GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 18 Jan 2019, 00:01

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel
Events & Promotions in January
PrevNext
SuMoTuWeThFrSa
303112345
6789101112
13141516171819
20212223242526
272829303112
Open Detailed Calendar
  • Free GMAT Strategy Webinar

     January 19, 2019

     January 19, 2019

     07:00 AM PST

     09:00 AM PST

    Aiming to score 760+? Attend this FREE session to learn how to Define your GMAT Strategy, Create your Study Plan and Master the Core Skills to excel on the GMAT.
  • FREE Quant Workshop by e-GMAT!

     January 20, 2019

     January 20, 2019

     07:00 AM PST

     07:00 AM PST

    Get personalized insights on how to achieve your Target Quant Score.

Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably during this

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

 
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 26 Mar 2008
Posts: 270
Location: Washington DC
Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably during this  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post Updated on: 19 Nov 2018, 00:06
6
28
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  75% (hard)

Question Stats:

48% (01:22) correct 52% (01:22) wrong based on 2225 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably during this year. The reason for the rise is that the falling value of the dollar will make it cheaper for paper manufacturers in Japan and Western Europe to buy American wood pulp than to get it from any other source.

Which of the following is an assumption made in drawing the conclusion above?


(A) Factory output of paper products in Japan and Western Europe will increase sharply during this year.

(B) The quality of the wood pulp produced in the United States would be adequate for the purposes of Japanese and Western European paper manufacturers.

(C) Paper manufacturers in Japan and Western Europe would prefer to use wood pulp produced in the United States if cost were not a factor.

(D) Demand for paper products made in Japan and Western Europe will not increase sharply during this year.

(E) Production of wood pulp by United States companies will not increase sharply during this year.

Originally posted by marshpa on 22 Aug 2008, 18:06.
Last edited by Bunuel on 19 Nov 2018, 00:06, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
Most Helpful Expert Reply
Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor
User avatar
D
Joined: 16 Oct 2010
Posts: 8789
Location: Pune, India
Re: Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably during this  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 03 Apr 2013, 23:48
4
2
marshpa wrote:
Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably during this year. The reason for the rise is that the falling value of the dollar will make it cheaper for paper manufacturers in Japan and Western Europe to buy American wood pulp than to get it from any other source.

Which of the following is an assumption made in drawing the conclusion above?

(A) Factory output of paper products in Japan and Western Europe will increase sharply during this year.
(B) The quality of the wood pulp produced in the United States would be adequate for the purposes of Japanese and Western European paper manufacturers.
(C) Paper manufacturers in Japan and Western Europe would prefer to use wood pulp produced in the United States if cost were not a factor.
(D) Demand for paper products made in Japan and Western Europe will not increase sharply during this year.
(E) Production of wood pulp by United States companies will not increase sharply during this year.

I am not convinced with OA for this question..


Responding to a pm:
The correct answer is (B).
Why not (C)? Because (C) is a sufficient condition for the conclusion to be true while (B) is a necessary condition for the conclusion to be true. An assumption is a necessary premise for the conclusion so (B) is the correct option.

To elaborate:

Premises:
- Dollar is falling.
- It will be cheaper for paper manufacturers in Japan and Western Europe to buy American wood pulp than to get it from any other source.

Conclusion:
- Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably during this year.

The conclusion is linking 'Sale of pulp' to 'Cost of pulp'. It says since the cost will be lower, it will sell. We are assuming here that the American pulp is adequate in all other qualities that you look for while buying. Or that lower cost is all that matters while buying something.

Option (B) says that the quality is adequate and hence is an assumption. Notice that it is necessary for our conclusion. If the quality is not adequate, no matter what the cost, US pulp sale may not increase.

Option (C) says that Japanese and Europeans prefer to use US pulp if cost does not matter. Do we NEED this to be true? No. It is good if it is true because it means that if cost of US pulp goes down, US pulp will sell more (hence, it is sufficient for the conclusion to be true - assuming all else stays constant). But do we NEED them to prefer US pulp? No. It is not necessary for our conclusion to be true.

Beware of this difference between 'necessary' and 'sufficient' conditions. Remember that assumptions are NECESSARY conditions, they don't need to be sufficient. We end up incorrectly choosing sufficient because they cover a wider range. If sufficient is true, then conclusion has to be true. But mind you, that is not the question. THe question is looking for a necessary condition, not for a sufficient condition.

Check out another question on the same logic:
since-mayor-drabble-always-repays-her-political-debts-as-98398.html?hilit=assumption%20necessary%20sufficient

and watch out for my this week's post. I will discuss this on my blog Quarter Wit Quarter Wisdom.
_________________

Karishma
Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor

Learn more about how Veritas Prep can help you achieve a great GMAT score by checking out their GMAT Prep Options >

Most Helpful Community Reply
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 15 Aug 2007
Posts: 244
Re: Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably during this  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 25 Aug 2008, 18:36
11
1
marshpa wrote:
Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably during this year. The reason for the rise is that the falling value of the dollar will make it cheaper for paper manufacturers in Japan and Western Europe to buy American wood pulp than to get it from any other source.
Which of the following is an assumption made in drawing the conclusion above?
(A) Factory output of paper products in Japan and Western Europe will increase sharply during this year.
(B) The quality of the wood pulp produced in the United States would be adequate for the purposes of Japanese and Western European paper manufacturers.
(C) Paper manufacturers in Japan and Western Europe would prefer to use wood pulp produced in the United States if cost were not a factor.
(D) Demand for paper products made in Japan and Western Europe will not increase sharply during this year.
(E) Production of wood pulp by United States companies will not increase sharply during this year.

I am not convinced with OA for this question..

If I can guess well you had selected C !!!!
B and C are close calls.
There a few ways to attack assumption questions. The easiest way is to try negetion. But while doing so do not pull in extra infos.

-B = The quality would NOT be adequate.
-C = Manufacturers would NOT preffer .

In -C even if they don't preffer , they can still do so.

When ever there is a confusion with a choice leave it, if u have a better one in hand.


General Discussion
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 06 Apr 2008
Posts: 374
Re: Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably during this  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 23 Aug 2008, 23:33
1
marshpa wrote:
Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably during this year. The reason for the rise is that the falling value of the dollar will make it cheaper for paper manufacturers in Japan and Western Europe to buy American wood pulp than to get it from any other source.
Which of the following is an assumption made in drawing the conclusion above?
(A) Factory output of paper products in Japan and Western Europe will increase sharply during this year.
(B) The quality of the wood pulp produced in the United States would be adequate for the purposes of Japanese and Western European paper manufacturers.
(C) Paper manufacturers in Japan and Western Europe would prefer to use wood pulp produced in the United States if cost were not a factor.
(D) Demand for paper products made in Japan and Western Europe will not increase sharply during this year.
(E) Production of wood pulp by United States companies will not increase sharply during this year.

I am not convinced with OA for this question..


A) -> Out of place
B) -> Yes, can be assumption. If quality of wood is not adequate then no matter what the price it will not be bought
C) -> From para it is clear that decrease in cost only increases the export. However this is not assumption.
D) -> Out of place
E) -> Out of place

IMO B)
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 09 Jul 2007
Posts: 211
Re: Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably during this  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 01 Sep 2008, 20:38
1
IMO B.

C is in the lines of the premise stated in the argument , where as B is a clear assumption.
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 28 Jul 2010
Posts: 6
Re: Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably during this  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 20 Oct 2010, 05:09
2
Answer should be B.

Conclusion of the Premises is :: "Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably during this year."

Now we have to look into the option which will increase exports of United states as per the question.

Our options are

A) Factory output of paper products in Japan and Western Europe will increase sharply during this year. => This will not increase export of unite state
(B) The quality of the wood pulp produced in the United States would be adequate for the purposes of Japanese and Western European paper manufacturers. => Since the quality of wood pul of US is good so Countries Japan and western europe will take wood from US rather than from other source and they will also consider dollar value which is less now.
(C) Paper manufacturers in Japan and Western Europe would prefer to use wood pulp produced in the United States if cost were not a factor. => This is not an assumption. Look like Inference.
(D) Demand for paper products made in Japan and Western Europe will not increase sharply during this year. => will not affect US export.
(E) Production of wood pulp by United States companies will not increase sharply during this year. => This is not an assumption.
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 15 Mar 2009
Posts: 25
Location: India
Schools: London Business School
Re: Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably during this  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 Oct 2010, 20:31
Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably during this year. The reason for the rise is that the falling value of the dollar will make it cheaper for paper manufacturers in Japan and Western Europe to buy American wood pulp than to get it from any other source.

Which of the following is an assumption made in drawing the conclusion above?

(A) Factory output of paper products in Japan and Western Europe will increase sharply during this year. This is the conclusion, not the assumption
(B) The quality of the wood pulp produced in the United States would be adequate for the purposes of Japanese and Western European paper manufacturers.IF the quality of the US woodpupl is not adequate, no one will buy even if the prices are lowered as this wood pulp would be of no use to them.
(C) Paper manufacturers in Japan and Western Europe would prefer to use wood pulp produced in the United States if cost were not a factor. To me this one also means the same as the (B) options. it means that the quality of the wood pulp from US is good and they wold prefer to buy it if the cost is not the factor.
(D) Demand for paper products made in Japan and Western Europe will not increase sharply during this year. Out of scope
(E) Production of wood pulp by United States companies will not increase sharply during this year.
Does not address the issue.

To me both B and C mean the same. I will prefer to go with B coz it directly indicate the issue ie the quality is the only issue which can stop the manufacturers to buy it.
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Status: I rest, I rust.
Joined: 04 Oct 2010
Posts: 98
Schools: ISB - Co 2013
WE 1: IT Professional since 2006
Re: Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably during this  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 23 Oct 2010, 05:04
1
punzo wrote:
Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably during this year. The reason for the rise is that the falling value of the dollar will make it cheaper for paper manufacturers in Japan and Western Europe to buy American wood pulp than to get it from any other source.

Which of the following is an assumption made in drawing the conclusion above?

(A) Factory output of paper products in Japan and Western Europe will increase sharply during this year. This is the conclusion, not the assumption
(B) The quality of the wood pulp produced in the United States would be adequate for the purposes of Japanese and Western European paper manufacturers.IF the quality of the US woodpupl is not adequate, no one will buy even if the prices are lowered as this wood pulp would be of no use to them.
(C) Paper manufacturers in Japan and Western Europe would prefer to use wood pulp produced in the United States if cost were not a factor. To me this one also means the same as the (B) options. it means that the quality of the wood pulp from US is good and they wold prefer to buy it if the cost is not the factor.
(D) Demand for paper products made in Japan and Western Europe will not increase sharply during this year. Out of scope
(E) Production of wood pulp by United States companies will not increase sharply during this year.
Does not address the issue.

To me both B and C mean the same. I will prefer to go with B coz it directly indicate the issue ie the quality is the only issue which can stop the manufacturers to buy it.


We all know that if quality is not good, people would not buy the product; but this is nowhere mentioned in the para. This is external information. Infact, the entire concept of quality is out of scope so far as this question is concerned. IMHO.
_________________

Respect,
Vaibhav

PS: Correct me if I am wrong.

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 31 May 2010
Posts: 70
Reviews Badge
Re: Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably during this  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 12 Dec 2010, 19:17
2
I will go by B

It was either B or C ,

But C fails - as suppose If quality is not adequte for Japan and Europe and cost falls, so do Manufacturers will buy Wood pulp from US.
(Negating the assumption)
_________________

Kudos if any of my post helps you !!!

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
User avatar
Joined: 13 Aug 2012
Posts: 426
Concentration: Marketing, Finance
GPA: 3.23
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably during this  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 18 Jan 2013, 22:29
Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably during this year. The reason for the rise is that the falling value of the dollar will make it cheaper for paper manufacturers in Japan and Western Europe to buy American wood pulp than to get it from any other source.

The argument is like this. Oh my gosh, the MAC collection has gone cheaper. Thus, sales of MAC products will rise. Why? Because my girls would buy them. Hmm. Perhaps, these girls don't like MAC. My girls may be allergic to it. CHEAPER DOESN'T MEAN A PRODUCT IS COMPLETELY SOLD OUT TO A BUYER.

Negate (B) - The quality of the wood pulp produced in the US would not be sufficient for the purpose of Japs. THen no sale will materialize from Jap's end...

Answer: B
_________________

Impossible is nothing to God.

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 26 Oct 2008
Posts: 95
Re: Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably during this  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 20 Jan 2013, 00:24
(B) is the correct answer, and there is in fact no uncertainty about it. I’ll try to explain why.

First of all, it is really important to realize that for most assumption questions (not all), there are many assumptions, not one. That is, there are many different additional pieces of information that are needed in order to really prove the conclusion, but that were left out of the argument. This question is definitely of that type. Here are a few of the things that are not mentioned, but that have to be true (that is, the assumptions) in order to prove the conclusion:

- American paper manufacturers won’t buy so much of the American wood pulp that there is not much left for export.
- Japanese and European manufacturers are not ALREADY buying as much American wood pulp as the US can export.
- There is no characteristic or limitation of American wood pulp that would prevent Japanese and European manufacturers from using it, even though it would cost them less if they did. (Note that answer choice (B) is part of this one.)

In this kind of assumption question, the correct answer is one of the things that NEEDS to be true in order to prove the conclusion - but this answer is not ENOUGH BY ITSELF to prove the conclusion. In LSAT language, the correct answer is necessary in order for the conclusion to be true, but not sufficient.

So although it is true that (B) does not prove the conclusion, that doesn’t make it the wrong answer. (B) does have to be true in order to allow the conclusion to be even possible, and that makes it a necessary assumption, and therefore the right answer. Because we are looking for a necessary assumption, the “denial test” works for this question, as several people have already pointed out. The denial test works by contradicting the answer choice, and then seeing whether the CONTRADICTED version makes the conclusion impossible. If the contradicted answer choice makes the conclusion impossible, then the UNcontradicted answer choice must have been necessary in order to allow the conclusion. Thus, the uncontradicted answer choice must have been a necessary assumption.

The other choices are not necessary in order to allow the conclusion to be true:

A: They do not have to produce more paper in order to make American pulp exports go up. They could produce the same amount, but buy a lot more American pulp and a lot less of other countries’ pulp to do it.

C: They don’t have to prefer American pulp at an EQUAL price (or ignoring price) in order to make American pulp exports go up. We know from the evidence that American pulp will be really cheap. In order to make the exports go up, they only need to be willing to buy it AT THIS REALLY CHEAP PRICE.

D: I don’t think this one fooled anybody. It would be a reason NOT to buy more pulp from anyone, American or otherwise.

E: Production of American wood pulp does NOT have to stay at its present level in order to make exports go up. In fact, if the US is not able to increase its production of wood pulp, that might PREVENT wood pulp exports from going up. This one (like choice D) actually hurts the argument rather than helping it. The moral of this story is – every time you see the word “not”, make sure you know which way the statement is going.
_________________

Grumpy

Kaplan Canada LSAT/GMAT/GRE teacher and tutor

MBA Section Director
User avatar
V
Affiliations: GMAT Club
Joined: 21 Feb 2012
Posts: 5991
City: Pune
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member
Re: Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably during this  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 25 Jan 2013, 23:45
Answer is Choice B

A) Not Relevant

B) Demand will be increased if the price falls and it is usable for the japanese …. Manufacturers. Correct.

C) This choice attributes the quality of wood pulp to the demand generated for it. However it is difficult to find support for this from the passage. So incorrect

D) Incorrect. When the demand doesn't increase if it remained same then the conclusion might hold true but if it drcreased then conclusion would be weakened.

E)Not relevant
_________________

Chances of Getting Admitted After an Interview [Data Crunch]


Must Read Forum Topics Before You Kick Off Your MBA Application

New GMAT Club Decision Tracker - Real Time Decision Updates

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 20 Nov 2011
Posts: 35
Re: Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably during this  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 26 Nov 2013, 06:24
It is nice to see various CR questions but I just want to take an attention about low quality questions such as this one. These questions just throw you in the wrong-path of thinking. Solving an official problem over and over again still has an advantage over solving unknown and debatable such as this one. Do not bother if you missed
Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor
User avatar
D
Joined: 16 Oct 2010
Posts: 8789
Location: Pune, India
Re: Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably during this  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Nov 2013, 20:17
zazoz wrote:
It is nice to see various CR questions but I just want to take an attention about low quality questions such as this one. These questions just throw you in the wrong-path of thinking. Solving an official problem over and over again still has an advantage over solving unknown and debatable such as this one. Do not bother if you missed


I do not know the source of this question since the original poster hasn't given it but it is not a low quality question. Also, the OA is not debatable. It is a good tricky question and brings forward the essential difference between "necessary" and "sufficient" conditions which is something we focus a lot on in the first Veritas class. It is absolutely essential for you to understand this difference since you will find it useful not only in Verbal but also in Quant.
_________________

Karishma
Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor

Learn more about how Veritas Prep can help you achieve a great GMAT score by checking out their GMAT Prep Options >

Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 25 Dec 2012
Posts: 16
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably during this  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 Oct 2014, 04:56
B is correct

In order to ensure that the answer is correct, we can use the negation test for Assumption questions, it means that if we negate the correct answer it will weaken the conclusion of the argument. Let´s look the answer B, if we negate it, it will say that wood pulp produced in the United States would not be adequate. So it will weaken the conclusion related to the increase in export from USA, because if it does not meet the criteria of Japan and WE, they will not import the wood pulp, therefore, export will not increase as it is expected.
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 06 Mar 2014
Posts: 239
Location: India
GMAT Date: 04-30-2015
Reviews Badge
Re: Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably during this  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 05 Nov 2014, 22:57
marshpa wrote:
Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably during this year. The reason for the rise is that the falling value of the dollar will make it cheaper for paper manufacturers in Japan and Western Europe to buy American wood pulp than to get it from any other source.

Which of the following is an assumption made in drawing the conclusion above?

(A) Factory output of paper products in Japan and Western Europe will increase sharply during this year.
(B) The quality of the wood pulp produced in the United States would be adequate for the purposes of Japanese and Western European paper manufacturers.
(C) Paper manufacturers in Japan and Western Europe would prefer to use wood pulp produced in the United States if cost were not a factor.
(D) Demand for paper products made in Japan and Western Europe will not increase sharply during this year.
(E) Production of wood pulp by United States companies will not increase sharply during this year.

I am not convinced with OA for this question..



In sum, this question boils down to two options, namely B and C.
There is a fine distinction between the two, which we tend to ignore.
What makes B an assumption is the element of addition of the 'unstated idea' that is necessary to hold the conclusion.

What makes C falter is that C is more of an inference than an assumption, it uses similarly worded terms that are not 'NECESSARY' but a mere inference or rather an extended premise of what is already stated in the passage.

Hence, B it is.
Intern
Intern
User avatar
B
Joined: 01 Aug 2014
Posts: 43
Re: Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably during this  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 Dec 2015, 00:34
Premise: US $ fall value – cheaper for Japan and Europe to import.
Conclusion: Exports US’s wood pulp will rise.
Choice C and E are out of scope, Choice D does no impact the argument, Choice A uses too strong words, and it does not need to increase sharply in output of paper products – the output unchanged is enough to increase export US’s wood pulp.
Choice B is correct answer, it strengthens the argument and negate choice B will weaken the conclusion, not adequate quality– not increase exports.
Non-Human User
User avatar
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 3581
Premium Member
Re: Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably during this  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 19 Nov 2018, 00:11
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
_________________

-
April 2018: New Forum dedicated to Verbal Strategies, Guides, and Resources

GMAT Club Bot
Re: Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably during this &nbs [#permalink] 19 Nov 2018, 00:11
Display posts from previous: Sort by

Exports of United States wood pulp will rise considerably during this

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


Copyright

GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.