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Fossils of a whale that beached on an African shore more than a millio

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Fossils of a whale that beached on an African shore more than a millio [#permalink]

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Fossils of a whale that beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and was subsequently butchered by hominids have been recovered by paleontologists.

(A) that beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and was subsequently butchered by hominids have

(B) that beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and then was subsequently butchered by hominids has

(C) that beached on an African shore more than a million years ago, which was subsequently butchered by hominids, has

(D) having been beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and subsequently butchered by hominids, have

(E) having beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and then subsequently were butchered by hominids have
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by hazelnut on 17 Oct 2017, 19:48, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: Fossils of a whale that beached on an African shore more than a millio [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jul 2009, 09:48
sudeep wrote:
Fossils of a whale that beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and was subsequently butchered by hominids have been recovered by paleontologists.

A. that beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and was subsequently butchered by hominids have

B. that beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and then was subsequently butchered by hominids has should be have since plural fossils

C. that beached on an African shore more than a million years ago, which was subsequently butchered by hominids, has should be have since plural fossils

D. having been beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and subsequently butchered by hominids, have

E. having beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and then subsequently were butchered by hominids have
were is wrong here - should be was.


I think A sounds about right.
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Re: Fossils of a whale that beached on an African shore more than a millio [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jul 2009, 09:50
will go with A...was tempted for option B...got confused because of the word 'Fossils'

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Re: Fossils of a whale that beached on an African shore more than a millio [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jul 2009, 10:18
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A ..it is ...
nothing wrong with the Sentence...

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Re: Fossils of a whale that beached on an African shore more than a millio [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jul 2009, 11:59
S-V agreement : has Vs have - have wins

"having" is wrong almost/always wrong on GMAT.

A

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Re: Fossils of a whale that beached on an African shore more than a millio [#permalink]

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New post 04 Aug 2009, 19:08
Question guys,

Is it correct to avoid a comma after hominids?
A. that beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and was subsequently butchered by hominids, have

Please help,
Thanks!

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Re: Fossils of a whale that beached on an African shore more than a millio [#permalink]

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New post 04 Aug 2009, 19:21
coyotecojo wrote:
Question guys,

Is it correct to avoid a comma after hominids?
A. that beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and was subsequently butchered by hominids, have


I think that would be wrong. if you read the sentence withought the adjective ('that' pronoun reference clause), it will be " Fossils of a whale , have been recovered by paleontologists" so obviously this construction is wrong.

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Re: Fossils of a whale that beached on an African shore more than a millio [#permalink]

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New post 06 Aug 2009, 04:10
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IMO A
B & C - It should be have not has
D - not much insight in having been usage but it sounds wrong to me.
E - were is not required not it is correct.

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Re: Fossils of a whale that beached on an African shore more than a millio [#permalink]

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New post 08 Aug 2009, 21:45
IMO A
B & C - Have should be used to agree with "fossils"
D & E - seem to have incorrect verb tense

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Re: Fossils of a whale that beached on an African shore more than a millio [#permalink]

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Fossils of a whale <<that beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and was subsequently butchered by hominids have>> been recovered by paleontologists.

A. that beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and was subsequently butchered by hominids have

B. that beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and then was subsequently butchered by hominids has

C. that beached on an African shore more than a million years ago, which was subsequently butchered by hominids, has

D. having been beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and subsequently butchered by hominids, have

E. having beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and then subsequently were butchered by hominids have

This example was posted earlier, the oa is A
Can somebody explain why usage of <<was>> is correct?

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Re: Fossils of a whale that beached on an African shore more than a millio [#permalink]

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'That' is a relative pronoun which refers to the preceeding word. Therefore in this case that is refering to whales.

D & E are out - inadequate use of 'having been'.
Fossils is plural and requires have and not has - S&V agreement;B & C are out.
The sentence has a passive tone and requires simple past. Therefore 'was subsequently butchered' is used.

A overcomes all the mentioned errors

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Re: Fossils of a whale that beached on an African shore more than a millio [#permalink]

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@Lolaergasheva: Ask a simple question. What was butchered? You will know that the fossils were not butchered; it was the whale that was butchered. Can any other verb but ‘was’ suit the singular whale.
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Re: Fossils of a whale that beached on an African shore more than a millio [#permalink]

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@Lolaergasheva: Ask a simple question. What was butchered? You will know that the fossils were not butchered; it was the whale that was butchered. Can any other verb but ‘was’ suit the singular whale.
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Re: Fossils of a whale that beached on an African shore more than a millio [#permalink]

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Lolaergasheva wrote:
Fossils of a whale <<that beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and was subsequently butchered by hominids have>> been recovered by paleontologists.

A. that beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and was subsequently butchered by hominids have

B. that beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and then was subsequently butchered by hominids has

C. that beached on an African shore more than a million years ago, which was subsequently butchered by hominids, has

D. having been beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and subsequently butchered by hominids, have

E. having beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and then subsequently were butchered by hominids have

This example was posted earlier, the oa is A
Can somebody explain why usage of <<was>> is correct?


You ask a good question here, and although others have given completely correct explanations I want to boil it down to a key point:

Unless there is a clear reason to use a more complex tense, you want to use the simplest tense possible. In this example, the whale beached (simple past tense) and was butchered (simple past tense). This is clear, parallel, and simple.

Hope that helps!
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Re: Fossils of a whale that beached on an African shore more than a millio [#permalink]

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New post 10 Feb 2011, 21:15
'was' or 'were' will depend on whether the subject is plural or singular.

Here the subject is 'a whale' , essentially singular.

hence, was.

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Re: Fossils of a whale that beached on an African shore more than a millio [#permalink]

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what is was referring to in option A??

Posted from my mobile device

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Re: Fossils of a whale that beached on an African shore more than a millio [#permalink]

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siddhans wrote:
what is was referring to in option A??

Posted from my mobile device


Fossils of a whale that (beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and was subsequently butchered by hominids) have been recovered by paleontologists.

"was subsequently ......" is parallel with "beached on an ..." and describes "whale".
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Re: Fossils of a whale that beached on an African shore more than a millio [#permalink]

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New post 07 Nov 2011, 07:50
Clearly answer is A.

In option D,E- having is incorrect.
The subject here is fossils(Plural) and hence the verb should be have.Hence B & C are out.

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Re: Fossils of a whale that beached on an African shore more than a millio [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jul 2012, 04:32
Correct answer is A.

Trap is to mix-match S-V agreements.
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Re: Fossils of a whale that beached on an African shore more than a millio [#permalink]

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sudeep wrote:
Fossils of a whale that beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and was subsequently butchered by hominids have been recovered by paleontologists.
A. that beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and was subsequently butchered by hominids have
B. that beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and then was subsequently butchered by hominids has
C. that beached on an African shore more than a million years ago, which was subsequently butchered by hominids, has
D. having been beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and subsequently butchered by hominids, have
E. having beached on an African shore more than a million years ago and then subsequently were butchered by hominids have


The subject of the sentence is Fossils, not Whale. So, the correct form of "have" should be "have", not "has". Hence, eliminate B and C.

In choice D and E, HAVING BEEN makes sense that the verb beached already happen and ambiguously modified either FOSSILS or WHALE. Therefore, we can eliminate choice D and E.

The remain correct one is A.
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Re: Fossils of a whale that beached on an African shore more than a millio   [#permalink] 10 Jul 2012, 10:44

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