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Environmental organizations want to preserve the land surrounding the

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Environmental organizations want to preserve the land surrounding the  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Mar 2013, 04:01
4
14
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A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  65% (hard)

Question Stats:

61% (02:09) correct 39% (02:32) wrong based on 420 sessions

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Environmental organizations want to preserve the land surrounding the Wilgrinn Wilderness Area from residential development. They plan to do this by purchasing that land from the farmers who own it. That plan is ill-conceived: if the farmers did sell their land, they would sell it to the highest bidder, and developers would outbid any other bidders. On the other hand, these farmers will never actually sell any of the land, provided that farming it remains viable. But farming will not remain viable if the farms are left unmodernized, and most of the farmers lack the financial resources modernization requires. And that is exactly why a more sensible preservation strategy would be to assist the farmers to modernize their farms to the extent needed to maintain viability.

In the argument as a whole, the two boldface proportions play which of the following roles?

(A) The first assesses the goal held by certain environmental organization; the second presents the logical goal that the reasoning concludes should be adopted instead.

(B) The first assesses the goal held by certain environmental organization; the second presents the strategy that the reasoning concludes has the best chance of reaching that goal.

(C) The first is the conclusion reached about one strategy for attaining a certain goal; the second presents the strategy that the reasoning advocates.

(D) The first is the main conclusion toward which the reasoning is directed; the second presents a strategy that is called sensible but for which no support is offered.

(E) The first is the main conclusion toward which the reasoning is directed; the second is a consideration raised in order to support that conclusion

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Re: Environmental organizations want to preserve the land surrounding the  [#permalink]

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New post 31 Mar 2013, 04:16
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Environmental organizations want to preserve the land surrounding the Wilgrinn Wilderness Area from residential development. (goal of the organization)
They plan to do this by purchasing that land from the farmers who own it.(how they plan to do so)
(in this part a fact is presented, no personal opinion is expressed)
That plan is ill-conceived:(as you can see here starts the reasoning of the author, and it starts with its CONCLUSION, which is going to be explained in the next part)
if the farmers did sell their land, they would sell it to the highest bidder, and developers would outbid any other bidders.(reason for the conclusion)
On the other hand, these farmers will never actually sell any of the land, provided that farming it remains viable. (a problem is presented)
But farming will not remain viable if the farms are left unmodernized, and most of the farmers lack the financial resources modernization requires.(another personal consideration that is leading to the conclusion in the last sentence)
And that is exactly why a more sensible preservation strategy would be to assist the farmers to modernize their farms to the extent needed to maintain viability.
(the author gives his own method to solve the main problem expressed in line 1)

In the argument as a whole, the two boldface proportions play which of the following roles?

(A)The first assesses the goal held by certain environmental organization;the second presents the logical goal that the reasoning concludes should be adopted instead
(B)The first assesses the goal held by certain environmental organization:the second presents the strategy that the reasoning concludes has the best chance of reaching that goal.
A and B are wrong: the first one is the conclusion.

(C)The first is the conclusion reached about one strategy for attaining a certain goal ; the second presents the strategy that the reasoning advocates
CORRECT
(D)The first is the main conclusion toward which the reasoning is directed;The second presents a strategy that is called sensible but for which no support is offered.
Support IS offered for the strategy. (second to last line)
(E)The first is the main conclusion toward which the reasoning is directed;The second is a consideration raised in order to support that conclusion
The second is an alternative strategy, not a consideration
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Re: Environmental organizations want to preserve the land surrounding the  [#permalink]

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New post 23 May 2015, 10:57
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Got this question in Question Pack 1

Environmental organizations want to preserve the land surrounding the Wilgrinn Wilderness Area from residential development. They plan to do this by purchasing that land from the farmers who own it. That plan is ill-conceived: if the farmers did sell their land, they would sell it to the highest bidder, and developers would outbid any other bidders. On the other hand, these farmers will never actually sell any of the land, provided that farming it remains viable. But farming will not remain viable if the farms are left unmodernized, and most of the farmers lack the financial resources modernization requires. And that is exactly why a more sensible preservation strategy would be to assist the farmers to modernize their farms to the extent needed to maintain viability.

In the argument as a whole, the two boldface proportions play which of the following roles?

(A)The first assesses the goal held by certain environmental organization;the second presents the logical goal that the reasoning concludes should be adopted instead
(B)The first assesses the goal held by certain environmental organization:the second presents the strategy that the reasoning concludes has the best chance of reaching that goal.

For both A) and B) , these are not goals, these are strategies which as per author is not going to succeed.

(C)The first is the conclusion reached about one strategy for attaining a certain goal ; the second presents the strategy that the reasoning advocates -> Correct

(D)The first is the main conclusion toward which the reasoning is directed;The second presents a strategy that is called sensible but for which no support is offered.
Support is offered and the author says why more sensible strategy is required.

(E)The first is the main conclusion toward which the reasoning is directed;The second is a consideration raised in order to support that conclusion
2nd is not consideration to support that conclusion. 2nd is another strategy which is presented.
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Re: Environmental organizations want to preserve the land surrounding the  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jun 2016, 21:37
Environmental organizations want to preserve the land surrounding the Wilgrinn Wilderness Area from residential development. They plan to do this by purchasing that land from the farmers who own it. That plan is ill-conceived: if the farmers did sell their land, they would sell it to the highest bidder, and developers would outbid any other bidders. On the other hand, these farmers will never actually sell any of the land, provided that farming it remains viable. But farming will not remain viable if the farms are left unmodernized, and most of the farmers lack the financial resources modernization requires. And that is exactly why a more sensible preservation strategy would be to the farmers to modernize their farms to the extent needed to maintain viability.

In the reasoning above, the two boldface portions play which of the following roles?

A. The first assesses the goal held by certain environmental organizations; the second presents the goal that the reasoning concludes should be adopted instead.
B. The first assesses the goal held by certain environmental organizations; the second presents the strategy that the reasoning concludes has the best chance of reaching that goal.
C. The first is the conclusion reached about one strategy for attaining a certain goal; the second presents the strategy that the reasoning advocates.
D. The first is the main conclusion toward which the reasoning is directed; the second presents a strategy that is called sensible but for which no support is offered.
E. The first is the main conclusion toward which the reasoning is directed; the second is a consideration raised in order to support that conclusion.

Source: Question Pack 1
Correct Answer: C

Sir,
The biggest difficulty that I faced in this question is to find the main conclusion.
I am able to eliminate Option A and Option B because Bold Face 1 is some sort of conclusion either intermediate or main conclusion. But I am still not sure to identify the main conclsuion. Is there any method to do so when such dilemma arises that what is the main conclusion in the argument.
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Re: Environmental organizations want to preserve the land surrounding the  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jun 2016, 16:01
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crunchboss wrote:
Environmental organizations want to preserve the land surrounding the Wilgrinn Wilderness Area from residential development. They plan to do this by purchasing that land from the farmers who own it. That plan is ill-conceived: if the farmers did sell their land, they would sell it to the highest bidder, and developers would outbid any other bidders. On the other hand, these farmers will never actually sell any of the land, provided that farming it remains viable. But farming will not remain viable if the farms are left unmodernized, and most of the farmers lack the financial resources modernization requires. And that is exactly why a more sensible preservation strategy would be to assist the farmers to modernize their farms to the extent needed to maintain viability.

In the reasoning above, the two boldface portions play which of the following roles?

A. The first assesses the goal held by certain environmental organizations; the second presents the goal that the reasoning concludes should be adopted instead.
B. The first assesses the goal held by certain environmental organizations; the second presents the strategy that the reasoning concludes has the best chance of reaching that goal.
C. The first is the conclusion reached about one strategy for attaining a certain goal; the second presents the strategy that the reasoning advocates.
D. The first is the main conclusion toward which the reasoning is directed; the second presents a strategy that is called sensible but for which no support is offered.
E. The first is the main conclusion toward which the reasoning is directed; the second is a consideration raised in order to support that conclusion.

Source: Question Pack 1
Correct Answer: C

Sir,
The biggest difficulty that I faced in this question is to find the main conclusion.
I am able to eliminate Option A and Option B because Bold Face 1 is some sort of conclusion either intermediate or main conclusion. But I am still not sure to identify the main conclsuion. Is there any method to do so when such dilemma arises that what is the main conclusion in the argument.

Dear crunchboss,

I'm happy to reply. :-)

My friend, notice that this prompt also contains an error. The error is the word I highlighted in red above: this word was missing from your post, and the last sentence didn't make sense, so I had to find this argument on another page to identify the missing word. Please be careful when you copy and paste.

My friend, the GMAT CR is difficult precisely because each argument is different. We can't use any formula, because what each argument asks of us is so different.

Notice that the speaker and the environmental groups have the same goal, "to preserve the land surrounding the Wilgrinn Wilderness Area from residential development." The environmental organizations present one strategy for reaching this goal. The speaker criticizes this strategy, and proposes another strategy that he feels will be more successful for reaching this goal --- but they both agree on the goal. This is why (A) - (B) are wrong: the speaker does not criticize the goal of the environmental organizations because he has the same goal.

I think I would say that this particular CR argument doesn't explicitly reach a conclusion. His main conclusion is not stated, but simply implied. I would phrase his main conclusion as follows: "To reach the goal, Strategy #2 is more effective that Strategy #1" This is implicit in his last sentence. Strategy #1 would be buying the land, the strategy of the environmental organizations---the speaker thinks this strategy is "ill-conceived." Strategy #2 is the one the speaker advocates. Everyone concerned agrees with the goal.

Sometimes a CR argument states a main argument, and sometimes it doesn't.

In this argument, the first BF is not a criticism of the goal, because the speaker agrees with the goal of the environmental organizations. That eliminates (A) & (B). Also, the first BF is not a "main conclusion" by itself: that eliminates (D) & (E). On this basis alone, we can narrow the answers down to (C).

Does all this make sense?
Mike :-)
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Re: Environmental organizations want to preserve the land surrounding the  [#permalink]

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Re: Environmental organizations want to preserve the land surrounding the   [#permalink] 26 Apr 2019, 06:14
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