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Either Perry’s faction or Tucker’s faction, but not both, will win con

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Either Perry’s faction or Tucker’s faction, but not both, will win con  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 10 Oct 2018, 21:00
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Either Perry’s faction or Tucker’s faction, but not both, will win control of the government. If Perry’s faction wins, the nation will suffer economically. If Tucker’s faction wins, the nation will suffer militarily.

Given the statements in the passage, which one of the following statements must be true?


(A) It is possible, but not certain, that the nation will neither suffer economically nor suffer militarily.

(B) If the nation suffers economically, it is certain that Perry’s faction has won control of the government.

(C) It is certain that the nation will suffer either economically or militarily, and also certain that it will not suffer both.

(D) If the nation suffers militarily, it is possible, but not certain, that Tucker’s faction has won control of the government.

(E) If the nation suffers both economically and militarily, it is certain that neither Perry’s faction nor Tucker’s has won control of the government.

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Originally posted by SudiptoGmat on 11 Feb 2010, 06:53.
Last edited by Bunuel on 10 Oct 2018, 21:00, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: Either Perry’s faction or Tucker’s faction, but not both, will win con  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Apr 2013, 19:51
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A very good question.
Either Perry’s faction or Tucker’s faction, but not both, will win control of the government. - It means that someone (Perry or Tucker) will definitely win the election & it's not possible that BOTH will win.

If Perry’s faction wins, the nation will suffer economically. -
This is tricky part - we can restate in other term.
(ST-1)- If Perry’s faction wins, IT'S CERTAIN THAT the nation will suffer economically & IT'S ALSO POSSIBLE THAT the nation will suffer militarily.
If Tucker’s faction wins, the nation will suffer militarily.
(ST-2)If Tucker’s faction wins, IT'S CERTAIN THAT the nation will suffer militarily & IT'S ALSO POSSIBLE THAT the nation will suffer economically.

(A) It is possible, but not certain, that the nation will neither suffer economically nor suffer militarily. - It's not possible that the nation will not suffer neither way because it's CERTAIN that either PERRY or TUCKER will win the election. This means that the country will suffer either militarily or economically at least. Thus INCORRECT
(B) If the nation suffers economically, it is certain that Perry’s faction has won control of the government. - In Powerscore CR terms MISTAKEN REVERSAL is incorrect. Incorrect because country can suffer economically under Tucker's control as well as per (ST-2). INCORRECT
(C) It is certain that the nation will suffer either economically or militarily, and also certain that it will not suffer both. - Both (ST-1, 2) indicate that the government can suffer both ways. Thus INCORRECT
(D) If the nation suffers militarily, it is possible, but not certain, that Tucker’s faction has won control of the government. - Restated (ST-2). Thus CORRECT
(E) If the nation suffers both economically and militarily, it is certain that neither Perry’s faction nor Tucker’s has won control of the government. (ST-2) indicate that the government can suffer both ways under the control of TUCKER. Thus INCORRECT

I hope this detailed explanation will help many aspirants.

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Re: Either Perry s faction or Tucker s faction, but not both,  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Apr 2010, 13:03
What is the OA? IMO it has to be D.

(A) It is possible, but not certain, that the nation will neither suffer economically nor suffer militarily.
(B) If the nation suffers economically, it is certain that Perry’s faction has won control of the government.
(C) It is certain that the nation will suffer either economically or militarily, and also certain that it will not suffer both.The original statement only says what will happen, but not what won't. It never says that either faction could will only suffer in one way. Either faction could suffer both economically and militarily.
(D) If the nation suffers militarily, it is possible, but not certain, that Tucker’s faction has won control of the government.This is the best answer. Again, the only certainty that we have is that one of the two factions will win, and that each faction will cause the nation to suffer in at least one way. No matter how the nation suffers, it is possible but not certain that either faction won.
(E) If the nation suffers both economically and militarily, it is certain that neither Perry’s faction nor Tucker’s has won control of the government
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Re: Either Perry s faction or Tucker s faction, but not both,  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jul 2010, 21:07
Initially I selected c , but looking at the explanation by Vannbj, D seems to be correct answer.

@Vannbj,
Please advise what are the other different type of CR questions where we need to consider this approach.

Thanks in advance.
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Re: Either Perry s faction or Tucker s faction, but not both,  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jul 2010, 10:02
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RenukaD wrote:
Initially I selected c , but looking at the explanation by Vannbj, D seems to be correct answer.

@Vannbj,
Please advise what are the other different type of CR questions where we need to consider this approach.

Thanks in advance.


I'm not sure I understand your question. But I’d take this approach with just about every critical reasoning question. You usually can break them down into logical equations like math. For instance, “If Bob jumps then his hat will fall off” can be written as “j => h” where “=>” means “then”, “j” means “Bob Jumps” and “h” means “Bob’s hat will fall off.” If we weren’t on a computer then I’d just draw “=>” as an arrow pointing to the right. We can then write the contrapositive “-h => -j” which means in “If Bob’s hat didn’t fall off then he did not jump.” The contrapositive of a logical statement is ALWAYS true and is the first thing I tend to infer from a question like this. But notice that we didn’t say “-j => -h” this says “If Bob didn’t jump then his hat didn’t fall off.” This is a common logical flaw but it’s not substantiated from the original statement. Something else could have caused the hat to fall off. You can generally make up your own equations for any if-then statements. I hope this helps and that I answered your question but like I said, I’m not entirely sure that I understood it. If it does help then I accept kudos :)
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Re: Either Perry’s faction or Tucker’s faction, but not both, will win con  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Dec 2013, 10:51
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SudiptoGmat wrote:
Either Perry’s faction or Tucker’s faction, but not both, will win control of the government. If Perry’s faction wins, the nation will suffer economically. If Tucker’s faction wins, the nation will suffer militarily.


(1) Either Perry’s faction or Tucker’s faction will win the election , both can't win / loose.

(2) Perry’s faction wins = suffer economically

(3) Tucker’s faction wins = suffer militarily



Given the statements in the passage, which one of the following statements must be true?

(A) It is possible, but not certain, that the nation will neither suffer economically nor suffer militarily.

Violates the condition (1) , either of the 2 contestants must win and the country will either have to suffer Either Militarily or Economically.

(B) If the nation suffers economically, it is certain that Perry’s faction has won control of the government.

One can't be certain - There are multitude of other factors.

(C) It is certain that the nation will suffer either economically or militarily, and also certain that it will not suffer both.

The Country will either suffer economically or militarily , the underlined part distorts the picture.

(D) If the nation suffers militarily, it is possible, but not certain, that Tucker’s faction has won control of the government.

True , it is just a possibility , nothing confirm can be stated.

(E) If the nation suffers both economically and militarily, it is certain that neither Perry’s faction nor Tucker’s has won control of the government.

Not true , might be that the conditions were favourable and there were efficient management techniques to suppress the same...

(D) is the best option among the rest hence ( D ) is the answer.

The golden rule here is : We can't be certain about something here , there is Just a possibility / Probability of occurrence / Non Occurrence of an Event.
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Re: Either Perry’s faction or Tucker’s faction, but not both, will win con  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Dec 2013, 08:20
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Just to encapsulate what some of the earlier posters have been suggesting, remember that on a "must be true" question, when in doubt, generally* go with the weaker answer.

It is counterintuitive for some at first, but "maybe" and "possibly" allow for more options and are likely to hold true in more situations (which is exactly what you want for a "must be true" question).

*Of course, if the weak statement is false outright, this won't apply, but you probably aren't struggling with those choices in the first place.
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Re: Either Perry’s faction or Tucker’s faction, but not both, will win con  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Oct 2018, 21:05
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Re: Either Perry’s faction or Tucker’s faction, but not both, will win con &nbs [#permalink] 10 Oct 2018, 21:05
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