignore the history.

The problem is extremely subtle. I wouldnt worry about such arguments in GMAT
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Editorial: A recently passed law limits freedom of speech in order to  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jul 2018, 04:09
Editorial: A recently passed law limits freedom of speech in order to silence dissenters. It has been said that those who are ignorant of history will repeat its patterns. If this is true, then those responsible for passing the law must be ignorant of a great deal of history. Historically, silencing dissenters has tended to promote undemocratic policies and the establishment of authoritarian regimes.

The editorialist’s reasoning is flawed in that it fails to take into account that


clearly A, B and C are out straight away.

(A) the law may have other purposes in addition to silencing dissenters (irrelevant)

(B) certain freedoms might sometimes need to be limited in order to ensure the protection of certain other freedoms (we are not talking about other freedoms; out of scope)

(C) some historical accounts report that legal restrictions on freedom of speech have occasionally undermined the establishment of authoritarian regimes (reiterates the same

now between D and E it gets tricky, but if you read argument again it becomes much clearer, cause you will notice nuances :)


in D notice this option is a bit "skewed" we are talking mainly of people- who are ignorant of history will repeat its patterns.

[color=#0000ff]But D option talks about good laws, but we need to figure connection bettwen " patterns and ignorance" wheras the main idea of D option revolves around good laws and ignorance of history.




(D) many good laws have been passed by people who are largely ignorant of history

(E) even those who are not ignorant of history may repeat its patterns

Option E corretly undermines argument by mentioning that even those who are not ignorant of history repeat mistakes. notice the main idea of option E is about ignorance of history and repeat of patterns, which is relevant to argument
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Editorial: A recently passed law limits freedom of speech in order to &nbs [#permalink] 07 Jul 2018, 04:09
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