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“Fast cycle time” is a strategy of designing a manufacturing organizat

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New post 23 Jul 2010, 03:53
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The Official Guide for GMAT Review, 11th Edition, 2005

Practice Question
Question No.: CR 110
Page: 499

“Fast cycle time” is a strategy of designing a manufacturing organization to eliminate bottlenecks and delays in production. Not only does it speed up production, but it also assures quality. The reason is that the bottlenecks and delays cannot be eliminated unless all work is done right the first time.

The claim about quality made above rests on a questionable presupposition that _____.

(A) any flaw in work on a product would cause a bottleneck or delay and so would be prevented from occurring on a “fast cycle” production line

(B) the strategy of “fast cycle time” would require fundamental rethinking of product design

(C) the primary goal of the organization is to produce a product of unexcelled quality, rather than to generate profits for stockholders

(D) “fast cycle time” could be achieved by shaving time off each of the component processes in production cycle

(E) “fast cycle time” is a concept in business strategy that has not yet been put into practice in a factory

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New post 22 Sep 2018, 05:19
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adkikani wrote:
AshutoshB GMATNinja VeritasKarishma nightblade354 pikolo2510 Harshgmat

Can you explain question stem and PoE?
Quote:
The claim about quality made above rests on a questionable presupposition that _____.

How is this an assumption question?
An assumption is a MUST BE TRUE statement for the conclusion to be valid.
How can I question an assumption?



A presupposition is something that you are assuming to be true and then concluding your argument.
A questionable statement is something which may or may not be valid.

"A questionable presupposition" just means an assumption, the validity of which is questionable, but an assumption made by the author nevertheless. In essence, it is just an assumption question.
An assumption is something that must be necessary for the argument. The author assumes it to be true. Whether it actually is true or not, we don't have to worry about it. This question stem is telling us that the assumption he has made may not be valid.

Don't confuse this with given premises. Since the author gives them as data to back his conclusion, we assume the premises to be true while evaluating the validity of his argument.


Argument:

“Fast cycle time” is a strategy of designing a manufacturing organization to eliminate bottlenecks and delays in production.
bottlenecks and delays cannot be eliminated unless all work is done right the first time.

Conclusion: Not only does it speed up production, but it also assures quality.


(A) any flaw in work on a product would cause a bottleneck or delay and so would be prevented from occurring on a “fast cycle” production line

This is the missing link. It links quality (not mentioned in premises but concluded) to fast cycle.
The author is assuming that since the "fast cycle" eliminates bottle necks, it eliminates flaws too. The assumption is that flaws will cause a bottleneck. So removing bottlenecks means all flaws are taken care of.

(B) the strategy of “fast cycle time” would require fundamental rethinking of product design
Irrelevant. How we achieve fast cycle doesn't matter.

(C) the primary goal of the organization is to produce a product of unexcelled quality, rather than to generate profits for stockholders
Irrelevant. The argument discusses "fast cycle time" strategy. Whether organisations will use it or not, we don't have to worry.

(D) “fast cycle time” could be achieved by shaving time off each of the component processes in production cycle
How it is achieved - whether time is shaved off from each process or from some specific processes - doesn't matter.

(E) “fast cycle time” is a concept in business strategy that has not yet been put into practice in a factory
We don't know whether it has been put in practice. Our argument doesn't depend on it.

Answer (A)
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New post 23 Jul 2010, 05:53
1
Straight A
P1 : “Fast cycle time” is a strategy to eliminate bottlenecks and delays in production
P2 : bottlenecks and delays cannot be eliminated unless all work is done right

Assumption : bottleneck or delay would be prevented from occurring on a “fast cycle” production line. If you negate this assumption the argument falls apart. Hence the answer.
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New post 03 Sep 2010, 14:23
Althought I was not quite convinced by A at first I picked it up as other answers are out of scope
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New post 24 Aug 2012, 03:21
PUNEETSCHDV wrote:
“Fast cycle time” is a strategy of designing a manufacturing organization to eliminate bottlenecks and delays in production. Not only does it speed up production, but it also assures quality. The reason is that the bottlenecks and delays cannot be eliminated unless all work is done right the first time.
The claim about quality made above rests on a questionable presupposition that
(A) any flaw in work on a product would cause a bottleneck or delay and so would be prevented from occurring on a “fast cycle” production line
(B) the strategy of “fast cycle time” would require fundamental rethinking of product design
(C) the primary goal of the organization is to produce a product of unexcelled quality, rather than to generate profits for stockholders
(D) “fast cycle time” could be achieved by shaving time off each of the component processes in production cycle
(E) “fast cycle time” is a concept in business strategy that has not yet been put into practice in a factory


Option A is the answer.

Conclusion of the Passage states : Fast Cycle time will remove bottleneck and delays. This will result is improve in quality too. It is based on the assumption that in case there is some flow then it will be followed by bottlenecks and delays and this is what is present in Option A.
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New post 24 Sep 2016, 23:34
PUNEETSCHDV wrote:
“Fast cycle time” is a strategy of designing a manufacturing organization to eliminate bottlenecks and delays in production. Not only does it speed up production, but it also assures quality. The reason is that the bottlenecks and delays cannot be eliminated unless all work is done right the first time.
The claim about quality made above rests on a questionable presupposition that
(A) any flaw in work on a product would cause a bottleneck or delay and so would be prevented from occurring on a “fast cycle” production line
(B) the strategy of “fast cycle time” would require fundamental rethinking of product design
(C) the primary goal of the organization is to produce a product of unexcelled quality, rather than to generate profits for stockholders
(D) “fast cycle time” could be achieved by shaving time off each of the component processes in production cycle
(E) “fast cycle time” is a concept in business strategy that has not yet been put into practice in a factory



The argument is talking about two things here, " Fast cycle time" and " first time right" . while, it is clear that fast cycle time will speed up production, it is not clear how will the strategy of first time right is embedded within fast cycle time strategy.
It is clear that bottlenecks and delays can be eliminated by doing first time right. But it is unclear as in how a quality is ensured by removing bottlenecks and delays. The product could be made faster without any delays but might be of inferior quality.
please explain.
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New post 29 Oct 2017, 16:07
“Fast cycle time” is a strategy of designing a manufacturing organization to eliminate bottlenecks and delays
in production. Not only does it speed up production, but it also assures quality. The reason is that the
bottlenecks and delays cannot be eliminated unless all work is done right the first time.
The claim about quality made above rests on a questionable presupposition that

(A) any flaw in work on a product would cause a bottleneck or delay and so would be prevented from occurring
on a “fast cycle” production line
(B) the strategy of “fast cycle time” would require fundamental rethinking of product design
(C) the primary goal of the organization is to produce a product of unexcelled quality, rather than to generate
profits for stockholders
(D) “fast cycle time” could be achieved by shaving time off each of the component processes in production
cycle
(E) “fast cycle time” is a concept in business strategy that has not yet been put into practice in a factory

Conclusion: Not only does it speed up production, but it also assures quality
Reasoning: The reason is that the bottlenecks and delays cannot be eliminated unless all work is done right the first time.
Pre-think: ‘Fast cycle time’ fixes(or cures) all the bottlenecks in the first time itself. How can we think through that ‘CFCT’ strategy is preventing all bottlenecks? As once the bottlenecks occur then only ‘FCT’ cures it.

Jump in reasoning/Flaw: Could not find any. Can someone help me here

Options: A talks about preventing the problem, but argument says that the strategy fixes the bottleneck by implementing ‘FCT’ strategy. How can we say that this strategy prevents any flaw?

D is giving information about shaving time. But we are asked about the effect on quality, not time. So this is not the right answer.
***
Can someone help me understand why Option A is right. And how the reasoning is correlated with right answer choice. Is right answer is the rephrase of the reasoning given in the argument?

Thanks in Advance,
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New post 20 Sep 2018, 23:12
AshutoshB GMATNinja VeritasKarishma nightblade354 pikolo2510 Harshgmat

Can you explain question stem and PoE?
Quote:
The claim about quality made above rests on a questionable presupposition that _____.

How is this an assumption question?
An assumption is a MUST BE TRUE statement for the conclusion to be valid.
How can I question an assumption?
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New post 21 Sep 2018, 02:48
1
adkikani wrote:
AshutoshB GMATNinja VeritasKarishma nightblade354 pikolo2510 Harshgmat

Can you explain question stem and PoE?
Quote:
The claim about quality made above rests on a questionable presupposition that _____.

How is this an assumption question?
An assumption is a MUST BE TRUE statement for the conclusion to be valid.
How can I question an assumption?



Hi, I am not an expert, but I will try to help you out

First, to answer your question "An assumption is a MUST BE TRUE statement for the conclusion to be valid."

I am not sure whether you know but there are Two kinds of assumption, and still, I am not sure whether this is necessary to know

Necessary Asumption and Sufficient assumption



Sufficient Assumptions

A sufficient assumption is an assumption that, if true, would make the whole argument totally valid. A necessary assumption is an assumption that needs to be true in order for the conclusion to be possible.

For example, Frank is talking to Suzy at a bar. Therefore, Frank will get Suzy’s phone number.

What is sufficient to prove the conclusion in this case? What if Frank is a male underwear model? What if Suzy has had eight shots of tequila? Although those factors might improve Frank’s chances in real life, neither of them is enough to make the conclusion 100% true. A sufficient assumption is going to be something so strong that it actually sounds kinda silly — for instance, that Frank gets the phone number of every woman he ever talks to at a bar.

Necessary Assumptions

Now let’s use the same example to discuss what assumptions are necessary. Again, it’s not necessary that Frank is some kind of Adonis, or even that he’s marginally good looking — Suzy could give him her digits either way. So, what types of things are necessary? Well, that Suzy has a phone number, for one — otherwise it’s going to be mighty hard for her to give that number to Frank.

let go back to our question

Actually, it is an old question not sure it is relevant or not

But an easy way to do this questthe ion is by POE

Every Option except A is out of scope

For assumption, We have to establish link between QUALITY IMPROVEMENT - FAST CYCLE
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