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Essayist: Only happiness is intrinsically valuable; other things are

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Manager
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Essayist: Only happiness is intrinsically valuable; other things are  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 03 May 2018, 21:01
9
00:00

Difficulty:

85% (hard)

Question Stats:

41% (02:07) correct 59% (02:02) wrong based on 217 sessions

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Essayist: Only happiness is intrinsically valuable; other things are valuable only insofar as they contribute to happiness. Some philosophers argue that the fact that we do not approve of a bad person’s being happy shows that we value happiness only when it is deserved. This supposedly shows that we find something besides happiness to be intrinsically valuable. But the happiness people deserve is determined by the amount of happiness they bring to others. Therefore, ______

Which one of the following most logically completes the final sentence of the essayist’s argument?

(A) the notion that people can be deserving of happiness is ultimately incoherent
(B) people do not actually value happiness as much as they think they do
(C) the judgment that a person deserves to be happy is itself to be understood in terms of happiness
(D) the only way to be assured of happiness is to bring happiness to those who have done something to deserve it
(E) a truly bad person cannot actually be very happy

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Cheers,
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Originally posted by SudiptoGmat on 18 Feb 2010, 08:52.
Last edited by Bunuel on 03 May 2018, 21:01, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic, edited the question and added the OA.
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Re: Essayist: Only happiness is intrinsically valuable; other things are  [#permalink]

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10 May 2010, 05:47
Thanks SudiptoGmat for bringing such a delicacy .

Well, this was indeed tough for me and took me around 2 min to reach C. Let's see why C is correct:
The given argument seems to be circular in reasoning and we need to find the CONCLUSION.

Only happiness is intrinsically valuable and rest are factors contributing to it.

Think of this statement as Statue of Liberty in NY. It was crafted from a big piece of stone of height say 10,000 ft. Now, the bay near to it, the Brooklyn bridge, the NY city, etc are just adding to its beauty.

Now, coming back to the original question.
Some philospers >>> bad ppl dont deserve happiness >>> so, something apart from happiness is of intrinsic value >>> amount of happiness is related with the happiness brought for others.

(A) the notion that people can be deserving of happiness is ultimately incoherent [Really. This is simply irrelevant. Incorrect]
(B) people do not actually value happiness as much as they think they do [This is not stated in the stimulus. Out of scope. Incorrect]
(C) the judgment that a person deserves to be happy is itself to be understood in terms of happiness [Correct]
(D) the only way to be assured of happiness is to bring happiness to those who have done something to deserve it [Extreme case. This is the last premise of the stimulus but presented as an extreme case. Incorrect]
(E) a truly bad person cannot actually be very happy [This is an extreme case and against the argument. We are given that they dont deserve it but CANNOT is not what is stated. Incorrect]
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Re: Essayist: Only happiness is intrinsically valuable; other things are  [#permalink]

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22 Apr 2011, 22:07
I reached C by elimination.
However, I am not sure how to justify the ans. Any help?
Also, what is that C is trying to say?
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Re: Essayist: Only happiness is intrinsically valuable; other things are  [#permalink]

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16 May 2012, 17:27
Here we want to find an argument against philosophers'

(C)A person that deserve to be happy is only way because of their contribution to the amount of happiness they bring others

deserved happiness = happiness to others
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Re: Essayist: Only happiness is intrinsically valuable; other things are  [#permalink]

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29 Apr 2018, 01:59
Hi, Can you please deduce the question. I am not able to find which one is the answer.
I even find C, which most people said is correct, as wrong.

Thank you
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Re: Essayist: Only happiness is intrinsically valuable; other things are  [#permalink]

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03 May 2018, 16:33
Nightmare007 wrote:
Hi, Can you please deduce the question. I am not able to find which one is the answer.
I even find C, which most people said is correct, as wrong.

Thank you

This is an LSAT question (PrepTest 38), and the OA is C.

The passage specifically states, "But the happiness people deserve is determined by the amount of happiness they bring to others." Thus, the judgment that a person deserves to be happy depends on the amount of happiness that he or she brings to others. In other words, the judgment that a person deserves to be happy is based on something involving happiness itself (happiness of others).

This is perfectly consistent with choice (C). Lance deserves to be happy.. based on what? Based on the fact that Lance makes other people happy. The judgment that Lance deserves to be happy can only be explained in terms of the happiness of others. (C) might seem a bit weird, but it fits with the information in the passage. There is nothing "incoherent" about this explanation, so (A) doesn't fit.

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Re: Essayist: Only happiness is intrinsically valuable; other things are  [#permalink]

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17 Oct 2018, 14:44
SudiptoGmat wrote:
Essayist: Only happiness is intrinsically valuable; other things are valuable only insofar as they contribute to happiness. Some philosophers argue that the fact that we do not approve of a bad person’s being happy shows that we value happiness only when it is deserved. This supposedly shows that we find something besides happiness to be intrinsically valuable. But the happiness people deserve is determined by the amount of happiness they bring to others. Therefore, ______

Which one of the following most logically completes the final sentence of the essayist’s argument?

(A) the notion that people can be deserving of happiness is ultimately incoherent
(B) people do not actually value happiness as much as they think they do
(C) the judgment that a person deserves to be happy is itself to be understood in terms of happiness
(D) the only way to be assured of happiness is to bring happiness to those who have done something to deserve it
(E) a truly bad person cannot actually be very happy

It is like hapiness and deserve of happiness is defined through happiness - seemed like C to me from the beginning.
Re: Essayist: Only happiness is intrinsically valuable; other things are   [#permalink] 17 Oct 2018, 14:44
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