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For almost a hundred years after having its beginning in 1788, England

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For almost a hundred years after having its beginning in 1788, England  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 25 Jun 2019, 06:30
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A
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C
D
E

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The Official Guide for GMAT Review, 10th Edition, 2003

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 220
Page: 668

For almost a hundred years after having its beginning in 1788, England exiled some 160,000 criminals to Australia.

(A) For almost a hundred years after having its beginning in 1788
(B) Beginning in 1788 for a period of a hundred years
(C) Beginning a period of almost a hundred years, in 1788
(D) During a hundred years, a period beginning in 1788
(E) Over a period of a hundred years beginning in 1788

http://content.time.com/time/subscriber/article/0,33009,963434,00.html

Before Australia was Australia it was the antipodes, the opposite pole to civilization, an obscure and unimaginable place that was, literally, the end of the world. And before it became a nation, this orphan continent on which European history had left no mark at all became the site of a bizarre and dreadful social experiment. For almost a hundred years, beginning in 1788, it served as a human trash heap where England exiled some 160,000 members of its criminal class.

Aside from being wordy and awkward, choice A is illogical: because its refers grammatically to England, A states nonsensically that England had its beginning in 1788.

Choice B is similarly illogical, because the initial verb phrase Beginning in 1788… modifies England, the subject of the main clause.

Choice C is imprecise, saying that England in 1788 was Beginning a period… but not conveying the sense that anything happened within that period.

Choice D is awkward and unidiomatic, and nonsensically suggests that a hundred years is defined as a period beginning in 1788.

Precise and idiomatically phrased, choice E is best.

Originally posted by sher676 on 11 Aug 2009, 12:08.
Last edited by hazelnut on 25 Jun 2019, 06:30, edited 6 times in total.
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Re: For almost a hundred years after having its beginning in 1788, England  [#permalink]

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New post 11 Aug 2009, 12:29
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sher676 wrote:
For almost a hundred years after having its beginning in 1788, England exiled some 160,000 criminals to Australia.
(A) For almost a hundred years after having its beginning in 1788
(B) Beginning in 1788 for a period of a hundred years
(C) Beginning a period of almost a hundred years, in 1788
(D) During a hundred years, a period beginning in 1788.
(E) Over a period of a hundred years beginning in 1788



A & B: Suggest that England had its beginning in 1788
C: "Beginning a period of almost a hundred years" - this part seems to be without a subject.
D: This option uses 'a period beginning in 1788' as a non-essential modifier, whereas it is an essential modifier that helps in identifying the period.

ANS: E
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Re: For almost a hundred years after having its beginning in 1788, England  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Mar 2012, 20:40
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For almost a hundred years after having its beginning in 1788, England exiled some 160,000 criminals to Australia.

(A) For almost a hundred years after having its beginning in 1788,

(B) Beginning in 1788 for a period of a hundred years,

(C) Beginning a period of almost a hundred years, in 1788

(D) During a hundred years, a period beginning in 1788,

(E) Over a period of a hundred years beginning in 1788,



What does "beginning" in e modify? a period or years ?
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Re: For almost a hundred years after having its beginning in 1788, England  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Mar 2012, 21:05
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eybrj2 wrote:
For almost a hundred years after having its beginning in 1788, England exiled some 160,000 criminals to Australia.

(A) For almost a hundred years after having its beginning in 1788,

(B) Beginning in 1788 for a period of a hundred years,

(C) Beginning a period of almost a hundred years, in 1788

(D) During a hundred years, a period beginning in 1788,

(E) Over a period of a hundred years beginning in 1788,



What does "beginning" in e modify? a period or years ?


Hi,

Its "a period" as nothing else would be beginning
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Re: For almost a hundred years after having its beginning in 1788, England  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Mar 2012, 01:42
'Beginning' modifies period here not hundred years.
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Re: For almost a hundred years after having its beginning in 1788, England  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Mar 2012, 09:58
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4
For almost a hundred years after having its beginning in 1788, England exiled some 160,000 criminals to
Australia.
(A) For almost a hundred years after having its beginning in 1788,
(B) Beginning in 1788 for a period of a hundred years,
(C) Beginning a period of almost a hundred years, in 1788
(D) During a hundred years, a period beginning in 1788,
(E) Over a period of a hundred years beginning in 1788,

The best option is E....
But don't you think "Over a period of a hundred years beginning in 1788" modifies England and appears as if
england were over something.
Similarly ,
Based on old manuscripts , scholars wrote the new ones.
is wrong because the scholars are not based on manuscripts....

People please Pour in your thoughts....
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Re: For almost a hundred years after having its beginning in 1788, England  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Mar 2012, 16:45
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"Over a period of a hundred years beginning in 1788" elaborates on when England (subject) exiled (verb) the criminals. "Over" is being used in the "span" sense instead of the "above" sense.

Over a span of 3 hours, he waited patiently for the ice cream truck. (when)
vs.
Hovering over the boy in front of him, Jim grew impatient for the ice cream. (how)
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Re: For almost a hundred years after having its beginning in 1788, England  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Mar 2012, 09:06
Only thing we can say here is that E is the best among all answer choices. The next closest to it is A which becomes wordy and aqward due to usage of - "after having its beginning".
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Re: For almost a hundred years after having its beginning in 1788, England  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jul 2012, 22:42
I don't think (A) is right.The pronoun "Its" does not have any antecedent.The meaning is also convoluted.

(B) Modifier problem (beginning modifies England and that is certainly not the intended meaning)
(c)Modifier problem
(D)"During A hundred years" seems uncomfortable not sure although.
(E) seems fine to me.
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Re: For almost a hundred years after having its beginning in 1788, England  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jul 2012, 23:00
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jitgoel wrote:
For almost a hundred years after having its beginning in 1788, England exiled some
160,000 criminals to Australia.
A) For almost a hundred years after having its beginning in 1788.
B) Beginning in 1788 for a period of a hundred years.
C) Beginning a period of almost a hundred years, in 1788.
D) During a hundred years, a period beginning in 1788.
E) Over a period of a hundred years beginning in 1788.

Why ‘B’ is wrong


B) Beginning in 1788 for a period of a hundred years.

who/what is beginning in 1788?
(B) no subject

You are requested to confirm the OA , and correct the ACs because "full-stops"after every ACs is not there in the real question.

Refer;

http://gmatclub.com/forum/for-almost-a- ... fl=similar
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Re: For almost a hundred years after having its beginning in 1788, England  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jul 2013, 04:29
May i know what is the hundred years beginning.
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Re: For almost a hundred years after having its beginning in 1788, England  [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jul 2013, 05:48
joemcmamara wrote:
May i know what is the hundred years beginning.


The statement puts forward a time frame over which these activities were carried out by England. IMO, all other options are trying to specify that time period instead of describing what really happened in those 100 years.
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Re: For almost a hundred years after having its beginning in 1788, England  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Sep 2015, 04:53
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[quote="eybrj2"]For almost a hundred years after having its beginning in 1788, England exiled some 160,000 criminals to Australia.

(A) For almost a hundred years after having its beginning in 1788,

(B) Beginning in 1788 for a period of a hundred years,

(C) Beginning a period of almost a hundred years, in 1788

(D) During a hundred years, a period beginning in 1788,

(E) Over a period of a hundred years beginning in 1788,


hard one
in B and C, beginning modify E. no logic.
in A, after a point of time , only a point of time is shown
100 years after 1789, I do this thing.
the for make the sentence like this

a period after 1789
no logic, english has not this phrase.
A is out

in D
a hundred years, a period. so, every hundred years is a period beginning in 1789
no logic

very hard and interesting one
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Re: For almost a hundred years after having its beginning in 1788, England  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Sep 2015, 06:15
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For almost a hundred years after having its beginning in 1788[/u], England exiled some 160,000 criminals to Australia.
(A) For almost a hundred years after having its beginning in 1788
(B) Beginning in 1788 for a period of a hundred years........suggests that England is beginning in 1788 for a period....does not make sense
(C) Beginning a period of almost a hundred years, in 1788.................England is beginning a period.........same as b does not make sense
(D) During a hundred years, a period beginning in 1788.....................during a hundred years, england did sth........during in Ing form and period as a non essential modifier is awkward.
(E) Over a period of a hundred years beginning in 1788

Between A and E,
I felt both for and over usage is correct and not wrong.
for some duration, England exiled...........
Over a period, England exiled.............

but in for phrase its beginning points to England as if England is beginning in 1788 again producing the same meaning error. So E is correct.
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Re: For almost a hundred years after having its beginning in 1788, England  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jun 2016, 01:35
[quote="shikhar"]For almost a hundred years after having its beginning in 1788, England exiled some 160,000 criminals to
Australia.
(A) For almost a hundred years after having its beginning in 1788,
(B) Beginning in 1788 for a period of a hundred years,
(C) Beginning a period of almost a hundred years, in 1788
(D) During a hundred years, a period beginning in 1788,
(E) Over a period of a hundred years beginning in 1788,

in a
" for a hundred year' is a period which can be modified by a begining or ending point. but which can not be modified by a point of time such as "after having its begining. for a hundred year from year 10 to year 110" is logic.
we can see it in different way
" a hundred year after having it beginning" is a point of time , so, which can not go with "for"
a is not logic at this point.
in B.
begining in 1788 , england exiled. the action of begining and exile happen at the same time and have meaning relation. both time relation and meaning relation are not logic . incorrect here.
in C. this is similar to the case in B
in D.
look at " a hundred year, a period begining in 1788". this mean all period of 100 year is the period who begin in 1788. not logic.
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Re: For almost a hundred years after having its beginning in 1788, England  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Nov 2016, 09:49
sher676 wrote:
For almost a hundred years after having its beginning in 1788, England exiled some 160,000 criminals to Australia.
(A) For almost a hundred years after having its beginning in 1788
(B) Beginning in 1788 for a period of a hundred years
(C) Beginning a period of almost a hundred years, in 1788
(D) During a hundred years, a period beginning in 1788.
(E) Over a period of a hundred years beginning in 1788


IMO, the fatal flaw of choice D) is using "a hundred years", which change the the original meaning.
It means that England spent exact 100 years to do this action, while the original one use "almost"
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Re: For almost a hundred years after having its beginning in 1788, England  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jul 2017, 08:25
sher676 wrote:
For almost a hundred years after having its beginning in 1788, England exiled some 160,000 criminals to Australia.
(A) For almost a hundred years after having its beginning in 1788
(B) Beginning in 1788 for a period of a hundred years
(C) Beginning a period of almost a hundred years, in 1788
(D) During a hundred years, a period beginning in 1788.
(E) Over a period of a hundred years beginning in 1788


A is wrong as it is wordy and unnecessary use of gerund .
B changes meaning
C is fragment
D is also awkward
E is correct
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Re: For almost a hundred years after having its beginning in 1788, England  [#permalink]

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New post 26 May 2018, 07:44
For almost a hundred years after having its beginning in 1788, England exiled some 160,000 criminals to Australia.

(A) For almost a hundred years after having its beginning in 1788 - Illogical. Appears as though England had its beginning in 1788

(B) Beginning in 1788 for a period of a hundred years - Same as A.

(C) Beginning a period of almost a hundred years, in 1788 - Same as A

(D) During a hundred years, a period beginning in 1788 - Very awkward. During a 100 years is not a correct usage. Also 100 years is not a period that began in 1788.

(E) Over a period of a hundred years beginning in 1788 - Correct.

Answer: E
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Re: For almost a hundred years after having its beginning in 1788, England  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jun 2019, 07:24
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sher676 wrote:
The Official Guide for GMAT Review, 10th Edition, 2003

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 220
Page: 668

For almost a hundred years after having its beginning in 1788, England exiled some 160,000 criminals to Australia.

(A) For almost a hundred years after having its beginning in 1788
(B) Beginning in 1788 for a period of a hundred years
(C) Beginning a period of almost a hundred years, in 1788
(D) During a hundred years, a period beginning in 1788
(E) Over a period of a hundred years beginning in 1788


A student asked me to explain why D is incorrect.

Since my explanation involves the proper use of appositive phrases (like "a period beginning in 1788"), here's a quick example of an appositive phrase:
George Clooney, star of the movie Oceans 11, does not like broccoli.
Notice that the appositive phrase star of the movie Oceans 11 provides some extra information.
We already know who George Clooney is, so the appositive phrase is non-essential.
As such, we can eliminate the appositive phrase without affecting the sentence: George Clooney does not like broccoli.

Now let's examine D:

(D) During a hundred years, a period beginning in 1788, England exiled some 160,000 criminals to Australia.
The red part is an appositive phrase, which means it's non essential. If it's not essential, then eliminating it should have no effect on the sentence.
If we eliminate it we get During a hundred years, England exiled.
Since we no longer know WHICH 100 years we're talking about, it turns out that the information was actually needed
Eliminate D.

Cheers,
Brent
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Re: For almost a hundred years after having its beginning in 1788, England   [#permalink] 14 Jun 2019, 07:24
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