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Galileo was convinced that natural phenomena, as manifestations of the

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Galileo was convinced that natural phenomena, as manifestations of the  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 20 May 2019, 09:49
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Galileo was convinced that natural phenomena, as manifestations of the laws of physics, would appear the same to someone on the deck of a ship moving smoothly and uniformly through the water as a person standing on land.

(A) water as a

(B) water as to a

(C) water; just as it would to

(D) water, as it would to the

(E) water; just as to the

Originally posted by Nihit on 05 Sep 2008, 04:38.
Last edited by Bunuel on 20 May 2019, 09:49, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: Galileo was convinced that natural phenomena, as manifestations of the  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Mar 2014, 12:18
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freakygeek wrote:
Hi Experts,

This is my understanding of the meaning of the sentence:
galileo was convinced that natural phenomenon like the manifestations of laws of physics would appear same to someone sailing on the boat as to a person standing on the land.


Galileo was convinced
- that natural phenomenon, as manisfestations of the laws of physics, would appear same to someone...ship moving smoothly and uniformly through the water as to a person standing on the land

I have highlighted subj-verb pairs in italics and parallel markers in bold.

I want to know what is the role of 'as' in 'natural phenomena, as manifestations of the laws of physics' ? Is it describing the role or is used for comparison ?


Hi there,

Thank you for posting your question here.

"As" in this context doesn't show a role or a function, but presents a comparison. Note that in our concept file on "as", we include an explanation about the use of ellipsis. The part after "as" in this sentence is actually a clause, but the subject and verb have been left out because the comparison is logically clear without them. Without ellipsis, this is what the sentence would look like:

Galileo was convinced that natural phenomena, as manifestations of the laws of physics, would appear the same to someone on the deck of a ship moving smoothly and uniformly through the water as NATURAL PHENOMENA WOULD APPEAR to a person standing on land.


We don't need to repeat "natural phenomena would appear", because it's clear from the sentence that the comparison is between how natural phenomena would appear to someone on the deck of a ship and how they would appear to someone standing on land.

It's extremely interesting to see how option A incorrectly tries to use ellipsis. Without "to", the comparison becomes ambiguous. Now the comparison could mean either of the following:

1. Natural phenomena would appear the same to someone on the deck of a ship as natural phenomena would appear to a person standing on land. (Comparison between natural phenomena and natural phenomena)
2. Natural phenomena would appear the same to someone on the deck of a ship as a person standing on land would appear. (Comparison between natural phenomena and a person standing on land)

As you can tell, the second comparison is completely illogical. To clarify the meaning of the sentence and leave no ambiguity, "to" is necessary even when ellipsis is applied to this sentence.

I hope this helps to clarify your doubt!

Regards,
Meghna
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Re: Galileo was convinced that natural phenomena, as manifestations of the  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Feb 2012, 09:22
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I will go with the option B because the idiom used is "the same to X as to Y".
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Re: Galileo was convinced that natural phenomena, as manifestations of the  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Sep 2008, 05:08
I will go for B.

C and D are out because of "it". E is out because of "just as".
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Re: Galileo was convinced that natural phenomena, as manifestations of the  [#permalink]

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New post 26 May 2010, 13:24
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Nihit wrote:
Galileo was convinced that natural phenomena, as manifestations of the laws of physics, would appear the same to someone on the deck of a ship moving smoothly and uniformly through the water as a person standing on land.

A. water as a

B. water as to a

C. water; just as it would to

D. water, as it would to the

E. water; just as to the


There is no doubt that B is the answer but don't you guys think that in D a do(appear) is missing ?

natural phenomena would appear the same to X as it (natural phenomena) would do (appear) to Y.
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Re: Galileo was convinced that natural phenomena, as manifestations of the  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Mar 2011, 19:08
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D is wrong because the comma after water makes the comparison choppy and the "the person" is used in place of "a person". Completely different meanings.
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Re: Galileo was convinced that natural phenomena, as manifestations of the  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Mar 2011, 21:11
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A compares manifestation to person, C and D use wrong pronoun, and E is wordy, also use of semi colon is wrong as the words after semicolon dont make a full sentence.
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Re: Galileo was convinced that natural phenomena, as manifestations of the  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Mar 2012, 14:05
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I have chosen B for the answer:

A. This answer choice does not maintain parallelism with the comparison. The reason is because we are missing a "to."

You could look at the comparison like this:

Natural phenomena would appear the same:
- to someone on the deck of a ship moving smoothly and uniformly through the water AS
- to a someone (or person in this case) standing on land

B. This comparison is clear and maintains parallelism.

C. The semicolon creates a sentence fragment because we are left wondering where the other half of the comparison is. Also, the semicolon creates a break in logical meaning, but we want this to be continuous.

D. This answer does not maintain parallelism because of the addition of the word "would." I wasn't sure if the pronoun "it" was ambiguous, but this wasn't the deciding factor for me anyway.

E. Again, the semicolon creates a break in the comparison and it leaves the main clause as a fragment.
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Re: Galileo was convinced that natural phenomena, as manifestations of the  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Feb 2013, 21:59
scthakur wrote:
I will go for B.

C and D are out because of "it". E is out because of "just as".


Why is It wrong in answer choice D, it clearly refers to natural phenomena
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Re: Galileo was convinced that natural phenomena, as manifestations of the  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Feb 2013, 22:25
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tejastalak wrote:
scthakur wrote:
I will go for B.

C and D are out because of "it". E is out because of "just as".


Why is It wrong in answer choice D, it clearly refers to natural phenomena


Issue in D is subject verb agreement. Phenomena (plural) would appear to X as IT would to Y. Additionally, I feel that the comma is unnecessary.
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Re: Galileo was convinced that natural phenomena, as manifestations of the  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jun 2013, 21:48
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This question tested Idioms and Intended Meaning in the sentence.

Option A: Changes the intended meaning of the sentence.

Option B: The correct Usage

Option C: You do not need a semi colon usage as it is straight forward Comparison between two people on different lands watching the same scenario

Option D: The article 'the' changes the meaning of the sentence.

Option E: Same as option C.

Hence the correct answer is B.

As per eGmat rules, always focus on the intended meaning of the sentence.

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Re: Galileo was convinced that natural phenomena, as manifestations of the  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Dec 2013, 11:08
stoy4o wrote:
tejastalak wrote:
scthakur wrote:
I will go for B.

C and D are out because of "it". E is out because of "just as".


Why is It wrong in answer choice D, it clearly refers to natural phenomena


Issue in D is subject verb agreement. Phenomena (plural) would appear to X as IT would to Y. Additionally, I feel that the comma is unnecessary.



Also in (D) - "water, as it would to the"

--the THE is a bit too specific when generally defining a law of physics. So the meaning is a bit too specific when using THE -- really you should be using A.

So in addition to the IT issue, we also have a THE issue. The presence of the word TO is correct, but the other issues make (D) wrong.

You may see our video explanation here:

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Re: Galileo was convinced that natural phenomena, as manifestations of the  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Mar 2014, 06:55
Hi Experts,

This is my understanding of the meaning of the sentence:
galileo was convinced that natural phenomenon like the manifestations of laws of physics would appear same to someone sailing on the boat as to a person standing on the land.


Galileo was convinced
- that natural phenomenon, as manisfestations of the laws of physics, would appear same to someone...ship moving smoothly and uniformly through the water as to a person standing on the land

I have highlighted subj-verb pairs in italics and parallel markers in bold.

I want to know what is the role of 'as' in 'natural phenomena, as manifestations of the laws of physics' ? Is it describing the role or is used for comparison ?
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Re: Galileo was convinced that natural phenomena, as manifestations of the  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jan 2015, 02:35
Galileo was convinced that natural phenomena, as manifestations of the laws of physics, would appear the same to someone on the deck of a ship moving smoothly and uniformly through the water as a person standing on land.

A. water as a

B. water as to a

C. water; just as it would to

D. water, as it would to the

E. water; just as to the

ANS :

CHOICE A:

Incorrect:
The sentence has the parallelism and the idiom errors

CHOICE B:

Correct:
The two objects compared here “to someone” and “to a person” are now parallel to each other. This also rectifies the idiom error.

CHOICE C

Incorrect:
1) Semi-colon joins an Independent Clause with a Dependent Clause.
2) Singular pronoun “it” has been used to refer to plural noun “phenomena”.

CHOICE D

Incorrect:
This choice repeats the pronoun error spotted in Choice C.

CHOICE E

Incorrect:
Semicolon should be used to join two independent clause. Here, what follows semicolon is a fragment as it does not have a subject-verb pair.

hope this helps . :)
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Re: Galileo was convinced that natural phenomena, as manifestations of the  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jun 2016, 11:20
In option D, can't we say that the two parts of the comparison used is " phenomena would appear the same to someone" and "as it would to the"
If yes, is the option D correct if "it" is replaced by "they"?
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Re: Galileo was convinced that natural phenomena, as manifestations of the  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jun 2016, 09:38
anuj4012 wrote:
In option D, can't we say that the two parts of the comparison used is " phenomena would appear the same to someone" and "as it would to the"
If yes, is the option D correct if "it" is replaced by "they"?


Hi Anuj,

Thanks for posting your query here. :-)

In choice D, singular pronoun it has been used to refer to plural noun phenomena. Please note that the singular form of phenomena is phenomenon.

Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
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Re: Galileo was convinced that natural phenomena, as manifestations of the  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Aug 2016, 08:42
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Galileo was convinced that natural phenomena, as manifestations of the laws of physics, would appear the same to someone on the deck of a ship moving smoothly and uniformly through the water as a person standing on land.

A) water as a
This means that someone is moving as a person standing on land, which makes no sense.
The comparison “would appear the same to someone… as
to a” is not parallel. A “to” in the second part is missing.
B) water as to a
C) water; just as it would to a
The semi colon leaves the first sentence, which pretends to be a comparison, unfinished.
The pronoun “it” is singular, while the noun to which it refers “phenomena” is plural.

D) water, as it would to the
The comma breaks up the comparison.
The use of "the person" is not preferred to "a person".
The pronoun “it” is singular, while the noun to which it refers “phenomena” is plural.

E) water; just as to the
The semi colon leaves the first sentence, which pretends to be a comparison, unfinished.
The use of "the person" is not preferred to "a person".
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Re: Galileo was convinced that natural phenomena, as manifestations of the  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jul 2018, 14:06
Just remember idiom: the same for you as for me. In this idiom any preposition can be used. Two parts have to be //.
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Re: Galileo was convinced that natural phenomena, as manifestations of the  [#permalink]

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Re: Galileo was convinced that natural phenomena, as manifestations of the   [#permalink] 20 May 2019, 09:43
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