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Even though the overall consumer price index did not change in April,

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Even though the overall consumer price index did not change in April,  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jul 2016, 04:36
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Even though the overall consumer price index did not change in April, indicating the absence of any general inflation or deflation, prices in several categories of merchandise have fallen over the last several months.

(A) April, indicating the absence of any general inflation or deflation, prices in several categories of merchandise have fallen

(B) April, indicating that any general inflation or deflation were absent, prices in several categories of merchandise fell

(C) April and indicated that absence of any general inflation or deflation, prices in several categories of merchandise fell

(D) April, having indicated the absence of any general inflation or deflation, prices in several categories of merchandise fell

(E) April, which indicated that any general inflation or deflation were absent, prices in several categories of merchandise have fallen



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Re: Even though the overall consumer price index did not change in April,  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Feb 2017, 13:34
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Even though the overall consumer price index did not change in April, indicating the absence of any general inflation or deflation, prices in several categories of merchandise have fallen over the last several months.

Issues: Verb Form | S-V agreement

Analysis:
1. Core: Even though the price index did not change in April, prices have fallen
2. ", verb-ing" should modify the clause "price index did not change in April" for correct meaning


A. April, indicating the absence of any general inflation or deflation, prices in several categories of merchandise have fallen

B. April, indicating that any general inflation or deflation were absent, prices in several categories of merchandise fell
- "were" has the wrong form and degree; "is" should be used

C. April and indicated that absence of any general inflation or deflation, prices in several categories of merchandise fell
- the phrase "and indicated that absence of any general inflation or deflation" has two issues
1. it changes the intended meaning;
2. "that" should be followed by a clause but "absence of any general inflation or deflation" does not have working verb. Hence, this construction is non-grammatical.

D. April, having indicated the absence of any general inflation or deflation, prices in several categories of merchandise fell
- Meaning is changed from what is intended as the use of "having indicated" suggests that indication happened before the index did not change in April

E. April, which indicated that any general inflation or deflation were absent, prices in several categories of merchandise have fall
- "which.." is incorrect modifier to use here
- "were" has the wrong form and degree; "is" should be used


Answer: A.
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Re: Even though the overall consumer price index did not change in April,  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jul 2016, 04:59
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Gnpth wrote:
Even though the overall consumer price index did not change in April, indicating the absence of any general inflation or deflation, prices in several categories of merchandise have fallen over the last several months.

A. April, indicating the absence of any general inflation or deflation, prices in several categories of merchandise have fallen -- cannot spot any issue ---hold !!
B. April, indicating that any general inflation or deflation were absent, prices in several categories of merchandise fell --SVA error
C. April and indicated that absence of any general inflation or deflation, prices in several categories of merchandise fell --awkward construction
D. April, having indicated the absence of any general inflation or deflation, prices in several categories of merchandise fell ---fell is past tense , so clearly when it says over the last several months --we need a present perfect
E. April, which indicated that any general inflation or deflation were absent, prices in several categories of merchandise have fallen ---which refers to april and april did not indicate anything, and sva



Because of the above mentioned --- A it should be !!
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Re: Even though the overall consumer price index did not change in April,  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jul 2016, 20:58
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Need to have present perfect here to necessary to show that the action from the past is continuous up until now.

From that, B C D can be eliminated.

Answer choice E has a relative modifier 'which' that incorrectly refers to 'April' that 'indicated that any general inflation or deflation were absent' which is nonsensical.

Therefore, only answer choice A remains.
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Re: Even though the overall consumer price index did not change in April,  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Aug 2016, 03:38
If in choice B 'were' was changed to 'is'. Does 'fell' work appropriately with the sentence ? Or does it need to be 'have fallen'? IF so could you please explain why.
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Re: Even though the overall consumer price index did not change in April,  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Dec 2016, 10:38
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Gnpth wrote:
Even though the overall consumer price index did not change in April, indicating the absence of any general inflation or deflation, prices in several categories of merchandise have fallen over the last several months.

A. April, indicating the absence of any general inflation or deflation, prices in several categories of merchandise have fallen
B. April, indicating that any general inflation or deflation were absent, prices in several categories of merchandise fell
C. April and indicated that absence of any general inflation or deflation, prices in several categories of merchandise fell
D. April, having indicated the absence of any general inflation or deflation, prices in several categories of merchandise fell
E. April, which indicated that any general inflation or deflation were absent, prices in several categories of merchandise have fallen


"were" in b is wrong.
both "have fallen" and "fell" in a and b are correct because "over last several months" can be a period in the past of a period prolonging until the time of speaking.
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Re: Even though the overall consumer price index did not change in April,  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Feb 2017, 06:06
Gnpth wrote:
Even though the overall consumer price index did not change in April, indicating the absence of any general inflation or deflation, prices in several categories of merchandise have fallen over the last several months.

A. April, indicating the absence of any general inflation or deflation, prices in several categories of merchandise have fallen
B. April, indicating that any general inflation or deflation were absent, prices in several categories of merchandise fell
C. April and indicated that absence of any general inflation or deflation, prices in several categories of merchandise fell
D. April, having indicated the absence of any general inflation or deflation, prices in several categories of merchandise fell
E. April, which indicated that any general inflation or deflation were absent, prices in several categories of merchandise have fallen


"over" show a period of time. "over" can go with past simple to show that the period is in the past or can go with present perfect to show that the period going until now. gmat use only "over" to test us the difference between past simple and present perfect. this difference is text book case.

all of us know and understand the grammar point in grammar books. but a few of us have the habit of seeing grammar points in the text when reading. those persons will master grammar and succeed on gmat SC.
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Re: Even though the overall consumer price index did not change in April,  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Mar 2017, 14:34
Even though the overall consumer price index did not change in April, indicating the absence of any general inflation or deflation, prices in several categories of merchandise have fallen over the last several months.

A. April, indicating the absence of any general inflation or deflation, prices in several categories of merchandise have fallen
B. April, indicating that any general inflation or deflation were absent, prices in several categories of merchandise fell
C. April and indicated that absence of any general inflation or deflation, prices in several categories of merchandise fell
D. April, having indicated the absence of any general inflation or deflation, prices in several categories of merchandise fell
E. April, which indicated that any general inflation or deflation were absent, prices in several categories of merchandise have fallen

Present perfect is required so we eliminate B,C and D. in option A and E, E uses 'which' ,which refers to april, which is incorrect :D

So A is the right answer.

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Re: Even though the overall consumer price index did not change in April,  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jul 2017, 19:57
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anox wrote:
Even though the overall consumer price index did not change in April, indicating the absence of any general inflation or deflation, prices in several categories of merchandise have fallen over the last several months.

Issues: Verb Form | S-V agreement

Analysis:
1. Core: Even though the price index did not change in April, prices have fallen
2. ", verb-ing" should modify the clause "price index did not change in April" for correct meaning


A. April, indicating the absence of any general inflation or deflation, prices in several categories of merchandise have fallen

B. April, indicating that any general inflation or deflation were absent, prices in several categories of merchandise fell
- "were" has the wrong form and degree; "is" should be used

C. April and indicated that absence of any general inflation or deflation, prices in several categories of merchandise fell
- the phrase "and indicated that absence of any general inflation or deflation" has two issues
1. it changes the intended meaning;
2. "that" should be followed by a clause but "absence of any general inflation or deflation" does not have working verb. Hence, this construction is non-grammatical.

D. April, having indicated the absence of any general inflation or deflation, prices in several categories of merchandise fell
- Meaning is changed from what is intended as the use of "having indicated" suggests that indication happened before the index did not change in April

E. April, which indicated that any general inflation or deflation were absent, prices in several categories of merchandise have fall
- "which.." is incorrect modifier to use here
- "were" has the wrong form and degree; "is" should be used


Answer: A.


For option B, why should the verb be 'is' as opposed to 'was'

I could understand 'is' is correct because it is indicating (as in still indicating) but I could also see it being used as past tense as it happened in April.
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Re: Even though the overall consumer price index did not change in April,  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Aug 2017, 23:19
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Although A is the correct choice. I would like to know why will the choice 'E' incorrect? Can anyone explain, please!
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Re: Even though the overall consumer price index did not change in April,  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Aug 2017, 02:52
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AnubhavK wrote:
Although A is the correct choice. I would like to know why will the choice 'E' incorrect? Can anyone explain, please!

Because "which" modifies April. April didn't indicate absence of inflation. Change in CPI did.
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Re: Even though the overall consumer price index did not change in April,  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Aug 2017, 04:58
AnubhavK wrote:
Although A is the correct choice. I would like to know why will the choice 'E' incorrect? Can anyone explain, please!

In option A, indicating....correctly modifies the whole clause where as in option E it modifies just the noun price. This does not make sense considering it is the "no change in price" that provides the required contrast.
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Re: Even though the overall consumer price index did not change in April,  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Sep 2017, 04:34
DevS93 wrote:
If in choice B 'were' was changed to 'is'. Does 'fell' work appropriately with the sentence ? Or does it need to be 'have fallen'? IF so could you please explain why.


Present perfect is required so we eliminate B,C and D. in option A and E, E uses 'which' ,which refers to april, which is incorrect :D

So A is the right answer.
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Re: Even though the overall consumer price index did not change in April,  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Sep 2017, 05:00
May have a silly question, but does "over the last several months" mean that it is something that started a few months ago and is still ongoing (in this case it would require present perfect)? Can it mean something that started a few months ago and has already ended?
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Re: Even though the overall consumer price index did not change in April,  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Sep 2017, 09:30
nrxbra001 wrote:
May have a silly question, but does "over the last several months" mean that it is something that started a few months ago and is still ongoing (in this case it would require present perfect)? Can it mean something that started a few months ago and has already ended?



Over the last several months indicates that it has happened over a period of time. 'have fallen over the last several months' is perfect. Hope I am clear
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Re: Even though the overall consumer price index did not change in April,  [#permalink]

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New post 17 May 2018, 20:38
I have a question regarding the verb tense of this question.
Is present perfect tense really necessary here?
Well, my thought is that simple past changes the meaning so that the contrast in meaning is no longer present.
Even though the overall consumer price index did not change in April, (but something else will change, or at least will change at the time when consumer price index doesn't change). In order to show the proper contrast, we need the present perfect?
If we uses simple past, prices fell... ok, so prices stopped falling? We don't know whether the prices was still falling when consumer index was fixed.

Is my thinking logical?

GMAT Pros please comment.

Thanks in advance.
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Even though the overall consumer price index did not change in April,  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Oct 2018, 03:06
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Nimabinia wrote:
I have a question regarding the verb tense of this question.
Is present perfect tense really necessary here?
Well, my thought is that simple past changes the meaning so that the contrast in meaning is no longer present.
Even though the overall consumer price index did not change in April, (but something else will change, or at least will change at the time when consumer price index doesn't change). In order to show the proper contrast, we need the present perfect?
If we uses simple past, prices fell... ok, so prices stopped falling? We don't know whether the prices was still falling when consumer index was fixed.

Is my thinking logical?

GMAT Pros please comment.

Thanks in advance.


Dear Nimabinia,

We use the Present Perfect tense for actions that started in the past but continue into the present, or re­ main true in the present. The Present Perfect tense has one foot in the past and one foot in the present.
For e.g. We HAVE LIVED in a hut for three days.
This sentence means that we started living in the hut three days ago and that we are still living in that hut.

In comparison, a sentence in the Simple Past has a different meaning.
For e.g.: We LIVED in a hut for three days.
This example means that we are no longer living in the hut. The three days are over.

Coming to the original sentence:

Quote:
Even though the overall consumer price index did not change in April, indicating the absence of any general inflation or deflation, prices in several categories of merchandise have fallen over the last several months.

(A) April, indicating the absence of any general inflation or deflation, prices in several categories of merchandise have fallen

The author in this sentence starts the sentence with simple past and move ahead by telling that "... have not fallen over the last several months." This happens in the context of the present.

The modifier "over the last several months" makes the distinction here. This suggests that something happened in the past, but its effect is still persistent.

Clearly defining that "Even though XYZ didn't happen in the past, still ABC has happened..."

If we see it with past perfect... "prices in several categories of merchandise fell over the last several months" The action in simple past is done and dusted, it cannot continue over the last several months. This cripples the sentence. Hence doesn't makes sense..

Even though present perfect being one of the distinction that the sentence makes in answer option A, other options also have other terrible flaws, which make them wrong options.
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Even though the overall consumer price index did not change in April,  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 11 Feb 2019, 11:35
Wow, in the "GMAT Official Guide Verbal Review" book, it lists the answer as "B" in the answer key, but then lists it as "A" in the answer explanations.

Originally posted by gmatman1031 on 13 Dec 2018, 16:41.
Last edited by gmatman1031 on 11 Feb 2019, 11:35, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Even though the overall consumer price index did not change in April,  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Feb 2019, 20:32
Hi!
I have a doubt about this question. I directly cross out the answer choices using present perfect tense. My reasoning is that the prices of the previous months fell, they are not still falling... (which present perfect seems to suggest). Then, why is present perfect correct?
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Re: Even though the overall consumer price index did not change in April,  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Feb 2019, 23:08
patto wrote:
Hi!
I have a doubt about this question. I directly cross out the answer choices using present perfect tense. My reasoning is that the prices of the previous months fell, they are not still falling... (which present perfect seems to suggest). Then, why is present perfect correct?

You ask a great question, and one thing that has to be mentioned here is that, in GMAT Sentence Correction questions, the correct answers often involve structures or tenses used in less commonly known ways, so that people don't easily see that the correct answers are correct.

So, for instance, since Sentence Correction question writers are aware that it is commonly known that the present perfect tense is used in sentences meant to convey that events continue to go on in the present, the writers may choose to use the present perfect in a sentence in about events that don't necessarily seem to continue to go on in the present to confuse test takers.

Why can they do so? Because, actually, there are other less commonly known ways in which the present perfect tense can be used.

Among these ways are:

- To express that events occurred multiple times in the past and may occur again. Example: I have gone to Spain many times.

- In expressing that an event occurred very recently. Example: She has just arrived.

- In talking about an event that occurred in the past but in a way that emphasizes that the event is affecting the present. Example: It has been discovered that sugar consumption is associated with various health issues.

So, in choice (A), the use of the present perfect makes sense in that one could make the case that the prices have fallen and will continue to fall, that the prices have fallen on multiple occasions and may continue to fall, or that the sentence is meant to emphasize that the falling of the prices is affecting the present.

Overall, the takeaway here is that using choice of tense as a decision point for eliminating choices is not always optimal. For instance, in this case, one could make a case for using the simple past or for using the past perfect. So, you have to be careful when using tense choice as a decision point, and if you do use choice of tense as a decision point, you may want to confirm your choice by looking for other issues in the choices.

In this question, choices (B), (C), (D), and (E) all include issues other than tense that you could use as reasons for eliminating those choices.
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Re: Even though the overall consumer price index did not change in April,   [#permalink] 10 Feb 2019, 23:08
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