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Math Expert V
Joined: 02 Sep 2009
Posts: 64951
For how many integer values of x, is |x – 3| + |x + 1| + |x| < 10?  [#permalink]

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Difficulty:   55% (hard)

Question Stats: 66% (02:24) correct 34% (02:23) wrong based on 1056 sessions

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For how many integer values of x, is |x – 3| + |x + 1| + |x| < 10?

(A) 0

(B) 2

(C) 4

(D) 6

(E) Infinite

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Re: For how many integer values of x, is |x – 3| + |x + 1| + |x| < 10?  [#permalink]

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32
33
I feel quick way to solve the problem is as per below.

$$|x – 3| + |x + 1| + |x| < 10$$

$$-10 < x - 3 + x + 1 + x < 10$$

$$-10 < 3x - 2 < 10$$

$$-8 < 3x < 12$$

$$-8/3 < x < 4$$

$$-2.6 < x < 4$$

Now, lets write down the integer values which fall in this range.

$$-2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3$$

So in all there are 6 integer values, which satisfy the above equation.

Hence, Answer is D = 6
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##### General Discussion
Retired Moderator V
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Re: For how many integer values of x, is |x – 3| + |x + 1| + |x| < 10?  [#permalink]

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4
11
Bunuel wrote:
For how many integer values of x, is |x – 3| + |x + 1| + |x| < 10?

(A) 0

(B) 2

(C) 4

(D) 6

(E) Infinite

If $$x<-1$$ we have $$(3-x)+(-x-1) + (-x) = 2-3x<10 \implies 3x>-8 \implies x>-\frac{8}{3}$$. Hence $$-\frac{8}{3}<x<-1$$

If $$-1 \leq x< 0$$ we have $$(3-x)+(x+1) +(-x) = 4-x < 10 \implies x>-6$$. Hence $$-1 \leq x < 0$$

If $$0 \leq x < 3$$ we have $$(3-x)+(x+1)+x=4+x<10 \implies x<6$$. Hence $$0 \leq x < 3$$

If $$x \geq 3$$ we have $$(x-3)+(x+1)+x=3x-2 <10 \implies 3x<12 \implies x<4$$. Hence $$3 \leq x <4$$

Combine all possible cases, we have $$-\frac{8}{3} \leq x <4$$.

Now $$x$$ could recieve 6 integer values $$\{-2; -1; 0; 1; 2; 3\}$$

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For how many integer values of x, is |x – 3| + |x + 1| + |x| < 10?  [#permalink]

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Hi,

I'm just writing my approach.(tricky)

just a quick look at answers we can understand E could not be right, there is no way that sum of 3 positive large integer be less that 10 and if it infinite all of large integers must be solutions for example 1000 or-1000 (consider that we have always finite number of integers if the solution is not infinity).
for other choices we have 4 modulus x<-1 , x>3, -1<x<0 & 0<x<3 . we want just integers so there is no int between 0 and -1 (second inequality) and there is just 1&2 as ints between 0 and 3. up to know we should check if (-1, 0,1,2,3) is the solution and it is easy to just calculate in mind that all of them are solutions. therefore the answer must be D.
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Re: For how many integer values of x, is |x – 3| + |x + 1| + |x| < 10?  [#permalink]

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2
1
Bunuel wrote:
For how many integer values of x, is |x – 3| + |x + 1| + |x| < 10?

(A) 0

(B) 2

(C) 4

(D) 6

(E) Infinite

I guess plunging in value will be simplest way to solve this....
0,1,2,3,-1,-2
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Re: For how many integer values of x, is |x – 3| + |x + 1| + |x| < 10?  [#permalink]

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1
For how many integer values of x, is |x – 3| + |x + 1| + |x| < 10?

(A) 0
(B) 2
(C) 4
(D) 6
(E) Infinite

My 2 cents.
The word "integer" is important.

So there are below points to consider.
You need at least able to come up with the below inequality.

x>=3
0<=x<3
-1<=x<0
-1>x

At this point, just plug in number.
-1>x, plug in -2 (u will see that anything less than -2 doesn't work)
-1<=x<0, plug in -1
0<=x<3, plug in 0,1,2
x>=3, plug in 3 (u will see that anything bigger than 3 doesn't work)
Hence, D.
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Re: For how many integer values of x, is |x – 3| + |x + 1| + |x| < 10?  [#permalink]

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1
vityakim@gmail.com wrote:
For how many integer values of x, is |x – 3| + |x + 1| + |x| < 10?

(A) 0
(B) 2
(C) 4
(D) 6
(E) Infinite

My 2 cents.
The word "integer" is important.

So there are below points to consider.
You need at least able to come up with the below inequality.

x>=3
0<=x<3
-1<=x<0
-1>x

At this point, just plug in number.
-1>x, plug in -2 (u will see that anything less than -2 doesn't work)
-1<=x<0, plug in -1
0<=x<3, plug in 0,1,2
x>=3, plug in 3 (u will see that anything bigger than 3 doesn't work)
Hence, D.

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Re: For how many integer values of x, is |x – 3| + |x + 1| + |x| < 10?  [#permalink]

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My way is probably not the best way but this is how my mind works.

So, there are 3 points to consider.
-1, 0 and 3.

If you don't get how I got these numbers, please refer to the free GMAT Club Math Book.

x<-1
-1<=x<0
0<=x<3
x>=3

At this point, there is an algebra way but I just plug in number.

-1>x, plug in -2 (u will see that anything less than -2 doesn't work)
-1<=x<0, plug in -1 and it works.
0<=x<3, plug in 0,1,2 and they work.
x>=3, plug in 3 (u will see that anything bigger than 3 doesn't work)
Hence, D.
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Re: For how many integer values of x, is |x – 3| + |x + 1| + |x| < 10?  [#permalink]

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3
Firstly while looking at the question we can eliminate Answer choice E as this question consists of an absolute sum with a range of less than value (10 in this case). Thus there are finite set of possibilities.

After this we can determine the critical points -1,0,3 and check for the no of integer values that satisfy the equation

Now note all the 3 critical points satisfy the equation hence we have 3 values to start with.

Range 1: x<-1---------Only -2 satisfies this. Any value less than -2 gives a sum of greater than 10
Range 2: -1<x<0------ No Integer Values
Range 3: 0<x<3 ------ Both 1 and 2 Satisfy the inequality
Range 4: x>3-------Since even 4 doesn't satisfy, therefore no value greater than 4 would. Hence no values

Therefore a total of 6 integer values satisfy the inequality- (-2,-1,0,1,2,3)
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Re: For how many integer values of x, is |x – 3| + |x + 1| + |x| < 10?  [#permalink]

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vityakim@gmail.com wrote:
My way is probably not the best way but this is how my mind works.

So, there are 3 points to consider.
-1, 0 and 3.

If you don't get how I got these numbers, please refer to the free GMAT Club Math Book.

x<-1
-1<=x<0
0<=x<3
x>=3

At this point, there is an algebra way but I just plug in number.

-1>x, plug in -2 (u will see that anything less than -2 doesn't work)
-1<=x<0, plug in -1 and it works.
0<=x<3, plug in 0,1,2 and they work.
x>=3, plug in 3 (u will see that anything bigger than 3 doesn't work)
Hence, D.

Thanks. Got it now. Intern  B
Joined: 07 Jan 2017
Posts: 4
Re: For how many integer values of x, is |x – 3| + |x + 1| + |x| < 10?  [#permalink]

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1
Could someone please tell me on what basis we have classified these ranges?

Range 1: x<-1---------Only -2 satisfies this. Any value less than -2 gives a sum of greater than 10
Range 2: -1<x<0------ No Integer Values
Range 3: 0<x<3 ------ Both 1 and 2 Satisfy the inequality
Range 4: x>3-------Since even 4 doesn't satisfy, therefore no value greater than 4 would. Hence no values
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Re: For how many integer values of x, is |x – 3| + |x + 1| + |x| < 10?  [#permalink]

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1
swamygali wrote:
Could someone please tell me on what basis we have classified these ranges?

Range 1: x<-1---------Only -2 satisfies this. Any value less than -2 gives a sum of greater than 10
Range 2: -1<x<0------ No Integer Values
Range 3: 0<x<3 ------ Both 1 and 2 Satisfy the inequality
Range 4: x>3-------Since even 4 doesn't satisfy, therefore no value greater than 4 would. Hence no values

There is a method called critical point for these kind of questions.Through that method we get these ranges.Below URL can help.Also refer to gmat club math book.
https://gmatclub.com/forum/absolute-mod ... l#p1622372
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GMAT 1: 760 Q50 V42 For how many integer values of x, is |x – 3| + |x + 1| + |x| < 10?  [#permalink]

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1
swamygali wrote:
Could someone please tell me on what basis we have classified these ranges?

Range 1: x<-1---------Only -2 satisfies this. Any value less than -2 gives a sum of greater than 10
Range 2: -1<x<0------ No Integer Values
Range 3: 0<x<3 ------ Both 1 and 2 Satisfy the inequality
Range 4: x>3-------Since even 4 doesn't satisfy, therefore no value greater than 4 would. Hence no values

Realize that the equation |x – 3| + |x + 1| + |x| need to be less than 10, so we can set the min. and max. value :

1. First, lets work with the positive integers. Here, |X|+|X+1| be the max. value, hence the deciding factor. The max. value will be 4. Because, at X=4, |X|+|X+1| will be 9 and since |X-3| cannot be negative, we can set the max. value of X set at 4.

2. X cannot be less than -5 : With -5, |X-3| = 8, and since, |x + 1| + |x| is always positive, and the min. positive integer is 1, so -5 is the min. value.

Now, Just plug in the integers between 4 and -5, inclusive, and you are done.

----

You can also work with the answer choices.

Plug 0 and 1000 - one will work and other won't. Eliminate A and E.
Plug 1 - work
Plug 2 - work. Eliminate A,B and E.
At this point, we have 3 values that satisfy the eq. So, we must decide between 4 and 6. We must try to find 2 integers that work. If 2 integers will work, then we can eliminate C and select D.
Plug (-1) - work.
Plug (-2) - work.
Now, you don't need to know what is the sixth value of X - just select D and move on.

Cheers !! Senior Manager  S
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Re: For how many integer values of x, is |x – 3| + |x + 1| + |x| < 10?  [#permalink]

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hi, I did apply the counting method : by algebraic solving we know -3<x<4
Only values that would fit is 3,2,1,0,-1,-2 so answer is 6 (by counting)
But is this method correct?
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Re: For how many integer values of x, is |x – 3| + |x + 1| + |x| < 10?  [#permalink]

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4
3
Easy one
first take positive
x-3+x+1+x<10
3x-2<10
3x<12
x<4
Now
Take mods negative
-x+3-x-1-x<10
-3x+2<10
-3x<8
x>-2.8===-2
mean
-2.8<x<4
-2,-1,0,1,2(total 6 integers)
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Target#01 Q45,V20--April End
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Re: For how many integer values of x, is |x – 3| + |x + 1| + |x| < 10?  [#permalink]

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1
Easy one
first take positive
x-3+x+1+x<10
3x-2<10
3x<12
x<4
Now
Take mods negative
-x+3-x-1-x<10
-3x+2<10
-3x<8
x>-2.8===-2
mean
-2.8<x<4
-2,-1,0,1,2(total 6 integers)
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Got Q42,V17
Target#01 Q45,V20--April End
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Re: For how many integer values of x, is |x – 3| + |x + 1| + |x| < 10?  [#permalink]

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Hi All,

The prompt limits us the INTEGER values for X - and since we're adding 3 absolute value totals together, there can't be that many sums that are LESS than 10. This is confirmed by the answer choices (that are focused on relatively small numbers), so it's likely that we should be able to just 'brute force' this question and find all of the solutions...

|X - 3| + |X + 1| + |X| < 10

IF... X=0, then the sum = 4
IF... X=1, then the sum = 5
IF... X=2, then the sum = 6
IF... X=3, then the sum = 7
IF... X=4, then the sum = 10, but THAT is too big

We can't forget about NEGATIVE numbers though...
IF... X = -1, then the sum = 5
IF... X = -2, then the sum = 8

At this point, we have 6 possibilities, and it makes no sense that there would be an 'infinite' number of solutions, so we can stop working. If you want to go one more step though, then you can...

IF... X = -3, then the sum = 11, and THAT is too big.

GMAT assassins aren't born, they're made,
Rich
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Re: For how many integer values of x, is |x – 3| + |x + 1| + |x| < 10?  [#permalink]

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Would it be possible to square this equation and solve it?
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Re: For how many integer values of x, is |x – 3| + |x + 1| + |x| < 10?  [#permalink]

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ydmuley wrote:
I feel quick way to solve the problem is as per below.

$$|x – 3| + |x + 1| + |x| < 10$$

$$-10 < x - 3 + x + 1 + x < 10$$

$$-10 < 3x - 2 < 10$$

$$-8 < 3x < 12$$

$$-8/3 < x < 4$$

$$-2.6 < x < 4$$

Now, lets write down the integer values which fall in this range.

$$-2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3$$

So in all there are 6 integer values, which satisfy the above equation.

Hence, Answer is D = 6

Can someone confirm if this approach can be used to solve the above?
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Joined: 12 Sep 2017
Posts: 26
Re: For how many integer values of x, is |x – 3| + |x + 1| + |x| < 10?  [#permalink]

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Tanvi94 wrote:
ydmuley wrote:
I feel quick way to solve the problem is as per below.

$$|x – 3| + |x + 1| + |x| < 10$$

$$-10 < x - 3 + x + 1 + x < 10$$

$$-10 < 3x - 2 < 10$$

$$-8 < 3x < 12$$

$$-8/3 < x < 4$$

$$-2.6 < x < 4$$

Now, lets write down the integer values which fall in this range.

$$-2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3$$

So in all there are 6 integer values, which satisfy the above equation.

Hence, Answer is D = 6

Can someone confirm if this approach can be used to solve the above?

It works and its really quick. wow.  Re: For how many integer values of x, is |x – 3| + |x + 1| + |x| < 10?   [#permalink] 13 May 2018, 07:11

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