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Federal legislation establishing a fund for the cleanup of sites damag

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Federal legislation establishing a fund for the cleanup of sites damag  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jun 2009, 08:39
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A
B
C
D
E

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Federal legislation establishing a fund for the cleanup of sites damaged by toxic chemicals permits compensating state governments for damage to their natural resources but does not allow claims for injury to people.


(A) compensating state governments for damage to

(B) compensating state governments for the damaging of

(C) giving state governments compensation for damaging

(D) giving compensation to state governments for the damage of

(E) the giving of compensation to state governments for damaging
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New post 11 Mar 2011, 02:15
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I think this tests prepositional //ism. ‘For injury to’ people in the non-underlined part should be matched by a corresponding ‘for damage to’ in the underlined portion. Note that only A keeps such a prepositional //ism perfectly; hence that is the correct choice. Because all other choices foul this basic tenet, I would confidently dump them and go to the next.
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Re: Federal legislation establishing a fund for the cleanup of sites damag  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jun 2009, 09:40
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Federal legislation establishing a fund for the cleanup of sites damaged by toxic chemicals permits compensating state governments for damage to their natural resources but does not allow claims for injury to people.


(A) compensating state governments for damage to - idiomatic and parallelism is maintained.
(B) compensating state governments for the damaging of - "for the damaging" not parallel to"for injury to people"
(C) giving state governments compensation for damaging -not parallel to"for injury to people"
(D) giving compensation to state governments for the damage of- "the damage of" not parallen to "for injury to "
(E) the giving of compensation to state governments for damaging - "giving of compensation " unidiomatic

I would go with A.
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Re: Federal legislation establishing a fund for the cleanup of sites damag  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Apr 2010, 23:50
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IMO A.

Clues:
1. In the case, the damage has already been done and that's the reason federal legislation is a fund. It must be damage rather than damaging. So, A and D are left.

2. "compensating" is acting as a gerund here. So, it is better option than "...compensation...".

3. || is followed b/w "for damage to their" and "for injury to people".

I hope this helps.
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Re: Federal legislation establishing a fund for the cleanup of sites damag  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Apr 2010, 02:19
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Federal legislation establishing a fund for the cleanup of sites damaged by toxic chemicals permits compensating state governments for damage to their natural resources but does not allow claims for injury to people.

(A) compensating state governments for damage to
(B) compensating state governments for the damaging of
(C) giving state governments compensation for damaging
(D) giving compensation to state governments for the damage of
(E) the giving of compensation to state governments for damaging


=> X to Y and W to Z.
So, A is the answer.

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Re: Federal legislation establishing a fund for the cleanup of sites damag  [#permalink]

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New post 10 Mar 2011, 08:11
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Fed legislation permits compensating state Gov for damage to their natural resources.

idiomatic - damage to

whichscore wrote:
Federal legislation establishing a fund for the cleanup of sites damaged by toxic
chemicals permits compensating state governments for damage to their natural resources
but does not allow claims for injury to people.
(A) compensating state governments for damage to
(B) compensating state governments for the damaging of
(C) giving state governments compensation for damaging
(D) giving compensation to state governments for the damage of
(E) the giving of compensation to state governments for damaging

Could anyone explain the answer ?
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Re: Federal legislation establishing a fund for the cleanup of sites damag  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Aug 2012, 00:56
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A) compensating state governments for damage to …. for damage to //to for injury to – correct choice

(B) compensating state governments for the damaging of ----for the damaging of not // to for injury to
(C) giving state governments compensation for damaging ….. for damaging not // to for injury to
(D) giving compensation to state governments for the damage of -----= for the damage of not // to for injury to

(E) the giving of compensation to state governments for damaging --- for damaging not // to for injury to
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Re: Federal legislation establishing a fund for the cleanup of sites damag  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Feb 2014, 04:33
chemicals permits compensating state governments for damage to their natural resources
but does not allow claims for injury to people.
(A) compensating state governments for damage to shoot
(B) compensating state governments for the damaging of unparallel
(C) giving state governments compensation for damaging wordy+unparallel
(D) giving compensation to state governments for the damage of reasons are same as C
(E) the giving of compensation to state governments for damaging reasons are same as C
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Re: Federal legislation establishing a fund for the cleanup of sites damag  [#permalink]

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New post 05 May 2016, 19:20
Could some experts please clarify this question in terms of "......permits compensating state governments for......"

What is "compensating state governments"? What is it role in the sentence?

chetan2u, could you please help?
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Re: Federal legislation establishing a fund for the cleanup of sites damag  [#permalink]

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New post 05 May 2016, 20:33
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johng2016 wrote:
Could some experts please clarify this question in terms of "......permits compensating state governments for......"

What is "compensating state governments"? What is it role in the sentence?

chetan2u, could you please help?


hi,
the sentence reads--
Federal legislation establishing a fund for the cleanup of sites damaged by toxic chemicals permits compensating state governments for damage to their natural resources but does not allow claims for injury to people...

A legislation permits SOMETHING...
WHAT is this something -- compensating state governments for damage to their natural resources but does not allow claims for injury to people...
so compensating here acts as a gerund and behaves like a noun..

How can you check whether it is gerund here..
replace with a NOUN and see if it still stands..
Federal legislation establishing a fund for the cleanup of sites damaged by toxic chemicals permits compensating state governments for damage to their natural resources but does not allow claims for injury to people alcohol..
may not make sense but is correct grammatically so the original --compensating- is a NOUN..

again compensating X for WHAT -- for damage to....
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New post 15 Aug 2017, 07:41
Though I got the answer. The construction of the sentence seems awkward and I am not able to find the verb. Experts please help. anairamitch1804
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Re: Federal legislation establishing a fund for the cleanup of sites damag  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Aug 2017, 09:09
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anje29 wrote:
Though I got the answer. The construction of the sentence seems awkward and I am not able to find the verb. Experts please help. anairamitch1804



We have the command subjunctive here. To be more precise, it is the case when verbs only take infinitive. Such verbs include permit, advise, allow, want, persuade, forbid.
The structure of the sentence is: PERMIT sth/someone TO
In our case: PERMITS [compensating state governments for damage] TO
Does this makes sense to you?
If we use the elimination method we can discard C, D and E for redundancy (they feature both give +compensation); on the contrary, A and B use a single verb to describe that action.
B is incorrect because of the parallelism issue: 'damaging' versus 'claims (in order to be parallel, it should be 'for claiming').

Both C and E make it sound like the state governments are damaging their own natural resources, which is incorrect, so those choices can be eliminated. The correct idiom is "damage to," not "damage of," which allows D to be eliminated. B is wordy and awkward; "the damaging of" has "of" instead of "to," and unnecessarily uses the definite article and a gerund ("the damaging") where a single word ("damage") performs exactly the same function. Therefore, the sentence is correct as written.

E's use of "for damaging" implies that the compensation was given to the state governments in exchange for the governments' damaging of natural resources. We can logically say that the state governments are not the ones who caused the damage, so E's meaning is incorrect.
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Re: Federal legislation establishing a fund for the cleanup of sites damag  [#permalink]

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New post 02 Sep 2017, 12:00
Federal legislation establishing a fund for the cleanup of sites damaged by toxic chemicals permits compensating state governments for damage to their natural resources
but does not allow claims for injury to people.
(A) compensating state governments for damage to - Correct
(B) compensating state governments for the damaging of - damaging of is incorrect
(C) giving state governments compensation for damaging - ‘Compensating’ is better than “giving compensation”
(D) giving compensation to state governments for the damage of - same as C
(E) the giving of compensation to state governments for damaging - same as C

Answer A
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Re: Federal legislation establishing a fund for the cleanup of sites damag  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jan 2019, 13:10
smashingpumpkins wrote:
Federal legislation establishing a fund for the cleanup of sites damaged by toxic chemicals permits compensating state governments for damage to their natural resources but does not allow claims for injury to people.


(A) compensating state governments for damage to

(B) compensating state governments for the damaging of

(C) giving state governments compensation for damaging

(D) giving compensation to state governments for the damage of

(E) the giving of compensation to state governments for damaging


A is the best option. It has the proper idiomatic structure (damage to), maintains parallelism (damage to parallels injury to) and is the most concise.
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Re: Federal legislation establishing a fund for the cleanup of sites damag  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jan 2019, 21:42
smashingpumpkins wrote:
Federal legislation establishing a fund for the cleanup of sites damaged by toxic chemicals permits compensating state governments for damage to their natural resources but does not allow claims for injury to people.


(A) compensating state governments for damage to

(B) compensating state governments for the damaging of

(C) giving state governments compensation for damaging

(D) giving compensation to state governments for the damage of

(E) the giving of compensation to state governments for damaging


look at choice B, C and E. in these choices, "damaging" is used and ,so, gives us opposite meaning. the correct meanning is that compensation is given if government suffer some damage. the meaning is not that government is given some money if it damage its own resource. the second meaning is not logic.

these choices are gone. choices A and D are left.
it is hard to remember the idiom is "damage to" not " damage of". but choice D is redundant. redundancy is a meaning error clearly because the redundancy makes readers confused. the meaning errors can be: not logic, not clear and redundant.
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Re: Federal legislation establishing a fund for the cleanup of sites damag   [#permalink] 16 Jan 2019, 21:42
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